Latest & greatest articles for atrial fibrillation

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Top results for atrial fibrillation

181. Targeted therapy of underlying conditions improves sinus rhythm maintenance in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: results of the RACE 3 trial

Targeted therapy of underlying conditions improves sinus rhythm maintenance in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: results of the RACE 3 trial Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a progressive disease. Targeted therapy of underlying conditions refers to interventions aiming to modify risk factors in order to prevent AF. We hypothesised that targeted therapy of underlying conditions improves sinus rhythm maintenance in patients with persistent AF.We randomized patients with early persistent AF

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

182. How to Prevent, Detect and Manage Complications Caused by Cryoballoon Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation (PubMed)

How to Prevent, Detect and Manage Complications Caused by Cryoballoon Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and the prevalence is increasing every year. Patients who fail to maintain sinus rhythm with use of anti-arrhythmic drug therapy are referred for catheter ablation. Cryoballoon (CB) ablation has emerged as an effective and alternative treatment option to traditional point-by-point radiofrequency ablation, but there can be complications (...) . This article reviews the incidence, presentation, risk factors, management and preventative strategies of three major complications associated with CB ablation: phrenic nerve injury, atrial oesophageal fistula and bronchial injury. Although these complications are rare, electrophysiologists should institute measures to identify high-risk patients, implement best-practice techniques to minimise risks and maintain a high index of suspicion to recognise the complications quickly and implement correct

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

183. Drivers of Atrial Fibrillation: Theoretical Considerations and Practical Concerns (PubMed)

Drivers of Atrial Fibrillation: Theoretical Considerations and Practical Concerns Understanding the mechanisms responsible for driving AF is key to improving the procedural success for AF ablation. In this review, we look at some of the proposed drivers of AF, the disagreement between experts and the challenges confronted in attempting to map AF. Defining a 'driver' is also controversial, but for the purposes of this review we will consider an AF driver to be either a focal or localised source

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

184. Systematic Screening for Atrial Fibrillation in the Community: Evidence and Obstacles (PubMed)

Systematic Screening for Atrial Fibrillation in the Community: Evidence and Obstacles With an ageing population globally, the burden of atrial fibrillation (AF) and its consequent complication of stroke and risk of mortality will continue to increase. Although opportunistic screening for AF by pulse check or ECG rhythm strip for people >65 years of age is currently recommended, data are now emerging that demonstrate the possible benefits of systematic community screening. Such screening

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

185. Authors’ Reply: Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out (PubMed)

Authors’ Reply: Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out 29686873 2018 11 14 2050-3369 7 1 2018 Mar Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev Authors' Reply: Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out. 65-66 10.15420/aer.2017.7.1.L3.R3 Pearman Charles M CM Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool and Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester Manchester, UK. Liverpool Heart

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

186. Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out (PubMed)

Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out 29636976 2018 11 14 2050-3369 7 1 2018 Mar Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev Hybrid Approach for Atrial Fibrillation Ablation: the Jury is Still Out. 65 10.15420/aer.2017.7.1.L3 Giannopoulos Georgios G Yale School of MedicineNew Haven, CT, USA. Deftereos Spyridon S Yale School of MedicineNew Haven, CT, USA. eng Journal Article England Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev 101637930 2050-3369 2018 4 12

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

187. In-hospital direct costs for thromboembolism and bleeding in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation (PubMed)

In-hospital direct costs for thromboembolism and bleeding in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation Limited data are available on the direct costs of hospitalization owing to thromboembolism and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in China. Such data are essential for policy development, service planning, and cost-effectiveness analysis of new therapeutic strategies. This study aimed to provide detailed data regarding in-hospital direct costs for these patients, compare

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2018 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

188. Ischaemic stroke, haemorrhage, and mortality in older patients with chronic kidney disease newly started on anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation: a population based study from UK primary care. (PubMed)

Ischaemic stroke, haemorrhage, and mortality in older patients with chronic kidney disease newly started on anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation: a population based study from UK primary care. To assess the association between anticoagulation, ischaemic stroke, gastrointestinal and cerebral haemorrhage, and all cause mortality in older people with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease.Propensity matched, population based, retrospective cohort analysis from January 2006 through (...) December 2016.The Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre database population of almost 2.73 million patients from 110 general practices across England and Wales.Patients aged 65 years and over with a new diagnosis of atrial fibrillation and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <50 mL/min/1.73m2, calculated using the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration creatinine equation. Patients with a previous diagnosis of atrial fibrillation or receiving

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2018 BMJ

189. Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitor to detect atrial fibrillation after cryptogenic stroke

Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitor to detect atrial fibrillation after cryptogenic stroke Re Rev veal LINQ insertable cardiac monitor to detect eal LINQ insertable cardiac monitor to detect atrial fibrillation after cryptogenic strok atrial fibrillation after cryptogenic stroke e Medtech innovation briefing Published: 16 February 2018 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib141 pathways Summary Summary The technology technology described in this briefing is Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitor (ICM (...) ) with CareLink service for detecting suspected asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) after cryptogenic stroke. The inno innovativ vative aspects e aspects are: a proprietary AF detection algorithm, which is designed to reduce false positive detections; small device size, which allows insertion outside a catheterisation lab; and memory capacity offering sufficient recording time to establish symptom–rhythm correlations. The intended place in ther intended place in therap apy y is in addition to standard care

2018 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

190. Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation with Heart Failure. (PubMed)

Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation with Heart Failure. Mortality and morbidity are higher among patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure than among those with heart failure alone. Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation has been proposed as a means of improving outcomes among patients with heart failure who are otherwise receiving appropriate treatment.We randomly assigned patients with symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation who did not have a response (...) to antiarrhythmic drugs, had unacceptable side effects, or were unwilling to take these drugs to undergo either catheter ablation (179 patients) or medical therapy (rate or rhythm control) (184 patients) for atrial fibrillation in addition to guidelines-based therapy for heart failure. All the patients had New York Heart Association class II, III, or IV heart failure, a left ventricular ejection fraction of 35% or less, and an implanted defibrillator. The primary end point was a composite of death from any

2018 NEJM

191. [Trancatheter ablation with cryoballoon for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. A rapid assessment]

[Trancatheter ablation with cryoballoon for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. A rapid assessment] Ablazione transcatetere mediante criopallone per il trattamento della fibrillazione atriale. Valutazione rapida [Trancatheter ablation with cryoballoon for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. A rapid assessment] Ablazione transcatetere mediante criopallone per il trattamento della fibrillazione atriale. Valutazione rapida [Trancatheter ablation with cryoballoon for the treatment of atrial (...) fibrillation. A rapid assessment] Negro A, Maltoni S, Pecoraro V, Camerlingo M, Falasca G, Lauretti F. Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Negro A, Maltoni S, Pecoraro V, Camerlingo M, Falasca G, Lauretti F.. Ablazione transcatetere mediante criopallone per il trattamento della fibrillazione atriale. Valutazione rapida. [Trancatheter

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

192. Prediction of Incident Atrial Fibrillation According to Gender in Patients With Ischemic Stroke From a Nationwide Cohort

Prediction of Incident Atrial Fibrillation According to Gender in Patients With Ischemic Stroke From a Nationwide Cohort The CHA2DS2-VASc score may identify patients at higher risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) following ischemic stroke (IS) in patients without known AF. We compared gender-related differences in items from CHA2DS2-VASc score and their relation with AF occurrence after IS. This French cohort study was based on the database covering hospital care from 2009 to 2012 for the entire

2018 EvidenceUpdates

193. Predictors of Mortality in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation (from the Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial With Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events [ACTIVE A])

Predictors of Mortality in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation (from the Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial With Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events [ACTIVE A]) The mortality rate of most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) exceeds the stroke rate, but predictors of mortality have not been well defined. The Atrial Fibrillation Clopidogrel Trial With Irbesartan for Prevention of Vascular Events (ACTIVE A) recruited patients with AF who were unsuitable to receive vitamin K

2018 EvidenceUpdates

194. Comparative effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants and warfarin in patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation (PubMed)

Comparative effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants and warfarin in patients with cancer and atrial fibrillation Randomized clinical trials comparing direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) to warfarin in cancer patients have not been performed. We evaluated the effectiveness and associated risk of DOACs vs warfarin, as well as comparisons of DOACs, in a large population of cancer patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Using the MarketScan databases, we identified 16 096 AF patients

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2018 Blood advances

195. Evaluation of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation

Evaluation of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation Evaluation of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Evaluation of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation View/ Open Date 2012-09 Format Metadata Abstract In hemodynamically stable patients without acute chest pain, the evaluation (...) and treatment of atrial fibrillation should not change based on symptoms alone. (Strength of Recommendation: A, based on multiple cohort studies.) As many as 75 percent of episodes of atrial fibrillation are not recognized by patients, and it is not uncommon for asymptomatic episodes to last more than 48 hours, which increases the risk of thromboembolic complications. URI Citation American Family Physician, 86(6) 2012. Collections hosted by hosted by

2018 Clinical Inquiries

196. Association Between Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion and Readmission for Thromboembolism Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Concomitant Cardiac Surgery. (PubMed)

Association Between Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion and Readmission for Thromboembolism Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Concomitant Cardiac Surgery. The left atrial appendage is a key site of thrombus formation in atrial fibrillation (AF) and can be occluded or removed at the time of cardiac surgery. There is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of surgical left atrial appendage occlusion (S-LAAO) for reducing the risk of thromboembolism.To evaluate the association

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2018 JAMA

197. Minimally Invasive Epicardial Surgical Ablation Alone Versus Hybrid Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (PubMed)

Minimally Invasive Epicardial Surgical Ablation Alone Versus Hybrid Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with non-paroxysmal AF is an elusive goal. Some suggest that hybrid ablation, combining minimally invasive epicardial surgical ablation with endocardial catheter ablation, may be more effective than either modality alone. However, randomised trials are lacking. We investigated whether hybrid ablation is more effective (...) atrial arrhythmias without antiarrhythmic drugs was similar between epicardial-alone and hybrid approaches at 12 months (epicardial alone 71.5 %; [95 % CI 66.1-76.9], hybrid 63.2 %; [95 % CI 51.5-75.0]) and 24 months (epicardial alone 68.5 %; [95 % CI 57.7-79.3], hybrid 57.0 %; [95 % CI 33.6-80.4]). Freedom from atrial arrhythmias with AADs and rates of unplanned additional catheter ablations were also similar between groups. Major complications occurred more often with hybrid ablation (epicardial

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2018 Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review

198. Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban versus Warfarin in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and a History of Cancer: Observations from ROCKET AF. (PubMed)

Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban versus Warfarin in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and a History of Cancer: Observations from ROCKET AF. The management of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and cancer is challenging due to increased thrombotic and bleeding risks. We sought to determine the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban in patients with AF and a history of cancer.ROCKET AF randomized 14,264 patients with AF to rivaroxaban or warfarin

2018 European heart journal. Quality of care & clinical outcomes

199. Less dementia with oral anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation

Less dementia with oral anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation The association between atrial fibrillation (AF) and dementia is well documented, but it is not clear if oral anticoagulant treatment offers protection. The aim of the study is therefore to compare the incidence of new dementia in patients with AF with and without oral anticoagulants, and to explore if there is a difference between novel anticoagulants and warfarin in this respect.Retrospective registry study of all patients

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

200. New-onset atrial fibrillation

New-onset atrial fibrillation New-onset atrial fibrillation - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  New-onset atrial fibrillation Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary Chaotic and irregular atrial arrhythmia, the prevalence of which increases progressively with age and affects almost 5% of the population older than 69 years of age. Causes significant morbidity and mortality including (...) palpitations, dyspnoea, angina, dizziness or syncope, and features of congestive heart failure (CHF), tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, stroke, and death. ECG shows absent P waves, presence of fibrillatory waves, and irregularly irregular QRS complexes. Most patients presenting with new-onset or 'acute' atrial fibrillation (AF) do not require immediate cardioversion. Most patients will require medical therapy to control ventricular rate. Patients who develop haemodynamic compromise should have immediate

2018 BMJ Best Practice