Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

121. Placental growth factor (alone or in combination with soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1) as an aid to the assessment of women with suspected pre-eclampsia: systematic review and economic analysis

Placental growth factor (alone or in combination with soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1) as an aid to the assessment of women with suspected pre-eclampsia: systematic review and economic analysis Placental growth factor (alone or in combination with soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1) as an aid to the assessment of women with suspected pre-eclampsia: systematic review and economic analysis Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page

2016 NIHR HTA programme

122. Impact of different oral hygiene aids for the reduction of morning bad breath among dental students: a crossover clinical trial. (Full text)

Impact of different oral hygiene aids for the reduction of morning bad breath among dental students: a crossover clinical trial. To assess and compare the effects of different oral hygiene procedures on the reduction of morning bad breath, plaque and gingival status in healthy subjects.A four step cross-over trial was performed on 32 study subjects. They were allocated into four groups: Group I: tooth brushing; Group II: tooth brushing and tongue scraping; Group III: tooth brushing and mouth (...) by Group II and Group III. A significant positive correlation was observed between plaque scores and gingival scores before intervention (r=0.443; p value<0.001) and after intervention (r=0.846; p value<0.001).The study findings suggest that mechanical aids in conjunction with chemical regimens are considered as the most effective method for reducing the morning bad breath in healthy subjects and should be incorporated in daily oral hygiene practices.

2016 Clujul medical (1957) PubMed

123. An intersectional approach for understanding the vulnerabilities of English-speaking heterosexual Caribbean youth to HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections: Prevention and intervention strategies (Full text)

An intersectional approach for understanding the vulnerabilities of English-speaking heterosexual Caribbean youth to HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections: Prevention and intervention strategies Caribbean youth comprise about 30 percent of the English-speaking Caribbean population, and about 81,000 Caribbean and Latin American youth are HIV infected. AIDS is the leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-old English-speaking Caribbean youth. This article relies on intersectionality theory

2016 Health psychology open PubMed

124. Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey (Full text)

Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey Burn first aid awareness has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality. We present a report on the knowledge and practices of the Saudi population with regard to burn first aid and the application of traditional remedies.An internet-based survey was conducted to assess the public's knowledge on first aid practices and home remedies applied for burn injuries among Saudi adults.A total (...) of 2758 individuals responded to the survey. There were 1178 (42.7 %) respondents who had previously received burn first aid information. One thousand five hundred fifty respondents had a history of burn exposure in which burn injury first aid was applied as follows: 1118 (72.1 %) removed clothing and accessories from the injured area; water was applied by 990 (63.9 %); among those who applied water, 877 (88.6 %) applied cold water; and only 57 (5.8 %) did so for more than 15 min. Wrapping the burn

2016 Burns & trauma PubMed

125. Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) UTCAT3104, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Lateral Cephalometric Measurements Aid in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Clinical Question In adult and adolescent patients, will lateral cephalometric measurements compared to polysomnography provide enough information for OSA diagnosis? Clinical Bottom Line Lateral

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

126. Gendered differences in AIDS and AIDS-related cause of death among youth with secondary education in South Africa, 2009–2011 (Full text)

Gendered differences in AIDS and AIDS-related cause of death among youth with secondary education in South Africa, 2009–2011 The prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is higher among females than males in Sub-Saharan Africa. Education is associated with better health outcomes. For this and other reasons, African countries have made a concerted effort to increase youth education rates. However, in South Africa males have lower secondary (...) education rates than females, yet females have a higher prevalence of HIV/AIDS. This study examines if a gender disparity exists in AIDS mortality rates among youth with secondary education in South Africa.This study uses descriptive statistics and life table techniques. A sample of 4386 deaths of youth with secondary education is used. Of this total sample, 987 deaths were among males and 340 were among females with secondary education.This study shows that AIDS mortality is higher among females than

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance PubMed

127. The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic (Full text)

The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic 28924622 2018 11 13 2468-2667 1 1 2016 Nov The Lancet. Public health Lancet Public Health The effect of socioeconomic disadvantage on strategies to end the AIDS epidemic. e6-e7 10.1016/S2468-2667(16)30007-X Hogg Robert S RS Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Puskas Cathy C Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University (...) , Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Parashar Surita S Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Montaner Julio S G JSG BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada. Division of AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. eng R01 DA036307 DA NIDA NIH HHS United States Journal Article 2016 10 12 England Lancet Public Health 101699003 2017

2016 The Lancet. Public health PubMed

128. Patient Decision Aids for Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (Full text)

Patient Decision Aids for Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Decision aids prepare patients to make decisions about healthcare options consistent with their preferences. Helping patients choose among available options for colorectal cancer screening is important because rates are lower than screening for other cancers. This systematic review describes studies evaluating patient decision aids for colorectal cancer screening in average-risk adults and their impact (...) on knowledge, screening intentions, and uptake.Sources included Ovid MEDLINE, Elsevier EMBASE, EBSCO CINAHL Plus, Ovid PsycINFO through July 21, 2015, pertinent reference lists, and Cochrane review of patient decisions aids. Reviewers independently selected studies that quantitatively evaluated a decision aid compared to one or more conditions or within a pre-post evaluation. Using a standardized form, reviewers independently extracted study characteristics, interventions, comparators, and outcomes

2016 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

129. Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS (Full text)

Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy. There is insufficient literature regarding the impact of dental implants in AIDS patients. This study investigated the long-term clinical outcome of implant (...) placement in patients diagnosed with AIDS.This monocentric study included AIDS patients with CD4 <200 cells/μL, age 18 years or older, and a minimum of one edentulous space requiring implant. All patients in the study were undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HAART includes nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), protease inhibitors (PIs), and integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). Typical treatment

2016 International journal of implant dentistry PubMed

130. Measuring and valuing informal care for economic evaluations of HIV/AIDS interventions: methods and application in Malawi (Full text)

Measuring and valuing informal care for economic evaluations of HIV/AIDS interventions: methods and application in Malawi Economic evaluation studies often neglect the impact of disease and ill health on the social network of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the wider community. An important concern relates to informal care requirements which, for some diseases such as HIV/AIDS, can be substantial.To measure and value informal care provided to PLHIV in Malawi.A modified diary that divided

2016 Value in health regional issues PubMed

131. Third-world realities in a first-world setting: A study of the HIV/AIDS-related conditions and risk behaviors of sex trade workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada (Full text)

Third-world realities in a first-world setting: A study of the HIV/AIDS-related conditions and risk behaviors of sex trade workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada The transmission and prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among those employed as sex trade workers (STW) is a major public health concern. The present study describes the self-reported responses of 340 STW, at-risk for contracting HIV. The participants were recruited by selective targeting between 2009 and 2010 from (...) within the Saskatoon Health Region (SHR), Saskatchewan, Canada. As of 2012, the SHR has the highest incidence rate of positive test reports for HIV in Canada, at more than three times the national average (17.0 vs. 5.9 per 100,000 people). Additionally, the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the SHR is different from that seen elsewhere in Canada (still mostly men having sex with men and Caucasians), with its new HIV cases predominantly associated with injection drug use and Aboriginal cultural status

2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance PubMed

132. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study

The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study Hubbard G (...) , Treweek S. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study. Health Services and Delivery Research 2016; 4(24) Authors' objectives Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors are not meeting the recommended physical activity levels associated with improving their chances of survival and quality of life. Rehabilitation could address this problem. The aims of the Cardiac Rehabilitation In Bowel cancer

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

133. BAHA© bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss

BAHA© bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss Brito V, Rey-Ares L, Pichon-Riviere A, Augustovski F, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA (...) database. Citation Brito V, Rey-Ares L, Pichon-Riviere A, Augustovski F, García Martí S, Alcaraz A, Bardach A, Ciapponi A, López A. BAHA® bone-anchored hearing aid for the treatment of hearing loss. Buenos Aires: Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS). Documentos de Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias, Informe de Respuesta Rápida N° 467. 2016 Authors' conclusions Evidence of low methodological quality shows an improvement in tone perception and word recognition with the use

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

134. The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study (Full text)

The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study The use of cardiac rehabilitation services to aid the recovery of patients with bowel cancer: a pilot randomised controlled trial with embedded feasibility study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could

2016 NIHR HTA programme PubMed

135. Randomized clinical trial of the use of glyceryl trinitrate patches to aid arteriovenous fistula maturation (PubMed)

Randomized clinical trial of the use of glyceryl trinitrate patches to aid arteriovenous fistula maturation Arteriovenous fistulas are critical for haemodialysis, but maturation rates remain poor. Experimental and anecdotal evidence has supported the use of transdermal glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) patches. The aim of this RCT was to determine whether use of a GTN patch aids arteriovenous fistula maturation.Patients referred for arteriovenous fistula formation were eligible. The GTN or placebo

2016 EvidenceUpdates

136. Factors associated with discontinuation of anti-retroviral therapy among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: a systematic review protocol. (PubMed)

Factors associated with discontinuation of anti-retroviral therapy among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: a systematic review protocol. 27536791 2018 10 02 2019 03 18 2202-4433 14 2 2016 Feb JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep Factors associated with discontinuation of anti-retroviral therapy among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: a systematic review protocol. 26-37 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-2451 Gesesew Hailay A HA 1

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

137. Interventions to improve hearing aid use in adult auditory rehabilitation. (Full text)

Interventions to improve hearing aid use in adult auditory rehabilitation. Acquired adult-onset hearing loss is a common long-term condition for which the most common intervention is hearing aid fitting. However, up to 40% of people fitted with a hearing aid either fail to use it or may not gain optimal benefit from it. This is an update of a review first published in The Cochrane Library in 2014.To assess the long-term effectiveness of interventions to promote the use of hearing aids in adults (...) with acquired hearing loss fitted with at least one hearing aid.The Cochrane ENT Information Specialist searched the Cochrane ENT Trials Register; Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2016, Issue 5); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; ClinicalTrials.gov; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the search was 13 June 2016.We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions designed to improve or promote hearing aid use in adults with acquired

2016 Cochrane PubMed

138. Medical students’ perceptions about the added educational value of student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic (Full text)

Medical students’ perceptions about the added educational value of student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic This purpose of this report was to examine the perceptions of medical students about the strengths, limitations, and recommendations for improvement of the first known student-run HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in the Dominican Republic (DR), as they relate to the added value applied to their educational training.A retrospective review was conducted (...) on evaluation reports completed by five medical students who coordinated the implementation of three annual HIV/AIDS educational campaigns in five DR communities, between 2012 and 2014. Thematic analysis was used to identify emerging themes related to perceived strengths, limitations, and recommendations for improvement and develop an acronym related to program strengths as value added to medical education.Students highlighted that program strengths were the use of social media technology to facilitate

2016 Global health research and policy PubMed

139. Technological aids for the rehabilitation of memory and executive functioning in children and adolescents with acquired brain injury. (Full text)

Technological aids for the rehabilitation of memory and executive functioning in children and adolescents with acquired brain injury. The use of technology in healthcare settings is on the increase and may represent a cost-effective means of delivering rehabilitation. Reductions in treatment time, and delivery in the home, are also thought to be benefits of this approach. Children and adolescents with brain injury often experience deficits in memory and executive functioning that can negatively (...) ), ISI Web of Science (SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, CPCI-S, and CPSI-SSH), CINAHL Plus (EBSCO), two other databases, and clinical trials registers. We also searched the internet, screened reference lists, and contacted authors of included studies.Randomised controlled trials comparing the use of a technological aid for the rehabilitation of children and adolescents with memory or executive-functioning deficits with placebo, no treatment, or another intervention.Two review authors independently reviewed titles

2016 Cochrane PubMed

140. Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress

Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress'', 1 July 2016 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Tuberculosis and AIDS: major progress AIDS and tuberculosis still rank among the leading causes of death worldwide (...) . But large-scale access to treatments has enabled a marked reduction in TB- and AIDS-related deaths in the last 15 years. At the end of 2014, about 37 million people worldwide were living with HIV, including 2 million new patients diagnosed during the year. In 2014, 1.2 million people died from an AIDS-related disease. High as these figures are, they reflect a marked improvement in recent years: the annual number of new cases of HIV infection has fallen by 35% since 2000, and the number of deaths has

2016 Prescrire