Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

201. The Anaesthesia Record. Recommendations on the Recording of an Episode of Anaesthesia Care

The Anaesthesia Record. Recommendations on the Recording of an Episode of Anaesthesia Care AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND COLLEGE OF ANAESTHETISTS ABN 82 055 042 852 THE ANAESTHESIA RECORD RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE RECORDING OF AN EPISODE OF ANAESTHESIA CARE INTRODUCTION The anaesthesia record is an essential part of the patient's medical record. The record should allow the anaesthetist to document all aspects of the anaesthesia management, including the pre and post-operative management (...) , that are of relevance to the anaesthesia. The anaesthesia record provides information that may assist other staff involved in the care of the patient and to any subsequent anaesthetists. It may also be of medico-legal importance and can be used for quality assurance and research purposes. The record must be signed by the anaesthetist/s. The information may be on a single record or may be covered by separate records for the pre-anaesthesia, anaesthesia and post- anaesthesia phases of the patient’s care. All

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

202. Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia

Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia PS02 2018 Page 1 PS02 2018 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia 1. INTRODUCTION Credentialling in anaesthesia allows registered medical practitioners to provide clinical services at healthcare institutions. Credentialling is an integral part of the process of verification of professional standing (...) and quality assurance, sets the standard required for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and offers its CPD program to all medical practitioners in Australia and New Zealand who provide anaesthesia services. New Fellows of the College are trained in broad areas of anaesthesia and capable of providing services in health care facilities with appropriate support. Some specific areas of complex anaesthesia practice may benefit from further training and relevant CPD subsequent to obtaining Fellowship

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

203. Recommendations for the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Room

Recommendations for the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Room PS04 2018 Page 1 PS04 2018 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on the Post-Anaesthesia Care Unit 1. INTRODUCTION An appropriately planned, equipped, staffed and managed post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) is essential for the safe management of patients who have recently undergone surgery or other procedures, irrespective of the type of anaesthesia or sedation used. The spectrum of healthcare facilities (...) . Facility design and resources, including staff and equipment, should align with the procedure, proposed anaesthesia or sedation and patient complexity (including age and co-morbidities) as well as the post procedure destination of the patient. 2. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is: 2.1 To assist healthcare facilities to provide PACUs that are designed, equipped, and staffed to deliver safe patient care. 2.2 To inform clinicians of ANZCA’s expectations for PACUs. 3. SCOPE This document is intended

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

204. Guidelines to Fellows Acting on Appointments Committees for Senior Staff in Anaesthesia

Guidelines to Fellows Acting on Appointments Committees for Senior Staff in Anaesthesia Review PS44(2006) AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND COLLEGE OF ANAESTHETISTS ABN 82 055 042 852 GUIDELINES TO FELLOWS ACTING ON APPOINTMENTS COMMITTEES FOR SENIOR STAFF IN ANAESTHESIA The College considers that it should provide advice to Appointments Committees in Australia or New Zealand when appointments in anaesthesia are being considered. This is best carried out by designating a specific Fellow to work (...) the Fellowship of this College or will hold that Fellowship by the date on which –he/she takes up appointment. 1.2 Hold another specialist qualification in anaesthesia. In this situation, the implications in respect of Overseas Trained Specialist Assessment by the College and registration as a specialist in Australia or New Zealand must be considered. 1.3 Have appropriate experience for the position under consideration. 1.4 Are participating in continuing medical education and quality assurance activities

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

205. The Anaesthesia Record. Recommendations on the Recording of an Episode of Anaesthesia Care

The Anaesthesia Record. Recommendations on the Recording of an Episode of Anaesthesia Care AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND COLLEGE OF ANAESTHETISTS ABN 82 055 042 852 THE ANAESTHESIA RECORD RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE RECORDING OF AN EPISODE OF ANAESTHESIA CARE INTRODUCTION The anaesthesia record is an essential part of the patient's medical record. The record should allow the anaesthetist to document all aspects of the anaesthesia management, including the pre and post-operative management (...) , that are of relevance to the anaesthesia. The anaesthesia record provides information that may assist other staff involved in the care of the patient and to any subsequent anaesthetists. It may also be of medico-legal importance and can be used for quality assurance and research purposes. The record must be signed by the anaesthetist/s. The information may be on a single record or may be covered by separate records for the pre-anaesthesia, anaesthesia and post- anaesthesia phases of the patient’s care. All

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

206. Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia

Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia PS02 2018 Page 1 PS02 2018 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on Credentialling and Defining the Scope of Clinical Practice in Anaesthesia 1. INTRODUCTION Credentialling in anaesthesia allows registered medical practitioners to provide clinical services at healthcare institutions. Credentialling is an integral part of the process of verification of professional standing (...) and quality assurance, sets the standard required for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and offers its CPD program to all medical practitioners in Australia and New Zealand who provide anaesthesia services. New Fellows of the College are trained in broad areas of anaesthesia and capable of providing services in health care facilities with appropriate support. Some specific areas of complex anaesthesia practice may benefit from further training and relevant CPD subsequent to obtaining Fellowship

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

207. Recommendations for the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Room

Recommendations for the Post-Anaesthesia Recovery Room PS04 2018 Page 1 PS04 2018 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) Statement on the Post-Anaesthesia Care Unit 1. INTRODUCTION An appropriately planned, equipped, staffed and managed post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) is essential for the safe management of patients who have recently undergone surgery or other procedures, irrespective of the type of anaesthesia or sedation used. The spectrum of healthcare facilities (...) . Facility design and resources, including staff and equipment, should align with the procedure, proposed anaesthesia or sedation and patient complexity (including age and co-morbidities) as well as the post procedure destination of the patient. 2. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is: 2.1 To assist healthcare facilities to provide PACUs that are designed, equipped, and staffed to deliver safe patient care. 2.2 To inform clinicians of ANZCA’s expectations for PACUs. 3. SCOPE This document is intended

2006 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

208. Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia: horizon scanning technology briefing

Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia: horizon scanning technology briefing Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia: horizon scanning technology briefing Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia: horizon scanning technology briefing NHSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation (...) of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NHSC. Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia: horizon scanning technology briefing. Birmingham: National Horizon Scanning Centre (NHSC). 2006 Authors' objectives This study examines the use of Sugammadex (Org 25969) for reversal of muscle relaxation in general anaesthesia. Timeliness warning Available on request from NHSC. Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

209. Incidence of epidural haematoma and neurological injury in cardiovascular patients with epidural analgesia/anaesthesia: systematic review and meta-analysis

Incidence of epidural haematoma and neurological injury in cardiovascular patients with epidural analgesia/anaesthesia: systematic review and meta-analysis Incidence of epidural haematoma and neurological injury in cardiovascular patients with epidural analgesia/anaesthesia: systematic review and meta-analysis Incidence of epidural haematoma and neurological injury in cardiovascular patients with epidural analgesia/anaesthesia: systematic review and meta-analysis Ruppen W, Derry S, McQuay H J (...) , Moore R A CRD summary This review reported no cases of epidural haematomas or persistent neurological injury, and few transient neurological injuries following epidural analgesia or anaesthesia. The authors estimated that the maximum risks for epidural haematoma were 1 in 1,700, 1 in 1,400 and 1 in 1,700 for epidural anaesthesia in cardiac, thoracic and vascular surgery, respectively. The review had some methodological weaknesses, but the authors’ conclusions appear appropriate and are likely

2006 DARE.

210. Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review

Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Thavaneswaran P, Maddern G, Cooter R, Moyes D, Rudkin G Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Thavaneswaran P (...) , Maddern G, Cooter R, Moyes D, Rudkin G. Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review. Stepney: Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures -Surgical (ASERNIP-S). ASERNIP-S Report No. 47. 2006 Authors' objectives The objective of this review was to make recommendations on the safety and efficacy of thoracic and lumbar paravertebral blocks (PVB) on the basis of a systematic assessment of the peer-reviewed literature. Paravertebral blocks

2006 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

211. Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review

Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Paravertebral blocks for anaesthesia and analgesia: a systematic review Thavaneswaran P, Maddern G, Cooter R, Moyes D, Rudkin G CRD summary This review assessed the efficacy and safety of thoracic and lumbar paraveterbral blocks (PVB) for anaesthesia and analgesia. The authors concluded that paraveterbral block was at least as safe and effective (...) as general anaesthesia and alternative analgesia techniques. This was a generally well-conducted review of heterogeneous studies. The conclusions are likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy and safety of thoracic and lumbar paravertebral blocks (PVB) for surgical anaesthesia compared to: general anaesthesia or other regional anaesthetic techniques; and regional blocks or analgesic drugs for postoperative analgesia. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Science

2006 DARE.

212. Cost minimisation and cost effectiveness in anaesthesia for total hip replacement surgery, in Belgium: a study comparing three general anaesthesia techniques

Cost minimisation and cost effectiveness in anaesthesia for total hip replacement surgery, in Belgium: a study comparing three general anaesthesia techniques Cost minimisation and cost effectiveness in anaesthesia for total hip replacement surgery, in Belgium: a study comparing three general anaesthesia techniques Cost minimisation and cost effectiveness in anaesthesia for total hip replacement surgery, in Belgium: a study comparing three general anaesthesia techniques Demeere J L, Merckx C (...) , Demeere N Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of general anaesthesia in total hip replacement surgery was studied. Three techniques (propofol, desflurane and sevoflurane) were compared. Type of intervention

2006 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

213. Early recovery, cognitive function and costs of a desflurane inhalational versus a total intravenous anaesthesia regimen in long-term surgery

Early recovery, cognitive function and costs of a desflurane inhalational versus a total intravenous anaesthesia regimen in long-term surgery Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

214. Oral oxycodone hydrochloride versus epidural anaesthesia for pain control after radical retropubic prostatectomy

Oral oxycodone hydrochloride versus epidural anaesthesia for pain control after radical retropubic prostatectomy Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2006 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

215. Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis

Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving (...) in a wide range of surgical patients. Oral anticoagulants (such as warfarin) and infusions of dextran were also effective, although they appeared less protective than heparin-based regimens. In operations where regional anaesthesia is feasible, it resulted in a lower risk of venous thromboembolism than general anaesthesia, thus adding to any benefits from mechanical and pharmacologic methods. {{author}} {{($index An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error has occurred in processing

2006 NIHR HTA programme

216. Guidelines on Consent for Anaesthesia or Sedation

Guidelines on Consent for Anaesthesia or Sedation AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND COLLEGE OF ANAESTHETISTS ABN 82 055 042 852 Review PS26 (2005) GUIDELINES ON CONSENT FOR ANAESTHESIA OR SEDATION INTRODUCTION Consent should be obtained for all medical treatment. It is a basic tenet of our society that everyone has a right to determine what is done to his/her own body, and is entitled to know the implications of any treatment before it is administered and to seek clarification of any issues that may (...) be of concern. GENERAL PRINCIPLES The standard for consent in Australia is established by the common law. In New Zealand it is embodied in the Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights. Consent for treatment provided by an anaesthetist is different from a statement as to the necessity for anaesthesia (which may form part of the consent for an operative procedure). Although legal processes that test the validity of consent differ, both Australian and New Zealand law state that the provision

2005 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

217. Guidelines on Consent for Anaesthesia or Sedation

Guidelines on Consent for Anaesthesia or Sedation AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND COLLEGE OF ANAESTHETISTS ABN 82 055 042 852 Review PS26 (2005) GUIDELINES ON CONSENT FOR ANAESTHESIA OR SEDATION INTRODUCTION Consent should be obtained for all medical treatment. It is a basic tenet of our society that everyone has a right to determine what is done to his/her own body, and is entitled to know the implications of any treatment before it is administered and to seek clarification of any issues that may (...) be of concern. GENERAL PRINCIPLES The standard for consent in Australia is established by the common law. In New Zealand it is embodied in the Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights. Consent for treatment provided by an anaesthetist is different from a statement as to the necessity for anaesthesia (which may form part of the consent for an operative procedure). Although legal processes that test the validity of consent differ, both Australian and New Zealand law state that the provision

2005 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists

218. Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis

Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic reviews (...) of mechanical methods, oral anticoagulation, dextran and regional anaesthesia as thromboprophylaxis Roderick P, Ferris G, Wilson K, Halls H, Jackson D, Collins R, Baigent C Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Roderick P, Ferris G, Wilson K, Halls H, Jackson D, Collins R, Baigent C. Towards evidence-based guidelines for the prevention

2005 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

219. Indications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures

Indications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures Indications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures Indications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures Haute Autorite de Sante/French National Authority for Health Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation (...) Haute Autorite de Sante/French National Authority for Health. Indications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures. Paris: Haute Autorite de Sante (French National Authority for Health) (HAS) 2005: 43 Authors' objectives The object of this review is to establish recommendations on the indications and contraindications for general anaesthesia for standard dental and oral procedures. Authors' conclusions Looking ahead : i) Perform a study of clinical practice to establish

2005 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

220. Local anaesthesia for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review

Local anaesthesia for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review Local anaesthesia for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review Local anaesthesia for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review Gupta A CRD summary This review examined the effectiveness of local anaesthetics compared with placebo in reducing post-operative pain following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The author concluded that local anaesthesics appear (...) monitored to avoid toxicity. Research: The author stated that future studies should be directed at determining whether the mechanism of the analgesic effects of LA is peripheral or systemic, and at investigating reasons for the wide variation in the pain experienced by patients following LC. Bibliographic details Gupta A. Local anaesthesia for pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review. Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology 2005; 19(2 Special Issue): 275-292

2005 DARE.