Latest & greatest articles for caries

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Top results for caries

81. Children With Caries In Their Primary Dentition Pose a Higher Risk of Developing Caries In Their Permanent Dentition

Children With Caries In Their Primary Dentition Pose a Higher Risk of Developing Caries In Their Permanent Dentition UTCAT3035, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Children With Caries In Their Primary Dentition Pose a Higher Risk of Developing Caries In Their Permanent Dentition Clinical Question Does the prevalence of caries lesions in the primary dentition predict the prevalence of caries (...) in the permanent dentition? Clinical Bottom Line In children with primary-dentition carious lesions, the risk of caries in the permanent dentition is increased. This is supported by both a prospective, longitudinal cohort including 186 children and a retrospective study of 374 children based originally from a cohort. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Skeie/2006 186 children Prospective Cohort Study

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

82. Dental Crowding as a Risk Factor for Caries Is Yet To Be Established Due to Insufficient and Contradictory Evidence

Dental Crowding as a Risk Factor for Caries Is Yet To Be Established Due to Insufficient and Contradictory Evidence UTCAT3064, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental Crowding as a Risk Factor for Caries Is Yet To Be Established Due to Insufficient and Contradictory Evidence Clinical Question Are people with dental crowding more at risk for dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line A definitive association (...) between dental crowding and caries risk cannot be established due to conflicting evidence, confounding variables, and lack of longitudinal studies. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Hafez/2012 8 studies/9,266 patients reported Systematic review of cross-sectional studies Key results Four of the eight studies found no statistically significant correlation between dental caries and crowding

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

83. Allicin-Containing Foods May Reduce Caries

Allicin-Containing Foods May Reduce Caries UTCAT3026, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Allicin-Containing Foods May Reduce Caries Clinical Question Are foods containing allicin, which has antibacterial properties, effective in carries prevention? Clinical Bottom Line Allicin-containing foods may reduce caries. Research has shown the anti-microbial affects of allicin-containing foods (i.e., garlic (...) gingivalis and Aggrgatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Laboratory study Key results The study showed the significant inhibitory effect of garlic on oral pathogens, particularly P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. In the study, garlic extracts did not show any bactericidal activity towards the organisms; however, it did show bacteriostatic activity towards the organisms. Evidence Search (“Garlic”[Mesh] AND “Dental Caries”[Mesh]) (“garlic and toothbrush”) (“garlic and periodontal) Comments

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

84. Methamphetamine Use Is Associated with a Greater Incidence of Dental Caries

Methamphetamine Use Is Associated with a Greater Incidence of Dental Caries UTCAT3072, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Methamphetamine Use Is Associated with a Greater Incidence of Dental Caries Clinical Question In adult patients, does the use of methamphetamine increase the incidence of dental caries? Clinical Bottom Line For adult patients using methamphetamine there is an increase in the incidence (...) of dental caries. This is supported by two case control studies and one cross-sectional study that address dental caries in methamphetamine users, although the validity of the studies may be somewhat questionable. Both case control studies reveal that there is a higher incidence of caries in methamphetamine users. The cross-sectional study shows that there is consistency of the caries status found in methamphetamine users. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

85. Adhesively bonded versus non-bonded amalgam restorations for dental caries. (PubMed)

Adhesively bonded versus non-bonded amalgam restorations for dental caries. Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the commonest diseases which afflicts mankind, and has been estimated to affect up to 80% of people in high-income countries. Caries adversely affects and progressively destroys the tissues of the tooth, including the dental pulp (nerve), leaving teeth unsightly, weakened and with impaired function. The treatment of lesions of dental caries, which are progressing through dentine

2016 Cochrane

86. Non-Syndromic Patients With Cleft Lip And/Or Palate (CLP) Tend To Have Higher Caries Prevalence Than Non-CLP Patients

Non-Syndromic Patients With Cleft Lip And/Or Palate (CLP) Tend To Have Higher Caries Prevalence Than Non-CLP Patients UTCAT2989, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Non-Syndromic Patients With Cleft Lip And/Or Palate (CLP) Tend To Have Higher Caries Prevalence Than Non-CLP Patients Clinical Question In patients with non-syndromic cleft lip/cleft palate, is there greater predisposition to caries than in non (...) -CL/P patients? Clinical Bottom Line Non-syndromic patients with cleft lip and/or palate tend to have higher caries prevalence than non-CLP patients. This is supported by a meta-analysis of several cross-sectional trials in which the decayed, missing, and filled (DMF) index was significantly higher for CLP patients than non-CLP patients. This would suggest that dentists should factor in CLP while determining caries risk status for patients. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

87. Children With Poor Academic Performance Have A Higher Caries Risk

Children With Poor Academic Performance Have A Higher Caries Risk UTCAT3009, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Children With Poor Academic Performance Have A Higher Caries Risk Clinical Question Does a primary-age child’s academic performance level serve as an indicator for the child’s oral health status? Clinical Bottom Line There is a statistically significant (p Best Evidence (you may view more info (...) by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Garg/2012 600 primary and nursery school children aged 3-5 years old Cross-sectional Key results For primary school-aged children (n=600), a low academic performance score had a statistically significant (p 95% marks), average (50-95% marks), below average ( Evidence Search “academic performance” [Mesh] AND “caries risk” [Mesh] This article was found under “Similar Articles in PubMed”, so there were

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

88. Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients

Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients UTCAT3002, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Inadequate Evidence to Support a Correlation Between Maloccusion and Dental Caries Amongst Pediatric Patients Clinical Question Is a pediatric patient with moderate to severe malocclusion at a higher risk of developing dental caries than a patient (...) with normal occlusion? Clinical Bottom Line There is insufficient evidence to support a correlation between malocclusion and dental caries in pediatric patients. Although there were multiple cross-sectional studies that showed a correlation between malocclusion and caries, there are no higher quality longitudinal studies with prolonged follow-ups that support this claim. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

89. KHA-CARI guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

KHA-CARI guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and management of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease Original Article KHA-CARIguidelinerecommendationsforthediagnosisand managementofautosomaldominantpolycystickidneydisease GOPALA KRANGAN, 1,2 STEPHEN IALEXANDER, 3,4 KATRINA LCAMPBELL, 5,6 MARKAJDEXTER, 7 VINCENTW LEE, 1,2 PAMELA LOPEZ-VARGAS, 3,8 JUNMAI, 9 ANDREWMALLETT, 10,11,12 CHIRAG PATEL, 13 MANISHPATEL, 14,15 MICHELCTCHAN, 16,17 ALLISONTONG, 3,8 DAVIDJTUNNICLIFFE, 3,8 (...) ,ICAandpolycystic liverdisease.Knowledgeofthegeneticaspectsofthediseaseis variable. Studies also showed that quality of life is seriously affected, and patients suffer pain and experience social and psychologicalchanges,whichaffecttheiremotionalstate. Guidelinerecommendations The following statements are modi?ed from the KHA-CARI earlyCKDguidelinesonmodi?cationoflifestyleandnutrition interventions for management of early CKD, 35 as there is no evidencespeci?ctoADPKDthatwouldaltertheserecommen- dations:(http

2016 KHA-CARI Guidelines

90. Dental caries in individuals with Down syndrome: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Dental caries in individuals with Down syndrome: a systematic review. Many studies have shown a lower experience of caries in people with Down syndrome compared to individuals without Down syndrome, but this issue has not been critically evaluated.To conduct a systematic review of the international literature on dental caries experience in people with Down syndrome.Three online databases (PubMed, LILACS, and Cochrane) were used to identify relevant studies on caries experience in people (...) with Down syndrome published until May 2015. PICO (Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparison group, and Outcome) criteria were used to screen studies by title and abstract. An assessment of the methodological study quality was performed according to the modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.The search resulted in 226 studies. Thirteen publications were included in the systematic review. Ten studies reported results of lower caries experience in individuals with Down syndrome in at least one age group

2015 International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children

91. Visual Inspection for Caries Remains The Clinical Diagnostic Standard

Visual Inspection for Caries Remains The Clinical Diagnostic Standard UTCAT2955, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Visual Inspection for Caries Remains The Clinical Diagnostic Standard Clinical Question For an average adult patient, is visual inspection alone sufficient to accurately diagnose non-proximal caries? Clinical Bottom Line Visualization inspection alone is a reliable method to diagnose caries (...) . A meta-analysis and systematic review reached that same basic conclusion. However, the evidence demonstrates moderate heterogeneity and publication bias. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Gimenez/ 2015 102 articles Meta-Analysis Key results Visual inspection of lesions demonstrates a good level of accuracy and high specificity in the diagnosis of caries. Validated visual scoring systems

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

92. Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. (PubMed)

Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. 26492798 2016 08 24 2018 12 02 1476-5446 16 3 2015 Sep Evidence-based dentistry Evid Based Dent Association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries. 72-3 10.1038/sj.ebd.6401111 Burns Jacqueline J Department of Public Health, NHS Fife, Leven, Scotland, UK. Hollands Kate K Department of Public Health, NHS Fife, Leven, Scotland, UK. eng Journal Article Comment England Evid Based Dent 100883603 1462-0049 D IM J (...) Dent. 2015 Jun;43(6):619-28 25862273 DMF Index Dental Caries Dental Enamel Humans 2015 10 24 6 0 2015 10 24 6 0 2016 8 25 6 0 ppublish 26492798 6401111 10.1038/sj.ebd.6401111 Int Dent J. 1997 Jun;47(3):173-82 9448804 Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013 Mar 01;18(2):e187-93 23229271 Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012 Jul;22(4):250-7 22010979 Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2009 Oct;37(5):405-15 19694775 J Dent. 2015 Jun;43(6):619-28 25862273 PLoS Med. 2009 Jul 21;6(7):e1000097 19621072

2015 Evidence-based dentistry

93. Secondhand smoke and incidence of dental caries in deciduous teeth among children in Japan: population based retrospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Secondhand smoke and incidence of dental caries in deciduous teeth among children in Japan: population based retrospective cohort study. Does maternal smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to tobacco smoke at age 4 months increase the risk of caries in deciduous teeth?Population based retrospective cohort study of 76 920 children born between 2004 and 2010 in Kobe City, Japan who received municipal health check-ups at birth, 4, 9, and 18 months, and 3 years and had information (...) on household smoking status at age 4 months and records of dental examinations at age 18 months and 3 years. Smoking during pregnancy and exposure of infants to secondhand smoke at age 4 months was assessed by standardised parent reported questionnaires. The main outcome measure was the incidence of caries in deciduous teeth, defined as at least one decayed, missing, or filled tooth assessed by qualified dentists without radiographs. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios of exposure

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2015 BMJ

94. Silver Diamine Fluoride May Be Better Than Sodium Fluoride Varnish In Arresting and Preventing Cavitated Caries Lesions

Silver Diamine Fluoride May Be Better Than Sodium Fluoride Varnish In Arresting and Preventing Cavitated Caries Lesions UTCAT2924, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Silver Diamine Fluoride May Be Better Than Sodium Fluoride Varnish In Arresting and Preventing Cavitated Caries Lesions Clinical Question In high caries risk children, is Silver Diamine Fluoride solution compared to Sodium Fluoride varnish (...) , more effective in preventing/arresting caries? Clinical Bottom Line Both annual application of 38% Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) solution and biannual application of 5% Sodium Fluoride varnish (NaF) are clinically effective in arresting and preventing progression of caries lesions in the primary dentition and pits/fissures of permanent first molars, with no significant difference from one another in their effectiveness. There is some evidence supporting the use of SDF over NaF varnish with most

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

95. Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Interim Stabilization Therapy for Patients with Dental Caries: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Published on: September 2, 2015 Project Number: RA0786 (...) -000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of interim stabilization therapy or interim therapeutic restorations for patients with dental caries? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of interim stabilization therapy or interim therapeutic restorations for patients with dental caries? Key Message One randomized controlled trial, two non-randomized studies, and five evidence-based

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

96. Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. (PubMed)

Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Dental caries remains a major public health problem in most industrialised countries, affecting 60% to 90% of schoolchildren and the vast majority of adults. Milk may provide a relatively cost-effective vehicle for fluoride delivery in the prevention of dental caries. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2005.To assess the effects of milk fluoridation for preventing dental caries at a community level.We searched the Cochrane (...) schools in an area with high prevalence of dental caries and a low level of fluoride in drinking water. Data from 166 participants were available for analysis. The study carried a high risk of bias. After three years, there was a reduction of caries in permanent teeth (mean difference (MD) -0.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.24 to -0.02) and in primary teeth (MD -1.14, 95% CI -1.86 to -0.42), as measured by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary

2015 Cochrane

97. Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. (PubMed)

Fluoridated milk for preventing dental caries. Dental caries remains a major public health problem in most industrialised countries, affecting 60% to 90% of schoolchildren and the vast majority of adults. Milk may provide a relatively cost-effective vehicle for fluoride delivery in the prevention of dental caries. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2005.To assess the effects of milk fluoridation for preventing dental caries at a community level.We searched the Cochrane (...) schools in an area with high prevalence of dental caries and a low level of fluoride in drinking water. Data from 166 participants were available for analysis. The study carried a high risk of bias. After three years, there was a reduction of caries in permanent teeth (mean difference (MD) -0.13, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.24 to -0.02) and in primary teeth (MD -1.14, 95% CI -1.86 to -0.42), as measured by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT for permanent teeth and dmft for primary

2015 Cochrane

98. Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth

Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth Effective Use of Pit and Fissure Sealants to Prevent Pit and Fissure Caries on the Permanent Posterior Teeth of Children and Youth Nadine Khan, MHSc RD, Public Health Nutritionist Paul Sharma, BSc RDH MSc, Manager Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Division (CDIP) Region of Peel Public Health April 2015 i Table of Contents Key Messages 1 Executive Summary 2 1 (...) Appendix F: Dental Program Eligibility Criteria 43 1 Key Messages The following key messages are based on the findings from this Rapid Review: 1. To prevent pit and fissure caries, the permanent molar teeth of children and youth, who are identified at risk for caries, should have sealants applied. 2. Sealants should be placed on the permanent molar teeth of children and youth as soon as possible after the tooth has fully erupted. However, the occlusal surface of teeth remains at risk for caries

2015 Peel Health Library

99. Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries. (PubMed)

Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries. Dental caries is a major public health problem in most industrialised countries, affecting 60% to 90% of school children. Community water fluoridation was initiated in the USA in 1945 and is currently practised in about 25 countries around the world; health authorities consider it to be a key strategy for preventing dental caries. Given the continued interest in this topic from health professionals, policy makers and the public (...) in the searches of the electronic databases.For caries data, we included only prospective studies with a concurrent control that compared at least two populations - one receiving fluoridated water and the other non-fluoridated water - with outcome(s) evaluated at at least two points in time. For the assessment of fluorosis, we included any type of study design, with concurrent control, that compared populations exposed to different water fluoride concentrations. We included populations of all ages

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2015 Cochrane

100. Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. (PubMed)

Fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. Topically applied fluoride gels have been widely used as a caries-preventive intervention in dental surgeries and school-based programmes for over three decades. This updates the Cochrane review of fluoride gels for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents that was first published in 2002.The primary objective is to determine the effectiveness and safety of fluoride gels in preventing dental caries in the child (...) and adolescent population.The secondary objectives are to examine whether the effect of fluoride gels is influenced by the following: initial level of caries severity; background exposure to fluoride in water (or salt), toothpastes, or reported fluoride sources other than the study option(s); mode of use (self applied under supervision or operator-applied), and whether there is a differential effect between the tray and toothbrush methods of application; frequency of use (times per year) or fluoride

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2015 Cochrane