Latest & greatest articles for calcium

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Top results for calcium

61. Colonic Necrosis Induced by Calcium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Full text)

Colonic Necrosis Induced by Calcium Polystyrene Sulfonate 29998170 2018 11 14 2341-4545 25 4 2018 Jun GE Portuguese journal of gastroenterology GE Port J Gastroenterol Colonic Necrosis Induced by Calcium Polystyrene Sulfonate. 205-207 10.1159/000481288 Ribeiro Helena H Gastroenterology Department, Amato Lusitano Hospital, Castelo Branco, Portugal. Pereira Eduardo E Gastroenterology Department, Amato Lusitano Hospital, Castelo Branco, Portugal. Banhudo António A Gastroenterology Department (...) , Amato Lusitano Hospital, Castelo Branco, Portugal. eng Journal Article 2017 10 07 Switzerland GE Port J Gastroenterol 101685861 2387-1954 Calcium polystyrene sulfonate Colon Necrosis 2017 05 15 2017 09 06 2018 7 13 6 0 2018 7 13 6 0 2018 7 13 6 1 ppublish 29998170 10.1159/000481288 pjg-0025-0205 PMC6029218 Am J Med. 2013 Mar;126(3):264.e9-24 23321430 Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2013 Apr;105(4):232-4 23859454 NDT Plus. 2011 Dec;4(6):402-3 25984206

2017 GE Portuguese journal of gastroenterology PubMed

62. Efficacy and Safety of Sucroferric Oxyhydroxide and Calcium Carbonate in Hemodialysis Patients (Full text)

Efficacy and Safety of Sucroferric Oxyhydroxide and Calcium Carbonate in Hemodialysis Patients In this phase III, open-label, single-arm, multi-center 12-week study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with sucroferric oxyhydroxide (PA21) and calcium carbonate for hemodialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia.We enrolled 35 subjects aged ≥ 20 years with end-stage kidney disease and serum phosphorus 3.5-6.0 mg/dl who were undergoing hemodialysis 3 times weekly and taking (...) calcium carbonate and sevelamer hydrochloride. Patients switched from sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium carbonate to sucroferric oxyhydroxide and calcium carbonate. Sucroferric oxyhydroxide was orally administered 3 times daily within 750 mg/d (250 mg per dose) to 3000 mg/d (1000 mg per dose), immediately before every meal, for 12 weeks. Calcium carbonate was orally administered 3 times daily after every meal. Outcomes were serum phosphorus concentration, safety, and satisfaction with bowel

2017 Kidney international reports PubMed

63. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, or food fortification with calcium, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. (Full text)

Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, or food fortification with calcium, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia is considerably more prevalent in low- than high-income countries. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is dietary differences, particularly calcium deficiency. Calcium supplementation in the second half of pregnancy reduces the serious consequences of pre-eclampsia and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO (...) ) for women with low dietary calcium intake, but has limited effect on the overall risk of pre-eclampsia. It is important to establish whether calcium supplementation before and in early pregnancy has added benefit. Such evidence would be justification for population-level fortification of staple foods with calcium.To determine the effect of calcium supplementation or food fortification with calcium, commenced before or early in pregnancy and continued at least until mid-pregnancy, on pre-eclampsia

2017 Cochrane PubMed

64. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium Score vs Age With Cardiovascular Risk in Older Adults: An Analysis of Pooled Population-Based Studies (Full text)

Association of Coronary Artery Calcium Score vs Age With Cardiovascular Risk in Older Adults: An Analysis of Pooled Population-Based Studies Besides age, other discriminators of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk are needed in older adults.To examine the predictive ability of coronary artery calcium (CAC) score vs age for incident ASCVD and how risk prediction changes by adding CAC score and removing only age from prediction models.We conducted an analysis of pooled US (...) population-based studies, including the Framingham Heart Study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, and the Cardiovascular Health Study. Results were compared with 2 European cohorts, the Rotterdam Study and the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Participants underwent CAC scoring between 1998 and 2006 using cardiac computed tomography. The participants included adults older than 60 years without known ASCVD at baseline.Coronary artery calcium scores.Incident ASCVD events including coronary heart disease

2017 JAMA cardiology PubMed

65. Magnesium disorders can cause calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease: A case report and literature review (Full text)

Magnesium disorders can cause calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease: A case report and literature review Calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease, also known as pseudogout, is one of the most common forms of inflammatory arthritis. A variety of comorbidities and metabolic conditions have been recognized to predispose to CPPD. We describe here a patient with chronic CPP arthritis due to hypomagnesemia, which is one of the metabolic etiologies associated with CPPD, especially in younger

2017 European journal of rheumatology PubMed

66. Hypocalciuria as a Predictor of Reduced Intestinal Calcium Absorption (Full text)

Hypocalciuria as a Predictor of Reduced Intestinal Calcium Absorption Impaired intestinal calcium absorption contributes to osteoporosis, but its measurement is limited to research settings. We hypothesized that 24-hour urine calcium (24HUC) values could diagnose low fractional calcium absorption (FCA). We performed a post hoc analysis of clinical trial data to determine whether 24HUC predicted low FCA compared with the gold standard dual calcium isotope method. Two hundred thirty (...) postmenopausal women <75 years old without osteoporosis underwent 445 FCA measurements using calcium isotopes (8 mg of oral 44Ca, 3 mg of intravenous 42Ca) and a 24-hour inpatient urine collection at 0 and 12 months. We determined subjects' total calcium intake via review of food diaries and supplements. Net calcium absorption (NCA) was total calcium intake × FCA. NCA and 24HUC values demonstrated a positive correlation (r = 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.25 to 0.42; P < 0.001). We calculated sensitivity

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society PubMed

67. Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction. (Full text)

Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction. Serum calcium has been associated with cardiovascular disease in observational studies and evidence from randomized clinical trials indicates that calcium supplementation, which raises serum calcium levels, may increase the risk of cardiovascular events, particularly myocardial infarction.To evaluate the potential causal association between genetic variants related to elevated (...) serum calcium levels and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction using mendelian randomization.The analyses were performed using summary statistics obtained for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified from a genome-wide association meta-analysis of serum calcium levels (N = up to 61 079 individuals) and from the Coronary Artery Disease Genome-wide Replication and Meta-analysis Plus the Coronary Artery Disease Genetics (CardiogramplusC4D) consortium's 1000 genomes

2017 JAMA PubMed

68. The use of a biphasic calcium phosphate in a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: a clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric evaluation with 9- and 12-month healing times (Full text)

The use of a biphasic calcium phosphate in a maxillary sinus floor elevation procedure: a clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric evaluation with 9- and 12-month healing times This study evaluates the clinical, radiological, histological, and histomorphometric aspects of a fully synthetic biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) (60% hydroxyapatite and 40% ß-tricalcium phosphate), used in a human maxillary sinus floor elevation (MSFE) procedure with 9- and 12-month healing time.A

2017 International journal of implant dentistry PubMed

69. Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk?

Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? View/ Open Date 2016-12 Format Metadata Abstract Q: Does vitamin D without calcium reduce fracture risk? Evidence (...) -based answer: No. Supplemental vitamin D without calcium -- in doses averaging as much as 800 IU per day -- doesn't reduce the risk of hip, vertebral, or nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women and older men (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, large, high-quality meta-analysis of randomized or quasirandomized placebo-controlled trials). The vitamin D analogs alfacalcidol and calcitriol also don't reduce hip or nonvertebral fractures (SOR: A, multiple randomized, controlled trials [RCTs

2017 Clinical Inquiries

70. Influence of renal impairment on aldosterone status, calcium metabolism, and vasopressin activity in outpatients with systolic heart failure (Full text)

Influence of renal impairment on aldosterone status, calcium metabolism, and vasopressin activity in outpatients with systolic heart failure Renal dysfunction (RD) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in heart failure (HF). At present, no specific treatment for patients with RD, to prevent progression of HF, has been developed. How different hormone axes-and thereby potential treatment options-are affected by RD in HF warrants further investigations.Patients with left

2017 ESC heart failure PubMed

71. Ridge preservation using an in situ hardening biphasic calcium phosphate (β-TCP/HA) bone graft substitute—a clinical, radiological, and histological study (Full text)

Ridge preservation using an in situ hardening biphasic calcium phosphate (β-TCP/HA) bone graft substitute—a clinical, radiological, and histological study Post-Extraction ridge preservation using bone graft substitutes is a conservative technique to maintain the width of the alveolar ridge. The objective of the present study was to evaluate an in situ hardening biphasic (HA/β-TCP) bone graft substitutes for ridge preservation without primary wound closure or a dental membrane.A total of 15

2017 International journal of implant dentistry PubMed

72. Management of Asymptomatic Patients With Positive Coronary Artery Calcium Scans (Full text)

Management of Asymptomatic Patients With Positive Coronary Artery Calcium Scans The widespread availability of the coronary artery calcium scan to diagnose coronary artery atheroma semiquantitatively and its prognostic significance has frequently resulted in a difficult therapeutic decision for physicians caring for asymptomatic patients.Of particular concern are patients over 40 years of age and young adults characterized by multiple cardiovascular risk factors. The correct prognostic (...) interpretation of coronary artery calcium scores and the potential benefits and risks of various therapeutic modalities need to be understood.This review describes the therapeutic choices available to endocrinologists and provides recommendations for various treatment options.

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society PubMed

73. Selective Arterial Calcium Stimulation With Hepatic Venous Sampling in Immune-Mediated Hypoglycemia (Full text)

Selective Arterial Calcium Stimulation With Hepatic Venous Sampling in Immune-Mediated Hypoglycemia The purpose of the current study was to review the biochemical results of selective arterial calcium stimulation (SACST) with hepatic venous sampling in patients with immune-mediated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. A retrospective review was undertaken of four patients with immune-mediated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia who underwent SACST with hepatic venous sampling from January 1996 to March (...) 2014. Baseline systemic arterial and hepatic venous insulin concentrations (uIU/mL) were compared, and the absolute and relative-fold increase in hepatic venous insulin concentration after calcium stimulation was calculated. Baseline systemic arterial and hepatic venous insulin concentrations were elevated in all vessels sampled (range, 95 to 1704 uIU/mL), and there was no increase in the absolute or relative (1.0- to 1.3-fold) hepatic venous insulin concentration after calcium injection into any

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society PubMed

74. For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation

For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation UTCAT3240, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title For Socket Preservation, Calcium Sulfate Alloplast Shows Similar Results as Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft for Maintenance of Socket Dimension and New Bone Formation Clinical Question Following (...) extractions in adult patients, does socket preservation using the alloplast calcium sulfate result in a similar volume and dimension of bone compared to allograft materials? Clinical Bottom Line Alloplast graft materials such as calcium sulfate have shown similar clinical results for socket preservation when compared to freeze-dried bone allografts (FDBA). However, calcium sulfate is more easily resorbed when compared to FDBA. This may help in replacement of graft material by native bone during

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

75. Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health

Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health UTCAT3161, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation Along with Oral Hygiene Show Positive Affect on Periodontal Health Clinical Question In patients with periodontal disease does oral supplementation of vitamin D and calcium along with recommended oral hygiene regimens (...) result in improved periodontal health? Clinical Bottom Line Evidence showed that there is only a slight positive affect on periodontal health when supplementing vitamin D and calcium along with oral hygiene. This is supported by evidence from a randomized clinical trial and an observational clinical trial that measured the periodontal health in two patient groups, one taking supplementation and one that was not. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

76. Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults

Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults HAYES, Inc Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality (...) of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc. Coronary artery calcium scoring for risk assessment and stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic adults. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc. Directory Publication. 2017 Authors' conclusions Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring uses computed tomography scanning to detect and assess the extent of atherosclerosis and quantifies the findings using a scoring system to assess and stratify risk of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

77. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death (Full text)

Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, prognostic data on CAC are limited in younger adults.To determine if CAC in adults aged 32 to 46 years is associated with incident clinical CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality during 12.5 years of follow-up.The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

2017 JAMA cardiology PubMed

78. The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone

The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone UTCAT3149, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title The Use of Laser Irradiation in Adjunct with Calcium Hydroxide Treatment of Direct Pulp Capping Procedures Leads to Higher Success Rates than Calcium Hydroxide Alone Clinical Question In patients (...) needing a direct pulp cap, does the use of a laser irradiation prior to calcium hydroxide application improve the prognosis of the restoration compared to the use of calcium hydroxide alone? Clinical Bottom Line When direct pulp capping is performed, the use of laser irradiation as an adjunct to calcium hydroxide shows higher success rates for maintaining pulp vitality than the use of calcium hydroxide alone. This is supported by two meta-analyses, both reporting a significant difference

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

79. Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Cancer Incidence in Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (Full text)

Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation on Cancer Incidence in Older Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Evidence suggests that low vitamin D status may increase the risk of cancer.To determine if dietary supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium reduces the risk of cancer among older women.A 4-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled, population-based randomized clinical trial in 31 rural counties (June 24, 2009, to August 26, 2015-the final date of follow-up). A total of 2303 healthy (...) postmenopausal women 55 years or older were randomized, 1156 to the treatment group and 1147 to the placebo group. Duration of treatment was 4 years.The treatment group (vitamin D3 + calcium group) received 2000 IU/d of vitamin D3 and 1500 mg/d of calcium; the placebo group received identical placebos.The primary outcome was the incidence of all-type cancer (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers), which was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and proportional hazards modeling.Among 2303 randomized

2017 JAMA PubMed

80. Lack of Influence of Calcium/Phosphorus Ratio on Hip and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Older Americans: NHANES 2005-2006 Cross-Sectional Data (Full text)

Lack of Influence of Calcium/Phosphorus Ratio on Hip and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Older Americans: NHANES 2005-2006 Cross-Sectional Data We sought to ascertain the effect of a low dietary calcium/phosphorus (Ca:P) ratio on the bone health of older adults in the United States. The present analysis assessed whether a high dietary consumption of P, which generally leads to a low dietary Ca:P ratio, has an unfavorable effect on the bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip and lumbar vertebrae

2017 Journal of the Endocrine Society PubMed