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Latest & greatest articles for babies
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on babies or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on babies and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.
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Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.
Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.
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Is cranio-sacral therapy useful in the managmement of crying babies? BestBets: Is cranio-sacral therapy useful in the managmement of crying babies? Is cranio-sacral therapy useful in the managmement of crying babies? Report By: Emma Bradley and Fiona Finlay - SpR Paediatrics Institution: Department of Community Paediatrics, Westgate House, Southmead Hospital, Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol and Department of Community Child Health, Bath Date Submitted: 3rd July 2009 Last Modified: 3rd July 2009 (...) Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [an 8-week-old baby with frequent crying] does [cranio-sacral therapy] result [in reduced crying]? Clinical Scenario An 8-week-old baby is admitted with bronchiolitis. His parents mention that he has always cried a lot and that he is having a course of cranio-sacral therapy to try and improve things. You wonder whether there is any evidence for this. Search Strategy Primary sources Medline, Cinahl, AMED, BNID and TRIP databases were searched Secondary
Extraction of primary (baby) teeth for unerupted palatally displaced permanent canine teeth in children. The permanent canine tooth in the upper (maxillary) jaw sometimes does not erupt into the mouth correctly. In about 1% to 3% of the population these teeth will be diverted into the roof of the mouth (palatally). It has been suggested that if the deciduous canine is removed at the right time this palatal eruption might be avoided.To evaluate the effect of extracting the primary maxillary
Effectiveness of educational materials designed to change knowledge and behaviors regarding crying and shaken-baby syndrome in mothers of newborns: a randomized, controlled trial Infant crying is an important precipitant for shaken-infant syndrome. OBJECTIVE. To determine if parent education materials (The Period of PURPLE Crying [PURPLE]) change maternal knowledge and behavior relevant to infant shaking.This study was a randomized, controlled trial conducted in prenatal classes, maternity
Integrating health interventions for women, newborn babies, and children: a framework for action. For women and children, especially those who are poor and disadvantaged, to benefit from primary health care, they need to access and use cost-effective interventions for maternal, newborn, and child health. The challenge facing weak health systems is how to deliver such packages. Experiences from countries such as Iran, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and China, and from projects in countries like Tanzania
Survival of extremely premature babies in a geographically defined population: prospective cohort study of 1994-9 compared with 2000-5. To assess changes in survival for infants born before 26 completed weeks of gestation.Prospective cohort study in a geographically defined population.Former Trent health region of the United Kingdom.All infants born at 22+0 to 25+6 weeks' gestation to mothers living in the region. Terminations were excluded but all other births of babies alive at the onset
Are there strategies to reduce the length of stay for well near-term babies? BestBets: Are there strategies to reduce the length of stay for well near-term babies? Are there strategies to reduce the length of stay for well near-term babies? Report By: N Bajaj, R Nicholl - Consultants Search checked by Bob Phillips - Section Editor, Archimedes Institution: Neonatal Unit, Northwick Park, Harrow, UK Date Submitted: 29th April 2008 Date Completed: 30th April 2008 Last Modified: 30th April 2008 (...) Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question For [well, near-term babies] are there [strategies or policy changes]to [safely reduce length of stay]? Clinical Scenario As part of a bench-marking exercise in your neonatal network, the length of stay (LoS) for babies born at 30+0 to 34+6 weeks' gestation was measured over a 12-month period (only babies who were inborn and admitted within the first 24 h and had their care on the same unit were included). Corrected gestational age at day of discharge
Every death counts: use of mortality audit data for decision making to save the lives of mothers, babies, and children in South Africa. South Africa is one of the few developing countries with a national confidential inquiry into maternal deaths. 164 health facilities obtain audit data for stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and a new audit network does so for child deaths. Three separate reports have been published, providing valuable information about avoidable causes of death for mothers (...) , babies, and children. These reports make health-system recommendations, many of which overlap and are intertwined with the scarcity of progress in addressing HIV/AIDS. The leaders of these three reports have united to prioritise actions to save the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children. The country is off-track for the health-related Millennium Development Goals. Mortality in children younger than 5 years has increased, whereas maternal and neonatal mortality remain constant
Mother and baby units for schizophrenia. Mother and baby units (MBUs) are recommended, in the UK, as an optimal site for treating post partum psychoses. Naturalistic studies suggest poor outcomes for mothers and their children if admission is needed during the first year after birth, but the evidence for the effectiveness of MBUs in addressing the problems faced by both mothers with mental illness and their babies is unclear.To review the effects of mother and baby units for mothers (...) with schizophrenia or psychoses needing admission during the first year after giving birth, and their children, in comparison to standard care on a ward without a mother and baby unit.We undertook electronic searches of the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Register (June 2006).We included all randomised clinical trials comparing placement on a mother and baby unit compared to any other standard care without attachment to such a unit.If data were available we would have independently extracted data and analysed
Provision of taped conversations with neonatologists to mothers of babies in intensive care: randomised controlled trial. To determine whether providing mothers of babies in neonatal intensive care units with audiotapes of their conversations with a neonatologist improves recall of information and psychological wellbeing.Randomised, single blinded trial.Neonatal intensive care unit, North Queensland, Australia.200 mothers of babies in a neonatal intensive care unit.Mothers given (n=102 (...) and anxiety scores (10 days, four and 12 months), and stress about parenting (12 months).Providing the mothers of babies in neonatal intensive care units with audiotapes of conversations with a neonatologist enhanced their recall of information (up to four months). The taped conversations did not affect the mothers' wellbeing or satisfaction with the neonatologist.Australian Clinical Trials Registry 12606000478516.
Perinatal mortality and congenital anomalies in babies of women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland: population based study. To provide perinatal mortality and congenital anomaly rates for babies born to women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.National population based pregnancy cohort.231 maternity units in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.2359 pregnancies to women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who delivered between 1 (...) March 2002 and 28 February 2003.Stillbirth rates; perinatal and neonatal mortality; prevalence of congenital anomalies.Of 2359 women with diabetes, 652 had type 2 diabetes and 1707 had type 1 diabetes. Women with type 2 diabetes were more likely to come from a Black, Asian, or other ethnic minority group (type 2, 48.8%; type 1, 9.1%) and from a deprived area (type 2, 46.3% in most deprived fifth; type 1, 22.8%). Perinatal mortality in babies of women with diabetes was 31.8/1000 births. Perinatal
Cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in the prevention of hospital admissions for syncytial respiratory virus in pre-term babies born at 32 to 35 weeks Cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in the prevention of hospital admissions for syncytial respiratory virus in pre-term babies born at 32 to 35 weeks Cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in the prevention of hospital admissions for syncytial respiratory virus in pre-term babies born at 32 to 35 weeks Raya Ortega L, Marquez Calderon S, Navarro Caballero (...) J A, Villegas Portero R Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Raya Ortega L, Marquez Calderon S, Navarro Caballero J A, Villegas Portero R. Cost-effectiveness of palivizumab in the prevention of hospital admissions for syncytial respiratory virus in pre-term babies born at 32 to 35 weeks. Seville: Andalusian Agency for Health
Routine postnatal care of women and their babies Routine postnatal care of women and their babies Routine postnatal care of women and their babies National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Routine postnatal care of women and their babies. London (...) : National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Clinical Guideline 37. 2006 Authors' objectives This guideline aims to identify the essential core (routine) care that every woman and her baby should receive in the first 6-8 weeks after birth, based on the best evidence available. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Infant, Newborn; Mothers; Postnatal Care Language Published English Country of organisation England Address for correspondence MidCity Place
Transplantation of umbilical-cord blood in babies with infantile Krabbe's disease. Infantile Krabbe's disease produces progressive neurologic deterioration and death in early childhood. We hypothesized that transplantation of umbilical-cord blood from unrelated donors before the development of symptoms would favorably alter the natural history of the disease among newborns in whom the disease was diagnosed because of a family history. We compared the outcomes among these newborns (...) history of the disease. Transplantation in babies after symptoms had developed did not result in substantive neurologic improvement.Copyright 2005 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Audio recordings of consultations with doctors for parents of critically sick babies. Family centred care is an important part of neonatal intensive care. Ensuring effective communication in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a challenge but is crucial to the implementation of family centred care. Providing parents in NICU with audiotape recordings of their conversations with neonatologists could promote effective communication.The objective of this review was to assess the usefulness (...) of providing parents of sick babies with audiotape recordings of their consultations with neonatologists.The standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group was used. This included searches of electronic databases: Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library Issue 3, 2004), and MEDLINE (1966 - February 2004); and previous reviews including cross references and expert informants. There were no language restrictions applied
Screening for congenital cataracts: a cost-consequence analysis of eye examination at maternity wards in comparison to well-baby clinics Screening for congenital cataracts: a cost-consequence analysis of eye examination at maternity wards in comparison to well-baby clinics Screening for congenital cataracts: a cost-consequence analysis of eye examination at maternity wards in comparison to well-baby clinics Magnusson G, Persson U Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The study examined the use of two different eye screening strategies for newborn babies in order to detect congenital cataracts. Mandatory eye screening in maternity wards in combination with well-baby clinic screening was compared with eye
Frequency and natural history of subdural haemorrhages in babies and relation to obstetric factors. Subdural haematomas are thought to be uncommon in babies born at term. This view is mainly based on findings in symptomatic neonates and babies in whom subdural haemorrhages are detected fortuitously. We aimed to establish the frequency of subdural haemorrhages in asymptomatic term neonates; to study the natural history of such subdural haematomas; and to ascertain which obstetric factors, if any (...) , are associated with presence of subdural haematoma.We did a prospective study in babies who were born in the Jessop wing of the Central Sheffield University Hospitals between March, 2001, and November, 2002. We scanned neonates with a 0.2 T magnetic resonance machine.111 babies underwent MRI in this study. 49 were born by normal vertex delivery without instrumentation, 25 by caesarean section, four with forceps, 13 ventouse, 18 failed ventouse leading to forceps, one failed ventouse leading to caesarean
CRIB II: an update of the clinical risk index for babies score. The clinical risk index for babies (CRIB) score is a risk-adjustment instrument widely used in neonatal intensive care. Its appropriateness with contemporary data has been questioned. We have examined these questions, developed a new five-item CRIB II score with data from a UK-wide sample of infants admitted to neonatal intensive care in 1998-99, and shown how mortality after neonatal intensive care has fallen in the past 12 years
Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babies. Studies consistently show a relationship between social disadvantage and low birthweight. Many countries have programs offering special assistance to women thought to be at risk for giving birth to a low birthweight infant. These programs may include advice and counselling (about nutrition, rest, stress management, alcohol and recreational drug use), tangible assistance (eg transportation to clinic appointments (...) , but there was a reduction in the likelihood of caesarean birth and an increased likelihood of elective termination of pregnancy. Some improvements in immediate maternal psychosocial outcomes were found in individual trials.Pregnant women need the support of caring family members, friends, and health professionals. While programs which offer additional support during pregnancy are unlikely to prevent the pregnancy from resulting in a low birthweight or preterm baby, they may be helpful in reducing the likelihood
Short postexposure prophylaxis in newborn babies to reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1: NVAZ randomised clinical trial. In sub-Saharan Africa, most women present late for delivery with unknown HIV status, which limits the use of intrapartum nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. We aimed to determine whether post-exposure prophylaxis of nevirapine plus zidovudine given to babies only reduced transmission of HIV more than did a regimen of nevirapine alone.We (...) randomly assigned 1119 babies of Malawian women with HIV-1 who presented late (ie, within 2 h of expected delivery) to either nevirapine alone or nevirapine and zidovudine. Both drugs were given immediately after birth: one dose of nevirapine (2 mg/kg weight) was given as a single dose; babies in the nevirapine plus zidovudine group also received zidovudine twice daily for 1 week (4 mg/kg weight). Infant HIV infection was determined at birth and at 6-8 weeks. Primary outcome was HIV infection in babies