Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

281. Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery

Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery Kurpiers E M, Scharine J, Lovell S L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical (...) as the maintenance anaesthetic. The price of administering an antiemetic would be offset by the savings from using desflurane. Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Kurpiers E M, Scharine J, Lovell S L. Cost-effective anesthesia: desflurane versus propofol in outpatient surgery. AANA Journal 1996; 64(1): 69-75 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Ambulatory Surgical Procedures /economics; Anesthetics, Inhalation /economics; Anesthetics, Intravenous /economics; Cost

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

282. Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol

Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Ambulatory care pharmacoeconomic evaluation of anesthesia in ambulatory surgery: comparison of desflurane to isoflurane and propofol Halberg D L, Russell W, Hatton R C, Segal R, Guyton T S, Paulu D A Record Status This is a critical (...) abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Desflurane, isoflurane and propofol for induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia in adults. Type of intervention Treatment and anesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

283. Cognitive effects after epidural vs general anesthesia in older adults. A randomized trial. (PubMed)

Cognitive effects after epidural vs general anesthesia in older adults. A randomized trial. To compare the effect of epidural vs general anesthesia on the incidence of long-term cognitive dysfunction after total knee replacement surgery in older adults.Randomized controlled clinical trial.Orthopedic specialty academic hospital.A total of 262 patients undergoing elective primary total knee replacement with a median age of 69 years; 70% women.Random assignment to either epidural or general (...) , and cognitive function. There were no significant differences between the epidural and general anesthesia groups in within-subject change from baseline on any of the 10 cognitive test results at either 1 week or 6 months. Overall, 5% of patients showed a long-term clinically significant deterioration in cognitive function. There was no difference between the anesthesia groups in the incidence of major cardiovascular complications (3% overall).The type of anesthesia, general or epidural, does not affect

1995 JAMA

284. Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications

Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications Riley E T, Cohen S E, Macario A, Desai J B, Ratner E F Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) biased the results. No attempt was made to cost complications. Details of statistical analysis of costs would have been useful. An important absence in the paper is the lack of a sensitivity analysis. Bibliographic details Riley E T, Cohen S E, Macario A, Desai J B, Ratner E F. Spinal versus epidural anesthesia for cesarean section: a comparison of time efficiency, costs, charges, and complications. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1995; 80(4): 709-712 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

285. Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits

Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits Shapiro M S, Safran M R, Crockett H, Finerman G A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment (...) significant. No data were provided on the way costs were derived. These results may not be generalisable to different patients, settings or countries. Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Shapiro M S, Safran M R, Crockett H, Finerman G A. Local anesthesia for knee arthroscopy: efficacy and cost benefits. American Journal of Sports Medicine 1995; 23(1): 50-53 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Anesthesia /adverse effects /economics

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

286. Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital

Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Use of anesthesia selection in controlling surgery costs in an HMO Hospital Suver J, Arikian S R, Doyle J J, Sweeney S W, Hagan M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Two regimens used in intra-abdominal surgery for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. The first regimen involved the use of propofol for induction and maintenance, while the second employed thiopental for induction and isoflurane for maintenance. Type of intervention Anaesthetic Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population was patients undergoing

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

287. Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison

Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Labor epidural catheter reactivation or spinal anesthesia for delayed postpartum tubal ligation: a cost comparison Viscomi C M, Rathmell J P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) headaches. Direct costs Quantities and costs were analysed separately. The quantities measured were operating room (OR) and anesthesia times. The costs described were hospital charges and the cost boundary was therefore the purchaser. The estimation of costs was based on given institution-specific prices (single observations). The costs considered were those of OR occupancy and anesthesia professional charges. The sources of quantity data were the institution's own records. The quantities were measured

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

288. Efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous sedation versus general anesthesia in children undergoing endoscopic procedures

Efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous sedation versus general anesthesia in children undergoing endoscopic procedures Efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous sedation versus general anesthesia in children undergoing endoscopic procedures Efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous sedation versus general anesthesia in children undergoing endoscopic procedures Squires R H, Morriss F, Schluterman S, Drews B, Galyen L, Brown K O Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) such claims. Source of funding None stated Bibliographic details Squires R H, Morriss F, Schluterman S, Drews B, Galyen L, Brown K O. Efficacy, safety, and cost of intravenous sedation versus general anesthesia in children undergoing endoscopic procedures. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 1995; 41(2): 99-104 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adolescent; Anesthesia, General /adverse effects /economics; Arousal; Child; Child, Preschool; Conscious Sedation /adverse effects /economics

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

289. The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery

The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery Foulk D A, Boakes J, Rab G T, Schulman S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study (...) should also have been included. Implications of the study Further studies are needed in order to validated the economic cost and benefits associated with use of supplemental caudal epidural anaesthesia in clubfoot surgery for children. Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Foulk D A, Boakes J, Rab G T, Schulman S. The use of caudal epidural anesthesia in clubfoot surgery. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 1995; 15(5): 604-607 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

290. LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations

LAT (lidocaine-adrenaline-tetracaine) versus TAC (tetracaine-adrenaline-cocaine) for topical anesthesia in face and scalp lacerations Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1995 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

291. Topical anesthesia during circumcision in newborn infants. (PubMed)

Topical anesthesia during circumcision in newborn infants. To determine the efficacy of topical anesthetic cream, eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA), in alleviating pain from neonatal circumcision.Randomized, controlled trial.Normal newborn nursery in a university teaching hospital.Twenty-seven newborn, full-term male neonates, aged 1 to 3 days.Heart rate, transcutaneous oxygen saturation, facial activity, and crying.Compared with baseline, all newborns experienced pain as evidenced

1993 JAMA

292. Halothane-morphine compared with high-dose sufentanil for anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in neonatal cardiac surgery. (PubMed)

Halothane-morphine compared with high-dose sufentanil for anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in neonatal cardiac surgery. Extreme hormonal and metabolic responses to stress are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in sick adults. We hypothesized that administering deep opioid anesthesia to critically ill neonates undergoing cardiac surgery would blunt their responses to stress and might improve clinical outcomes.In a randomized trial, 30 neonates were assigned to receive deep (...) intraoperative anesthesia with high doses of sufentanil and postoperative infusions of opiates for 24 hours; 15 neonates were assigned to receive lighter anesthesia with halothane and morphine followed postoperatively by intermittent morphine and diazepam. Hormonal and metabolic responses to surgery were evaluated by assay of arterial blood samples obtained before, during, and after the operations.The neonates who received deep anesthesia (with sufentanil) had significantly reduced responses of beta

1992 NEJM

293. Local anesthesia for neonatal circumcision. Effects on distress and cortisol response. (PubMed)

Local anesthesia for neonatal circumcision. Effects on distress and cortisol response. A controlled, double-blind investigation was conducted to determine whether the dorsal penile nerve block using lidocaine hydrochloride without epinephrine would effectively reduce behavioral distress and adrenocortical responses to routine neonatal circumcision. The subjects were healthy male newborns whose parents had requested circumcision. Equal numbers (n = 20) were randomly assigned to circumcision (...) with lidocaine, saline, or no injection. Dorsal penile nerve block was found to be a safe and easy technique that was effective in reducing behavioral distress and modifying the adrenocortical stress response. The injection itself did not increase stress reactions and did not offset the beneficial effects of anesthesia. If circumcisions are to be performed, they should be done as humanely as possible.

1988 JAMA

294. Renal function after methoxyflurane and halothane anesthesia. (PubMed)

Renal function after methoxyflurane and halothane anesthesia. 4739191 1973 03 08 2016 10 17 0098-7484 223 6 1973 Feb 05 JAMA JAMA Renal function after methoxyflurane and halothane anesthesia. 649-52 Tobey R E RE Clubb R J RJ eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 0 Oxalates 268B43MJ25 Uric Acid 30905R8O7B Methoxyflurane 9NEZ333N27 Sodium Q80VPU408O Fluorides RWP5GA015D Potassium UQT9G45D1P Halothane AIM IM Adult (...) Analysis of Variance Anesthesia, General Blood Urea Nitrogen Diuresis Fluorides blood Halothane blood Hematocrit Humans Kidney drug effects physiology Male Methoxyflurane blood Oxalates urine Potassium urine Preanesthetic Medication Sodium urine Uric Acid blood 1973 2 5 1973 2 5 0 1 1973 2 5 0 0 ppublish 4739191

1973 JAMA

295. Renal dysfunction associated with methoxyflurane anesthesia. A randomized, prospective clinical evaluation. (PubMed)

Renal dysfunction associated with methoxyflurane anesthesia. A randomized, prospective clinical evaluation. 5107910 1971 05 16 2016 10 17 0098-7484 216 2 1971 Apr 12 JAMA JAMA Renal dysfunction associated with methoxyflurane anesthesia. A randomized, prospective clinical evaluation. 278-88 Mazze R I RI Shue G L GL Jackson S H SH eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 0 Anesthetics 11000-17-2 Vasopressins 268B43MJ25

1971 JAMA

296. Summary of the national Halothane Study. Possible association between halothane anesthesia and postoperative hepatic necrosis. (PubMed)

Summary of the national Halothane Study. Possible association between halothane anesthesia and postoperative hepatic necrosis. 5953371 1967 01 24 2016 10 17 0098-7484 197 10 1966 Sep 05 JAMA JAMA Summary of the national Halothane Study. Possible association between halothane anesthesia and postoperative hepatic necrosis. 775-88 eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 0 Barbiturates 0 Cyclopropanes 0 Ethers K50XQU1029 (...) Nitrous Oxide UQT9G45D1P Halothane AIM IM Adolescent Adult Aged Anesthesia, Inhalation adverse effects Barbiturates Cyclopropanes Ethers Female Halothane adverse effects Humans Liver Diseases etiology pathology Male Middle Aged Mortality Necrosis Nitrous Oxide Retrospective Studies 1966 9 5 1966 9 5 0 1 1966 9 5 0 0 ppublish 5953371

1967 JAMA