Latest & greatest articles for infants

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Top results for infants

1. Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. (PubMed)

Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. Observational data have shown that slow advancement of enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants is associated with a reduced risk of necrotizing enterocolitis but an increased risk of late-onset sepsis. However, data from randomized trials are limited.We randomly assigned very preterm or very-low-birth-weight infants to daily milk increments of 30 ml per kilogram of body weight (faster increment) or 18 ml per kilogram (...) (slower increment) until reaching full feeding volumes. The primary outcome was survival without moderate or severe neurodevelopmental disability at 24 months. Secondary outcomes included components of the primary outcome, confirmed or suspected late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and cerebral palsy.Among 2804 infants who underwent randomization, the primary outcome could be assessed in 1224 (87.4%) assigned to the faster increment and 1246 (88.7%) assigned to the slower increment. Survival

2019 NEJM

2. Effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care on survival of infants with low birthweight: a randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care on survival of infants with low birthweight: a randomised controlled trial. Coverage of kangaroo mother care remains very low despite WHO recommendations for its use for babies with low birthweight in health facilities for over a decade. Initiating kangaroo mother care at the community level is a promising strategy to increase coverage. However, knowledge of the efficacy of community-initiated kangaroo mother care is still lacking. We aimed (...) to assess the effect of community-initiated kangaroo mother care provided to babies weighing 1500-2250 g on neonatal and infant survival.In this randomised controlled, superiority trial, undertaken in Haryana, India, we enrolled babies weighing 1500-2250 g at home within 72 h of birth, if not already initiated in kangaroo mother care, irrespective of place of birth (ie, home or health facility) and who were stable and feeding. The first eligible infants in households were randomly assigned (1:1

2019 Lancet

3. Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes

Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Exercises and Massage Post-Frenectomy for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectivenes Last updated: May 14, 2019 Project Number: RB1341-000 Product Line (...) : Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of exercises and/or massage of the wound bed in preventing re-adhesion following tongue tie or lip tie release? Key Message No relevant literature was identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of exercises and massage post-frenectomy for infants with tongue and lip tie. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 14, 2019 Related Content Follow us: ©

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

4. Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness

Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Frenectomy Techniques for Infants with Tongue and Lip Tie: Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: May 16, 2019 Project Number: RB1340-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary (...) of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness between different surgical techniques used to perform frenectomy for infants with tongue and lip tie? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding frenectomy techniques for infants with tongue and lip tie. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 16, 2019 Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

5. Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness

Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Craniosacral Therapy for Mothers and Infants with Breastfeeding Issues: Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: May 23, 2019 Project Number: RB1342-000 Product Line: Research (...) Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of craniosacral therapy for mothers and infants with breastfeeding problems? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding craniosacral therapy for mothers and infants with breastfeeding issues. Files Rapid Response Summary of Abstracts Published : May 23, 2019 Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

6. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines

The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines | The Medical Journal of Australia mja-search search Use the for more specific terms. Title contains Body contains Date range from Date range to Article type Author's surname Volume First page doi: 10.5694/mja__.______ Search Reset  close Individual Login Purchase options Connect (...) person_outline Login keyboard_arrow_down Individual Login Purchase options menu search Advertisement close The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy infant feeding for allergy prevention guidelines Preeti A Joshi, Jill Smith, Sandra Vale and Dianne E Campbell Med J Aust 2019; 210 (2): . || doi: 10.5694/mja2.12102 Published online: 14 January 2019 Topics Abstract Introduction: The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, the peak professional body for clinical immunology

2019 MJA Clinical Guidelines

7. Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease

Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease Management of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. Management (...) of Infants at Risk for Group B Streptococcal Disease Karen M. Puopolo , Ruth Lynfield , James J. Cummings , COMMITTEE ON FETUS AND NEWBORN , COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES This article has a correction. Please see: Abstract Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection remains the most common cause of neonatal early-onset sepsis and a significant cause of late-onset sepsis among young infants. Administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the only currently available effective strategy

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

8. Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance

Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics '); document.write(''); } function OAS_AD(pos) { if (OAS_version >= 11 && typeof(OAS_RICH)!='undefined') { OAS_RICH(pos); } else (...) { OAS_NORMAL(pos); } } //--> Search for this keyword Source User menu Sections Sign up for highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. Executive Summary: Criteria for Critical Care of Infants and Children: PICU Admission, Discharge, and Triage Practice Statement and Levels of Care Guidance Benson S. Hsu , Vanessa Hill , Lorry R. Frankel , Timothy S. Yeh , Shari Simone , Marjorie J. Arca , Jorge A. Coss-Bu , Mary E. Fallat , Jason Foland , Samir Gadepalli , Michael O. Gayle

2019 American Academy of Pediatrics

9. The Impact of Severe Maternal Morbidity on Very Preterm Infant Outcomes

The Impact of Severe Maternal Morbidity on Very Preterm Infant Outcomes To estimate the prevalence of severe maternal morbidity among very preterm births and determine its association with very preterm infant mortality and morbidity.This study used New York City Vital Statistics birth and death records linked with maternal and newborn discharge abstract data for live births between 2010 and 2014. We included 6901 infants without congenital anomalies born between 240/7 and 326/7 weeks (...) of gestation. Severe maternal morbidity was identified as life-threatening conditions or life-saving procedures. Outcomes were first-year infant mortality, severe neonatal morbidity (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe necrotizing enterocolitis, stage 3-5 retinopathy of prematurity, and intraventricular hemorrhage grades 3-4), and a combined outcome of death or morbidity.Twelve percent of very preterm live-born infants had a mother with severe maternal morbidity. Maternal and pregnancy characteristics

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. The Effect of Synbiotic-Enhanced Formula on Rates of Infection in Infants

The Effect of Synbiotic-Enhanced Formula on Rates of Infection in Infants "The Effect of Synbiotic-Enhanced Formula on Rates of Infection in Infa" by Katherine Geller < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-9-2019 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: The function of prebiotics and probiotics, both individually and synergistically (synbiotics) has been a growing area of interest in health and medicine (...) in recent years. For much longer, the search to best replicate human breast milk as infant formula continues to challenge scientists and researchers. Naturally, the question as to whether or not probiotics and prebiotics play a role in improving the replication of breast milk has come into the research spotlight. In particular, studies have begun to look at how synbiotics may play a role in the infant immune system and rates of infections. Methods: An exhaustive search of available medical literature

2019 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

11. Mothers of Infants with Heart Defects and Increased Long-Term Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Mothers of Infants with Heart Defects and Increased Long-Term Risk of Cardiovascular Disease "Mothers of Infants with Heart Defects and Increased Long-Term Risk of " by Anne Crowl < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-10-2019 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for approximately 1 in every 3 deaths of women in the United States. Recognizing the symptoms (...) and predicting presentation is extremely difficult, particularly for women. If providers are able to determine risk factors early on, preventative measures or treatment can be initiated. This review assesses the evidence of whether having an infant with heart defects increases a woman’s long-term risk of developing CVD. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using MEDLINE-PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL. The following keywords were utilized in the search: women, maternal health, mothers

2019 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

12. A support package for parents of excessively crying infants: development and feasibility study

A support package for parents of excessively crying infants: development and feasibility study A support package for parents of excessively crying infants: development and feasibility study Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue

2019 NIHR HTA programme

13. Stem cell-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants. (PubMed)

Stem cell-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants. Germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH) remains a substantial issue in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Current therapies to prevent or treat GMH-IVH are limited. Stem cell-based therapies offer a potential therapeutic approach to repair, restore, and/or regenerate injured brain tissue. These preclinical findings have now culminated in ongoing (...) interventions other than MSCs of type or source versus stem cell-based interventions other than MSCs of other type or source; or (4) MSCs versus stem cell-based interventions other than MSCs. For prevention studies, we included extremely preterm infants (less than 28 weeks' gestation), 24 hours of age or less, without ultrasound diagnosis of GM-IVH; for treatment studies, we included preterm infants (less than 37 weeks' gestation), of any postnatal age, with ultrasound diagnosis of GM-IVH.For each

2019 Cochrane

14. Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping and other strategies to influence placental transfusion at preterm birth on maternal and infant outcomes. (PubMed)

Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping and other strategies to influence placental transfusion at preterm birth on maternal and infant outcomes. Infants born preterm (before 37 weeks' gestation) have poorer outcomes than infants at term, particularly if born before 32 weeks. Early cord clamping has been standard practice over many years, and enables quick transfer of the infant to neonatal care. Delayed clamping allows blood flow between the placenta, umbilical cord and baby to continue (...) , and may aid transition. Keeping baby at the mother's side enables neonatal care with the cord intact and this, along with delayed clamping, may improve outcomes. Umbilical cord milking (UCM) is proposed for increasing placental transfusion when immediate care for the preterm baby is needed. This Cochrane Review is a further update of a review first published in 2004 and updated in 2012.To assess the effects on infants born at less than 37 weeks' gestation, and their mothers of: 1) delayed cord

2019 Cochrane

15. Ranibizumab versus laser therapy for the treatment of very low birthweight infants with retinopathy of prematurity (RAINBOW): an open-label randomised controlled trial. (PubMed)

Ranibizumab versus laser therapy for the treatment of very low birthweight infants with retinopathy of prematurity (RAINBOW): an open-label randomised controlled trial. Despite increasing worldwide use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), there are few data on their ocular efficacy, the appropriate drug and dose, the need for retreatment, and the possibility of long-term systemic effects. We evaluated the efficacy and safety (...) of intravitreal ranibizumab compared with laser therapy in treatment of ROP.This randomised, open-label, superiority multicentre, three-arm, parallel group trial was done in 87 neonatal and ophthalmic centres in 26 countries. We screened infants with birthweight less than 1500 g who met criteria for treatment for retinopathy, and randomised patients equally (1:1:1) to receive a single bilateral intravitreal dose of ranibizumab 0·2 mg or ranibizumab 0·1 mg, or laser therapy. Individuals were stratified

2019 Lancet

16. Randomized Trial of 42-Day Compared with 9-Day Courses of Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Evolving Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extremely Preterm Infants

Randomized Trial of 42-Day Compared with 9-Day Courses of Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Evolving Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extremely Preterm Infants To compare pulmonary and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely preterm infants with evolving bronchopulmonary dysplasia treated with either a 42-day course of dexamethasone or 9-day course(s) of dexamethasone.This was a prospective, randomized study in 59 infants ≤27 weeks of gestation born between October 2006 and December 2010, who (...) at day 10-21 of life had ventilatory support with mean airway pressure ≥8 cm H2O and FiO2 ≥60%. Infants received dexamethasone 0.5 mg/k/day × 3 days followed by a slow taper (42-day group, n = 30) or dexamethasone 0.5 mg/k/day followed by a rapid taper (9-day group, n = 29). Infants in the 9-day group received additional 9-day courses if they again required entry support. The primary outcome was intact survival (normal neurologic examination, IQ >70, and functioning in school without supplemental

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. Neonatal, infant, and childhood growth following metformin versus insulin treatment for gestational diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Neonatal, infant, and childhood growth following metformin versus insulin treatment for gestational diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis Metformin is increasingly offered as an acceptable and economic alternative to insulin for treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in many countries. However, the impact of maternal metformin treatment on the trajectory of fetal, infant, and childhood growth is unknown.PubMed, Ovid Embase, Medline, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov (...) with oral glucose-lowering agents other than insulin. Two reviewers independently assessed articles for eligibility and risk of bias, and conflicts were resolved by a third reviewer. Outcome measures were parameters of fetal, infant, and childhood growth, including weight, height, BMI, and body composition. In total, 28 studies (n = 3,976 participants) met eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. No studies reported fetal growth parameters; 19 studies (n = 3,723 neonates) reported

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. Newborn and infant physical examination: programme handbook

Newborn and infant physical examination: programme handbook Newborn and infant physical examination: programme handbook - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search The United Kingdom is leaving the European Union on 31 October 2019. Guidance Newborn and infant physical examination: programme handbook This document brings together all the guidelines that relate to the NHS newborn and infant physical (...) ) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email . Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Details The purpose of this handbook is to inform and support best clinical practice in the NHS newborn and infant physical examination ( 27 August 2019 Updated NIPE programme handbook. 24 April 2018 Updated pathway appendices in accessible PDF formats. 19 April 2018 Minor correction to neonatal hip risk factors under Standard

2019 Public Health England

19. Oral morphine analgesia for preventing pain during invasive procedures in non-ventilated premature infants in hospital: the Poppi RCT

Oral morphine analgesia for preventing pain during invasive procedures in non-ventilated premature infants in hospital: the Poppi RCT Oral morphine analgesia for preventing pain during invasive procedures in non-ventilated premature infants in hospital: the Poppi RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try (...) a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} The trial was stopped early because of profound respiratory adverse effects, without evidence of analgesic benefit for procedural pain, from the administration of oral morphine to non-ventilated premature infants. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , , , & . Vaneesha Monk 1, *, † , Fiona Moultrie 1, † , Caroline Hartley 1 , Amy Hoskin 1

2019 NIHR HTA programme

20. Immunoglobulin treatment for hospitalised infants and young children with respiratory syncytial virus infection. (PubMed)

Immunoglobulin treatment for hospitalised infants and young children with respiratory syncytial virus infection. Millions of children are hospitalised due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection every year. Treatment is supportive, and current therapies (e.g. inhaled bronchodilators, epinephrine, nebulised hypertonic saline, and corticosteroids) are ineffective or have limited effect. Respiratory syncytial virus immunoglobulin is sometimes used prophylactically to prevent hospital (...) admission from RSV-related illness. It may be considered for the treatment of established severe RSV infection or for treatment in an immunocompromised host, although it is not licenced for this purpose. It is unclear whether immunoglobulins improve outcomes when used as a treatment for established RSV infection in infants and young children admitted to hospital.  OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of immunoglobulins for the treatment of RSV-proven lower respiratory tract infections in children aged up

2019 Cochrane