Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on anaesthesia or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

41. Epidural anaesthesia helps return of bowel function after abdominal surgery

Epidural anaesthesia helps return of bowel function after abdominal surgery Epidural anaesthesia helps return of bowel function after abdominal surgery Discover Portal Discover Portal Epidural anaesthesia helps return of bowel function after abdominal surgery Published on 27 September 2016 doi: High quality evidence suggests that an epidural anaesthetic (with or without an opioid) promotes the return of gut function after abdominal surgery. This is when compared to an opioid based regimen (...) and may reduce the need for opioids. This updated Cochrane review compared the effects of giving an epidural anaesthetic with giving opioids after abdominal surgery. Opioids could either be injected directly into the bloodstream or given through an epidural. What did this study do? The review pooled the results of 94 randomised controlled trials including 5,846 adults undergoing any form of abdominal surgery under general anaesthesia. Treatment groups received an epidural containing local anaesthetic

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

42. Two types of anaesthesia are safe for hip and knee replacements but one may reduce the time spent in hospital by a few hours

Two types of anaesthesia are safe for hip and knee replacements but one may reduce the time spent in hospital by a few hours Two types of anaesthesia are safe for hip and knee replacements but one may reduce the time spent in hospital by a few hours Discover Portal Discover Portal Two types of anaesthesia are safe for hip and knee replacements but one may reduce the time spent in hospital by a few hours Published on 15 March 2016 doi: Neuraxial anaesthesia, administered around the nerves (...) in the spine, was found to be as safe as general anaesthesia for people undergoing total hip or knee replacements. This review found a similar risk of dying, infection, nerve damage and blood clots in people regardless of the type of anaesthesia. Hospital stay was reduced on average by 0.4 days in the neuraxial anaesthesia group, though the significance to patients or impact on costs was not explored. Using neuraxial anaesthesia took no longer to perform than general anaesthesia. Hip and knee replacements

2018 NIHR Dissemination Centre

43. General versus spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section: a quasi-controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

General versus spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section: a quasi-controlled trial. General anaesthesia and spinal anaesthesia are commonly used for caesarean sections. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes from caesarean sections with these two types of anaesthesia.In this quasi-controlled trial, we enrolled women undergoing caesarean sections at Al-Helal Al-Emirati Hospital, Rafah, Gaza Strip. Women were assigned either to general anaesthesia (20% intravenous propofol (...) for anaesthesia induction followed by atracurium for muscle relaxation, and nitrous oxide and oxygen for anaesthesia maintenance) or to spinal anaesthesia (0·5% hyperbaric solution bupivacaine with 20 μg fentanyl intrathecally). Outcome measures were length of hospital stay, length of operation, postoperative pain assessment by visual analogue scales (VAS; range 0-10, where 0 is no pain and 10 is very bad pain) 1 hour after the operation, time from anaesthesia to demand for analgesia, amount of analgesics

2018 Lancet Controlled trial quality: predicted high

44. Loco-regional versus general anaesthesia for elective endovascular aneurysm repair - results of a cohort study and a meta-analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Loco-regional versus general anaesthesia for elective endovascular aneurysm repair - results of a cohort study and a meta-analysis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients undergoing elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with loco-regional anaesthetic techniques have better outcomes than those treated with general anaesthesia (GA).We retrospectively evaluated outcomes of EVAR performed with regional anaesthesia (RA) or GA over a five-year period. Furthermore, we (...) studies found a significantly lower perioperative mortality (OR 0.70, 95 % CI 0.52-0.95, P = 0.02) and morbidity (OR 0.73, 95 % CI 0.55-0.96, P = 0.02) in patients treated with loco-regional anaesthetic techniques compared to those treated with GA. Our sub-group analysis demonstrated that both local anaesthesia (LA) (P = 0.003) and RA (P < 0.0001) were associated with a significantly shorter LOS compared to GA.Local and/or regional anaesthetic techniques may be advantageous over GA in elective EVAR

2018 VASA. Zeitschrift fur Gefasskrankheiten

45. Pre-Hospital Emergency Anaesthesia / Rapid Sequence Induction in patients with sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after non-traumatic (medical) cardiac arrest: a systematic review

Pre-Hospital Emergency Anaesthesia / Rapid Sequence Induction in patients with sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after non-traumatic (medical) cardiac arrest: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2018 PROSPERO

46. Intraoperative monitoring with cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy during general anaesthesia and outcome: systematic review of clinical evidence

Intraoperative monitoring with cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy during general anaesthesia and outcome: systematic review of clinical evidence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

47. Efficacy and safety of Xenon anaesthesia in adult surgical patients

Efficacy and safety of Xenon anaesthesia in adult surgical patients Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures

2018 PROSPERO

48. Is there scientific evidence to support the safety of general anaesthesia for children?

Is there scientific evidence to support the safety of general anaesthesia for children? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2018 PROSPERO

49. Anaesthesia/analgesia for manual removal of retained placenta [Cochrane protocol]

Anaesthesia/analgesia for manual removal of retained placenta [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2018 PROSPERO

50. Does perioperative locoregional anaesthesia prevent phantom pain?

Does perioperative locoregional anaesthesia prevent phantom pain? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures

2018 PROSPERO

51. Does the use of continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring improve haemodynamic stability, post-operative outcomes, and reduce the economic impact of anaesthesia for surgery?

Does the use of continuous non-invasive blood pressure monitoring improve haemodynamic stability, post-operative outcomes, and reduce the economic impact of anaesthesia for surgery? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2018 PROSPERO

52. Is oral haemorrhage/bleeding in children and adult with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) during dental treatments considered a common complication post-general anaesthesia? A protocol of a systematic review

Is oral haemorrhage/bleeding in children and adult with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) during dental treatments considered a common complication post-general anaesthesia? A protocol of a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2018 PROSPERO

53. A systematic review and meta-analysis on opioid-free anaesthesia versus opioid-based anaesthesia

A systematic review and meta-analysis on opioid-free anaesthesia versus opioid-based anaesthesia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2018 PROSPERO

54. Ultrasound guided regional anaesthesia in anaesthetised patients - a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ultrasound guided regional anaesthesia in anaesthetised patients - a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2018 PROSPERO

55. Urinary retention and mortality after Lichtenstein repair of inguinal hernias under local, regional and general anaesthesia: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Urinary retention and mortality after Lichtenstein repair of inguinal hernias under local, regional and general anaesthesia: a systematic review and network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation

2018 PROSPERO

56. Paravertebral anaesthesia with or without sedation versus general anaesthesia for women undergoing breast cancer surgery [Cochrane protocol]

Paravertebral anaesthesia with or without sedation versus general anaesthesia for women undergoing breast cancer surgery [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

57. Systematic review and meta analysis of the incidence of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in adult patients (18 years and over) as detected by the Brice questionnaire (including variants)

Systematic review and meta analysis of the incidence of accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in adult patients (18 years and over) as detected by the Brice questionnaire (including variants) Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2018 PROSPERO

58. Hypercapnia versus normocapnia in patients undergoing general anaesthesia - a systematic review and meta-analysis

Hypercapnia versus normocapnia in patients undergoing general anaesthesia - a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

59. Interventions for preventing hypothermia during caesarean delivery under regional anaesthesia [Cochrane protocol]

Interventions for preventing hypothermia during caesarean delivery under regional anaesthesia [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

60. Choice of epidural local anaesthesia for caesarean delivery: a bayesian network meta-analysis of comparative speed and quality of block

Choice of epidural local anaesthesia for caesarean delivery: a bayesian network meta-analysis of comparative speed and quality of block Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO