Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

241. Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials

Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials Reduction of postoperative mortality and morbidity with epidural or spinal anaesthesia: results from overview of randomised trials Rodgers A, Walker N, Schug S, McKee A, Kehlet H, van Zundert A, Sage D, Futter M, Saville G, Clark T (...) , MacMahon S Authors' objectives To obtain reliable estimates of the effects of neuraxial blockade with epidural or spinal anaesthesia on post-operative morbidity and mortality Searching Current Contents (from 1995 to 1996), EMBASE Excerpta Medica (from 1980 to 1996), MEDLINE (from 1966 to 1996) and the Cochrane Library (1998) were searched. The keywords were 'regional anaesthesia', 'regional anaesthesia', 'spinal' or 'epidural', and the Cochrane Collaboration search terms for randomised trials

2000 DARE.

242. External cephalic version with epidural anaesthesia after failure of a first trial with beta-mimetics

External cephalic version with epidural anaesthesia after failure of a first trial with beta-mimetics External cephalic version with epidural anaesthesia after failure of a first trial with beta-mimetics External cephalic version with epidural anaesthesia after failure of a first trial with beta-mimetics Rozenberg P, Goffinet F, de Spirlet M, Durand-Zaleski I, Blanie P, Fisher C, Lang A C, Nisand I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology External cephalic version under epidural anaesthesia and beta-mimetic tocolysis after the failure of an initial attempt with tocolysis alone in women with breech presentation. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Women

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

243. A review of recovery from sevoflurane anaesthesia: comparisons with isoflurane and propofol including meta-analysis

A review of recovery from sevoflurane anaesthesia: comparisons with isoflurane and propofol including meta-analysis A review of recovery from sevoflurane anaesthesia: comparisons with isoflurane and propofol including meta-analysis A review of recovery from sevoflurane anaesthesia: comparisons with isoflurane and propofol including meta-analysis Robinson B J, Uhrich T D, Ebert T J Authors' objectives To compare the times of specific recovery events in adult patients anaesthetised (...) with an intravenous anaesthetic and receiving sevoflurane to similar patients receiving isoflurane or propofol for elective surgical procedures. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to July 1998 (keywords reported) to identify relevant trials published in English. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Specific interventions included in the review Intravenous anaesthesia using sevoflurane versus isoflurane or propofol. Participants included

1999 DARE.

244. [Local anaesthesia in meatoplasty with pediculated flap, an efficient technique in the treatment of meatal stenosis]

[Local anaesthesia in meatoplasty with pediculated flap, an efficient technique in the treatment of meatal stenosis] La anestesia local en la meatoplastia con colgajo pediculado, una tecnica eficiente en el tratamiento de la estenosis de meato [Local anaesthesia in meatoplasty with pediculated flap, an efficient technique in the treatment of meatal stenosis] La anestesia local en la meatoplastia con colgajo pediculado, una tecnica eficiente en el tratamiento de la estenosis de meato [Local (...) anaesthesia in meatoplasty with pediculated flap, an efficient technique in the treatment of meatal stenosis] Marchal Escalona C, Caballero Alcantara J, Padilla Leon M, Elorza Maza I Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

245. EEG bispectral index monitoring in sevoflurane or propofol anaesthesia: analysis of direct costs and immediate recovery

EEG bispectral index monitoring in sevoflurane or propofol anaesthesia: analysis of direct costs and immediate recovery EEG bispectral index monitoring in sevoflurane or propofol anaesthesia: analysis of direct costs and immediate recovery EEG bispectral index monitoring in sevoflurane or propofol anaesthesia: analysis of direct costs and immediate recovery Yli-Hankala A, Vakkuri A, Annila P, Korttila K Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of electroencephalogram (EEG) bispectral index (BIS) monitoring, with the aim of optimising the use of hypnotics, analgesics, neuromuscular blocking agents, and antihypertensive drugs during anaesthesia. Type of intervention Other: anaesthesia monitoring. Economic study type

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

246. A multicentre comparison of the costs of anaesthesia with sevoflurane or propofol

A multicentre comparison of the costs of anaesthesia with sevoflurane or propofol A multicentre comparison of the costs of anaesthesia with sevoflurane or propofol A multicentre comparison of the costs of anaesthesia with sevoflurane or propofol Smith I, Terhoeve P A, Hennart D, Feiss P, Harmer M, Pourriat J L, Johnson I A T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods (...) , the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Three strategies for day-case anaesthesia were compared. The first strategy consisted of induction of anaesthesia with intravenously (IV) administered propofol followed by IV propofol to maintain a state of anaesthesia. The second strategy induced anaesthesia with IV propofol and maintained anaesthesia with inhalation of sevoflurane. The third strategy both

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

247. Morbidity and cost-effectiveness analysis of outpatient analgesia versus general anaesthesia for testicular sperm extraction in men with azoospermia due to defects in spermatogenesis

Morbidity and cost-effectiveness analysis of outpatient analgesia versus general anaesthesia for testicular sperm extraction in men with azoospermia due to defects in spermatogenesis Morbidity and cost-effectiveness analysis of outpatient analgesia versus general anaesthesia for testicular sperm extraction in men with azoospermia due to defects in spermatogenesis Morbidity and cost-effectiveness analysis of outpatient analgesia versus general anaesthesia for testicular sperm extraction in men (...) anaesthesia group with a median age of 33 (range: 25 - 58) years, whilst the subsequent 21 consecutive patients with a median age of 32 (range: 26 - 62) years were allocated to the outpatient group. Study design This was a non-randomised study with historical controls, carried out in a single centre. The duration of the follow-up was until one week after the operation. The study appears to have had no loss to follow-up. Clinical criteria were used to select the patients with primary gonadal failure

1999 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

248. Cardiac arrhythmias in children during outpatient general anaesthesia for dentistry: a prospective randomised trial. (PubMed)

Cardiac arrhythmias in children during outpatient general anaesthesia for dentistry: a prospective randomised trial. Deaths in children associated with outpatient general dental anaesthesia may be attributable to sudden cardiovascular collapse precipitated by ventricular arrhythmias. A causal link between halothane anaesthesia, ventricular arrhythmias, and deaths has been suggested. We did a prospective, randomised trial to investigate the frequency and character of arrhythmias during (...) anaesthesia with halothane and the alternative anaesthetic agent, sevoflurane.150 children, aged 3-15 years, who needed dental extraction under general anaesthesia were randomly assigned sevoflurane or halothane supplementation of 66% nitrous oxide in oxygen with spontaneous ventilation. The halothane group (n=50) received halothane introduced in 0.75% increments, every two to three breaths, to a maximum of 3.0%, with maintenance at 1.5%. The incremental sevoflurane group (n=50) received sevoflurane

1999 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

249. A meta-analysis of nausea and vomiting following maintenance of anaesthesia with propofol or inhalational agents

A meta-analysis of nausea and vomiting following maintenance of anaesthesia with propofol or inhalational agents A meta-analysis of nausea and vomiting following maintenance of anaesthesia with propofol or inhalational agents A meta-analysis of nausea and vomiting following maintenance of anaesthesia with propofol or inhalational agents Sneyd J R, Carr A, Byrom W D, Bilski A J Authors' objectives To investigate the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting following maintenance (...) of anaesthesia with propofol, compared with inhalational agents. Searching The MEDLEY database, which contains published literature on Zeneca's pharmaceutical products, was searched. Propofol was used as a major descriptor with the subheadings 'induction' or 'maintenance'; or with 'inhalational anaesthetics' as a major descriptor, with the subheadings 'induction' or 'maintenance' together with 'comparison', 'nausea' and 'vomiting'. Studies reported in any language were considered. Study selection Study

1998 DARE.

250. A qualitative systematic review of incisional local anaesthesia for postoperative pain relief after abdominal operations

A qualitative systematic review of incisional local anaesthesia for postoperative pain relief after abdominal operations A qualitative systematic review of incisional local anaesthesia for postoperative pain relief after abdominal operations A qualitative systematic review of incisional local anaesthesia for postoperative pain relief after abdominal operations Moiniche S, Mikkelsen S, Wetterslev J, Dahl J B Authors' objectives To investigate the effect of wound infiltration with local (...) anaesthesia for postoperative pain control. Searching The Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 1997) and MEDLINE (1966-1997) were searched without language restriction (search terms provided). Reference lists of retrieved reports and review articles were also searched for further references. No abstracts or unpublished observations were included. Authors were not contacted for original data. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised, double-blind comparisons of local anaesthesia

1998 DARE.

251. The use of inhalation sedation and local anaesthesia as an alternative to general anaesthesia for dental extractions in children

The use of inhalation sedation and local anaesthesia as an alternative to general anaesthesia for dental extractions in children The use of inhalation sedation and local anaesthesia as an alternative to general anaesthesia for dental extractions in children The use of inhalation sedation and local anaesthesia as an alternative to general anaesthesia for dental extractions in children Blain K M, Hill F J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of inhalation sedation and local anaesthesia for dental extractions performed in children. Type of intervention Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population comprised children referred for exodontia. Children who were

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

252. Perioperative cost-finding analysis of the routine use of intraoperative forced-air warming during general endotracheal anaesthesia

Perioperative cost-finding analysis of the routine use of intraoperative forced-air warming during general endotracheal anaesthesia Perioperative cost-finding analysis of the routine use of intraoperative forced-air warming during general endotracheal anaesthesia Perioperative cost-finding analysis of the routine use of intraoperative forced-air warming during general endotracheal anaesthesia Fleisher L A, Metzger S E, Lam J, Harris A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using forced air warming (FAW) in patients at low risk for perioperative cardiac complications who were having general anaesthesia for a surgical procedure. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

253. Comparison of sevoflurane and propofol for ambulatory anaesthesia in gynaecological surgery

Comparison of sevoflurane and propofol for ambulatory anaesthesia in gynaecological surgery Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1998 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

254. Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia

Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia Lacerda-Filho A, Cunha-Melo J R Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn (...) . Health technology Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia. Type of intervention Treatment; Anesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients undergoing haemorrhoidectomy. Setting Secondary care, outpatient and inpatient departments. The economic study was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Dates to which data relate No dates were stated. Source of effectiveness data Effectiveness data were derived from a single study. Link between effectiveness

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

255. Propofol anaesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting: quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled studies

Propofol anaesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting: quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled studies Propofol anaesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting: quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled studies Propofol anaesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting: quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled studies Tramer M, Moore A, McQuay H Authors' objectives To compare the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting after propofol (...) anaesthesia with nausea and vomiting after other anaesthetics. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1995 and reference lists and review articles. Only published articles were sought, with no language restriction. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with adequate randomisation which evaluated the effect of propofol compared with other anaesthetics and reported the outcome in dichotomous form. Specific interventions included

1997 DARE.

256. Meta-analytic comparison of prophylactic antiemetic efficacy for postoperative nausea and vomiting: propofol anaesthesia vs omitting nitrous oxide vs total i.v. anaesthesia with propofol

Meta-analytic comparison of prophylactic antiemetic efficacy for postoperative nausea and vomiting: propofol anaesthesia vs omitting nitrous oxide vs total i.v. anaesthesia with propofol Meta-analytic comparison of prophylactic antiemetic efficacy for postoperative nausea and vomiting: propofol anaesthesia vs omitting nitrous oxide vs total i.v. anaesthesia with propofol Meta-analytic comparison of prophylactic antiemetic efficacy for postoperative nausea and vomiting: propofol anaesthesia vs (...) omitting nitrous oxide vs total i.v. anaesthesia with propofol Tramer M, Moore A, McQuay H Authors' objectives To compare the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) within three different anaesthetic regimens. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 to 1995. Reference lists and review articles were also scanned. Only published articles were sought, but ther were no language restrictions (see Other Publications of Related Interest). Study selection Study designs of evaluations included

1997 DARE.

257. Laparoscopic tubal ligation in a minimally invasive surgical unit under local anaesthesia compared to a conventional operating room approach under general anaesthesia

Laparoscopic tubal ligation in a minimally invasive surgical unit under local anaesthesia compared to a conventional operating room approach under general anaesthesia Laparoscopic tubal ligation in a minimally invasive surgical unit under local anaesthesia compared to a conventional operating room approach under general anaesthesia Laparoscopic tubal ligation in a minimally invasive surgical unit under local anaesthesia compared to a conventional operating room approach under general (...) anaesthesia Hatasaka H H, Sharp H T, Dowling D D, Teahon K, Peterson C M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Laparoscopic tubal ligation in a minimally invasive surgical unit under local anaesthesia. Type of intervention

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

258. [Cost analysis of the combined epidural anaesthesia in comparison with general anaesthesia in coloproctology surgery]

[Cost analysis of the combined epidural anaesthesia in comparison with general anaesthesia in coloproctology surgery] Analisis de minimizacion de costes de la anestesia epidural comparada con la anestesia general en la cirugia oncologica coloproctologica [Cost analysis of the combined epidural anaesthesia in comparison with general anaesthesia in coloproctology surgery] Analisis de minimizacion de costes de la anestesia epidural comparada con la anestesia general en la cirugia oncologica (...) coloproctologica [Cost analysis of the combined epidural anaesthesia in comparison with general anaesthesia in coloproctology surgery] Sabate A, Pena M J, Vila C, Alemany O Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of two

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

259. Spinal, epidural or propofol anaesthesia for out-patient knee arthroscopy

Spinal, epidural or propofol anaesthesia for out-patient knee arthroscopy Spinal, epidural or propofol anaesthesia for out-patient knee arthroscopy Spinal, epidural or propofol anaesthesia for out-patient knee arthroscopy Dahl V, Gierloff C, Omland E, Raeder J C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Regional versus general anaesthesia for outpatient knee arthroscopy. Type of intervention Treatment; Anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective knee arthroscopy. Setting An outpatient surgery centre. The study took place in Oslo, Norway. Dates to which data relate The time period to which the effectiveness and cost data relate was not stated

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

260. Pharmacoeconomics of intravenous regional anaesthesia vs general anaesthesia for outpatient hand surgery

Pharmacoeconomics of intravenous regional anaesthesia vs general anaesthesia for outpatient hand surgery Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.