Latest & greatest articles for anesthesia

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Anesthesia

Clinical anesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of anesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of anesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of anesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of anesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in anesthesia and the advancements in anesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anesthesia

141. Guidelines for Ambulatory Anesthesia and Surgery

Guidelines for Ambulatory Anesthesia and Surgery 1 Guidelines for Ambulatory Anesthesia and Surgery Committee of Origin: Ambulatory Surgical Care (Approved by the ASA House of Delegates on October 15, 2003, last amended on October 22, 2008, and reaffirmed on October 17, 2018) The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) endorses and supports the concept of Ambulatory Anesthesia and Surgery. ASA encourages the anesthesiologist to play a leadership role as the perioperative physician in all (...) hospitals, ambulatory surgical facilities and office-based settings, and to participate in facility accreditation as a means for standardization and improving the quality of patient care. These guidelines apply to all care involving anesthesiology personnel administering ambulatory anesthesia in all settings. These are minimal guidelines which may be exceeded at any time based on the judgment of the involved anesthesia personnel. These guidelines encourage high quality patient care, but observing them

2013 American Society of Anesthesiologists

142. Child life care for patients having general anesthesia

Child life care for patients having general anesthesia Child Life and Integrative Care/Undergoing General Anesthesia/Coping Strategies/BESt 175 Best Evidence Statement (BESt) Copyright © 2013 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved. Page 1 of 5 Date: August 13, 2013 Title: Providing Most Effective Child Life Care for Patients Having General Anesthesia Clinical Question: P (Population/Problem) Among children undergoing general anesthesia, I (Intervention) does (...) providing coping strategies* to patients C (Comparison) versus verbal preparation only O (Outcome) decrease maladaptive behavior* post-operatively as reported by parents? Definitions for terms marked with * may be found in the Supporting Information section. Target Population for the Recommendation: Children ages 2-12 years having general anesthesia within a medical facility. Recommendation: It is recommended that children receiving general anesthesia in a medical facility be provided with coping

2013 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

143. Anesthesia Among Patients Undergoing Knee Arthroplasty: A Rapid Review

Anesthesia Among Patients Undergoing Knee Arthroplasty: A Rapid Review Anesthesia among patients undergoing knee arthroplasty: a rapid review Anesthesia among patients undergoing knee arthroplasty: a rapid review Brener S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Brener S. Anesthesia among patients undergoing knee arthroplasty (...) : a rapid review. Toronto: Health Quality Ontario (HQO). Rapid Review. 2013 Authors' objectives The objective of this rapid review is to examine the safety and effectiveness of regional anesthesia versus general anesthesia among patients undergoing primary knee arthroplasty. Authors' conclusions From the examination of 1 systematic review of randomized controlled trials as part of the rapid review: Based on very low quality of evidence, there was no significant difference in mortality for patients who

2013 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

144. Cost analysis and safety comparison of cisatracurium and atracurium in patients undergoing general anesthesia

Cost analysis and safety comparison of cisatracurium and atracurium in patients undergoing general anesthesia Cost analysis and safety comparison of cisatracurium and atracurium in patients undergoing general anesthesia Cost analysis and safety comparison of cisatracurium and atracurium in patients undergoing general anesthesia Movafegh A, Amini S, Sharifnia H, Torkamandi H, Hayatshahi A, Javadi M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) , compared with cisatracurium. Funding Supported by a grant from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Bibliographic details Movafegh A, Amini S, Sharifnia H, Torkamandi H, Hayatshahi A, Javadi M. Cost analysis and safety comparison of cisatracurium and atracurium in patients undergoing general anesthesia. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2013; 17(4): 447-450 PubMedID Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Anesthesia, General

2013 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

145. 4% Articaine (1:100,000 epi) Is More Effective At Pulpal Anesthesia Than 2% Lidocaine (1:100,000 epi) In Local Infiltration Anesthesia

4% Articaine (1:100,000 epi) Is More Effective At Pulpal Anesthesia Than 2% Lidocaine (1:100,000 epi) In Local Infiltration Anesthesia UTCAT2416, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title 4% Articaine (1:100,000 epi) Is More Effective At Pulpal Anesthesia Than 2% Lidocaine (1:100,000 epi) In Local Infiltration Anesthesia Clinical Question For local infiltration anesthesia, would 4% articaine (1:100,000 epi (...) ) be more effective in pulpal anesthesia than 2% lidocaine (1:100,000 epi) in dental treatments? Clinical Bottom Line In the meta-analysis of 13 different studies, articaine was found to have more efficacy than lidocaine at pulpal anesthesia. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Brandt/2011 From the pulpal anesthesia comparison only, there were 466 experimental (lidocaine) and 467 control

2013 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

146. Ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: an updated meta-analysis

Ephedrine versus phenylephrine for the management of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: an updated meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2013 DARE.

147. Neuraxial anesthesia and bladder dysfunction in the perioperative period: a systematic review (Full text)

Neuraxial anesthesia and bladder dysfunction in the perioperative period: a systematic review Urinary retention requiring catheterization carries the risk of infection. Neuraxial anesthesia causes transient impairment of bladder function ranging from delayed initiation of micturition to frank urinary retention. We undertook a review of the literature to determine the elements of neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia that prolong bladder dysfunction and increase the incidence of urinary (...) retention.We performed a systematic search of the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases (from January 1980 to January 2011) to identify studies where neuraxial anesthesia and/or analgesia were employed and at least one of the following outcomes was reported: urinary retention, time to micturition, or post void residual. We included randomized controlled trials and observational studies published in the English language and we excluded case reports. The randomized trials were graded according to the Jadad

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

148. Phenylephrine infusion versus bolus regimens during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia: a double-blind randomized clinical trial to assess hemodynamic changes (Full text)

Phenylephrine infusion versus bolus regimens during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia: a double-blind randomized clinical trial to assess hemodynamic changes Phenylephrine is used to prevent and treat hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. The optimal administration regimen is undetermined. We used a Non-invasive cardiac output monitor to test the hypothesis that a fixed-rate phenylephrine infusion regimen would cause a smaller reduction in maternal cardiac output (...) , and result in less maternal hypotension, as compared to a phenylephrine bolus regimen.This was a double-blind, randomized clinical trial of women undergoing elective cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. Patients were randomized to an intermittent bolus (120 μg) or a fixed-rate infusion (120 μg/min) regimen of phenylephrine. Any decrease in systolic blood pressure from baseline was treated. The primary outcome was the maximum change in cardiac output in the predelivery period, assessed using

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

149. Streamed video clips to reduce anxiety in children during inhaled induction of anesthesia (Full text)

Streamed video clips to reduce anxiety in children during inhaled induction of anesthesia Anesthesia induction in children is frequently achieved by inhalation of nitrous oxide and sevoflurane. Pediatric anesthesiologists commonly use distraction techniques such as humor or nonprocedural talk to reduce anxiety and facilitate a smooth transition at this critical phase. There is a large body of successful distraction research that explores the use of video and television distraction methods

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

150. Cartoon distraction alleviates anxiety in children during induction of anesthesia (Full text)

Cartoon distraction alleviates anxiety in children during induction of anesthesia We performed this study to determine the beneficial effects of viewing an animated cartoon and playing with a favorite toy on preoperative anxiety in children aged 3 to 7 years in the operating room before anesthesia induction.One hundred thirty children aged 3 to 7 years with ASA physical status I or II were enrolled. Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (toy), and group 3 (...) (animated cartoon). The children in group 2 were asked to bring their favorite toy and were allowed to play with it until anesthesia induction. The children in group 3 watched their selected animated cartoon until anesthesia induction. Children's preoperative anxiety was determined by the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale (mYPAS) and parent-recorded anxiety Visual Analog Scale (VAS) the night before surgery, in the preanesthetic holding room, and just before anesthesia induction.In

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

151. Combination of low-dose bupivacaine and opioids provides satisfactory analgesia with less intraoperative hypotension for spinal anesthesia in cesarean section

Combination of low-dose bupivacaine and opioids provides satisfactory analgesia with less intraoperative hypotension for spinal anesthesia in cesarean section Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

152. Opioids added to local anesthetics for single-shot intrathecal anesthesia in patients undergoing minor surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized trials

Opioids added to local anesthetics for single-shot intrathecal anesthesia in patients undergoing minor surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized trials Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

153. Intrauterine anesthesia for gynecologic procedures: a systematic review (Full text)

Intrauterine anesthesia for gynecologic procedures: a systematic review To assess the effectiveness of intrauterine local anesthesia in reducing pain associated with outpatient gynecologic procedures.We searched online databases PubMed or MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, and Clinicaltrials.gov and hand-searched reference lists from reviews evaluating pain-control methods for gynecologic office procedures. We identified randomized controlled trials using intrauterine local anesthetic (...) articles were ultimately included for review.Two authors independently reviewed full search results and assessed eligibility for inclusion and independently abstracted data from all articles that met criteria for inclusion. Disagreements regarding eligibility or abstraction data were adjudicated by a third independent person. Our primary end point was the reported effect of intrauterine local anesthesia on patient-reported pain scores. As a result of heterogeneity in study methods, outcome measures

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

154. Meta-analysis of the effect of central neuraxial regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia on postoperative natural killer T lymphocyte function

Meta-analysis of the effect of central neuraxial regional anesthesia compared with general anesthesia on postoperative natural killer T lymphocyte function Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2012 DARE.

155. Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia

Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health (...) information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR

2012 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

156. Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia

Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health (...) information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR

2012 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

157. Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia

Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed, discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health (...) information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Articaine is superior to lidocaine in providing pulpal anesthesia L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR

2012 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

158. The Reduction Of The Adverse Effects Of Ketamine When Combined With Midazolam During Anesthesia

The Reduction Of The Adverse Effects Of Ketamine When Combined With Midazolam During Anesthesia UTCAT2287, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Reduction Of The Adverse Effects Of Ketamine When Combined With Midazolam During Anesthesia Clinical Question In the anesthetized patient, does the combination of ketamine (Ketalar) with midazolam (Versed) reduce the adverse effects (hallucinations) produced

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

159. Induced Hypotensive Anesthesia During a Le Fort Osteotomy Decreases the Need for a Blood Transfusion.

Induced Hypotensive Anesthesia During a Le Fort Osteotomy Decreases the Need for a Blood Transfusion. UTCAT2186, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Induced Hypotensive Anesthesia During a Le Fort Osteotomy Decreases the Need for a Blood Transfusion Clinical Question In an otherwise healthy patient undergoing a Le Fort Osteotomy, will hypotensive anesthesia compared to normotensive anesthesia decrease (...) the need for a blood transfusion? Clinical Bottom Line Hypotensive anesthesia is superior to normotensive anesthesia in reducing blood loss during a Le Fort Osteotomy, thus decreasing the need for a blood transfusion. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Choi/2008 Studies of patients with intentional hypotension during orthognathic surgery Systematic Review Key results 48 articles, with 22

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

160. Periarticular Local Anesthesia does not Improve Pain or Mobility after THA (Full text)

Periarticular Local Anesthesia does not Improve Pain or Mobility after THA Periarticular infiltration of local anesthetic, NSAIDs, and adrenaline have been reported to reduce postoperative pain, improve mobility, and reduce hospital stay for patients having THAs, but available studies have not determined whether local anesthetic infiltration alone achieves similar improvements.We therefore asked whether periarticular injection of a local anesthetic during THA reduced postoperative pain

2012 EvidenceUpdates PubMed