Latest & greatest articles for infants

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Top results for infants

81. Oral wipes for cleaning teeth and gums in infants and toddlers - A systematic review

Oral wipes for cleaning teeth and gums in infants and toddlers - A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites

2019 PROSPERO

82. A meta-analysis of psychopathology-related differences in the maternal neural response to infants

A meta-analysis of psychopathology-related differences in the maternal neural response to infants Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

83. Cardiac functional and morphological changes in infants of diabetic mothers as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography: a systematic review

Cardiac functional and morphological changes in infants of diabetic mothers as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

84. Effect of preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements provided to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age on child mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effect of preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements provided to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age on child mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

85. Effect of airway administration of budesonide for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effect of airway administration of budesonide for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

86. Early versus late caffeine to improve morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a systematic review

Early versus late caffeine to improve morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

87. Burden of HRSV acute respiratory infections among prematurely born infants: the HRSV-prebin systematic review and meta-analysis

Burden of HRSV acute respiratory infections among prematurely born infants: the HRSV-prebin systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

88. Long-term sequelae of lower respiratory tract infections among prematurely born infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Long-term sequelae of lower respiratory tract infections among prematurely born infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

89. Novel technologies for heart rate assessment for newborn infants at birth compared to recommended technologies for improved neonatal resuscitation

Novel technologies for heart rate assessment for newborn infants at birth compared to recommended technologies for improved neonatal resuscitation Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

90. Pregnancy-induced illness and mother-infant attachment in the prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review

Pregnancy-induced illness and mother-infant attachment in the prenatal and postnatal period: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

91. Elective high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) versus conventional mechanical ventilation(CMV) for acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) in preterm infants: a system review and meta-analysis

Elective high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) versus conventional mechanical ventilation(CMV) for acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) in preterm infants: a system review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

92. Child development outcomes of infants born late preterm or early term: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Child development outcomes of infants born late preterm or early term: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

93. Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. (PubMed)

Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Inflammation may contribute to preterm birth and to morbidity of preterm infants. Preterm infants are at risk for alterations in the normal protective microbiome. Oral probiotics administered directly to preterm infants have been shown to decrease the risk for severe necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as well as the risk of death, but there are safety concerns about administration of probiotics (...) directly to preterm infants. Through decreasing maternal inflammation, probiotics may play a role in preventing preterm birth and/or decreasing the inflammatory milieu surrounding delivery of preterm infants, and may alter the microbiome of the preterm infant when given to mothers during pregnancy. Probiotics given to mothers after birth of preterm infants may effect infant bacterial colonization, which could potentially reduce the incidence of NEC.1. To compare the efficacy of maternal probiotic

2018 Cochrane

94. Facilitating discharge from hospital of the healthy term infant

Facilitating discharge from hospital of the healthy term infant This statement provides guidance for health care providers to ensure the safe discharge of healthy term infants who are born in hospital and who are ≥37 weeks’ gestational age. Hospital care for mothers and infants should be family-centred, with healthy mothers and infants remaining together and going home at the same time. The specific length of stay for newborn infants depends on the health of their mother, infant health (...) and stability, the mother’s ability to care for her infant, support at home, and access to follow-up care. Many mother–infant dyads are ready to go home 24 h after birth. Parent or guardian education and assessment of discharge readiness are important components of discharge planning. Each infant must have an appropriate discharge plan, including identification of the infant’s primary health care provider and assessment by a health care provider 24 h to 72 h after discharge. Keywords

2018 Canadian Paediatric Society

95. Prolonged slow expiration technique improves recovery from acute bronchiolitis in infants: FIBARRIX randomized controlled trial

Prolonged slow expiration technique improves recovery from acute bronchiolitis in infants: FIBARRIX randomized controlled trial To examine the effect of prolonged slow expiration respiratory physiotherapy treatment on the acute bronchiolitis severity scale and O2 saturation at short-time and at medical discharge in infants and the hospital stay.Randomized controlled trial.Infants' unit of university hospital.Infants with acute bronchiolitis ( N = 80).Infants were randomized into respiratory (...) . Infants in RT group stay less days in hospital than infants in control group and no adverse events were detected.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

96. Weaning of Moderately Preterm Infants from the Incubator to the Crib: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Weaning of Moderately Preterm Infants from the Incubator to the Crib: A Randomized Clinical Trial To assess whether length of hospital stay is decreased among moderately preterm infants weaned from incubator to crib at a lower vs higher weight.This trial was conducted in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Infants with gestational ages 29-33 weeks, birthweight <1600 g, and in an incubator were randomly assigned (...) to a weaning weight of 1600 or 1800 g. Within 60 to 100 g of weaning weight, the incubator temperature was decreased by 1.0°C to 1.5°C every 24 hours until 28.0°C. The infants were weaned to the crib following stable temperature at 36.5°C to 37.4°C for 8 to 12 hours. Clothing and bedcoverings were standardized. The primary outcome was length of hospital stay from birth to discharge; secondary outcomes included length of stay and growth velocity from weaning to discharge. Adverse events were monitored.Of

2018 EvidenceUpdates

97. Analgesic efficacy and safety of morphine in the Procedural Pain in Premature Infants (Poppi) study: randomised placebo-controlled trial. (PubMed)

Analgesic efficacy and safety of morphine in the Procedural Pain in Premature Infants (Poppi) study: randomised placebo-controlled trial. Infant pain has immediate and long-term effects but is undertreated because of a paucity of evidence-based analgesics. Although morphine is often used to sedate ventilated infants, its analgesic efficacy is unclear. We aimed to establish whether oral morphine could provide effective and safe analgesia in non-ventilated premature infants for acute procedural (...) pain.In this single-centre masked trial, 31 infants at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK, were randomly allocated using a web-based facility with a minimisation algorithm to either 100 μg/kg oral morphine sulphate or placebo 1 h before a clinically required heel lance and retinopathy of prematurity screening examination, on the same occasion. Eligible infants were born prematurely at less than 32 weeks' gestation or with a birthweight lower than 1501 g and had a gestational age of 34-42 weeks

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2018 Lancet

98. Sudden infant death syndrome

Sudden infant death syndrome Sudden infant death syndrome - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Sudden infant death syndrome Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: November 2018 Summary Leading cause of infant death beyond the neonatal period. Incidence roughly 1 in 2000 infants. Peak incidence between 1 and 3 months of age, although events may occur up to 12 months of age. Risk factors include exposure (...) , and breastfeeding. Careful evaluation of death by trained forensics teams is necessary to rule out other causes of death, including suffocation, asphyxia, entrapment, infection, ingestions, metabolic diseases, arrhythmia-associated cardiac channelopathies, and trauma (accidental or non-accidental). Definition The term 'sudden infant death syndrome' (SIDS) was first used, and an early definition described, at the 2nd International Conference on the Causes of Sudden Death in Infants in 1969. Beckwith JB

2018 BMJ Best Practice

99. Exploring the intergenerational effects of undernutrition: association of maternal height with neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in Bangladesh (PubMed)

Exploring the intergenerational effects of undernutrition: association of maternal height with neonatal, infant and under-five mortality in Bangladesh Global or regional evidence showed maternal height as a strong predictor of child survival. However, there is limited information that confirms the intergenerational effect of short maternal height on the risk of offspring mortality in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association of maternal height with neonatal, infant (...) for the cluster sampling design. Multivariate 'Modified Poisson Regression' was performed using stepwise backward elimination procedures to examine the association between maternal height and child death.In the adjusted model, every 1 cm increase maternal height was associated with a reduced risk of neonatal mortality (relative risk (RR) = 0.973, 95% CI 0.960 to 0.986), infant mortality (RR = 0.980, 95% CI 0.969 to 0.991) and under-five mortality (RR = 0.982, 95% CI 0.972 to 0.992). Children of the shortest

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2018 BMJ global health

100. The SNMMI and EANM Procedural Guidelines for Diuresis Renography in Infants and Children

The SNMMI and EANM Procedural Guidelines for Diuresis Renography in Infants and Children PV2 SPECIAL CONTRIBUTION The SNMMI and EANM Procedural Guidelines for Diuresis Renography in Infants and Children Massoud Majd 1 ,ZviBar-Sever 2 ,Ana IsabelSantos 3 ,and DiegoDe Palma 4 1 SNMMI Pediatric Imaging Council, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, DC; 2 EANM Paediatric Committee, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Schneider Children’s Medical Center, PetachTikva, Israel; 3 EANM Paediatric (...) ) stenosis, ureterovesical junction (UVJ) stenosis, posterior urethral valve (PUV), ectopic ureter with or without duplication, ectopicureterocele,andprimarynonobstructivedilatation.Someofthe affected children present with urinary tract infection or an abdominal mass, but most of them remain asymptomatic for a long time. The natural course of HN/HUN in infants and children is variable. In somepatients,HN/HUNimprovesorresolvescompletely,butinothers, it remains stable or gradually gets worse and, depending

2018 Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging