Latest & greatest articles for asthma

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Top results for asthma

1. Workplace interventions for treatment of occupational asthma. (PubMed)

Workplace interventions for treatment of occupational asthma. The impact of workplace interventions on the outcome of occupational asthma is not well understood.To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions on occupational asthma.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE (PubMed); EMBASE(Ovid); NIOSHTIC-2; and CISILO (CCOHS) up to July 31, 2019.We included all eligible randomized controlled trials, controlled before and after studies (...) from exposure to continued exposure. Removal may increase the likelihood of reporting absence of asthma symptoms, with risk ratio (RR) 4.80 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.67 to 13.86), and it may improve asthma symptoms, with RR 2.47 (95% CI 1.26 to 4.84), compared to continued exposure. Change in FEV1 % may be better with removal from exposure, with a mean difference (MD) of 4.23 % (95% CI 1.14 to 7.31) compared to continued exposure. NSBH may improve with removal from exposure, with standardized

2019 Cochrane

2. Asthma. (PubMed)

Asthma. This review provides an evidence-based guide for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of patients with asthma. It addresses typical questions that arise in the clinic-based care of patients with asthma and provides a basic and comprehensive resource for asthma care.

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

3. BTS/SIGN British Guideline on the Management of Asthma

BTS/SIGN British Guideline on the Management of Asthma SIGN158 British guideline on the management of asthma A national clinical guideline First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019Key to evidence statements and recommendations Levels of evidence 1 ++ High-quality meta-analyses, systematic reviews of RCTs, or RCTs with a very low risk of bias 1 + Well-conducted meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or RCTs with a low risk of bias 1 – Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or RCTs (...) (www.sign.ac.uk/sign-50). More information on accreditation can be viewed at www.evidence.nhs.ukBritish guideline on the management of asthma A national clinical guideline First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network British Thoracic Society 978-1-909103-70-2 First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent Edinburgh EH12 9EB www.sign.ac.uk British Thoracic Society 17

2019 British Thoracic Society

4. The Impact of Racism on Asthma in Minority Pediatric Populations

The Impact of Racism on Asthma in Minority Pediatric Populations "The Impact of Racism on Asthma in Minority Pediatric Populations" by Ashley Amick > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-10-2019 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases diagnosed in children today, and some minority populations constitute a much higher incidence of asthma than others. Many (...) factors are known to play into the development of asthma, including genetics, smoking history, and psychosocial stress. Experiencing childhood racism may be one type of stressor that contributes to the development of asthma and poor asthma outcomes. This study aims to identify the effect of experienced racism on asthma outcomes in minority children. Methods: An exhaustive search of available medical literature was conducted using the databases MEDLINE – PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science. An age

2019 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

5. Single inhaler extrafine triple therapy in uncontrolled asthma (TRIMARAN and TRIGGER): two double-blind, parallel-group, randomised, controlled phase 3 trials. (PubMed)

Single inhaler extrafine triple therapy in uncontrolled asthma (TRIMARAN and TRIGGER): two double-blind, parallel-group, randomised, controlled phase 3 trials. To date, no studies have assessed the efficacy of single-inhaler triple therapy in asthma. Here we report on two studies that compared the single-inhaler extrafine combination of beclometasone dipropionate (BDP; inhaled corticosteroid), formoterol fumarate (FF; long-acting β2 agonist), and glycopyrronium (G; long-acting muscarinic (...) antagonist) with the combination of BDP with FF.Two parallel-group, double-blind, randomised, active-controlled, phase 3 trials (Triple in Asthma With Uncontrolled Patients on Medium Strength of ICS + LABA [TRIMARAN] and Triple in Asthma High Strength Versus ICS/LABA HS and Tiotropium [TRIGGER]) recruited patients from 171 sites across 16 countries (TRIMARAN), and from 221 sites across 17 countries (TRIGGER). The sites were a mixture of secondary and tertiary care centres and specialised investigation

2019 Lancet

6. Step-Up Therapy in Black Children and Adults with Poorly Controlled Asthma. (PubMed)

Step-Up Therapy in Black Children and Adults with Poorly Controlled Asthma. Morbidity from asthma is disproportionately higher among black patients than among white patients, and black patients constitute the minority of participants in trials informing treatment. Data indicate that patients with inadequately controlled asthma benefit more from addition of a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA) than from increased glucocorticoids; however, these data may not be informative for treatment in black (...) patients.We conducted two prospective, randomized, double-blind trials: one involving children and the other involving adolescents and adults. In both trials, the patients had at least one grandparent who identified as black and had asthma that was inadequately controlled with low-dose inhaled glucocorticoids. We compared combinations of therapy, which included the addition of a LABA (salmeterol) to an inhaled glucocorticoid (fluticasone propionate), a step-up to double to quintuple the dose

2019 NEJM

7. Inhaled steroids with and without regular formoterol for asthma: serious adverse events. (PubMed)

Inhaled steroids with and without regular formoterol for asthma: serious adverse events. Epidemiological evidence has suggested a link between beta2-agonists and increases in asthma mortality. There has been much debate about whether regular (daily) long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) are safe when used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). This updated Cochrane Review includes results from two large trials that recruited 23,422 adolescents and adults mandated by the US Food and Drug (...) Administration (FDA).To assess the risk of mortality and non-fatal serious adverse events (SAEs) in trials that randomly assign participants with chronic asthma to regular formoterol and inhaled corticosteroids versus the same dose of inhaled corticosteroid alone.We identified randomised trials using the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials. We checked websites of clinical trial registers for unpublished trial data as well as FDA submissions in relation to formoterol. The date of the most

2019 Cochrane

8. Budesonide-formoterol reliever therapy versus maintenance budesonide plus terbutaline reliever therapy in adults with mild to moderate asthma (PRACTICAL): a 52-week, open-label, multicentre, superiority, randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Budesonide-formoterol reliever therapy versus maintenance budesonide plus terbutaline reliever therapy in adults with mild to moderate asthma (PRACTICAL): a 52-week, open-label, multicentre, superiority, randomised controlled trial. In adults with mild asthma, a combination of an inhaled corticosteroid with a fast-onset long-acting β-agonist (LABA) used as reliever monotherapy reduces severe exacerbations compared with short-acting β-agonist (SABA) reliever therapy. We investigated the efficacy (...) of combination budesonide-formoterol reliever therapy compared with maintenance budesonide plus as-needed terbutaline.We did a 52-week, open-label, parallel-group, multicentre, superiority, randomised controlled trial at 15 primary care or hospital-based clinical trials units and primary care practices in New Zealand. Participants were adults aged 18-75 years with a self-reported doctor's diagnosis of asthma who were using SABA for symptom relief with or without maintenance low to moderate doses of inhaled

2019 Lancet

9. myAsthma for the management of asthma in adults and adolescents

myAsthma for the management of asthma in adults and adolescents myAsthma app - Health Technology Wales > myAsthma app myAsthma app Topic Status Complete myAsthma for the management of asthma in adults and adolescents. Summary Health Technology Wales researchers searched for evidence on the effectiveness of myAsthma as a self-management tool for people with asthma. HTW’s Assessment Group concluded not to progress this topic further, because there is very limited evidence on the use

2019 Health Technology Wales

10. One or Two Dose Steroid Regimens for Adult Asthma Exacerbation

One or Two Dose Steroid Regimens for Adult Asthma Exacerbation One of Two Dose Steroid Regimens for Adult Asthma Exacerbation | Emergency Medicine | Washington University in St. Louis Open Menu Back Close Menu Search for: Loading... Welcome Our Team Sections Education Alumni Research ECRC Journal Club Events Jermyn Lectures Open Search Vignette It’s a cold, blustery winter day in the local community emergency department where you’ve been moonlighting. You’ve seen half a dozen patients with Flu (...) A and just as many viral upper respiratory infections in the three hours you’ve been on shift. Your next patients is Mr. Z, a thirty-year-old with a history of asthma, who presents with a runny nose, nonproductive cough, and increased wheezing over the last 2 days. He has had some mild relief with his home albuterol MDI and is on no other meds. On exam, he has diffuse expiratory wheezes with an oxygen saturation of 97% on room air. He is no distress, is speaking in full sentences, and has an otherwise

2019 Washington University Emergency Medicine Journal Club

11. British guideline on the management of asthma

British guideline on the management of asthma SIGN158 British guideline on the management of asthma A national clinical guideline First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019Key to evidence statements and recommendations Levels of evidence 1 ++ High-quality meta-analyses, systematic reviews of RCTs, or RCTs with a very low risk of bias 1 + Well-conducted meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or RCTs with a low risk of bias 1 – Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or RCTs with a high risk (...) (www.sign.ac.uk/sign-50). More information on accreditation can be viewed at www.evidence.nhs.ukBritish guideline on the management of asthma A national clinical guideline First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network British Thoracic Society 978-1-909103-70-2 First published 2003 Revised edition published July 2019 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent Edinburgh EH12 9EB www.sign.ac.uk British Thoracic Society 17

2019 SIGN

12. Nocturnal temperature-controlled laminar airflow device for adults with severe allergic asthma: the LASER RCT

Nocturnal temperature-controlled laminar airflow device for adults with severe allergic asthma: the LASER RCT Nocturnal temperature-controlled laminar airflow device for adults with severe allergic asthma: the LASER RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you (...) need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The active device did not reduce the frequency of severe asthma exacerbations more than the placebo. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , & . Melissa Kapoor 1 , Will Storrar 2 , Lara Balls 2 , Thomas P Brown 2 , Adel Mansur 3 , Emma Hedley 4 , Tom Jones 2 , Claire Roberts 2 , Beverly Shirkey 5 , Susan Dutton 5 , Ramon Luengo-Fernandez 6 , Matthew Little 6 , Ann Dewey 7

2019 NIHR HTA programme

13. Prevalence, risk factors, and management of asthma in China: a national cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

Prevalence, risk factors, and management of asthma in China: a national cross-sectional study. Asthma is a common chronic airway disease worldwide. Despite its large population size, China has had no comprehensive study of the national prevalence, risk factors, and management of asthma. We therefore aimed to estimate the national prevalence of asthma in a representative sample of the Chinese population.A representative sample of 57 779 adults aged 20 years or older was recruited (...) . Asthma was determined on the basis of a self-reported history of diagnosis by a physician or by wheezing symptoms in the preceding 12 months. All participants were assessed with a standard asthma questionnaire and were classed as having or not having airflow limitation through pulmonary function tests before and after the use of a bronchodilator (400 μg of salbutamol). Risk factors for asthma were examined by multivariable-adjusted analyses done in all participants for whom data on the variables

2019 Lancet

14. Inhaled corticosteroids in children with persistent asthma: effects of different drugs and delivery devices on growth. (PubMed)

Inhaled corticosteroids in children with persistent asthma: effects of different drugs and delivery devices on growth. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are the most effective treatment for children with persistent asthma. Although treatment with ICS is generally considered to be safe in children, the potential adverse effects of these drugs on growth remains a matter of concern for parents and physicians.To assess the impact of different inhaled corticosteroid drugs and delivery devices (...) included trials.We included six randomized trials involving 1199 children aged from 4 to 12 years (per-protocol population: 1008), with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma. Two trials were from single hospitals, and the remaining four trials were multicentre studies. The duration of trials varied from six to 20 months.One trial with 23 participants compared fluticasone with beclomethasone, and showed that fluticasone given at an equivalent dose was associated with a significant greater linear growth

2019 Cochrane

15. Fluticasone/formoterol (Flutiform) - the regular treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 12 years

Fluticasone/formoterol (Flutiform) - the regular treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 12 years 1 Published 10 June 2019 1 Product update SMC2178 fluticasone propionate/formoterol fumarate metered dose inhaler 50 microgram/5 microgram (flutiform®) Napp Pharmaceuticals Ltd 10 May 2019 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHSScotland. The advice (...) is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following an abbreviated submission fluticasone propionate/formoterol fumarate (flutiform®) is accepted for use within NHSScotland. Indication under review: the regular treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 12 years where the use of a combination product (an inhaled corticosteroid and a long-acting ß 2 agonist) is appropriate: • For patients not adequately controlled with inhaled corticosteroids and 'as required' inhaled short-acting ß 2 agonist. Or • For patients

2019 Scottish Medicines Consortium

16. Benralizumab (Fasenra) - treatment in adult patients with severe eosinophilic asthma

Benralizumab (Fasenra) - treatment in adult patients with severe eosinophilic asthma 1 Published 10 June 2019 1 SMC2155 benralizumab 30mg solution for injection in pre filled syringe (Fasenra®) AstraZeneca UK Limited 10 May 2019 The Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) has completed its assessment of the above product and advises NHS Boards and Area Drug and Therapeutic Committees (ADTCs) on its use in NHSScotland. The advice is summarised as follows: ADVICE: following a full submission (...) benralizumab (Fasenra ® ) is accepted for restricted use within NHSScotland. Indication under review: As an add-on maintenance treatment in adult patients with severe eosinophilic asthma inadequately controlled despite high-dose inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting ß-agonists. SMC restriction: patients with blood eosinophils =150 cells/microlitre, and either =4 prior asthma exacerbations needing systemic corticosteroids in the previous 12 months or treatment with continuous oral corticosteroids over

2019 Scottish Medicines Consortium

17. Mometasone or Tiotropium in Mild Asthma with a Low Sputum Eosinophil Level. (PubMed)

Mometasone or Tiotropium in Mild Asthma with a Low Sputum Eosinophil Level. In many patients with mild, persistent asthma, the percentage of eosinophils in sputum is less than 2% (low eosinophil level). The appropriate treatment for these patients is unknown.In this 42-week, double-blind, crossover trial, we assigned 295 patients who were at least 12 years of age and who had mild, persistent asthma to receive mometasone (an inhaled glucocorticoid), tiotropium (a long-acting muscarinic (...) antagonist), or placebo. The patients were categorized according to the sputum eosinophil level (<2% or ≥2%). The primary outcome was the response to mometasone as compared with placebo and to tiotropium as compared with placebo among patients with a low sputum eosinophil level who had a prespecified differential response to one of the trial agents. The response was determined according to a hierarchical composite outcome that incorporated treatment failure, asthma control days, and the forced expiratory

2019 NEJM

18. Controlled Trial of Budesonide-Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma. (PubMed)

Controlled Trial of Budesonide-Formoterol as Needed for Mild Asthma. In double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, budesonide-formoterol used on an as-needed basis resulted in a lower risk of severe exacerbation of asthma than as-needed use of a short-acting β2-agonist (SABA); the risk was similar to that of budesonide maintenance therapy plus as-needed SABA. The availability of data from clinical trials designed to better reflect clinical practice would be beneficial.We conducted a 52-week (...) , randomized, open-label, parallel-group, controlled trial involving adults with mild asthma. Patients were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: albuterol (100 μg, two inhalations from a pressurized metered-dose inhaler as needed for asthma symptoms) (albuterol group); budesonide (200 μg, one inhalation through a Turbuhaler twice daily) plus as-needed albuterol (budesonide maintenance group); or budesonide-formoterol (200 μg of budesonide and 6 μg of formoterol, one inhalation through

2019 NEJM

19. Association of Changes in Air Quality With Incident Asthma in Children in California, 1993-2014. (PubMed)

Association of Changes in Air Quality With Incident Asthma in Children in California, 1993-2014. Exposure to air pollutants is a well-established cause of asthma exacerbation in children; whether air pollutants play a role in the development of childhood asthma, however, remains uncertain.To examine whether decreasing regional air pollutants were associated with reduced incidence of childhood asthma.A multilevel longitudinal cohort drawn from 3 waves of the Southern California Children's Health (...) Study over a period of air pollution decline. Each cohort was followed up from 4th to 12th grade (8 years): 1993-2001, 1996-2004, and 2006-2014. Final follow-up for these data was June 2014. Population-based recruitment was from public elementary schools. A total of 4140 children with no history of asthma and residing in 1 of 9 Children's Health Study communities at baseline were included.Annual mean community-level ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter less than 10 μm (PM10) and less than

2019 JAMA

20. Standardized Library of Asthma Outcome Measures

Standardized Library of Asthma Outcome Measures Research White Paper Standardized Library of Asthma Outcome MeasuresResearch White Paper Standardized Library of Asthma Outcome Measures Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Center for Outcomes and Evidence 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2014-00004-C Prepared by: L&M Policy Research, LLC Washington, DC 20009 With partners: OM1, AcademyHealth Investigators: Richard E. Gliklich, MD 1 Michelle (...) . For assistance contact epc@ahrq.hhs.gov. Suggested citation: Gliklich RE, Leavy MB, Li F. Standardized Library of Asthma Outcome Measures. Research White Paper. (Prepared by L&M Policy Research, LLC under Contract No. 290-2014-00004-C.) AHRQ Publication No. 19-EHC004-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. Posted final reports are located on the Effective Health Care Program search page. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23970/AHRQEPCLIBRARYASTHMA. iii Preface The Agency

2019 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)