Latest & greatest articles for hip fracture

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Top results for hip fracture

1. Total Hip Arthroplasty or Hemiarthroplasty for Hip Fracture. (PubMed)

Total Hip Arthroplasty or Hemiarthroplasty for Hip Fracture. Globally, hip fractures are among the top 10 causes of disability in adults. For displaced femoral neck fractures, there remains uncertainty regarding the effect of a total hip arthroplasty as compared with hemiarthroplasty.We randomly assigned 1495 patients who were 50 years of age or older and had a displaced femoral neck fracture to undergo either total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty. All enrolled patients had been able (...) to ambulate without the assistance of another person before the fracture occurred. The trial was conducted in 80 centers in 10 countries. The primary end point was a secondary hip procedure within 24 months of follow-up. Secondary end points included death, serious adverse events, hip-related complications, health-related quality of life, function, and overall health end points.The primary end point occurred in 57 of 718 patients (7.9%) who were randomly assigned to total hip arthroplasty and 60 of 723

2019 NEJM

2. Effect of a Multicomponent Home-Based Physical Therapy Intervention on Ambulation After Hip Fracture in Older Adults: The CAP Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of a Multicomponent Home-Based Physical Therapy Intervention on Ambulation After Hip Fracture in Older Adults: The CAP Randomized Clinical Trial. Disability persists after hip fracture in older persons. Current rehabilitation may not be sufficient to restore ability to walk in the community.To compare a multicomponent home-based physical therapy intervention (training) with an active control on ability to walk in the community.Parallel, 2-group randomized clinical trial conducted at 3 US (...) clinical centers (Arcadia University, University of Connecticut Health Center, and University of Maryland, Baltimore). Randomization began on September 16, 2013, and ended on June 20, 2017; follow-up ended on October 17, 2017. Patients aged 60 years and older were enrolled after nonpathologic, minimal trauma hip fracture, if they were living in the community and walking without human assistance before the fracture, were assessed within 26 weeks of hospitalization, and were not able to walk during daily

2019 JAMA

3. Excess mortality following hip fracture in patients with diabetes according to age: a nationwide population-based cohort study of 154,047 hip fracture patients

Excess mortality following hip fracture in patients with diabetes according to age: a nationwide population-based cohort study of 154,047 hip fracture patients to test the hypothesis that excess mortality conferred by diabetes following hip fracture decreases with advancing age.a nationwide population-based cohort study including 154,047 patients who were admitted with a hip fracture in Denmark from 1996 to 2012. Information on hip fracture diagnosis, diabetes, other comorbidities (...) (1.02-1.16) for patients ≥90 years. There was a statistically significant interaction between diabetes and age (P < 0.001).diabetes is associated with excess mortality following hip fracture across all ages, but the excess mortality decreases with advancing age.© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Should we provide outreach rehabilitation to very old people living in Nursing Care Facilities after a hip fracture? A randomised controlled trial

Should we provide outreach rehabilitation to very old people living in Nursing Care Facilities after a hip fracture? A randomised controlled trial to determine whether a 4-week postoperative rehabilitation program delivered in Nursing Care Facilities (NCFs) would improve quality of life and mobility compared with receiving usual care.parallel randomised controlled trial with integrated health economic study.NCFs, in Adelaide South Australia.people aged 70 years and older who were recovering (...) from hip fracture surgery and were walking prior to hip fracture.primary outcomes: mobility (Nursing Home Life-Space Diameter (NHLSD)) and quality of life (DEMQOL) at 4 weeks and 12 months.participants were randomised to treatment (n = 121) or control (n = 119) groups. At 4 weeks, the treatment group had better mobility (NHLSD mean difference -1.9; 95% CI: -3.3, -0.57; P = 0.0055) and were more likely to be alive (log rank test P = 0.048) but there were no differences in quality of life. At 12

2019 EvidenceUpdates

5. Chemical thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery

Chemical thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery Rapid Review 1 Chemical thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery Citation Yap G., Joseph C. & Melder A. 2018. Chemical thromboprophylaxis after hip fracture surgery: Rapid Literature Review. Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia. Contact cce@monashhealth.org Background Few studies are available in the literature reporting on the prevention of venous thromboembolism in patients with a hip fracture (...) compared to those with hip arthroplasty [2] . The Director of Orthopaedic Surgery requested a review of the evidence around the most suitable chemical thromboprophylaxis for patients who have undergone hip surgery. Objectives To determine the recommended chemical thromboprophylaxis (choice, dose and duration) for patients after hip fracture surgery in the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE); and improvement outcomes related to deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), bleeding

2019 Monash Health Evidence Reviews

6. Pre-operative administration of tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery

Pre-operative administration of tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery Rapid Literature Review 1 Pre-operative administration of tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery Citation Yap G. & Melder A. 2018. Pre-operative administration of tranexamic acid in hip fracture surgery: Rapid Literature Review. Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia. Email: CCE@monashhealth.org Background The use of Tranexamic acid (TXA) as an antifibrinolytic agent is established (...) in reducing peri- and postoperative blood loss in surgery [1] . As the fibrinolytic system is activated after the injury and continues to increase during surgery, blood loss in interchochanteric fractures is substantially greater than that in elective total hip arthroplasties. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of TXA in hip fractures [1] . The CCE was requested to undertake a review of the evidence around the safety and efficacy of pre-operative administration

2019 Monash Health Evidence Reviews

7. Effectiveness of Supervised Home-Based Exercise Therapy Compared to a Control Intervention on Functions, Activities, and Participation in Older Patients After Hip Fracture: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Effectiveness of Supervised Home-Based Exercise Therapy Compared to a Control Intervention on Functions, Activities, and Participation in Older Patients After Hip Fracture: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis The aim of this review was to investigate whether supervised home-based exercise therapy after hospitalization is more effective on improving functions, activities, and participation in older patients after hip fracture than a control intervention (including usual care). Furthermore, we (...) (instrumental) ADL and short-term effects on balance, endurance, and mobility. Conflicting evidence was found for strength, long-term balance, short-term gait (comfortable), long-term self-reported ADL, and long-term mobility.Research findings show no evidence in favor of home-based exercise therapy after hip fracture for most outcomes of functions, activities, and participation. However, trials in this field have low therapeutic validity (absence of rationale for content and intensity and reporting

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Predischarge home visits after hip fracture: a randomized controlled trial

Predischarge home visits after hip fracture: a randomized controlled trial The objective of this study is to investigate whether home assessment visits prior to hospital discharge for patients recovering from hip fracture reduce falls and prevent hospital readmissions, within the first 30 days and six months after discharge home.A randomized controlled trial was conducted.The study setting included hospital wards and the community.The study included adults 50 years and over recovering from hip (...) independence at six months (11.2 units, 95% CI 4.2 to 18.2). There were no other between-group differences.Home assessment visits by occupational therapists prior to hospital discharge for patients recovering from hip fracture reduced the number of readmissions to hospital, increased functional independence at six months and may have reduced the risk of falls in the first 30 days after discharge.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. Local nerve blocks can improve outcomes for people with hip fracture

Local nerve blocks can improve outcomes for people with hip fracture Local nerve blocks can improve outcomes for people with hip fracture Discover Portal Discover Portal Local nerve blocks can improve outcomes for people with hip fracture Published on 26 September 2017 doi: Local nerve blocks around the time of hip fracture surgery reduced pain on movement within 30 minutes of injection. People had less need for opioid pain-relief and were quicker to mobilise after surgery. Also, one case (...) of pneumonia was prevented for every seven people given pain relief using a nerve block. By injecting local anaesthetics close to the nerves to relieve pain after a hip fracture, it is hoped that the need for opioids can be reduced and people might recover more quickly. Nerve blocks are not standard in UK hospitals for this. This updated Cochrane review identified 31 trials providing moderate to high-quality evidence. The benefits were small but could make a meaningful difference to the patient’s

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

10. Comprehensive assessment may reduce risk of delirium after hip fracture

Comprehensive assessment may reduce risk of delirium after hip fracture Comprehensive assessment may reduce risk of delirium after hip fracture Discover Portal Discover Portal Comprehensive assessment may reduce risk of delirium after hip fracture Published on 29 August 2017 doi: Comprehensive geriatric assessment reduced the risk of delirium by 20% in patients having hip fracture surgery. Forty-three percent developed delirium on average compared with 53% who didn’t receive these assessments (...) . The assessment of the older persons’ medical condition was typically undertaken by a team of healthcare professionals who assessed functional ability, living circumstances and risk factors in order to develop a tailored plan for prevention and treatment of delirium after surgery. This review identified four trials in people having surgery for hip fracture. Two assessed teams where geriatricians visited patients on orthopaedic wards. The other trials reported ward assessments where patients were already being

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

11. Specialist hip fracture services linked to fewer deaths in South Central region

Specialist hip fracture services linked to fewer deaths in South Central region Specialist hip fracture services linked to fewer deaths in South Central region Discover Portal Discover Portal Specialist hip fracture services linked to fewer deaths in South Central region Published on 31 January 2017 doi: Following a hip fracture, nurse-led fracture liaison services or specialist consultant (orthogeriatrician) input both reduce deaths. They did not reduce the small number of people having (...) a second hip fracture within two years of the first. Both models of care were cost effective, although the orthogeriatric model was favoured. Despite national guidance recommending both use of a fracture liaison service and orthogeriatric model of care, variation exists and some hospitals have neither. This NIHR-funded study analysed linked patient records in a time series analysis conducted in the South Central region of England. It looked at the impact over time of each model. It included people over

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

12. Development and Validation of a Simple Hip Fracture Risk Prediction Tool for Type 2 Diabetes: The Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase I

Development and Validation of a Simple Hip Fracture Risk Prediction Tool for Type 2 Diabetes: The Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase I To develop a type 2 diabetes hip fracture risk tool in community-based patients, to validate it in an independent cohort, and to compare its performance against the only published prediction equation to include type 2 diabetes as a risk factor (QFracture).Hip fracture hospitalizations in 1,251 participants with type 2 diabetes aged 40-89 years from the longitudinal (...) Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase I (FDS1) were ascertained between entry (1993-1996) and end-2012. Competing risk regression modeling determined independent predictors of time to first fracture over 10 years and the coefficients incorporated in a risk model. The model was validated in 286 participants with type 2 diabetes from the Busselton Health Study (BHS).Fifty FDS1 participants (4.0%) experienced a first hip fracture during 10,306 person-years of follow-up. Independent predictors of fracture were

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. The frequency of radiographically occult operative hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The frequency of radiographically occult operative hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

14. Time-to-surgery following hip fracture - would a 24-hour target improve outcomes? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Time-to-surgery following hip fracture - would a 24-hour target improve outcomes? A systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

15. The impact of frailty on adverse outcomes in older adults with hip fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The impact of frailty on adverse outcomes in older adults with hip fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

16. The risk of peri-prosthetic femoral shaft fractures in proximal femoral nails and Gamma nails compared with sliding/dynamic hip screw in intertrochanteric femoral fractures - a systematic review

The risk of peri-prosthetic femoral shaft fractures in proximal femoral nails and Gamma nails compared with sliding/dynamic hip screw in intertrochanteric femoral fractures - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

17. Internal fixation implants for intracapsular hip fractures in adults [Cochrane protocol]

Internal fixation implants for intracapsular hip fractures in adults [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2019 PROSPERO

18. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality in the elderly due to hip fractures in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review

Factors associated with in-hospital mortality in the elderly due to hip fractures in Latin America and the Caribbean: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

19. Arthroplasties for hip fracture in adults [Cochrane protocol]

Arthroplasties for hip fracture in adults [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr

2019 PROSPERO

20. A systematic review of the comparison of short and long intramedullary devices for the fixation of extracapsular hip fractures

A systematic review of the comparison of short and long intramedullary devices for the fixation of extracapsular hip fractures Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO