Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

41. Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries

Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries UTCAT3271, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Ozone Gas Application on Oral Biofilm Does Not Effectively Arrest or Kill Bacteria Associated with Dental Caries Clinical Question In patients with dental caries, does gaseous ozone therapy significantly reduce or eradicate the responsible bacteria (...) in oral biofilm compared to lesions that receive no treatment? Clinical Bottom Line When applied as a gas to an active carious lesion, ozone therapy does not significantly arrest or eradicate the bacteria responsible for producing dental caries when compared to active carious lesions that receive no treatment. Many studies that were reviewed show a high risk of bias and inconsistent methods to conclusively demonstrate that ozone therapy is effective in arresting dental caries or is a cost-effective

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

42. Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary teeth. (PubMed)

Developmental defects of enamel and caries in primary teeth. Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus and Scielo.Study selectionTwo reviewers identified studies supervised by a third. Observational studies which investigated the association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in the primary dentition, which were assessed by clinical examination and published in English, Spanish or Portuguese.Data extraction and synthesisQuality of research was assessed using (...) in the systematic review and sixteen in meta-analysis; two out of the 16 were cohort studies, the rest being cross-sectional. Twelve of the studies included were conducted in low-income countries. The Egger test showed a degree of bias in some of the studies included. The authors found children with diffuse opacities or hypoplasia had higher odds of having dental caries (OR 1.42, 95% CI; 1.15-1.76; OR 4.29% CI 2.24-8.15), however the presence of demarcated opacities did not show higher odds of caries (OR 2.62

2017 Evidence-based dentistry

43. Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. (PubMed)

Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children. Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Caries prevalence in most industrialised countries has declined among children over the past few decades. The probable reasons for the decline are the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste, followed by artificial water fluoridation, oral health education (...) ) compared with no fluoride supplementation during pregnancy to prevent caries in the primary teeth of their children.Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 25 January 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 11) in the Cochrane Library (searched 25 January 2017); MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 25 January 2017); Embase Ovid (1980 to 25 January 2017); LILACS BIREME Virtual Health Library

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2017 Cochrane

44. Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of saliva reveals disease-associated microbiota in patients with periodontitis and dental caries (PubMed)

Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analysis of saliva reveals disease-associated microbiota in patients with periodontitis and dental caries The taxonomic composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between oral health and disease. However, information on bacterial activity and gene expression of the salivary microbiota is limited. The purpose of this study was to perform metagenomic and metatranscriptomic characterization of the salivary microbiota and test (...) the hypothesis that salivary microbial presence and activity could be an indicator of the oral health status. Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 30 individuals (periodontitis: n = 10, dental caries: n = 10, oral health: n = 10). Salivary microbiota was characterized using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics in order to compare community composition and the gene expression between the three groups. Streptococcus was the predominant bacterial genus constituting approx. 25 and 50% of all DNA and RNA

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2017 NPJ biofilms and microbiomes

45. Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment

Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment treatment Medtech innovation briefing Published: 20 September 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib120 pathways Summary Summary The technology technology described in this briefing is Caris Molecular Intelligence (CMI). It is used to help guide future management of locally advanced or metastatic cancer. The inno innovativ vative aspects e (...) Caris Molecular Intelligence (CMI, Caris Life Sciences) is a solid tumour biomarker analysis service. It is intended as a tool to aid decision-making and help identify the best treatment plan for each patient. CMI was marketed as T arget Now until 2013. CMI uses a number of tumour profiling techniques to analyse protein, RNA and DNA in the tumour: immunohistochemistry, to determine level of protein expression in situ hybridisation, to detect deletions and amplifications in a specific set of genes

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

46. Nine years’ trend of dental caries and severe early childhood caries among 3–6-year-old children in Babol, Northern Iran (PubMed)

Nine years’ trend of dental caries and severe early childhood caries among 3–6-year-old children in Babol, Northern Iran Malnutrition, pain, and insomnia are common adverse effects of early dental caries among 3-6-year-old children. To increase our understanding of the dental caries status which will help in the control and prevention of it, this study aimed to assess the trend of dental caries, Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) and its related factors among 3-6-year-old children during (...) of significance was set at ≤ 0.05.The trend of dental caries and S-ECC rose among 3-6-year-old children over a 9-year period. Of the children, 26.3% were caries free. The mean dmft was increased significantly among boys (p<0.001), among 3-4-year-old children (p=0.01), and those children with both employed parents (p=0.01) and low educated parents (p<0.001) from 2007 to 2015.Dental caries status showed an increasing trend over the study period in Babol preschool children, therefore effective preventive

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2017 Electronic physician

47. Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment

Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment UTCAT3245, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Silver Diamine Fluoride Is Effective at Arresting Early Dentin Caries in Children Compared to No Treatment Clinical Question In children, is silver diamine fluoride as effective at arresting early dentin caries compared to no treatment? Clinical Bottom (...) Line Silver diamine fluoride is effective at arresting dentin caries in children; however, there is a definite need for more thorough clinical research, especially with adult populations. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Gao/2016 17 randomized controlled trials Systematic review of randomized trials Key results This systematic review included 17 randomized control trials out of 2,177

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

48. Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients

Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients UTCAT3166, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Caries Risk Is Increased in Mouth-Breathing Patients Clinical Question Do patients with mouth breathing-induced xerostomia have an increased susceptibility to caries? Clinical Bottom Line Mouth-breathing patients are at a greater risk for the development of caries. As oral healthcare providers (...) , it is important to factor a patient's breathing habits into their caries risk profile in order to make better clinical judgments. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Nascimento/2004 90 Children aged 3-5 years (60 nose breathers, 30 mouth breathers) Cross-Sectional Study Key results Mouth-breathing children were at a significantly higher risk for the development of posterior initial carious lesions (P

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

49. Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents

Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Within the limitations of the evidence in this systematic review (SR), the authors concluded that supervised regular use of a fluoride mouthrinse may result in large reductions in caries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents, particularly in a school setting but also possibly in other settings such as at home, but with the caries-preventive effect

2017 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

50. Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents

Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Within the limitations of the evidence in this systematic review (SR), the authors concluded that supervised regular use of a fluoride mouthrinse may result in large reductions in caries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents, particularly in a school setting but also possibly in other settings such as at home, but with the caries-preventive effect

2017 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

51. Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents

Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Limited evidence suggests fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents ADA Websites Access news, member benefits and ADA policy Attend ADA's premier event Access cutting-edge continuing education courses Find evidence to support your clinical decisions Access member-only practice content Investing in better oral health for all. Together. Take advantage of endorsed (...) fluoride mouthrinse may reduce dental caries in children and adolescents Linda L. Cheng, DDS, FAGD, ABGD . Overview Systematic Review Conclusion Within the limitations of the evidence in this systematic review (SR), the authors concluded that supervised regular use of a fluoride mouthrinse may result in large reductions in caries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents, particularly in a school setting but also possibly in other settings such as at home, but with the caries-preventive effect

2017 ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

52. Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child?s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries

Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child?s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries UTCAT3150, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Lower Levels of Caregiver Literacy and Education Increase the Child’s Risk of Developing Childhood Caries Clinical Question For pediatric patients, does the parent’s/caregiver's lower level of literacy about caries-promoting diets increase the child’s (...) caries risk? Clinical Bottom Line For pediatric patients, the parent's/caregiver’s lower level of literacy regarding caries-promoting diets does increase the child’s risk of developing caries. This is supported by various systematic reviews and multiple studies of parents with high and low levels of education/literacy regarding diet and overall oral health practices. There are multiple studies on how diet is related to the development of dental caries, but further research needs to be done analyzing

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

53. Limited Evidence as to Caries-Protecting Effect of Breastfeeding Compared to Bottle-Feeding in the first 3 to 6 months of age.

Limited Evidence as to Caries-Protecting Effect of Breastfeeding Compared to Bottle-Feeding in the first 3 to 6 months of age. UTCAT3201, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Limited Evidence as to Caries-Protecting Effect of Breastfeeding Compared to Bottle-Feeding in the first 3 to 6 months of age. Clinical Question Does bottle-feeding, compared to breastfeeding, result in more caries in the primary (...) dentition? Clinical Bottom Line The scientific evidence gathered from the studies is limited as to the caries-protecting effect of breastfeeding vs. bottle-feeding, but nighttime bottle-feeding or breastfeeding past 12 months are both associated with greater early childhood caries. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Avila/2015 7 studies on children with only primary dentition (meta-analysis: 2

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

54. Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are Not as Effective in Preventing Caries Activity as Fluoride and Herbal Mouthrinses

Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are Not as Effective in Preventing Caries Activity as Fluoride and Herbal Mouthrinses UTCAT3205, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are Not as Effective in Preventing Caries Activity as Fluoride and Herbal Mouthrinses Clinical Question Are strategies utilizing oil pulling effective in preventing caries compared to other caries prevention (...) strategies? Clinical Bottom Line For reducing caries activities in patients, oil pulling is less effective than fluoride. This conclusion is based on a single trial with 52 children, which measured a surrogate outcome, bacterial metabolic activity, as well as S. mutans levels. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Jauhari/ 2015 52 healthy children aged 6 to 12 years Randomized Controlled Trial Key

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

55. Silver Diamine Fluoride is More Effective in Arresting and Preventing Root Caries in the Elderly Population than Sodium Fluoride Varnish

Silver Diamine Fluoride is More Effective in Arresting and Preventing Root Caries in the Elderly Population than Sodium Fluoride Varnish UTCAT3173, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Silver Diamine Fluoride is More Effective in Arresting and Preventing Root Caries in the Elderly Population than Sodium Fluoride Varnish Clinical Question Is silver diamine fluoride (SDF) more effective in arresting (...) and preventing root caries in the elderly population than sodium fluoride varnish? Clinical Bottom Line Silver diamine fluoride was shown to provide better prevention of root caries when compared with sodium fluoride varnish. SDF caused greater than 70% reduction in development of root caries as opposed to sodium fluoride varnish with reduction in the range of 40-65%. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

56. In Children at High Caries Risk, Strategies Utilizing Probiotics Are More Effective in Preventing Tooth Decay Than Therapies That Do Not Utilize Probiotics

In Children at High Caries Risk, Strategies Utilizing Probiotics Are More Effective in Preventing Tooth Decay Than Therapies That Do Not Utilize Probiotics UTCAT3231, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title In Children at High Caries Risk, Strategies Utilizing Probiotics Are More Effective in Preventing Tooth Decay Than Therapies That Do Not Utilize Probiotics Clinical Question For caries management (...) in pediatric patients, are strategies utilizing probiotics more effective than therapies that do not utilize probiotics in arresting or preventing the tooth decay process? Clinical Bottom Line Probiotics were shown to provide improved prevention of caries when compared to interventions that did not include probiotics. The reviewed studies showed a significant decrease in tooth decay and S. mutans in patients receiving probiotics. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

57. Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment

Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment UTCAT3172, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment Clinical Question In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, does the professional application of chlorhexidine varnish decrease the incidence of caries during (...) orthodontic treatment? Clinical Bottom Line In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, the professional application of chlorhexidine (CHX) varnish decreases the incidence of caries during orthodontic treatment. This is supported by a systematic review and meta-analysis of six studies, three split-mouth studies and three case control studies, which determined that caries was significantly lower with chlorhexidine application every 6-13 weeks during orthodontic treatment. Application of chlorhexidine

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

58. Treating Early Smooth Surface Caries with Resin Infiltrate in Conjunction with Fluoride Treatment Is an Effective Method to Prevent Caries Progression

Treating Early Smooth Surface Caries with Resin Infiltrate in Conjunction with Fluoride Treatment Is an Effective Method to Prevent Caries Progression UTCAT3141, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Treating Early Smooth Surface Caries with Resin Infiltrate in Conjunction with Fluoride Treatment Is an Effective Method to Prevent Caries Progression Clinical Question In patients with deciduous teeth, how (...) effective is resin infiltration combined with fluoride treatment in preventing caries progression as compared to fluoride treatment alone? Clinical Bottom Line For patients with early smooth surface carious lesions, it was found that treatment including a combination of resin infiltration and fluoride varnish was more effective at inhibiting caries progression as opposed to treating patients with fluoride varnish only. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

59. Comment on Cary Moskovitz’ “Text Recycling in Health Sciences Literature: A Rhetorical Perspective” (PubMed)

Comment on Cary Moskovitz’ “Text Recycling in Health Sciences Literature: A Rhetorical Perspective” The question of covert text recycling from previous publications is discussed. It is argued that, consistent with current guidance, authors may be allowed to covertly recycle a limited amount of their previously published material but mainly at the phrase level and only when it is composed of very complex descriptions laden with technical terms for which there are no suitable substitutes

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2017 Research integrity and peer review

60. Diagnostic accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography in detecting secondary caries under composite fillings: an in vitro study (PubMed)

Diagnostic accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography in detecting secondary caries under composite fillings: an in vitro study The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the diagnostic performance of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the detection of secondary carious lesions under composite resin fillings applied to different types of cavities.Occlusal cavities (O) (n=18), occlusal cavities with mesial or distal component (MO/DO) (n=30), and mesial-occlusal-distal cavities (MOD) (n=30 (...) ) were prepared in seventy eight extracted human posterior teeth. In half of the cavities in each group, artificial secondary caries lesions were simulated. All cavities were restored by using composite resin. All specimens were embedded in silicone and they were positioned to have approximal contacts. CBCT imaging was done and data were evaluated two times with two week interval by two observers, using a five-point confidence scale. Intra- and inter-observer agreements were calculated with Kappa

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2017 Journal of Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry