Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

41. Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial

Comparison of Intraoperative Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol on Acute Postoperative Pain in Total Knee Arthroplasty Under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Trial In patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia, we compared the postoperative analgesic effect of intraoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine versus propofol. We hypothesized that sedation with dexmedetomidine would result in lower postoperative opioid analgesic consumption than with propofol.Forty

2018 EvidenceUpdates

42. Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks

Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (...) (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks).All patients underwent ambulatory foot and ankle surgery, with a predicted case duration of 1-3 hours. All patients received popliteal and adductor canal nerve blocks using bupivacaine and dexamethasone. No intraoperative opioids were administered. All patients received ondansetron, dexamethasone, ketamine, and ketorolac. Patients, data collectors, and the data analyst were not informed

2018 EvidenceUpdates

43. Use of Anesthesia Providers in the Administration of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia to the Pediatric Dental Patient

Use of Anesthesia Providers in the Administration of Office-based Deep Sedation/General Anesthesia to the Pediatric Dental Patient AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY RECOMMENDATIONS: BEST PRACTICES 317 Purpose The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ( AAPD) recognizes that there are pediatric dental patients for whom routine dental care using nonpharmacologic behavior guidance techniques is not a viable approach. 1 The AAPD intends this guideline to assist the dental practitioner who (...) elects to use a licensed anesthesia provider for the administration of deep sedation/general anesthesia for pediatric dental patients in a dental office or other facility outside of an accredited hospital or ambulatory surgical center. This document discusses person - nel, facilities, documentation, and quality assurance mechanisms necessary to provide optimal and responsible patient care. Methods Recommendations on the use of anesthesia providers in the administration of office-based deep sedation

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

44. Anesthesia

Anesthesia Top results for anesthesia - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Turning Research Into Practice ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

45. [Ethyl chloride aerosol spray for local anesthesia before arterial puncture: randomized placebo-controlled trial]. (PubMed)

[Ethyl chloride aerosol spray for local anesthesia before arterial puncture: randomized placebo-controlled trial]. To compare the efficacy of an ethyl chloride aerosol spray to a placebo spray applied in the emergency department to the skin to reduce pain from arterial puncture for blood gas analysis.Single-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial in an emergency department of Hospital de Basurto in Bilbao, Spain. We included 126 patients for whom arterial blood gas analysis had been ordered

2018 Emergencias : revista de la Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Emergencias

46. Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy

Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic or Thrombolytic Therapy Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic... : Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered (...) Articles & Issues Collections For Authors Journal Info > > Regional Anesthesia in the Patient Receiving Antithrombotic... Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Send a copy to your email Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Some error has occurred while processing your request

2018 American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

47. Benefit and Harm of Adding Epinephrine to a Local Anesthetic for Neuraxial and Locoregional Anesthesia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials With Trial Sequential Analyses

Benefit and Harm of Adding Epinephrine to a Local Anesthetic for Neuraxial and Locoregional Anesthesia: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials With Trial Sequential Analyses This systematic review examines the benefit and harm of adding epinephrine to local anesthetics for epidural, intrathecal, or locoregional anesthesia.We searched electronic databases to October 2017 for randomized trials comparing any local anesthetic regimen combined with epinephrine, with the same local (...) (1%) for multiple outcome testing.We identified 70 trials (3644 patients, 17 countries, from 1970 to 2017). Median number of patients per trial was 44 (range, 9-174). Thirty-seven trials (1781 patients) tested epinephrine for epidural, 27 (1660) for intrathecal, and 6 (203) for locoregional anesthesia (sciatic, femoral, popliteal, axillary blocks). TSA enabled us to conclude that adding epinephrine to epidural local anesthetics could not decrease postoperative pain intensity by 30%, and did

2018 EvidenceUpdates

48. Recent Trends in the Practice of Procedural Sedation Under Local Anesthesia for Catheter Ablation, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and Endoscopic Surgery in Japan: A Retrospective Database Study in Clinical Practice from 2012 to 2015 (PubMed)

Recent Trends in the Practice of Procedural Sedation Under Local Anesthesia for Catheter Ablation, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, and Endoscopic Surgery in Japan: A Retrospective Database Study in Clinical Practice from 2012 to 2015 To investigate changes in sedation practice during 2012-2015, using a large health claims database, for catheter ablation (CA), gastrointestinal endoscopic examination (EE), and surgery (ES) after dexmedetomidine (DEX) was approved for procedural sedation in 2013. We (...) assessed the trends of sedative utilization, sedative-analgesic combinations, and, additionally, incidence of complications from 2012 to 2015.Using the database provided by Medical Data Vision Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan), annual utilization proportions of the sedatives and sedative-analgesic combinations and occurrence of complications were calculated in patients with a record of local anesthesia and CA, EE, and/or ES but without general anesthesia used on the same day. The sedatives studied were DEX

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2018 Drugs - real world outcomes

49. The Efficacy of Vibration Anesthesia on Reducing Pain Levels During Lip Augmentation: Worth the Buzz? (PubMed)

The Efficacy of Vibration Anesthesia on Reducing Pain Levels During Lip Augmentation: Worth the Buzz? Lip augmentation procedures have increased drastically in the last years as patients seek to enhance the shape and size of their lips with dermal fillers. One of the main concerns faced with these procedures is the pain inflicted through injections. On the other hand, many different techniques have been introduced for the reduction of pain while performing office-based minimal invasive (...) procedures.This study aims to determine the analgesic effect of vibration anesthesia during lip augmentation procedures and to evaluate its overall effect on the comfort of patients.A split-lip study was designed in a randomized fashion for 25 lip augmentation patients who received hyaluronic acid fillers with or without with a concurrent vibration stimulus on either half of their lips. Patients were asked to score the pain that they felt during lip injections on a scale from 0 to 10 (0 being no pain and 10

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2018 Aesthetic surgery journal

50. Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study

Ketamine-based anesthesia improves electroconvulsive therapy outcomes: a randomized-controlled study Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common and debilitating condition that can be challenging to treat. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is currently the therapeutic gold standard for treatment-resistant MDD. We tested our hypothesis that ketamine-based anesthesia for ECT results in superior improvement in treatment-resistant MDD outcomes compared with propofol-based anesthesia.Patients (...) with treatment-resistant MDD were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial with assignment to ketamine- or propofol-based anesthesia arms. Using a modified intention-to-treat analysis, we compared the median number of ECT treatments required to achieve a 50% reduction (primary outcome) and a score ≤ 10 (secondary outcome) on the Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) between anesthesia groups.The study was terminated as significant results were found after the first planned interim analysis with 12

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

51. Pain control in surgical abortion part 1 ? local anesthesia and minimal sedation

Pain control in surgical abortion part 1 ? local anesthesia and minimal sedation Reviewarticle SocietyofFamilyPlanningclinicalguidelinespaincontrolinsurgical abortionpart1 —localanesthesiaandminimalsedation RebeccaH.Allen a, ?,RameetSingh b a ObstetricsandGynecology,WarrenAlpertMedicalSchoolofBrownUniversity,WomenandInfantsHospital,101DudleyStreet,Providence,RI02905 b DivisionofFamilyPlanning,DepartmentofObstetricsandGynecology,UniversityofNewMexicoSchoolofMedicine,Albuquerque,NM87131 abstract (...) isconsideredminimalanesthesia.Safety,effectiveness,side-effectpro- ?le,cost,patientpreference,facilityandpersonnelresources,govern- mentalregulations,training,andproviderchoiceorbiasin?uencethe choiceofanesthesiaoranalgesia[4]. Asof2002,only21%ofNational AbortionFederationmemberclinicsoffereddeepIVsedationorgeneral anesthesia,while33%offeredlocalanesthesiawithIVsedationand46% offeredlocalanesthesiaonly,withorwithoutoralsedation[5]. Theobjectivemeasurementofpaininresearchstudiesandclinical

2018 Society of Family Planning

52. Effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on the quality of intravenous regional anesthesia for upper extremity orthopedic operations: A randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on the quality of intravenous regional anesthesia for upper extremity orthopedic operations: A randomized clinical trial Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is an ideal technique for short surgery on the distal extremities. Different additives have been used to improve lidocaine's block quality.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adding dexamethasone to lidocaine on improving the quality of IVRA.This study is a prospective, double

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2018 Electronic physician

53. Bilateral corneal denting after surgery under general anesthesia: A case report (PubMed)

Bilateral corneal denting after surgery under general anesthesia: A case report To report a case of temporary bilateral corneal denting in a patient who underwent cardiovascular surgery under general anesthesia.A 71-year-old male with no history of ophthalmological disease experienced bilateral corneal denting immediately after undergoing surgery for aneurysm of the thoracic aorta under general anesthesia. Anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with rocuronium bromide (...) and remifentanil hydrochloride. The initial examination revealed significant denting on the surface of both the corneas and ocular hypotension. Visual evaluation could not be performed due to the patient's low level of consciousness resulting from delayed emergence from anesthesia. After applying tropicamide and phenylephrine ophthalmic solution for fundus examination, the ocular morphology improved. Ocular pressure was normal on the day after surgery, and creasing on the surface of the corneas had

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2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

54. Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Comparison of Paravertebral Block by Anatomic Landmark Technique to Ultrasound-Guided Paravertebral Block for Breast Surgery Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial Paravertebral block (PVB) is an established technique for providing anesthesia for breast surgery. The primary objective was to compare anatomical landmark technique (ALT) to the ultrasound-guided (USG) PVB block for providing surgical anesthesia. Secondary objectives included comparison of perioperative analgesia (...) = 0.006, respectively). Median time to first postoperative analgesic requirement was 502.5 minutes (range, 195-1440 minutes) in the USG group versus 377.5 minutes (range, 215-1440 minutes) in the ALT group. Pain at rest and movement 2 and 4 hours postoperatively and number of catheter top-ups in 24 hours postoperatively were lesser in the USG group (P = 0.012). Complications were comparable.Ultrasound-guided PVB provided better anesthesia and perioperative analgesia than the landmark technique

2018 EvidenceUpdates

55. Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Inhalational versus IV Induction of Anesthesia in Children with a High Risk of Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events: A Randomized Controlled Trial Limited evidence suggests that children have a lower incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events when intravenous propofol is used compared with inhalational sevoflurane for the anesthesia induction. Limiting these events can improve recovery time as well as decreasing surgery waitlists and healthcare costs. This single center open (...) -label randomized controlled trial assessed the impact of the anesthesia induction technique on the occurrence of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children at high risk of those events.Children (N = 300; 0 to 8 yr) with at least two clinically relevant risk factors for perioperative respiratory adverse events and deemed suitable for either technique of anesthesia induction were recruited and randomized to either intravenous propofol or inhalational sevoflurane. The primary outcome

2018 EvidenceUpdates

56. Efficacy of local dexmedetomidine add-on for spermatic cord block anesthesia in patients undergoing intrascrotal surgeries: randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial (PubMed)

Efficacy of local dexmedetomidine add-on for spermatic cord block anesthesia in patients undergoing intrascrotal surgeries: randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of adding dexmedetomidine (DEX) to bupivacaine on the quality of spermatic cord block anesthesia and postoperative analgesia.This is a randomized, double-blind study.This study was performed in an educational and research hospital.One hundred twenty adult males were

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

57. Anesthesia Assistance in Outpatient Colonoscopy and Risk of Aspiration Pneumonia, Bowel Perforation, and Splenic Injury

Anesthesia Assistance in Outpatient Colonoscopy and Risk of Aspiration Pneumonia, Bowel Perforation, and Splenic Injury The increase in use of anesthesia assistance (AA) to achieve deep sedation with propofol during colonoscopy has significantly increased colonoscopy costs without evidence for increased quality and with possible harm. We investigated the effects of AA on colonoscopy complications, specifically bowel perforation, aspiration pneumonia, and splenic injury.In a population-based

2018 EvidenceUpdates

58. Association Between Handover of Anesthesia Care and Adverse Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Major Surgery. (PubMed)

Association Between Handover of Anesthesia Care and Adverse Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Major Surgery. Handing over the care of a patient from one anesthesiologist to another occurs during some surgeries and might increase the risk of adverse outcomes.To assess whether complete handover of intraoperative anesthesia care is associated with higher likelihood of mortality or major complications compared with no handover of care.A retrospective population-based cohort study (...) (April 1, 2009-March 31, 2015 set in the Canadian province of Ontario) of adult patients aged 18 years and older undergoing major surgeries expected to last at least 2 hours and requiring a hospital stay of at least 1 night.Complete intraoperative handover of anesthesia care from one physician anesthesiologist to another compared with no handover of anesthesia care.The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, hospital readmission, or major postoperative complications, all within 30

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2018 JAMA

59. Effect of Preemptive Acetaminophen Administered Within 1 Hour of General Anesthesia on Gastric Residual Volume and pH in Children. (PubMed)

Effect of Preemptive Acetaminophen Administered Within 1 Hour of General Anesthesia on Gastric Residual Volume and pH in Children. Determine whether preoperative oral acetaminophen increases gastric residual volume and lowers gastric pH.Prospective, randomized.Healthy children, 1 to 14 years, having elective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were randomized to oral acetaminophen within 1 hour of induction versus fasting. Gastric volume and pH were measured immediately after intubation. Adverse (...) events were documented from induction through 72 hours post MRI.Thirty-seven children completed the study (16 treatment, 21 control). Gastric residual volume between groups was not significantly different. The acetaminophen group had significantly higher pH than control group (1.86 ± 0.42 vs 1.56 ± 0.34; P ≤ .044). Three children in the control and 6 in the treatment group experienced minor adverse events.Findings suggest administering oral acetaminophen prior to induction of anesthesia

2018 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses

60. The influence of local anesthesia depth on procedural pain during fluoroscopically-guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injections: a randomized clinical trial. (PubMed)

The influence of local anesthesia depth on procedural pain during fluoroscopically-guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injections: a randomized clinical trial. To evaluate the influence of the depth of local anesthesia application on procedural pain during lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI).Sixty-eight patients were enrolled who were scheduled for single-level, unilateral fluoroscopically-guided lumbar TFESI. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either (...) subcutaneous local anesthesia (group S) or deep local anesthesia (group D) for TFESI. The data related to pain and technical performance during the procedure was compared. Additionally, the incidence of injection site soreness was assessed 2 weeks after TFESI.Sixty-seven patients completed all assessments (group S, n=33; group D, n=34). There was no significant difference in procedural pain and discomfort level between the groups (P=0.151, P=0.183, respectively). Patients in group D showed lower behavioral

2018 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation