Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

1. New Zealand health system: universalism struggles with persisting inequities. (PubMed)

New Zealand health system: universalism struggles with persisting inequities. New Zealand was one of the first countries to establish a universal, tax-funded national health service. Unique features include innovative Māori services, the no-fault accident compensation scheme, and the Pharmaceutical Management Agency, which negotiates with pharmaceutical companies to get the best value for medicines purchased by public money. The so-called universal orientation of the health system, along (...) with a strong commitment to social service provision, have contributed to New Zealand's favourable health statistics. However, despite a long-standing commitment to reducing health inequities, problems with access to care persist and the system is not delivering the promise of equitable health outcomes for all population groups. Primary health services and hospital-based services have developed largely independently, and major restructuring during the 1990s did not produce the expected efficiency gains

2019 Lancet

2. NHS population screening: inequalities strategy

NHS population screening: inequalities strategy NHS population screening: inequalities strategy - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance NHS population screening: inequalities strategy Guidance to support the health system to reduce inequalities in screening. Published 16 July 2019 From: Documents Ref: PHE publications gateway number GW-489 If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader (...) ) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Details The PHE Screening inequalities strategy is aimed at supporting local screening services, commissioners and others involved in the provision of screening to address inequalities. Published 16 July 2019 Related content Collection Explore the topic , , , , , , and Is this page useful? Thank you for your feedback Help us

2019 Public Health England

3. The effects of community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions on population health and health inequalities: A review of reviews

The effects of community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions on population health and health inequalities: A review of reviews Community pharmacies have great potential to deliver services aimed at promoting health and preventing disease, and are well placed in deprived communities. This review of reviews aimed to assess the effectiveness of community pharmacy-delivered public health services and assess how they impact on inequalities in health using PROGRESS-Plus characteristics (...) management programmes, syringe exchange programmes, and inoculation services. This review supports the development of some community pharmacy public health services. At present, little is known how community pharmacy-delivered public health interventions impact on health inequalities. It would be prudent for future studies to address this by explicitly reporting outcomes according to the PROGRESS-Plus framework. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number: CRD42017056264.Copyright © 2019

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Improving health with programmatic, legal, and policy approaches to reduce gender inequality and change restrictive gender norms. (PubMed)

Improving health with programmatic, legal, and policy approaches to reduce gender inequality and change restrictive gender norms. Evidence that gender inequalities and restrictive norms adversely affect health is extensive; however, far less research has focused on testing solutions. We first comprehensively reviewed the peer-reviewed and grey literature for rigorously evaluated programmes that aimed to reduce gender inequality and restrictive gender norms and improve health. We identified four (...) mutually reinforcing factors underpinning change: (1) multisectoral action, (2) multilevel, multistakeholder involvement, (3) diversified programming, and (4) social participation and empowerment. Following this review, because little research has investigated the effects of national-level law and policy reforms, we conducted original quasi-experimental studies on laws and policies related to education, work, and income, all social determinants of health in which deep gender inequalities exist. We

2019 Lancet

5. Gender inequality and restrictive gender norms: framing the challenges to health. (PubMed)

Gender inequality and restrictive gender norms: framing the challenges to health. Gender is not accurately captured by the traditional male and female dichotomy of sex. Instead, it is a complex social system that structures the life experience of all human beings. This paper, the first in a Series of five papers, investigates the relationships between gender inequality, restrictive gender norms, and health and wellbeing. Building upon past work, we offer a consolidated conceptual framework (...) that shows how individuals born biologically male or female develop into gendered beings, and how sexism and patriarchy intersect with other forms of discrimination, such as racism, classism, and homophobia, to structure pathways to poor health. We discuss the ample evidence showing the far-reaching consequences of these pathways, including how gender inequality and restrictive gender norms impact health through differential exposures, health-related behaviours and access to care, as well as how gender

2019 Lancet

6. Understanding the consequences of education inequality on cardiovascular disease: mendelian randomisation study. (PubMed)

Understanding the consequences of education inequality on cardiovascular disease: mendelian randomisation study. To investigate the role of body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, and smoking behaviour in explaining the effect of education on the risk of cardiovascular disease outcomes.Mendelian randomisation study.UK Biobank and international genome-wide association study data.Predominantly participants of European ancestry.Educational attainment, BMI, systolic blood pressure

2019 BMJ

7. Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK 1997-2016

Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK 1997-2016 Even money? Trends in earnings and income inequalities in Scotland and the UK, 1997-2016 David Walsh & Bruce Whyte December 2018 2 Contact David Walsh Public Health Programme Manager Glasgow Centre for Population Health Email: David.Walsh.2@glasgow.ac.uk Tel: 0141 330 2747 3 Contents Executive summary 4 Acknowledgements 7 Background, aims and research questions 8 Methods 9 Results 12 1. How do median earnings compare (...) across the countries and cities of interest? 12 2. Changes in the distribution of earnings 15 3. Earnings by occupation 25 4. Earnings in the public and private sectors 30 5. Low pay 41 6. Gender inequalities 49 7. Trends in Scottish household income inequality 66 Discussion 74 Conclusions 79 Appendix A: additional analyses of earnings in public and private employment sectors 80 References 84 4 Executive summary Income inequality is a well-established ‘fundamental cause’ of health inequality. Given

2019 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

8. What is the impact of chronic disease self-management interventions on health inequity gaps related to socioeconomic status?

What is the impact of chronic disease self-management interventions on health inequity gaps related to socioeconomic status? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

9. Social inequalities in under-fives' mortality: a systematic review

Social inequalities in under-fives' mortality: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g

2019 PROSPERO

10. The impact of unconditional basic income on health inequalities and wellbeing: a qualitative realist review

The impact of unconditional basic income on health inequalities and wellbeing: a qualitative realist review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

11. The impact of front-of-pack nutrition labelling on socio-economic inequalities in dietary choices: a systematic review

The impact of front-of-pack nutrition labelling on socio-economic inequalities in dietary choices: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

12. Rapid systematic review of evidence for socio-economic inequalities in early child growth and development in young children under 36 months of age in Sri Lanka

Rapid systematic review of evidence for socio-economic inequalities in early child growth and development in young children under 36 months of age in Sri Lanka Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

13. Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of tobacco retailer density and proximity on adult tobacco product use behaviors, health outcomes, and tobacco retailer density inequities

Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of tobacco retailer density and proximity on adult tobacco product use behaviors, health outcomes, and tobacco retailer density inequities Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

14. Anthropometric measurements and dental caries among children in Asia and its association with regions, sugar consumption and socioeconomic inequalities a systematic review and meta-analysis

Anthropometric measurements and dental caries among children in Asia and its association with regions, sugar consumption and socioeconomic inequalities a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility

2019 PROSPERO

15. A realist evidence synthesis of mechanisms by which school-based interventions may widen or reduce inequalities in LGBT adolescents' mental health

A realist evidence synthesis of mechanisms by which school-based interventions may widen or reduce inequalities in LGBT adolescents' mental health Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

16. Measuring inequity in using routinely collected hospital data: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Measuring inequity in using routinely collected hospital data: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

17. Gendered working environments as a determinant of mental health inequalities: a protocol for a systematic review

Gendered working environments as a determinant of mental health inequalities: a protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

18. Effects of foot orthoses on gait kinematics and pain in subjects with leg length inequality: a systematic review

Effects of foot orthoses on gait kinematics and pain in subjects with leg length inequality: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

19. Inequality in health and cancer diagnostics- a systematic review concerning the value of the patients physical, mental and socioeconomic status at the process throughout Diagnostic Centers in North Jutland in Denmark after being referred with non-specific

Inequality in health and cancer diagnostics- a systematic review concerning the value of the patients physical, mental and socioeconomic status at the process throughout Diagnostic Centers in North Jutland in Denmark after being referred with non-specific Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied

2019 PROSPERO

20. The effects on health inequalities of healthcare interventions recommended for the prevention and management of common musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review

The effects on health inequalities of healthcare interventions recommended for the prevention and management of common musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO