Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

181. Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive

Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight infants is inconclusive | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies (...) , please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Study of the effect of calcium supplementation during pregnancy on the risk of preterm birth or low birthweight

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

182. Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (PubMed)

Comparison of percutaneous screw fixation and calcium sulfate cement grafting versus open treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures The conventional treatment for displaced intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus (DIACF), with open reduction and internal plate fixation (ORIF), carries the risk of wound infection and delayed recovery. Alternatively percutaneous fixation techniques offer the possibility of equivalent outcomes in with a reduction in soft tissue complications (...) . The goal of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of percutaneous reduction (PR), screw fixation, and calcium sulphate cement (CSC) grafting in the treatment of DIACF.Ninety patients were randomly assigned to PR and CSC grafting or ORIF between January 2006 and August 2008. The blood loss, Böhler's angle, calcaneal width, length, height and articular congruity of the posterior facet, wound complication, range of joint motion were compared, function scores such as American Orthopaedic Foot

2012 EvidenceUpdates

183. Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women

Randomised controlled trial: Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password (...) For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Calcium supplements may increase the risk of cardiovascular events in postmenopausal women Article Text Therapeutics Randomised controlled trial Calcium supplements may increase

2012 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

184. Vitamin D With or Without Calcium Supplementation for Prevention of Cancer and Fractures: An Updated Meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (PubMed)

Vitamin D With or Without Calcium Supplementation for Prevention of Cancer and Fractures: An Updated Meta-analysis for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation may reduce cancer and fracture risks.To examine the benefits and harms of vitamin D with or without calcium supplementation on clinical outcomes of cancer and fractures in adults.English-language studies identified from MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through (...) for colorectal cancer but no statistically significant dose-response relationships for prostate and breast cancer. Random-effects model meta-analysis showed that combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduced fracture risk (pooled relative risk, 0.88 [CI, 0.78 to 0.99]) in older adults, but the effects differed according to study setting: institution (relative risk, 0.71 [CI, 0.57 to 0.89]) versus community-dwelling (relative risk, 0.89 [CI, 0.76 to 1.04]). One RCT showed adverse outcomes associated

2011 Annals of Internal Medicine

185. To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy

To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy To supplement or not to supplement: a cost-utility analysis of calcium and vitamin D repletion in patients after thyroidectomy Wang TS, Cheung K, Roman SA, Sosa JA Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. CRD summary This study assessed the incremental cost-utility of routine supplementation with calcium and vitamin D, compared with selective supplementation, for patients after total or completion of thyroidectomy. Routine supplementation was less expensive and slightly increased patient

2011 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

186. Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema

Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade on calcium channel blocker-associated peripheral edema Makani H, Bangalore S, Romero J, Wever-Pinzon O, Messerli FH CRD summary This review concluded that in patients with hypertension, calcium channel blockers with renin-angiotensin system blockers reduced (...) the risk of peripheral oedema compared with monotherapy. The authors' conclusions appear to reflect the evidence, but lack of reporting on details of individual trials mean these conclusions should be interpreted with caution as the results may not be generalisable. Authors' objectives To evaluate the risk of peripheral oedema in patients who received calcium channel blocker/rennin-angiotensin system combination therapy compared to calcium channel blocker monotherapy and to evaluate the difference

2011 DARE.

187. Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. (PubMed)

Calcium channel blockers for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Schizophrenia and related disorders affect a sizable proportion of any population. Neuroleptic (antipsychotic) medications are the primary treatment for these disorders. Neuroleptic medications are associated with a variety of side effects including tardive dyskinesia. Dyskinesia is a disfiguring movement disorder of the orofacial region that can be tardive (having a slow or belated onset). Tardive dyskinesia is difficult (...) to treat, despite experimentation with several treatments. Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) have been among these experimental treatments.To determine the effects of calcium-channel blocker drugs (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) for treatment of neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses.We updated previous searches in May 2010 by searching the Cochrane Schizophrenia

2011 Cochrane

188. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of nonmelanoma and melanoma skin cancer: post hoc analyses of the women`s health initiative randomized controlled trial In light of inverse relationships reported in observational studies of vitamin D intake and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and melanoma, we evaluated the effects of vitamin D combined with calcium supplementation on skin cancer in a randomized placebo-controlled (...) trial.Postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 years (N = 36,282) enrolled onto the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) calcium/vitamin D clinical trial were randomly assigned to receive 1,000 mg of elemental calcium plus 400 IU of vitamin D3 (CaD) daily or placebo for a mean follow-up period of 7.0 years. NMSC and melanoma skin cancers were ascertained by annual self-report; melanoma skin cancers underwent physician adjudication.Neither incident NMSC nor melanoma rates differed between treatment (hazard ratio [HR], 1.02; 95

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2011 EvidenceUpdates

189. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

190. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

191. Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP)

Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together (...) Topics Preliminary evidence suggests remineralizing effects of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) L. Virginia Powell DMD, GPR . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate shows promise as an anticariogenic agent. Critical Summary Assessment One long-term RCT and several short-term in vivo and in situ randomized control trials demonstrate the remineralizing effect of CPP-ACP, but there is inconclusive evidence to support its

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

192. Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. (PubMed)

Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. 21421967 2011 06 30 2011 03 22 1468-9618 14 2 2011 Apr Evidence-based nursing Evid Based Nurs Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo. 38-9 10.1136/ebn.14.2.38 Benton Melissa J MJ Valdosta State University, College of Nursing Valdosta, GA, USA. mjbenton@valdosta.edu eng Comment Journal Article England Evid Based Nurs 9815947 1367-6539 J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Jul;58(7

2011 Evidence-Based Nursing

193. Dietary calcium intake and risk of fracture and osteoporosis: prospective longitudinal cohort study. (PubMed)

Dietary calcium intake and risk of fracture and osteoporosis: prospective longitudinal cohort study. To investigate associations between long term dietary intake of calcium and risk of fracture of any type, hip fractures, and osteoporosis.A longitudinal and prospective cohort study, based on the Swedish Mammography Cohort, including a subcohort, the Swedish Mammography Cohort Clinical.A population based cohort in Sweden established in 1987.61,433 women (born between 1914 and 1948) were followed (...) in the subcohort, 1012 (20%) were measured as osteoporotic. The risk patterns with dietary calcium were non-linear. The crude rate of a first fracture of any type was 17.2/1000 person years at risk in the lowest quintile of calcium intake, and 14.0/1000 person years at risk in the third quintile, corresponding to a multivariable adjusted hazard ratio of 1.18 (95% confidence interval 1.12 to 1.25). The hazard ratio for a first hip fracture was 1.29 (1.17 to 1.43) and the odds ratio for osteoporosis was 1.47

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2011 BMJ

194. Impact of Coronary Artery Calcium Scanning on Coronary Risk Factors and Downstream Testing The EISNER (Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research) Prospective Randomized Trial (PubMed)

Impact of Coronary Artery Calcium Scanning on Coronary Risk Factors and Downstream Testing The EISNER (Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research) Prospective Randomized Trial We conducted a prospective randomized trial to compare the clinical impact of conventional risk factor modification to that associated with the addition of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scanning.Although CAC scanning predicts cardiac events, its impact on subsequent medical

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2011 EvidenceUpdates

195. Effect of calcium phosphate bone cement augmentation on volar plate fixation of unstable distal radial fractures in the elderly (PubMed)

Effect of calcium phosphate bone cement augmentation on volar plate fixation of unstable distal radial fractures in the elderly Calcium phosphate bone cement increases the stability of implant-bone constructs in patients with an osteoporotic fracture. The purpose of this randomized study was to determine whether augmentation of volar locking plate fixation with calcium phosphate bone cement has any benefit over volar locking plate fixation alone in patients older than sixty-five years of age (...) who have an unstable distal radial fracture.Forty-eight patients (fifty unstable distal radial fractures) were recruited for this study. The mean patient age was seventy-three years. Surgical procedures were randomized between volar locking plate fixation alone (Group 1) and volar locking plate fixation with injection of calcium phosphate bone cement (Group 2). The patients were assessed clinically at three and twelve months postoperatively. Clinical assessments included determinations of grip

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2011 EvidenceUpdates

196. The risk of hypotension following co-prescription of macrolide antibiotics and calcium-channel blockers (PubMed)

The risk of hypotension following co-prescription of macrolide antibiotics and calcium-channel blockers The macrolide antibiotics clarithromycin and erythromycin may potentiate calcium-channel blockers by inhibiting cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 3A4. However, this potential drug interaction is widely underappreciated and its clinical consequences have not been well characterized. We explored the risk of hypotension or shock requiring hospital admission following the simultaneous use of calcium (...) -channel blockers and macrolide antibiotics.We conducted a population-based, nested, case-crossover study involving people aged 66 years and older who had been prescribed a calcium-channel blocker between Apr. 1, 1994, and Mar. 31, 2009. Of these patients, we included those who had been admitted to hospital for the treatment of hypotension or shock. For each antibiotic, we estimated the risk of hypotension or shock associated with the use of a calcium blocker using a pair-matched analytic approach

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2011 EvidenceUpdates

197. Serum levels of phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, and calcium and risks of death and cardiovascular disease in individuals with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Serum levels of phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, and calcium and risks of death and cardiovascular disease in individuals with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical practice guidelines on the management of mineral and bone disorders due to chronic kidney disease recommend specific treatment target levels for serum phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, and calcium.To assess the quality of evidence for the association between levels of serum phosphorus, parathyroid (...) hormone, and calcium and risks of death, cardiovascular mortality, and nonfatal cardiovascular events in individuals with chronic kidney disease.The databases of MEDLINE (1948 to December 2010) and EMBASE (1947 to December 2010) were searched without language restriction. Hand searches also were conducted of the reference lists of primary studies, review articles, and clinical guidelines along with full-text review of any citation that appeared relevant.Of 8380 citations identified in the original

2011 JAMA

198. Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction

Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) , discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Calcium supplementation

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

199. Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction

Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) , discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Calcium supplementation

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

200. Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction

Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction Calcium supplementation in adults is associated with a modest increased risk of myocardial infarction ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) , discounted business products Purchase ADA products Access oral-health information for the public and ADA Find-A-Dentist Partnerships and Commissions Learn about ADA CERP recognition, look up CERP recognized CE providers and find CE courses. Explore CODA's role and find accredited schools and programs Learn about the examinations used in licensing dentists and dental hygienists Learn about recognized dental specialties and certifying boards Evidence Education * Associated Topics Calcium supplementation

2011 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry