Latest & greatest articles for adhd

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ADHD

ADHD (or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurodevelopmental type mental disorder. It is characterised two main categories of two types of behavioural problems:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness

Most people with ADHD have problems that fall into both categories, but it doesn’t have to be the case. If a person just has inattentiveness it is referred to as attention deficit disorder (ADD).

Methylphenidate is a commonly used medication used to treat patients suffering from attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methylphenidate is part of a group of drugs known as stimulants. Central nervous system stimulants help change the amounts of natural substances in the brain. But it is not the only intervention; others include Bupropion, exercise and CBT (Cognitive behavioural therapy).

Extensive ADHD research and case studies have been carried out over numerous years. Trip has unrivalled coverage of the evidence base including systematic reviews, clinical trials, clinical guidelines and case studies.

Studies are ongoing to assess the safety and effectiveness of stimulants used on children with ADHD and intellectual disabilities as well as in other populations and other interventions. Trip also includes ongoing controlled trials and ongoing systematic reviews (via the PROSPERO database).

Top results for adhd

101. Amphetamines for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults. (PubMed)

Amphetamines for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a childhood onset disorder that can persist into adulthood. Amphetamines are used to treat adult ADHD, but uncertainties persist about their efficacy and safety.To examine the efficacy and safety of amphetamines for adults with ADHD, as well as the influence of dose, drug type and release formulation type.We searched CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO (...) to determine the influence of moderating variables. We assessed the trials for risk of bias and drew a funnel plot to investigate the possibility of publication bias.We included seven studies, which enrolled 1091 participants. All studies were placebo-controlled and three included an active comparator: guanfacine, modafinil and paroxetine. Most studies had short-term follow-up, with a mean study length of 8.1 weeks. Amphetamines improved ADHD symptom severity (SMD = -0.72; 95% CI -0.87 to -0.57) but did

2011 Cochrane

102. Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. (PubMed)

Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood psychiatric disorder with features of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. There is increasing interest in complementary and alternative therapies such as acupuncture; however, it remains unclear whether the use of acupuncture in children and adolescents with ADHD is supported by the existing evidence.To assess the efficacy (...) and safety of acupuncture as a treatment for ADHD in children and adolescents.We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 2); MEDLINE (21 May 2010); CINAHL (21 May 2010); EMBASE (21 May 2010); ERIC (21 May 2010); PsycINFO (21 May 2010), Chinese Biological Medicine Database (10 May 2010); Chinese Scientific Periodical Database of VIP INFORMATION (10 May 2010); China Periodical in China National Knowledge Infrastructure (10 May 2010); and Chinese Evidence-Based Medicine Database (10 May 2010). We

2011 Cochrane

103. Pharmacological treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. (PubMed)

Pharmacological treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with comorbid tic disorders. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent of the comorbid psychiatric disorders that complicate tic disorders. Medications commonly used to treat ADHD symptoms include the stimulants methylphenidate and amphetamine; nonstimulants, such as atomoxetine; tricyclic antidepressants; and alpha agonists. Due to the impact of ADHD symptoms on the child (...) with tic disorder, treatment of ADHD is often of greater priority than the medical management of tics. However, for many decades clinicians have been reluctant to use stimulants to treat children with ADHD and tics for fear of worsening their tics. To assess the effects of pharmacological treatments for ADHD on ADHD symptoms and tic severity in children with ADHD and comorbid tic disorders. We searched CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2009, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1950 to July 2009), EMBASE (1980 to July 2009

2011 Cochrane

104. Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic Review

Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic Review "Efficacy of the Elimination Diet in Children with ADHD: A Systematic R" by Lola Achilova < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Spring 5-7-2011 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: Food sensitivity has long been implicated in ADHD symptoms. However no definitive recommendations regarding diet have been made due to lack (...) of significant findings. Recently two studies examined an elimination diet and its effect on behavior in children with ADHD. Both studies showed significant improvement in behavior using the Abbreviated Conners Scale (ACS) and ADHD rating scale questionnaires (ARS). Data introduced in this systematic review is evaluated using GRADE criteria. Method: An exhaustive search of available medical literature was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge and PubMed. The following search terms were used: ADHD

2011 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

105. [Effect of vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements on mental health symptoms for people with ADHD, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder or depression]

[Effect of vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements on mental health symptoms for people with ADHD, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder or depression] Effekten av vitaminer, mineraler og andre kosttilskudd på psykiske symptomer hos personer med ADHD, angstlidelser, bipolar lidelse eller depresjon [Effect of vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements on mental health symptoms for people with ADHD, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder or depression] Effekten av vitaminer, mineraler (...) og andre kosttilskudd på psykiske symptomer hos personer med ADHD, angstlidelser, bipolar lidelse eller depresjon [Effect of vitamins, minerals and other dietary supplements on mental health symptoms for people with ADHD, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder or depression] Berg RC, Smedslund G Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

106. CBT is effective in reducing symptoms in adults with ADHD whose symptoms persist following pharmacotherapy

CBT is effective in reducing symptoms in adults with ADHD whose symptoms persist following pharmacotherapy CBT is effective in reducing symptoms in adults with ADHD whose symptoms persist following pharmacotherapy | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here CBT is effective in reducing symptoms in adults with ADHD whose symptoms persist following pharmacotherapy Article Text Therapeutics CBT is effective in reducing symptoms in adults

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

107. Young children with ADHD are at increased risk of depression and suicidal behaviour in adolescence

Young children with ADHD are at increased risk of depression and suicidal behaviour in adolescence Young children with ADHD are at increased risk of depression and suicidal behaviour in adolescence | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal (...) accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Young children with ADHD are at increased risk of depression and suicidal behaviour in adolescence Article Text Prognosis Young children with ADHD are at increased risk of depression

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

108. Adding 8 weeks of behavioural therapy to atomoxetine does not improve classroom behaviour in children with ADHD

Adding 8 weeks of behavioural therapy to atomoxetine does not improve classroom behaviour in children with ADHD Adding 8 weeks of behavioural therapy to atomoxetine does not improve classroom behaviour in children with ADHD | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username (...) and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Adding 8 weeks of behavioural therapy to atomoxetine does not improve classroom behaviour in children with ADHD Article Text Therapeutics Adding 8 weeks of behavioural

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

109. Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk of nicotine use in adolescence and alcohol use in young adulthood

Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk of nicotine use in adolescence and alcohol use in young adulthood Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk of nicotine use in adolescence and alcohol use in young adulthood | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk of nicotine use in adolescence and alcohol use in young adulthood Article Text Aetiology Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

110. Siblings of adolescents with ADHD who themselves have ADHD are more likely to have psychiatric comorbidities than are unaffected siblings or controls without ADHD

Siblings of adolescents with ADHD who themselves have ADHD are more likely to have psychiatric comorbidities than are unaffected siblings or controls without ADHD Siblings of adolescents with ADHD who themselves have ADHD are more likely to have psychiatric comorbidities than are unaffected siblings or controls without ADHD | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser (...) at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Siblings of adolescents with ADHD who themselves have ADHD

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

111. Provision of brief paediatrician training and computer-assisted medication management does not improve symptoms in children with ADHD

Provision of brief paediatrician training and computer-assisted medication management does not improve symptoms in children with ADHD Provision of brief paediatrician training and computer-assisted medication management does not improve symptoms in children with ADHD | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please (...) in children with ADHD Article Text Therapeutics Provision of brief paediatrician training and computer-assisted medication management does not improve symptoms in children with ADHD Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question Does provision of brief physician training and computer-assisted medicine management improve symptoms in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with treatment as usual (TAU)? Patients 270 children (77% boys; age range 5.9–11.11 years; mean age 8.2

2011 Evidence-Based Mental Health

112. Guidelines and recommendations for ADHD in children and adolescents

Guidelines and recommendations for ADHD in children and adolescents Guidelines and recommendations for ADHD in children and adolescents Guidelines and recommendations for ADHD in children and adolescents CADTH Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation CADTH. Guidelines and recommendations for ADHD in children and adolescents. Ottawa (...) : Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). 2011 Authors' conclusions Evidence-based recommendations support the use of stimulants as first-line therapy and the consideration of symptom profile in the use of long- or short-acting formulations when treating children and adolescents with severe ADHD. The drug payment information presented in this summary report reveals substantial use of health care budgets to reimburse long-acting formulations. In 2010, expenditures on long-acting

2011 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

113. OROS methylphenidate (Concerta) for the treatment of children and adults with ADHD

OROS methylphenidate (Concerta) for the treatment of children and adults with ADHD OROS methylphenidate (Concerta) for the treatment of children and adults with ADHD | Therapeutics Initiative Independent Healthcare Evidence > > OROS methylphenidate (Concerta) for the treatment of children and adults with ADHD Introduction Pharmaceutical Services Division (PSD) requested an update to the 2006 Therapeutics Initiative review of Concerta (OROS MPH) for the treatment of children and adults with ADHD (...) . The 2006 report included a systematic review in children and adolescents with ADHD. The recent submission includes additional new information in children and adolescents and also an additional new indication, for the treatment of adult patients with ADHD. Drug OROS methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant and a controlled substance under Schedule II. The OROS delivery technology provides a mixture of immediate and delayed release. Within 1 hour, plasma MPH concentrations reach an initial

2010 Therapeutics Letter

114. Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin?

Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? BestBets: Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? Should a child with ADHD and epilepsy be given Ritalin? Report By: Caroline Boyes - Specialist Registrar in Paediatrics Institution: General Paediatrics, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK Date Submitted: 28th October 2010 Date Completed: 28th October 2010 Last Modified: 28th October 2010 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [a child (...) with epilepsy and ADHD] does [methylphenidate (MPH)compared with placebo or no MPH] increase [the number of seizures]? Clinical Scenario A 10-year-old boy with well controlled epilepsy on sodium valproate attends your clinic. On a previous clinic visit his mother complained that he was hyperactive, impulsive and could not concentrate. This was affecting his school work. You sent Conners' Questionnaires to his parents and the school, and asked the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) nurse

2010 BestBETS

115. Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD (PubMed)

Efficacy of meta-cognitive therapy for adult ADHD The authors investigated the efficacy of a 12-week manualized meta-cognitive therapy group intervention designed to enhance time management, organization, and planning in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Eighty-eight clinically referred adults who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD according to clinical and structured diagnostic interviews and standardized questionnaires were stratified by ADHD medication use and otherwise (...) of members of the meta-cognitive therapy group demonstrated improvement compared with members of the supportive therapy group. Logistic regression examining group differences in operationally defined response (controlling for baseline ADHD severity) revealed a robust effect of treatment group (odds ratio=5.41; 95% CI=1.77-16.55).Meta-cognitive therapy yielded significantly greater improvements in dimensional and categorical estimates of severity of ADHD symptoms compared with supportive therapy

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2010 EvidenceUpdates

116. Adjunctive divalproex versus placebo for children with ADHD and aggression refractory to stimulant monotherapy (PubMed)

Adjunctive divalproex versus placebo for children with ADHD and aggression refractory to stimulant monotherapy The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of divalproex for reducing aggressive behavior among children 6 to 13 years old with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and a disruptive disorder whose chronic aggression was underresponsive to a prospective psychostimulant trial.Children received open stimulant treatment during a lead-in phase that averaged 5 (...) aggression.A significantly higher proportion of children randomly assigned to divalproex met remission criteria (eight out of 14 [57%]) than those randomly assigned to placebo (two out of 13 [15%]). Divalproex was generally well tolerated.Among children with ADHD whose chronic aggressive behavior is refractory to optimized stimulant treatment, the addition of divalproex increases the likelihood that aggression will remit. A larger trial is necessary to specify with greater precision the magnitude

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2010 EvidenceUpdates

117. Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood is a prevalent, distressing, and impairing condition that is not fully treated by pharmacotherapy alone and lacks evidence-based psychosocial treatments.To test cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in adults treated with medication but who still have clinically significant (...) symptoms.Randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for 86 symptomatic adults with ADHD who were already being treated with medication. The study was conducted at a US hospital between November 2004 and June 2008 (follow-up was conducted through July 2009). Of the 86 patients randomized, 79 completed treatment and 70 completed the follow-up assessments.Patients were randomized to 12 individual sessions of either cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation with educational

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2010 JAMA

118. Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood

Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts (...) Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Article Text Prognosis Girls with ADHD have an increased risk of psychopathology in young adulthood Statistics from Altmetric.com Question Question: What

2010 Evidence-Based Mental Health

119. Conners? Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren

Conners? Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal (...) accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM-IV ADHD in referred schoolchildren Article Text Diagnosis Conners’ Teacher Rating Scale has limited ability to predict DSM

2010 Evidence-Based Mental Health

120. Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training

Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training | Evidence-Based Mental Health We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional (...) accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Article Text Therapeutics Neurofeedback training improves ADHD symptoms more than attention skills training Statistics from Altmetric.com

2010 Evidence-Based Mental Health