Latest & greatest articles for chronic pain

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on chronic pain or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on chronic pain and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for chronic pain

1. Pharmacological interventions for treating chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. (PubMed)

Pharmacological interventions for treating chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure (...) commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. We considered a 25% decrease of NIH-CPSI baseline score or a six-point reduction as MCID.To assess the effects of pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome.We performed a comprehensive search using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, trial registries, grey literature and conference proceedings, with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases

2019 Cochrane

2. Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Smaller Quantity Opioid Prescribing for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: June 28, 2019 Project Number (...) : RA1041-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of prescribing opioids in smaller quantities for patients with chronic non-cancer pain? What are the evidence-based guidelines associated with opioid prescribing for patients with chronic non-cancer pain? Key Message One non-randomized study and three evidence-based guidelines were identified regarding short-term prescribing of opioids for patient with chronic non

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

3. Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Yoga for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain Management: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness (...) and Guidelines Last updated: July 8, 2019 Project Number: RC1139-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the cost-effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? Key Message Evidence of limited quality from one

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

4. Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update

Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost (...) -effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs for Patients with Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness, and Guidelines – An Update Last updated: May 10, 2019 Project Number: RC1110-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of multidisciplinary treatment programs for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Cannabis for the Treatment of Chronic Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: July 24, 2019 Project Number: RC1153 (...) -000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of medical cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain? What are the evidence-based guidelines associated with the use of medical cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain? Key Message Based on four overviews (with overlapping systematic reviews), and one systematic review of guidelines,8 there is some suggestion of benefit with cannabis-based medicines

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

6. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 16, 2019 Project Number: RC1181-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Non-Pharma Mental Health Intervention Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic non-cancer pain? Key Message There were five systematic reviews included in this report, four of which were Cochrane reviews. Four of the five included systematic reviews had one weakness in the AMSTAR critical domains. The clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy was assessed in several

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

7. Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness

Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Mindfulness Training and Yoga for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Mindfulness Training and Yoga (...) for the Management of Chronic Non-malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness Last updated: September 20, 2019 Project Number: RC1185-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of mindfulness training for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the clinical effectiveness of yoga for chronic non-malignant pain in adults? What is the cost-effectiveness

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

8. Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Manual Therapy for Persistent or Chronic Non-Specific Neck Pain: Clinical Effectiveness (...) , Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines Last updated: September 24, 2019 Project Number: RA1070-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? What is the cost-effectiveness of manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? What are the evidence based guidelines regarding manual therapies for non-cancer, non-specific neck pain? Key Message

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

9. Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Strength-based Exercise for Chronic Non-Cancer Back Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 27, 2019 Project Number: RC1193-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise for chronic non-cancer back pain? Key Message No evidence was found regarding the clinical effectiveness of strength-based exercise alone compared with pharmacological interventions for chronic non-cancer back pain in non-pregnant people. Files Rapid Response Summary with Critical Appraisal Published : September 27, 2019 Follow us: © 2019

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

10. Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Tiered Care for Chronic Non-Malignant Pain: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness (...) , and Guidelines Last updated: February 12, 2019 Project Number: RC1074-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of tiered or stepped care for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain in outpatient settings? What is the cost-effectiveness of tiered or stepped care for patients with chronic, non-malignant pain in outpatient settings? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding tiered

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

11. Evidence Brief - Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain

Evidence Brief - Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Evidence Brief: Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain Health Services Research & Development Evidence Brief: Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction (...) or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain to the ESP Report RSS feed Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center Portland VA Health Care System Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director Recommended Citation: Mackey K, Anderson J, Bourne D, Chen E, Peterson K. Evidence Brief: Benefits and Harms of Long-term Opioid Dose Reduction or Discontinuation in Patients with Chronic Pain. Washington, DC: Evidence Synthesis Program, Health Services Research and Development Service, Office

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

12. Pain Neuroscience Education for Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Pain Neuroscience Education for Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is an urgent global public health concern. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) is an intervention used in the management of CMP aiming to reconceptualize an individual's understanding of their pain as less threatening. This mixed-methods review undertook a segregated synthesis of quantitative and qualitative studies to investigate (...) the clinical effectiveness, and patients' experience of, PNE for people with CMP. Electronic databases were searched for studies published between January 1, 2002, and June 14, 2018. Twelve randomized, controlled trials (n = 755 participants) that reported pain, disability, and psychosocial outcomes and 4 qualitative studies (n = 50 participants) that explored patients experience of PNE were included. The meta-analyzed pooled treatment effects for PNE versus control had low clinical relevance in the short

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in children: an overview of systematic reviews

Pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in children: an overview of systematic reviews

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Efficacy of a transdiagnostic emotion-focused exposure treatment for chronic pain patients with comorbid anxiety and depression: a randomized controlled trial

Efficacy of a transdiagnostic emotion-focused exposure treatment for chronic pain patients with comorbid anxiety and depression: a randomized controlled trial The comorbidity between chronic pain and emotional problems has proven difficult to address with current treatment options. This study addresses the efficacy of a transdiagnostic emotion-focused exposure treatment ("hybrid") for chronic pain patients with comorbid emotional problems. Adults (n = 115) with chronic musculoskeletal pain (...) and functional and emotional problems were included in a 2-centre, parallel randomized controlled, open-label trial comparing this treatment to an active control condition receiving a guided Internet-delivered pain management treatment based on CBT principles (iCBT). The hybrid treatment (n = 58, 10-16 sessions) integrates exposure in vivo for chronic pain based on the fear-avoidance model with an emotion-regulation approach informed by procedures in Dialectical Behavior Therapy. The iCBT (n = 57; 8

2019 EvidenceUpdates

15. Intravenous lidocaine in the management of chronic peripheral neuropathic pain: a randomized-controlled trial

Intravenous lidocaine in the management of chronic peripheral neuropathic pain: a randomized-controlled trial Neuropathic pain, resulting from injury to the peripheral or central nervous system, is due to upregulation of aberrant sodium channels with neuronal hyperexcitability. Lidocaine blocks these channels and several studies show that intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion provides significant relief in patients with chronic peripheral neuropathic pain in the short term (for up to six hours (...) ). Our objective was to determine if IV lidocaine provides significant pain relief and overall improvement in quality of life in the longer term (for up to four weeks).This single site randomized double-blind, crossover trial compared IV lidocaine infusion (5 mg·kg-1) with active placebo infusion containing diphenhydramine (50 mg) in patients with chronic neuropathic pain of peripheral nerve origin of at least six months duration. The primary outcome was average pain intensity reduction from IV

2019 EvidenceUpdates

16. Paravertebral Dexmedetomidine in Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgeries for Acute and Chronic Pain Prevention

Paravertebral Dexmedetomidine in Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgeries for Acute and Chronic Pain Prevention Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is considered as one of the minimally invasive surgeries. Early postoperative pain alleviation is very important to avoid complications, at the same time, proper early pain control is an established fact to decrease the incidence of chronic pain.To evaluate the efficacy of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) by a bupivacaine/ dexmedetomidine mixture (...) on acute and chronic post-thoracoscopic surgery pain in patients undergoing VATS.A randomized prospective double-blinded trial.Assiut University Hospitals, Orman Cardiology Hospital.Sixty adult patients underwent elective VATS surgery under general anesthesia randomly allocated into 2 groups; Group I received thoracic PVB with isobaric bupivacaine 0.5% (0.3 mL/kg) and Group II received PVB with isobaric bupivacaine 0.5% (0.3 mL/kg) and dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg). Postoperative pain (at rest, with cough

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. Automated Self-management (ASM) vs. ASM-Enhanced Collaborative Care for Chronic Pain and Mood Symptoms: the CAMMPS Randomized Clinical Trial

Automated Self-management (ASM) vs. ASM-Enhanced Collaborative Care for Chronic Pain and Mood Symptoms: the CAMMPS Randomized Clinical Trial Chronic musculoskeletal pain is often accompanied by depression or anxiety wherein co-occurring pain and mood symptoms can be more difficult to treat than either alone. However, few clinical trials have examined interventions that simultaneously target both pain and mood conditions.To determine the comparative effectiveness of automated self-management (...) (ASM) vs. ASM-enhanced collaborative care.Randomized clinical trial conducted in six primary care clinics in a VA medical center.Two hundred ninety-four patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain of at least moderate intensity and clinically significant depressive and/or anxiety symptoms.ASM consisted of automated monitoring and 9 web-based self-management modules. Comprehensive symptom management (CSM) combined ASM with collaborative care management by a nurse-physician team. Both interventions

2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. Chronic use of tramadol after acute pain episode: cohort study. (PubMed)

Chronic use of tramadol after acute pain episode: cohort study. To determine the risk of prolonged opioid use in patients receiving tramadol compared with other short acting opioids.Observational study of administrative claims data.United States commercial and Medicare Advantage insurance claims (OptumLabs Data Warehouse) January 1, 2009 through June 30, 2018.Opioid-naive patients undergoing elective surgery.Risk of persistent opioid use after discharge for patients treated with tramadol alone (...) the CONSORT definition. Receipt of tramadol alone was associated with a 6% increase in the risk of additional opioid use relative to people receiving other short acting opioids (incidence rate ratio 95% confidence interval 1.00 to 1.13; risk difference 0.5 percentage points; P=0.049), 47% increase in the adjusted risk of persistent opioid use (1.25 to 1.69; 0.5 percentage points; P<0.001), and 41% increase in the adjusted risk of a CONSORT chronic opioid use episode (1.08 to 1.75; 0.2 percentage points; P

2019 BMJ

19. Comparative Efficacy of Therapeutics for Chronic Cancer Pain: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis

Comparative Efficacy of Therapeutics for Chronic Cancer Pain: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis Opioids are the primary choice for managing chronic cancer pain. However, many nonopioid therapies are currently prescribed for chronic cancer pain with little published evidence comparing their efficacy.Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing any systemic pharmaceutical intervention and/or combination thereof in treating chronic cancer pain. The primary (...) interventions were superior to placebo: ziconotide (network SMD, -24.98; 95% CrI, -32.62 to -17.35; SUCRA score, 99.8), dezocine (network SMD, -13.56; 95% CrI, -23.37 to -3.69; SUCRA score, 93.5), and diclofenac (network SMD, -11.22; 95% CrI, -15.91 to -5.80; SUCRA score, 92.9).There are significant differences in efficacy among current regimens for chronic cancer pain. Our evidence suggests that certain nonopioid analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can serve as effectively as opioids

2019 EvidenceUpdates

20. Randomized Trial of Sacroiliac Joint Arthrodesis Compared with Conservative Management for Chronic Low Back Pain Attributed to the Sacroiliac Joint

Randomized Trial of Sacroiliac Joint Arthrodesis Compared with Conservative Management for Chronic Low Back Pain Attributed to the Sacroiliac Joint Sacroiliac joint pain is increasingly recognized as a cause of low back pain. We compared the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive sacroiliac joint arthrodesis using triangular titanium implants and conservative management in patients with chronic sacroiliac joint pain.This study was a prospective, multicenter randomized controlled trial (...) of adults with chronic sacroiliac joint pain assigned to either conservative management or sacroiliac joint arthrodesis with triangular titanium implants. The study end points included self-rated low back pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), back dysfunction (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]), and quality of life. Ninety percent of subjects in both groups completed the study.Between June 6, 2013, and May 15, 2015, 103 subjects were randomly assigned to conservative management (n = 51) or sacroiliac joint

2019 EvidenceUpdates