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Latest & greatest articles for geriatrics
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A trial of annual in-home comprehensive geriatric assessments for elderly people living in the community Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.
An economic appraisal of two strategies in geriatric screening An economic appraisal of two strategies in geriatric screening An economic appraisal of two strategies in geriatric screening Johansen G Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions (...) drawn. Health technology Screening to identify previously unreported needs for geriatric care. Type of intervention Screening. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Individuals over 70 years of age, from a coastal community who were not admitted to a hospital or nursing home. Most of the study population werepreviously associated with the fishing industry and educated only to primary school level. Setting Healthcare clinic/community. The economic study was carried out
Comprehensive geriatric assessment: a meta-analysis of controlled trials. There is disagreement on the usefulness of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) due to conflicting results from individual trials. We did a meta-analysis on 28 controlled trials comprising 4959 subjects allocated to one of five CGA types and 4912 controls. Published data were supplemented with reanalysed data provided by the original investigators. We calculated combined odds ratios of important outcomes by pooling (...) data from individual trials with multivariate logistic regression. Combined odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of living at home at follow-up was 1.68 (1.17-2.41) for geriatric evaluation and management units, 1.49 (1.12-1.98) for hospital-home assessment services, and 1.20 (1.05-1.37) for home assessment services. Covariate analysis showed that programmes with control over medical recommendations and extended ambulatory follow-up were more likely to be effective. Our analysis suggests that CGA
A randomized, controlled trial of a geriatric assessment unit in a community rehabilitation hospital. We conducted a randomized trial in a community rehabilitation hospital to determine the effect of treatment in a geriatric assessment unit on the physical function, institutionalization rate, and mortality of elderly patients. Functionally impaired elderly patients (mean age, 78.8 years) who were recovering from acute medical or surgical illnesses and were considered at risk for nursing home (...) placement were randomly assigned either to the geriatric assessment unit (n = 78) or to a control group that received usual care (n = 77). The two groups were similar at entry and were stratified according to the perceived risk of an immediate nursing home placement. After six months, the patients treated in the geriatric assessment unit had significantly more functional improvement in three of eight basic self-care activities (P less than 0.05). Those in the lower-risk stratum had significantly more
Consultative geriatric assessment for ambulatory patients. A randomized trial in a health maintenance organization. Previous studies have shown that comprehensive geriatric assessment and follow-up can improve the health of hospitalized elderly patients. To evaluate the effectiveness of consultative geriatric assessment and limited follow-up for ambulatory patients, we randomized 600 elderly patients who were enrolled in a health maintenance organization into three groups: (1) consultation (...) by a geriatric assessment team, (2) consultation by a "second opinion" internist, and (3) only traditional health maintenance organization services (control patients). The geriatric assessment team identified previously unrecognized problems in 35% of patients and advised changes in medication regimens for more than 40%. Nevertheless, patients who received assessment achieved only a small benefit in cognitive function after 3 months, which was not sustained for 1 year. There was no difference among groups
Effectiveness of geriatric rehabilitative care after fractures of the proximal femur in elderly women: a randomised clinical trial. To compare postoperative collaborative care between orthopaedic surgeons and physicians in geriatric medicine with routine orthopaedic care in elderly women with proximal femoral fracture.Exclusion of patients dying before fit enough to enter trial, those with pathological fractures, those likely to be discharged within seven days of entering the trial, and those
Prospective randomised study of an orthopaedic geriatric inpatient service. A randomised controlled trial of two management regimens was carried out in women patients over 65 years of age with hip fractures. Ninety seven patients were admitted to a designated orthopaedic geriatric unit and 125 to orthopaedic wards. No difference was observed in mortality, length of stay, or placement of patients between the two groups. More medical conditions were recognised and treated in patients (...) in the orthopaedic geriatric unit group. It is concluded that designated orthopaedic geriatric units can provide medical care to these patients and should be administered without additional cost.
Hospital-acquired complications in a randomized controlled clinical trial of a geriatric consultation team. As part of a controlled clinical trial of a geriatric consultation team (GCT), we investigated whether a GCT could affect the incidence of hospital-acquired complications in elderly patients. One hundred eighty-five patients, aged 75 years and older, were randomized into an intervention (N = 92) and a control (N = 93) group. Members of the intervention group received a GCT consultation
A randomized, controlled clinical trial of a geriatric consultation team. Compliance with recommendations. As part of a prospective, randomized, controlled study of the effectiveness of a geriatric consultation team, we examined compliance by the house staff with recommendations made by the team. Recommendations were formulated for 185 patients, aged 75 years or older, who were randomized into intervention (n = 92) and control (n = 93) groups. In the control group, only 27.1% of the actions (...) that would have been recommended by the team were implemented independently by the house staff. Problems commonly neglected included polypharmacy, sensory impairment, confusion, and depression. In the intervention group, overall compliance was 71.7%. Highest compliance occurred for recommendations addressing instability and falls (95.0%) and discharge planning (94.3%). We conclude that a geriatric consultation team contributes substantial additional input into the care of older patients. Furthermore
Effectiveness of a geriatric evaluation unit. A randomized clinical trial. We randomly assigned frail elderly inpatients with a high probability of nursing-home placement to an innovative geriatric evaluation unit intended to provide improved diagnostic assessment, therapy, rehabilitation, and placement. Patients randomly assigned to the experimental (n = 63) and control (n = 60) groups were equivalent at entry. At one year, patients who had been assigned to the geriatric unit had much lower (...) mortality than controls (23.8 vs. 48.3 per cent, P less than 0.005) and were less likely to have initially been discharged to a nursing home (12.7 vs. 30.0 per cent, P less than 0.05) or to have spent any time in nursing home during the follow-up period (26.9 vs. 46.7 per cent, P less than 0.05). The control-group patients had substantially more acute-care hospital days, nursing-home days, and acute-care hospital readmissions. Patients in the geriatric unit were significantly more likely to have