Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

141. Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. (PubMed)

Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. 27355537 2016 07 07 2016 06 30 1533-4406 374 26 2016 Jun 30 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Oral HPV-Associated Papillomatosis in AIDS. 2585 10.1056/NEJMicm1512047 Limeres Posse Jacobo J University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Scully Crispian C University College London, London, United Kingdom crispian.scully@ucl.ac.uk. eng Case Reports Journal Article United States N Engl (...) J Med 0255562 0028-4793 AIM IM AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections pathology Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome complications Adult HIV-1 Human papillomavirus 11 isolation & purification Human papillomavirus 6 isolation & purification Humans Male Mouth Diseases pathology virology Papillomavirus Infections complications pathology Warts pathology 2016 6 30 6 0 2016 6 30 6 0 2016 7 9 6 0 ppublish 27355537 10.1056/NEJMicm1512047

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2016 NEJM

142. How peer conversations about HIV/AIDS media messages affect comprehension and beliefs of young South African women (PubMed)

How peer conversations about HIV/AIDS media messages affect comprehension and beliefs of young South African women Most existent research on the effects of interpersonal discussions about health campaign messages is based on surveys. In this study, we analysed actual conversations about an HIV/AIDS poster to find out possible effects. Young South African women in 59 dyads (n = 118) participated in conversations about a deliberately puzzling HIV and AIDS poster that cautioned the target group

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2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

143. Interventions for tobacco use cessation in people living with HIV and AIDS. (PubMed)

Interventions for tobacco use cessation in people living with HIV and AIDS. Tobacco use is highly prevalent amongst people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and has a substantial impact on morbidity and mortality.To assess the effectiveness of interventions to motivate and assist tobacco use cessation for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), and to evaluate the risks of any harms associated with those interventions.We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's Specialised Register, Cochrane

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2016 Cochrane

144. Influence of HIV/AIDS on Cervical Cancer: A Retrospective Study From Tanzania (PubMed)

Influence of HIV/AIDS on Cervical Cancer: A Retrospective Study From Tanzania Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in women in Tanzania. Any impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on cervical precancerous lesions and invasive cervical cancer has a significant implication, as for any public health concern, especially in an area such as the Morogoro region in Tanzania, which has one of the highest rates of cervical cancer in the world.A comparative retrospective (...) , the prevalence of extensive or large precancerous lesions was 40.5% in HIV-positive women and 13.5% in HIV-seronegative women. The prevalence of invasive cervical cancer was 8% in HIV-seronegative women and 11% in HIV-positive women. The risk factors for the cervical lesions were HIV-positive status (OR, 6.8; 95% CI, 4.2 to 11.2; P < .001) and being older than 30 years of age (OR, 11.99; 95% CI, 6.86 to 21.21; P < .001).HIV/AIDS has a highly statistically significant association with (P < .001) and a great

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2016 Journal of global oncology

145. Living Day by Day: The Meaning of Living With HIV/AIDS Among Women in Lebanon (PubMed)

Living Day by Day: The Meaning of Living With HIV/AIDS Among Women in Lebanon We examined the meaning of living with HIV/AIDS among women in Lebanon. Ten women living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) described their experiences via semistructured in-depth interviews. They navigated a process of HIV diagnosis acceptance that incorporated six overlapping elements: receiving the news, accessing care, starting treatment, navigating disclosure decisions, negotiating stigma, and maintaining stability. Through (...) of living with HIV/AIDS among women in a Middle Eastern country.

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2016 Global qualitative nursing research

146. Difficulties facing healthcare workers in the era of AIDS treatment in Lesotho (PubMed)

Difficulties facing healthcare workers in the era of AIDS treatment in Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa is most affected by the AIDS pandemic and Lesotho is no exception. In many countries, healthcare workers are at the forefront of the fight against AIDS. This study explores the difficulties facing healthcare workers in Lesotho using a combination of qualitative methods--focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. The findings suggest that healthcare workers are afraid of contracting HIV from (...) the AIDS pandemic facing the continent.

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2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

147. ‘Public enemy no. 1’: Tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response (PubMed)

‘Public enemy no. 1’: Tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response This article analyzes the history of tobacco industry funding for the AIDS response - a largely ignored aspect of private donor involvement. Primary documents from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and AIDS organizations are analyzed, alongside existing literature on the tobacco control and AIDS responses. Research on the tactics of transnational tobacco companies has documented how they have used various charitable (...) causes to subvert tobacco control efforts and influence public health policy. This raises questions, which this paper seeks to answer, about if donations by tobacco companies to AIDS organizations have been used for similar means, and if so how AIDS organizations have responded to tobacco industry overtures. Two examples illustrate how tobacco companies initially tried to use the AIDS response to counter tobacco control measures: (1) During the 1990s, Philip Morris, one of the largest corporate

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2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

148. A systematic review of decision aids for patients making a decision about treatment for early breast cancer. (PubMed)

A systematic review of decision aids for patients making a decision about treatment for early breast cancer. Several complex treatment decisions may be offered to women with early stage breast cancer, about a range of treatments from different modalities including surgery, radiotherapy, and endocrine and chemotherapy. Decision aids can facilitate shared decision-making and improve decision-related outcomes. We aimed to systematically identify, describe and appraise the literature on treatment (...) decision aids for women with early breast cancer, synthesise the data and identify breast cancer decisions that lack a decision aid. A prospectively developed search strategy was applied to MEDLINE, the Cochrane databases, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science and abstract databases from major conferences. Data were extracted into a pre-piloted form. Quality and risk of bias were measured using Qualsyst criteria. Results were synthesised into narrative format. Thirty-three eligible articles were identified

2016 Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)

149. Effectiveness of braces designed using computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and finite element simulation compared to CAD/CAM only for the conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a prospective randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of braces designed using computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and finite element simulation compared to CAD/CAM only for the conservative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Clinical assessment of immediate in-brace effect of braces designed using CAD/CAM and FEM vs. only CAD/CAM for conservative treatment of AIS, using a randomized blinded and controlled study design.Forty AIS patients were prospectively recruited

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2016 European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

150. The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa: Evaluating Progress and Impacts in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda (PubMed)

The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa: Evaluating Progress and Impacts in Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) is one of a number of Product Development Partnerships created to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. Specifically IAVI is focused on creating a preventative vaccine for HIV/AIDS. Whilst the remit

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2016 Rand health quarterly

151. 10-Year Survival of Patients with AIDS Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Haiti. (PubMed)

10-Year Survival of Patients with AIDS Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Haiti. 26816026 2016 02 16 2018 11 13 1533-4406 374 4 2016 Jan 28 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. 10-Year Survival of Patients with AIDS Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Haiti. 397-8 10.1056/NEJMc1508934 Pierre Samuel S Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes (GHESKIO), Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Jannat-Khah Deanna D Fitzgerald Daniel W DW Pape Jean J McNairy

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2016 NEJM

152. Zimbabwe's national AIDS levy: A case study (PubMed)

Zimbabwe's national AIDS levy: A case study We conducted a case study of the Zimbabwe National AIDS Trust Fund ('AIDS Levy') as an approach to domestic government financing of the response to HIV and AIDS.Data came from three sources: a literature review, including a search for grey literature, review of government documents from the Zimbabwe National AIDS Council (NAC), and key informant interviews with representatives of the Zimbabwean government, civil society and international (...) organizations.The literature search yielded 139 sources, and 20 key informants were interviewed. Established by legislation in 1999, the AIDS Levy entails a 3% income tax for individuals and 3% tax on profits of employers and trusts (which excluded the mining industry until 2015). It is managed by the parastatal NAC through a decentralized structure of AIDS Action Committees. Revenues increased from inception to 2006 through 2008, a period of economic instability and hyperinflation. Following dollarization

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2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

153. ‘The mercurial piece of the puzzle’: Understanding stigma and HIV/AIDS in South Africa (PubMed)

‘The mercurial piece of the puzzle’: Understanding stigma and HIV/AIDS in South Africa Although stigma and its relationship to health and disease is not a new phenomenon, it has not been a major feature in the public discourse until the emergence of HIV. The range of negative responses associated with the epidemic placed stigma on the public agenda and drew attention to its complexity as a phenomenon and concept worthy of further investigation. Despite the consensus that stigma is one

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2016 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

154. Dental patients’ knowledge and awareness about transmission ways of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PubMed)

Dental patients’ knowledge and awareness about transmission ways of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) The aim of this study was to evaluate the patients' attitude, knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS. And secondary aim was to assess the need for further education about HIV/AIDS.A questionnaire of 39 items was used to evaluate the patients' knowledge. 301 patients were included (mean age 37.12±7.85 years, 41.5% male, 58.5% female) in the study. Results were calculated by Students t (...) other groups. 63.1% of patients thought that they need further education about HIV/AI DS.The results of this study showed that the knowledge level about HIV/AIDS was almost agreeable. However, the patients had deficiencies with respect to their knowl-edge. Therefore the authors of this study believe that there must be education programs related to HIV/AIDS.

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2016 Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry

155. Invitation and decision aid for bowel cancer screening

Invitation and decision aid for bowel cancer screening Einladungsschreiben und Entscheidungshilfen zum Darmkrebs-Screening; Abschlussbericht; Auftrag P15-01 [Invitation and decision aid for bowel cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und Entscheidungshilfen zum Darmkrebs-Screening; Abschlussbericht; Auftrag P15-01 [Invitation and decision aid for bowel cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published (...) health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und Entscheidungshilfen zum Darmkrebs-Screening; Abschlussbericht; Auftrag P15-01. [Invitation and decision aid for bowel cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte 451. 2016 Final publication URL

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

156. Recognition and First Aid Management of the Unconscious Victim

Recognition and First Aid Management of the Unconscious Victim ANZCOR Guideline 3 January 2016 Page 1 of 3 ANZCOR Guideline 3 – Recognition and First Aid Management of the Unconscious Person Summary Who does this guideline apply to? This guideline applies to all persons who are unconscious. Unconsciousness is a state of unrousable, unresponsiveness, where the person is unaware of their surroundings and no purposeful response can be obtained. Who is the audience for this guideline (...) ? This guideline is for use by bystanders, first aiders or first aid providers, first responders and health professionals. Recommendations The Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation (ANZCOR) recommends that in all emergencies, the rescuer should manage the unconscious person who is breathing normally as follows: 1. Ensure the safety of both the person and rescuer. 2. Assist the unconscious person to the ground and position on their side. Ensure the airway is open (Guideline 4). Do not leave

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

157. Anaphylaxis ? First Aid Management

Anaphylaxis ? First Aid Management ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.7 August 2016 Page 1 of 3 ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.7 – First Aid Management of Anaphylaxis Guideline Who does this guideline apply to? This guideline applies to adults, children and infant victims. Who is the audience for this guideline? This guideline is for use by bystanders, first aiders and first aid providers. 1 Introduction Anaphylaxis is the most severe form of allergic reaction and is potentially life threatening. It must be treated (...) . Fisher, M. Anaphylaxis to anaesthetic drugs. Novartis Found. Symp. 2004. 257: 193-206 4. Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy. Action Plan for Anaphylaxis. http://www.allergy.org.au/health-professionals/anaphylaxis-resources/ascia-action-plan-for- anaphylaxis Accessed 19/11/2015. 5. Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy. First Aid for Anaphylaxis. http://www.allergy.org.au/images/stories/anaphylaxis/2015/ASCIA_FIRST_AID_FOR_ANAP HYLAXIS_2015.pdf Accessed 19/11

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

158. Heat Induced Illness (Hyperthermia): First Aid Management

Heat Induced Illness (Hyperthermia): First Aid Management ANZCOR Guideline 9.3.4 January 2016 Page 1 of 3 ANZCOR Guideline 9.3.4 – Heat Induced Illness (Hyperthermia) Guideline Who does this guideline apply to? This guideline applies to adult, child and infant victims. Who is the audience for this guideline? This guideline is for use by bystanders, first aiders and first aid providers. 1 Introduction Heat induced illness may be caused by: • excessive heat absorption from a hot environment (...) to neck, groin and armpits. ANZCOR suggest a 3-8% carbohydrate electrolyte fluid [any commercially available “sports drink”] for the treatment of exertion related dehydration (CoSTR 2015, weak recommendation, very low quality evidence) 8 . If carbohydrate electrolyte fluid is unavailable, water is an acceptable alternative. 4.3 Febrile Convulsions • Follow First Aid Management of a Seizure (ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.4). References 1. Falk B. Effects of thermal stress during rest and exercise

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

159. Recognition and First Aid Management of Heart Attack

Recognition and First Aid Management of Heart Attack ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.1 August 2016 Page 1 of 4 ANZCOR Guideline 9.2.1 – Recognition and First Aid Management of Heart Attack Guideline Who does this guideline apply to? This guideline applies to adult victims. Who is the audience for this guideline? This guideline is for use by bystanders, first aiders and first aid providers. 1 Introduction A person experiences a heart attack when there is a sudden partial or complete blockage of one (...) . 148(1):27-33. 3. Canto J, Rogers W, Goldberg R, et al. (2012) Association of Age and Sex With Myocardial Infarction Symptom Presentation and In-Hospital Mortality. Journal of the American Medical Association. 307(8):813-822 4. Zideman DA, Singletary EM, De Buck E, et al. (2015). Part 9: First aid: 2015 International Consensus on First Aid Science with Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation, 95, e225 http://www.cprguidelines.eu/assets/downloads/costr/S0300-9572(15)00368-8_main.pdf Accessed 19/11

2016 Australian Resuscitation Council

160. [First aid training may improve first aid skills]

[First aid training may improve first aid skills] Førstehjelpsopplæring kan gi bedre førstehjelpsferdigheter [First aid training may improve first aid skills] Førstehjelpsopplæring kan gi bedre førstehjelpsferdigheter [First aid training may improve first aid skills] Stromme H, Jeppesen E, Reinar LM Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database (...) . Citation Stromme H, Jeppesen E, Reinar LM . Førstehjelpsopplæring kan gi bedre førstehjelpsferdigheter. [First aid training may improve first aid skills] Oslo: Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC). Rapport fra Kunnskapssenteret. 2015 Authors' conclusions Evidence from five systematic reviews about first aid training for lay people shows that first aid training may have a positive effect on first aid skills. Several of the systematic reviews found that the effect declines over time

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.