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HIV/AIDS and older adults in Cameroon: Emerging issues and implications for caregiving and policy-making The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon (...) . Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly. 6 FGD sessions were held with 30 women aged 60 years and above and who were affected by HIV infection and AIDS, while IDIs sessions were held with 6 male community leaders. The results revealed that HIV infection and AIDS has added another dimension to the role of older persons. HIV infection and AIDS
Accounting for youth audiencesâ€™ resistances to HIV and AIDS messages in the television drama Tsha Tsha in South Africa Theoretical debates and literature on E-E efforts in Africa have largely focussed on understanding how and why interventions on HIV and AIDS are effective in influencing behaviour change among target communities. Very few studies have sought to investigate and understand why a substantial number of targeted audiences resist the preferred readings that are encoded into E-E (...) interventions on HIV and AIDS. Using cultural studies as its conceptual framework and reception analysis as its methodology, this study investigated and accounted for the oppositional readings that subaltern black South African youths negotiate from Tsha Tsha, an E-E television drama on HIV and AIDS in South Africa. Results from the study show that HIV and AIDS messages in Tsha Tsha face substantial resistances from situated youth viewers whose social contexts of consumption, shared identities, quotidian
[Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte
[Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Cologne
Development and External Validation of an Automated Computer-Aided Risk Score for Predicting Sepsis in Emergency Medical Admissions Using the Patient`s First Electronically Recorded Vital Signs and Blood Test Results To develop a logistic regression model to predict the risk of sepsis following emergency medical admission using the patient's first, routinely collected, electronically recorded vital signs and blood test results and to validate this novel computer-aided risk of sepsis model (...) ; Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospital: 21.4% = 612/2,864). The C-statistic for computer-aided risk of sepsis in York Hospital (all sepsis 0.78; sepsis: 0.73; severe sepsis: 0.80) was similar in an external hospital setting (Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospital: all sepsis 0.79; sepsis: 0.70; severe sepsis: 0.81). A cutoff value of 0.2 gives reasonable performance.We have developed a novel, externally validated computer-aided risk of sepsis, with reasonably good performance for estimating
Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Collaborative case management to aid return to work after long-term sickness absence: a pilot randomised controlled trial Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above
Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation To describe a case of disseminated cryptococcal meningitis with multifocal choroiditis and provide optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings correlated with described histopathology in a patient with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).The patient was a 54-year-old man with AIDS who presented with dyspnea and headache followed by acute vision loss. OCT demonstrated a lesion with a small area of fluid (...) of cryptococcal choroiditis and provides a review of the updated treatment recommendations for disseminated infection in a patient with advanced AIDS. Although currently fundoscopy has proven most useful in directing the diagnostic algorithm in choroiditis in the setting of advanced immunosuppression, OCT may provide insight into the spread of Cryptococcus within the eye.
Social Worker-Aided Palliative Care Intervention in High-risk Patients With Heart Failure (SWAP-HF): A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. Palliative care considerations are typically introduced late in the disease trajectory of patients with advanced heart failure (HF), and access to specialty-level palliative care may be limited.To determine if early initiation of goals of care conversations by a palliative care-trained social worker would improve prognostic understanding, elicit advanced care
Effect of a Multimedia Patient Decision Aid to Supplement the Informed Consent Process of a Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter Procedure: Pre-Post Quasi-Experimental Study. Informed consent is a complex process to help patients engage in care processes and reach the best treatment decisions. There are many limitations to the conventional consent process that is based on oral discussion of information related to treatment procedures by the health care provider. A conclusive body (...) of research supports the effectiveness of multimedia patient decision aids (PtDAs) in the consent process in terms of patient satisfaction, increased knowledge about the procedure, reduced anxiety level, and higher engagement in the decision making. Little information is available about the effectiveness of multimedia PtDAs in the consent process of invasive therapeutic procedures such as the peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC).The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness
Bilateral versus unilateral hearing aids for bilateral hearing impairment in adults. Acquired hearing loss is common and its incidence increases markedly with age. In most people, 'age-related' hearing loss is sensorineural (due to the loss of cochlear hair cells) and bilateral, affecting both ears to the same degree. Hearing loss categorised as mild, moderate or severe is primarily managed with hearing aids. People with bilateral hearing loss may be offered one aid, fitted to one specific ear (...) , or two aids fitted to both ears. There is uncertainty about the relative benefits to people with hearing loss of these different strategies.To assess the effects of bilateral versus unilateral hearing aids in adults with a bilateral hearing impairment.The Cochrane ENT Information Specialist searched the ENT Trials Register; Cochrane Register of Studies Online; PubMed; Ovid Embase; CINAHL; Web of Science; ClinicalTrials.gov; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date
Walking Aids for Enabling Activity and Participation: A Systematic Review. In this systematic literature review, we examined whether and how walking aids (i.e., canes, crutches, walkers, and rollators) enable activity and participation among adults with physical disabilities. Medline, Embase, all EBM reviews, PsychInfo, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were used to identify studies published since 2008. Quantitative and qualitative designs were included. Data regarding participants (...) , assistive device use, outcome measures, and domains of participation were extracted. Two reviewers independently rated the level of evidence and methodological quality of the studies. Outcomes were categorized per types of walking aids and activity and participation domains. Thirteen studies were included. Two studies involved canes, four pertained to rollators, and seven dealt with multiple types of walking aids. Mobility was the most frequently examined domain of activity and participation. Both
Effectiveness of decision aids on smoking cessation in adult patients: a systematic review protocol. The objective of this review is to determine the effectiveness of the use of decision aids in a shared decision-making encounter between any healthcare provider and adult patients who smoke, compared to standard education on smoking cessation, in any healthcare setting.Specifically, the review questions are: What is the effectiveness of the use of decision aids in a shared decision-making
CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS - CanadiEM CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS In , , by Adam Thomas December 4, 2017 This episode of CRACKCast covers Rosen’s Chapter 124 (9th Ed.), HIV/AIDS. Next time you look after an HIV/AIDS patient on shift, this episode will have you covered! Shownotes – Rosen’s In Perspective Box 124.2: Dermatologic and Mucocutaneous Manifestations of WHO Stage 4 HIV Disease Chronic herpes simplex virus ulcers Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (...) Figure 124.4 for a graphic representation of the natural history of untreated HIV.  Define AIDS CDC definition: “a CD4+ cell count below 200 cells/μL or the presence of an AIDS-defining condition.” At this level, immune dysfunction is severe and, without ART, survival is short. Those with a CD4+ cell count below 50 cells/μL have advanced AIDS and are at much higher risk for death and development of opportunistic infections. Some infections are so common in patients with AIDS that primary
Problematizing official narratives of HIV and AIDS education in Scotland and Zimbabwe When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are framed within an intersectional approach, they have the potential to transform understandings of social justice within the curriculum and education policy and practice in general. Yet, this transformative potential is often hampered by official narratives that fail to position HIV and AIDS as an integral component (...) of overlapping systems of oppression, domination and discrimination. This article explores how official HIV and AIDS narratives tend to promote systemic injustice and inequality within education policy and practice in both Scotland and Zimbabwe, despite their good intents. We frame our argument within a transformative education discourse which seeks to create participatory and emancipatory HIV-related messages at school, tertiary and community levels. Using a narrative enquiry design, a Foucauldian