Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

21. A systematic review and meta-analysis of pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium (PAED) scale scores and their associations with the use of dexmedetomidine in the treatment of postoperative erratic behavior

A systematic review and meta-analysis of pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium (PAED) scale scores and their associations with the use of dexmedetomidine in the treatment of postoperative erratic behavior Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

22. General versus loco-regional anesthesia for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair [Cochrane protocol]

General versus loco-regional anesthesia for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

23. Effects of lidocaine on postoperative transient neurologic symptoms in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effects of lidocaine on postoperative transient neurologic symptoms in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

24. Effects of propofol-based total intravenous versus volatile anesthesia on overall and recurrence-free survival in patients undergoing cancer surgery: a meta-analysis

Effects of propofol-based total intravenous versus volatile anesthesia on overall and recurrence-free survival in patients undergoing cancer surgery: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

25. Dexmedetomidine for body temperature changes following general anesthesia

Dexmedetomidine for body temperature changes following general anesthesia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2019 PROSPERO

26. Comparison of the airway complications of subtypes of laryngeal mask airway and i-gel in child patients under general anesthesia: a protocol for network meta-analysis of randomized control trials

Comparison of the airway complications of subtypes of laryngeal mask airway and i-gel in child patients under general anesthesia: a protocol for network meta-analysis of randomized control trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

27. Is a combined intravenous-volatile anaesthesia superior compared to an intravenous or volatile anesthesia alone: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Is a combined intravenous-volatile anaesthesia superior compared to an intravenous or volatile anesthesia alone: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

28. Perception of pain in wide awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) technique in adults undergoing hand surgery: a systematic review and meta analysis

Perception of pain in wide awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) technique in adults undergoing hand surgery: a systematic review and meta analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

29. Impact of anesthesia management during cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the treatment of colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRPC) on intra- and postoperative outcomes

Impact of anesthesia management during cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the treatment of colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRPC) on intra- and postoperative outcomes Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate

2019 PROSPERO

30. Incidence and associated factors of PDPH (postdural puncture headache) in parturients who have undergone cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Incidence and associated factors of PDPH (postdural puncture headache) in parturients who have undergone cesarean section under spinal anesthesia Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

31. Comparison of emifentanil vs dexmedetomidine on the neonatal effects in cesarean section under general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Comparison of emifentanil vs dexmedetomidine on the neonatal effects in cesarean section under general anesthesia: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

32. Perioperative and anesthesia-related cardiac arrest and mortality rates in a developing country: systematic review with proportion meta-analysis

Perioperative and anesthesia-related cardiac arrest and mortality rates in a developing country: systematic review with proportion meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

33. Effect of Intravenous Dexmedetomidine During General Anesthesia on Acute Postoperative Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Effect of Intravenous Dexmedetomidine During General Anesthesia on Acute Postoperative Pain in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Dexmedetomidine has been shown to have an analgesic effect. However, no consensus was reached in previous studies.Electronic databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials. The relative risk and weighted mean difference (WMD) were used to analyze the outcomes (...) ; 95% CI, -5.20 to -1.03), reduced the risk of rescue analgesics (relative risk=0.49; 95% CI, 0.33-0.71), and the interval to first rescue analgesia was prolonged (WMD=34.93; 95% CI, 20.27-49.59).Intravenous DEX effectively relieved the pain intensity, extended the pain-free period, and decreased the consumption of opioids during postoperative recovery of adults in general anesthesia.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

34. Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial

Norepinephrine Infusion for Preventing Postspinal Anesthesia Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery: A Randomized Dose-finding Trial WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Norepinephrine has been recently introduced for prophylaxis against postspinal hypotension during cesarean delivery; however, no data are available regarding its optimum dose. The objective of this study is to compare three infusion rates of norepinephrine for prophylaxis against postspinal hypotension during

2018 EvidenceUpdates

35. Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial The use of cricoid pressure (Sellick maneuver) during rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anesthesia remains controversial in the absence of a large randomized trial.To test the hypothesis that the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is not increased when cricoid pressure is not performed.Randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial conducted in 10 academic (...) centers. Patients undergoing anesthesia with RSI were enrolled from February 2014 until February 2017 and followed up for 28 days or until hospital discharge (last follow-up, February 8, 2017).Patients were assigned to a cricoid pressure (Sellick group) or a sham procedure group.Primary end point was the incidence of pulmonary aspiration (at the glottis level during laryngoscopy or by tracheal aspiration after intubation). It was hypothesized that the sham procedure would not be inferior

2018 EvidenceUpdates

36. Policy for Selecting Anesthesia Providers for the Delivery of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia

Policy for Selecting Anesthesia Providers for the Delivery of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY ORAL HEALTH POLICIES 139 Purpose The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ( AAPD) recognizes that it is the exclusive responsibility of dental prac- titioners, when employing anesthesia providers to administer office-based deep sedation/general anesthesia, to verify and carefully review the credentials and experience of those providers. 1 (...) An understanding of the educational and training requirements of the various anesthesia professions and candid discussions with potential anesthesia providers can assist in the vetting and selection of highly skilled licensed providers in order to help minimize risk to patients. Methods This policy is based on a review of current dental and medical literature pertaining to the education and training accredita- tion requirements of potential anesthesia providers. Background Historically, care necessitating deep

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

37. Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Effects of Combined Lower Thoracic Epidural/General Anesthesia on Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial Randomized controlled trial.Our objective was to compare postoperative pain relief and operating field condition of single-shot, low-thoracic epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia versus general anesthesia alone.Prior studies have suggested that continuous epidural analgesia provides better postoperative pain relief (...) and less intraoperative blood loss, but with the risk of the epidural catheter contaminating the surgical field.A total of 22 patients scheduled for elective lumbar spine surgery were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups. Group B (block) received a single-shot epidural block with 0.25% bupivacaine plus 4 mg of morphine with a total volume of 10 mL before receiving general anesthesia with desflurane, and cisatracurium. Group G (general) received general anesthesia alone with desflurane

2018 EvidenceUpdates

38. The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection

The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection UTCAT3326, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Periodontal Ligament (PDL) Injection for Anesthesia of Primary Mandibular Teeth is Less Traumatic and as Effective as the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) Injection Clinical Question (...) not report the results in a clear, transparent way. The SEM scores for the two groups were not reported. Applicability PDL injection is effective for treating one or more teeth in the mandibular arch of a pediatric patient. Current evidence supports PDL as a strong choice when providing restorative and endodontic dental treatment because it provides profound anesthesia and offers quicker post-operative recovery. Administering local anesthesia is an important part of behavioral management in pediatric

2018 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

39. Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia

Intravenously Administered Lidocaine and Magnesium During Thyroid Surgery in Female Patients for Better Quality of Recovery After Anesthesia Although systemic lidocaine and magnesium have been widely studied as perioperative analgesic adjuvants, they have been rarely evaluated with respect to recovery quality under the same conditions. We compared the quality of recovery 40 (QoR-40) scores of female patients who received intravenous lidocaine, magnesium, and saline during thyroidectomy (...) intravenously during anesthesia led to better quality of postoperative recovery measured by QoR-40 compared with the group C. Magnesium was found to be insufficient to induce any significant improvement with the dose used in the present study.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

40. Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block

Evidence Basis for Regional Anesthesia in Ambulatory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Part I-Femoral Nerve Block The optimal management of pain after ambulatory anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unclear. Femoral nerve block (FNB) is purported to enhance postoperative analgesia, but its effectiveness in the setting of modern multimodal analgesia is unclear. This systematic review examines the effect of adding FNB to multimodal analgesia on analgesic outcomes after

2018 EvidenceUpdates