Latest & greatest articles for chlorhexidine

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Top results for chlorhexidine

21. 2% chlorhexidine-70% isopropyl alcohol versus 10% povidone-iodine for insertion site cleaning before central line insertion in preterm infants: a randomised trial

2% chlorhexidine-70% isopropyl alcohol versus 10% povidone-iodine for insertion site cleaning before central line insertion in preterm infants: a randomised trial To determine whether 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-70% isopropyl alcohol (CHX-IA) is superior to 10% aqueous povidone-iodine (PI) in preventing catheter-related blood stream infection (CR-BSI) when used to clean insertion sites before placing central venous catheters (CVCs) in preterm infants.Randomised controlled trial.Two neonatal

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2017 EvidenceUpdates

22. The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria.To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis.This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients with plaque induced gingivitis who were

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2017 Electronic physician

23. Alcoholic versus aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis: the AVALANCHE trial (PubMed)

Alcoholic versus aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis: the AVALANCHE trial Preoperative skin antisepsis is routine practice. We compared alcoholic chlorhexidine with aqueous chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis to prevent surgical site infection after minor skin excisions in general practice.We conducted this prospective, multicentre, randomized controlled trial in 4 private general practices in North Queensland, Australia, from October 2015 to August 2016. Consecutive adult patients (...) presenting for minor skin excisions were randomly assigned to undergo preoperative skin antisepsis with 0.5% chlorhexidine in 70% ethanol (intervention) or 0.5% chlorhexidine aqueous solution (control). Our primary outcome was surgical site infection within 30 days of excision. We also measured the incidence of adverse reactions.A total of 916 patients were included in the study: 454 underwent antisepsis with alcoholic chlorhexidine and 462 with aqueous chlorhexidine. Of these, 909 completed follow-up

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2017 EvidenceUpdates

24. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Preoperative Antisepsis with Combination Chlorhexidine and Povidone-Iodine. (PubMed)

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Preoperative Antisepsis with Combination Chlorhexidine and Povidone-Iodine. Importance  Effective preoperative antisepsis is recognized to prevent surgical site infection (SSI), although the definitive method is unclear. Many have compared chlorhexidine (CHG) with povidone-iodine (PVI), but there is emerging evidence for combination usage. Objective  To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate if combination skin preparation (1) reduces

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2017 Surgery journal (New York, N.Y.)

25. Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions

Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions UTCAT3229, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine Treatment After Etching Leads to Decreased Microleakage of Final Restorations in Class V Lesions Clinical Question In patients with Class V lesions, does application of chlorhexidine after etching of the preparation, compared (...) to application of chlorhexidine prior to etching, result in less microleakage of the final restoration? Clinical Bottom Line In a patient presenting with a Class V lesion, it has been observed that application of chlorhexidine after etching leads to a decreased amount of microleakage of the final restoration compared to lesions that were pretreated with chlorhexidine prior to the restoration procedure. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

26. Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse

Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse UTCAT3155, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Turmeric in a Mouth Rinse or in Gel Form Can Be Used to Reduce Plaque Accumulation and to Prevent and Treat Gingivitis as Effectively as a Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Clinical Question Compared (...) to mouth rinses or gels containing chlorhexidine, what is the impact of turmeric mouth rinses or gels on plaque level and gingival inflammation? Clinical Bottom Line A mouth rinse or gel containing turmeric can be used to reduce plaque accumulation and to prevent and treat gingivitis. Turmeric mouth rinse and gels may be just as effective as chlorhexidine without the side effects of chlorhexidine. Four out of the five studies in a systematic review show that turmeric had plaque- and gingivitis-reducing

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

27. Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene

Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene UTCAT3226, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Strategies Utilizing Oil Pulling Are as Effective as Chlorhexidine Therapies for Maintaining Oral Hygiene Clinical Question For maintaining oral hygiene, are strategies utilizing oil pulling more effective than therapies utilizing chlorhexidine mouthrinse (...) ? Clinical Bottom Line Oil pulling and chlorhexidine (mouthwash or gel) therapies are equally effective in maintaining oral hygiene as demonstrated by their equal efficacy in reducing the bacteria counts, plaque and gingival indices scores. Thus oil pulling has the potential as a reliable method for routine oral hygiene measures. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Asokan/2009 20 age-matched

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

28. Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment

Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment UTCAT3172, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Application of Chlorhexidine Varnish Decreases Incidence of Caries During Orthodontic Treatment Clinical Question In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, does the professional application of chlorhexidine varnish decrease the incidence of caries during (...) orthodontic treatment? Clinical Bottom Line In patients with fixed orthodontic appliances, the professional application of chlorhexidine (CHX) varnish decreases the incidence of caries during orthodontic treatment. This is supported by a systematic review and meta-analysis of six studies, three split-mouth studies and three case control studies, which determined that caries was significantly lower with chlorhexidine application every 6-13 weeks during orthodontic treatment. Application of chlorhexidine

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

29. Chlorhexidine mouthrinse as an adjunctive treatment for gingival health. (PubMed)

Chlorhexidine mouthrinse as an adjunctive treatment for gingival health. Dental plaque associated gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition caused by accumulation and persistence of microbial biofilms (dental plaque) on the teeth. It is characterised by redness and swelling of the gingivae (gums) and a tendency for the gingivae to bleed easily. In susceptible individuals, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis and loss of the soft tissue and bony support for the tooth. It is thought (...) that chlorhexidine mouthrinse may reduce the build-up of plaque thereby reducing gingivitis.To assess the effectiveness of chlorhexidine mouthrinse used as an adjunct to mechanical oral hygiene procedures for the control of gingivitis and plaque compared to mechanical oral hygiene procedures alone or mechanical oral hygiene procedures plus placebo/control mouthrinse. Mechanical oral hygiene procedures were toothbrushing with/without the use of dental floss or interdental cleaning aids and could include

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2017 Cochrane

30. Comparison of antimicrobial effects of titanium tetrafluoride, chlorhexidine, xylitol and sodium fluoride on streptococcus mutans: An in-vitro study (PubMed)

Comparison of antimicrobial effects of titanium tetrafluoride, chlorhexidine, xylitol and sodium fluoride on streptococcus mutans: An in-vitro study No studies have yet documented the bactericidal effects of TiF4, and its role in the treatment of dental caries, and no definite protocol has been introduced to regulate its use. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial/bactericidal effects of TiF4 on Streptococcus Mutans (S. Mutans) and to compare it with chlorhexidine (Chx (...) , respectively. Xylitol failed to show any bactericidal or growth inhibitory effect in all of its concentrations. When we repeated the tests with an adjusted pH, identical results were obtained.TiF4 solutions have anti-growth and bactericidal effects on S. Mutans at a concentration of 12.5% which is comparable with chlorhexidine and NaF, indicating the possible use of this solution in dental practice as an anti-cariogenic agent, furthermore the antimicrobial activity is unaffected by pH of the environment.

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2017 Electronic physician

31. Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup

Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup UTCAT3138, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse Twice a Day Is at Least as Effective as Dental Floss in Reducing Plaque Buildup Clinical Question In adult patients, does regular tooth brushing with adjunctive dental floss more effectively reduce plaque index as compared (...) to regular tooth brushing with adjunctive chlorhexidine mouth rinse? Clinical Bottom Line In adult patients, chlorhexidine mouth rinse is at least as effective as dental floss as an adjunct to regular tooth brushing in reducing plaque index. This is supported by two randomized control trials conducted in India, which showed that use of chlorhexidine mouth rinse resulted in clinically significant reductions in plaque indices as compared to dental floss. Prescription of chlorhexidine mouth rinse is within

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

32. Hydrogen Peroxide or Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse After Scaling and Root Planing Are Equally Effective in Improving Clinical Attachment and Gingival Inflammation Levels in Adult Patients with Chronic Periodontitis

Hydrogen Peroxide or Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse After Scaling and Root Planing Are Equally Effective in Improving Clinical Attachment and Gingival Inflammation Levels in Adult Patients with Chronic Periodontitis UTCAT3147, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Hydrogen Peroxide or Chlorhexidine Mouth Rinse After Scaling and Root Planing Are Equally Effective in Improving Clinical Attachment and Gingival (...) Inflammation Levels in Adult Patients with Chronic Periodontitis Clinical Question In an adult patient with chronic periodontitis, is home use of hydrogen peroxide rinse as an adjunct to scaling and root planing more effective in improving clinical attachment level than chlorhexidine home rinse after scaling and root planing? Clinical Bottom Line Neither a 10-day course of hydrogen peroxide mouth rinse or chlorhexidine mouth rinse after scaling and root planing yielded significant improvements in clinical

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

33. Chlorhexidine (CHX) May Improve Bond Longevity and Reduce Failure of Resin Composites

Chlorhexidine (CHX) May Improve Bond Longevity and Reduce Failure of Resin Composites UTCAT3128, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Chlorhexidine (CHX) May Improve Bond Longevity and Reduce Failure of Resin Composites Clinical Question Does pretreatment with chlorhexidine (CHX) improve bond longevity in patients with composite restorations? Clinical Bottom Line Pretreatment with chlorhexidine does improve (...) the microtensile strength of the bond in resin composites, but more studies are needed to determine if the results are clinically significant and if CHX extends the life of the restoration. Pretreatment with chlorhexidine has been found to be potentially deleterious only in self-etching adhesive systems. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence) #1) Dionysopoulos/2016 14 studies that used CHX as pre-treatment

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

34. A Randomized, Clinical Trial of Preadmission Chlorhexidine Skin Preparation Following Lower Extremity Total Joint Arthroplasty (PubMed)

A Randomized, Clinical Trial of Preadmission Chlorhexidine Skin Preparation Following Lower Extremity Total Joint Arthroplasty Periprosthetic infections are devastating postoperative complications of total joint arthroplasty (TJA), with native skin flora commonly identified as causative organisms. We compared 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated cloths to standard-of-care antiseptic bathing in patients before TJA, to evaluate periprosthetic infection risk at 1-year follow-up.This (...) was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial at a single institution of patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty. Chlorhexidine-treated patients (275 arthroplasties) applied 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated cloths the night before and morning of admission. The standard-of-care cohort (279 arthroplasties) bathed with soap and water preadmission. Patients were excluded according to the following: (1) unable to comply with study requirements, (2) pregnant, (3) <18 years, (4) medical history

2016 EvidenceUpdates

35. Effect of Chlorhexidine Bathing Every Other Day on Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Infections in the Surgical ICU: A Single-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial (PubMed)

Effect of Chlorhexidine Bathing Every Other Day on Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Infections in the Surgical ICU: A Single-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial To test the hypothesis that compared with daily soap and water bathing, 2% chlorhexidine gluconate bathing every other day for up to 28 days decreases the risk of hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, incisional surgical site infection, and primary bloodstream infection (...) in surgical ICU patients.This was a single-center, pragmatic, randomized trial. Patients and clinicians were aware of treatment-group assignment; investigators who determined outcomes were blinded.Twenty-four-bed surgical ICU at a quaternary academic medical center.Adults admitted to the surgical ICU from July 2012 to May 2013 with an anticipated surgical ICU stay for 48 hours or more were included.Patients were randomized to bathing with 2% chlorhexidine every other day alternating with soap and water

2016 EvidenceUpdates

36. In-hospital patient bathing with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloths (Sage Products Inc.) for prevention of hospital-acquired infections

In-hospital patient bathing with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloths (Sage Products Inc.) for prevention of hospital-acquired infections In-hospital patient bathing with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloths (Sage Products Inc.) for prevention of hospital-acquired infections In-hospital patient bathing with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloths (Sage Products Inc.) for prevention of hospital-acquired infections HAYES, Inc. Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology (...) assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation HAYES, Inc.. In-hospital patient bathing with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate cloths (Sage Products Inc.) for prevention of hospital-acquired infections. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2016 Authors' conclusions Purpose of Technology: The purpose of bathing hospitalized patients with cloths impregnated with the antiseptic 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is, as part of a comprehensive

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

37. Effectiveness of Decolonization With Chlorhexidine and Mupirocin in Reducing Surgical Site Infections: A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Effectiveness of Decolonization With Chlorhexidine and Mupirocin in Reducing Surgical Site Infections: A Systematic Review. Surgical site infections (SSI) are a serious complication of surgery. Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus) is 1 of the most common causative organisms responsible for SSI. Patients who are carriers of methicillin-resistant S aureus and methicillin-sensitive S aureus are at increased risk of developing S aureus-associated SSIs. Decolonization of skin with chlorhexidine (...) and nares with mupirocin may reduce the risk of SSI.The primary object of this systematic review is to examine the effectiveness of preoperative universal decolonization of skin with chlorhexidine and nares with intranasal mupirocin in preventing SSIs.The following databases were searched: Ovid Medline (from 1946 to September week 3, 2015), Embase (1947 to 2015, week 38), EBSCO CINHAL (1980-2015), Cochrane Collaboration for Systematic Reviews, EBM Reviews, and Google Scholar.All experimental

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2016 Dimensions of critical care nursing : DCCN

38. Chlorhexidine Gluconate Wipes for Infection Prevention in Acute and Critical Care: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Wipes for Infection Prevention in Acute and Critical Care: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Chlorhexidine Gluconate Wipes for Infection Prevention in Acute and Critical Care: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Chlorhexidine Gluconate Wipes for Infection Prevention in Acute and Critical Care: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Chlorhexidine Gluconate Wipes (...) for Infection Prevention in Acute and Critical Care: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness Published on: April 13, 2016 Project Number: RC0769-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for infection prevention in adults patients in acute care? What is the clinical effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for infection prevention

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

39. A Regimen of Postoperative Antibiotics and Chlorhexidine Rinses Can Increase The Success Rate of Implant Osseointegration Following Ridge Preservation

A Regimen of Postoperative Antibiotics and Chlorhexidine Rinses Can Increase The Success Rate of Implant Osseointegration Following Ridge Preservation UTCAT3080, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title A Regimen of Postoperative Antibiotics and Chlorhexidine Rinses Can Increase The Success Rate of Implant Osseointegration Following Ridge Preservation Clinical Question In patients undergoing implant placement (...) following ridge preservation, does the use of post operative antibiotics and chlorhexidine rinse increase the success rate of implant osseointegration compared to no antibiotic/chlorhexidine use? Clinical Bottom Line Both pre- and postoperative antibiotics and chlorhexidine use increase the success rate of implant osseointegration following bone graft placement. Best Evidence (you may view more info by clicking on the PubMed ID link) PubMed ID Author / Year Patient Group Study type (level of evidence

2016 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

40. Guidelines on the Perioperative Management of Patients with Suspected or Proven Hypersensitivity to Chlorhexidine

Guidelines on the Perioperative Management of Patients with Suspected or Proven Hypersensitivity to Chlorhexidine PS60 2016 Page 1 PS60 2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) The following organisations have endorsed this document: Australian and New Zealand Anaesthetic Allergy Group (ANZAAG) Guidelines on the Perioperative Management of Patients with Suspected or Proven Hypersensitivity to Chlorhexidine Introduction 1.1 Chlorhexidine (1:6-Di-4 (...) and throat lozenges. 1.2 Recognition of the efficacy of chlorhexidine has seen its use dramatically increase within the hospital and community environments in recent years. Hypersensitivity to chlorhexidine has an unknown incidence, but is currently still rare. Concomitant with widespread use, however, there have been increasing reports of hypersensitivity to chlorhexidine, usually immediate type hypersensitivity (in its severe form, anaphylaxis). 1.3 Ready identification of all products containing

2016 Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists