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Latest & greatest articles for albuterol
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A prospective controlled trial of albuterol aerosol delivered via metered dose inhaler-spacer device (MDI) versus jet nebulizer in ventilated preterm neonates Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.
Pharmacoeconomic evaluation of a combination of ipratropium plus albuterol compared with ipratropium alone and albuterol alone in COPD Pharmacoeconomic evaluation of a combination of ipratropium plus albuterol compared with ipratropium alone and albuterol alone in COPD Pharmacoeconomic evaluation of a combination of ipratropium plus albuterol compared with ipratropium alone and albuterol alone in COPD Friedman M, Serby C W, Menjoge S S, Wilson J D, Hilleman D E, Witek T J Record Status (...) This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Pharmaceutical technology: ipratropium combined with albuterol in a single inhalational canister (Combivent; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Ridgefield, CT, USA). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic
Comparison of regularly scheduled with as-needed use of albuterol in mild asthma. Asthma Clinical Research Network. Inhaled beta-agonists are the most commonly used treatment for asthma, but data suggest that regularly scheduled use of these agents may have deleterious effect on the control of asthma. We compared the effects of regularly scheduled use of inhaled albuterol with those of albuterol used only as needed in patients with mild chronic, stable asthma.In a multicenter, double-blind (...) study, we randomly assigned 255 patients with mild asthma to inhale albuterol either on a regular schedule (126 patients) or only as needed (129 patients). The patients were followed for 16 weeks.The primary outcome indicator, peak expiratory air flow measured in the morning, did not change significantly during the treatment period in the scheduled (416 liters per minute after the run-in period and 414 liters per minute after the treatment period) or the as-needed (424 liters per minute at both
Salmeterol xinafoate as maintenance therapy compared with albuterol in patients with asthma. To compare the efficacy and safety of inhaled salmeterol xinafoate, a long-acting beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist, with that of albuterol, a short-acting inhaled beta 2-agonist, in the treatment of asthma.Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study.Eleven outpatient clinical centers.A total of 322 male and female patients at least 12 years of age with chronic symptomatic asthma (...) requiring daily therapy.Patients were treated with salmeterol xinafoate (42 micrograms inhaled twice daily), albuterol (180 micrograms inhaled four times daily), or placebo (four times a day) for 12 weeks; patients in all three groups could use inhaled albuterol as backup medication for breakthrough symptoms.Serial 12-hour forced expiratory flow in 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), asthma symptoms, nocturnal awakenings due to asthma, episodes of asthma exacerbations
A comparison of salmeterol with albuterol in the treatment of mild-to-moderate asthma. An effective, long-acting bronchodilator could benefit patients with asthma who have symptoms not controlled by antiinflammatory drugs. We compared a new long-acting, inhaled beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist, salmeterol, with a short-acting beta 2-agonist, albuterol, in the treatment of mild-to-moderate asthma.We randomly assigned 234 patients (150 male and 84 female patients 12 to 73 years old) to one of three (...) treatment groups: one group received 42 micrograms of salmeterol twice daily, one received 180 micrograms of albuterol four times daily, and one received placebo. Treatment was assigned in a double-blind fashion, and all patients could use supplemental inhaled albuterol as needed during the 12-week treatment period.Measurements of the forced expiratory volume in one second, performed hourly for 12 consecutive hours, showed that a single dose of salmeterol produced a greater mean area under the curve
Effects of albuterol (salbutamol) on esophageal motility and gastroesophageal reflux in healthy volunteers. Orally or intravenously administered beta 2-adrenergic drugs have been found to inhibit esophageal motor function. Since inhalation of these drugs results in less systemic side effects, the present double-blind study was designed to investigate the influence of inhalation of the beta 2-adrenergic agonist albuterol (salbutamol) on esophageal motor function and gastroesophageal reflux (...) in ten healthy volunteers. Esophageal motor function was recorded using a pneumohydraulically perfused multilumen manometry tube. Twenty-four-hour pH profiles were measured while the volunteers were ambulatory using a combined glass electrode connected to a portable recorder. Inhalation decreased neither lower esophageal sphincter pressure nor esophageal peristaltic amplitudes. Gastroesophageal reflux was similar on both occasions during inhalation of albuterol (3.1% [range, 1.0% to 25.5%] median
Albuterol and isoproterenol aerosols. A controlled study of duration of effect in asthmatic patients. 5068267 1972 09 29 2016 10 17 0098-7484 221 7 1972 Aug 14 JAMA JAMA Albuterol and isoproterenol aerosols. A controlled study of duration of effect in asthmatic patients. 682-5 Snider G L GL Laguarda R R eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 0 Aerosols 0 Amino Alcohols 0 Bronchodilator Agents 0 Butylamines 0