Latest & greatest articles for insulin

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Top results for insulin

41. Hypoglycaemia as a function of HbA1c in type 2 diabetes: Insulin glargine 300 U/mL in a patient-level pooled analysis of EDITION 1, 2 and 3 (Full text)

Hypoglycaemia as a function of HbA1c in type 2 diabetes: Insulin glargine 300 U/mL in a patient-level pooled analysis of EDITION 1, 2 and 3 Basal insulin therapy often involves a compromise between achievement of glycaemic targets and avoidance of hypoglycaemia, dependent on how intensively insulin is titrated. In the Phase 3a EDITION 1, 2 and 3 studies, insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) provided glycaemic control equivalent to that of insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100), with less

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

42. Glycaemic Efficacy and Safety of Linagliptin compared to Basal-Bolus Insulin Regimen in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Non-Cardiac Surgery: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial

Glycaemic Efficacy and Safety of Linagliptin compared to Basal-Bolus Insulin Regimen in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Undergoing Non-Cardiac Surgery: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial The use of incretin-based therapy instead of or complementary to insulin therapy is an active area of research in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We determined glycaemic efficacy and safety of linagliptin compared to basal-bolus insulin regimen in hospitalized surgical patients (...) with T2D.This prospective open-label multicenter study randomized T2D patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery with admission blood glucose(BG) 7.8-22.2 mmol/L treated with diet, oral agents or total insulin dose(TDD) ≤0.5 units/kg/day to linagliptin(n=128) daily or basal-bolus(n=122) with glargine once daily and rapid-acting insulin before meals. Both groups received supplemental insulin for BG>7.8 mmol/L. The primary endpoint was difference in mean daily BG between groups.Mean daily BG was inferior

2019 EvidenceUpdates

43. Insulin glargine/lixisenatide fixed-ratio combination improves glycaemic variability and control without increasing hypoglycaemia (Full text)

Insulin glargine/lixisenatide fixed-ratio combination improves glycaemic variability and control without increasing hypoglycaemia Maintaining optimal glycaemic control reduces the risk of micro- and macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. Typically, glycaemic control is based on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) as a measure of mean glucose concentration; however, this marker does not accurately reflect glycaemic variability (GV), which is characterized by the amplitude (...) , frequency and duration of hypo- and hyperglycaemic fluctuations. In the present study, we analysed data from the LixiLan-O trial, which compared iGlarLixi, a titratable fixed-ratio combination of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist lixisenatide (Lixi) and long-acting basal insulin glargine 100 units/mL (iGlar), with its individual components, and the LixiLan-L trial, which compared iGlarLixi with iGlar. The GV features that were measured were mean and SD of self-measured plasma glucose (SMPG

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

44. Metformin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Health in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Full text)

Metformin Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Vascular Health in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and relates strongly to insulin resistance (IR). Lean and obese adolescents with T1DM have marked IR. Metformin improves surrogate markers of IR in T1DM, but its effect on directly measured IR and vascular health in youth with T1DM is unclear. We hypothesized that adolescents with T1DM have impaired vascular (...) , fasting laboratories after overnight glycemic control, and insulin sensitivity by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp (glucose infusion rate/insulin). Adolescents with T1DM were randomized 1:1 to 3 months of 2000 mg metformin or placebo daily, after which baseline measures were repeated.Forty-eight adolescents with T1DM who were 12 to 21 years of age (40% body mass index [BMI] ≥90th percentile; 56% female) and 24 nondiabetic control participants of similar age, BMI, and sex distribution were enrolled

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

45. DREAM5: An open-label, randomized, cross-over study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of day and night closed-loop control by comparing the MD-Logic automated insulin delivery system to sensor augmented pump therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes at h

DREAM5: An open-label, randomized, cross-over study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of day and night closed-loop control by comparing the MD-Logic automated insulin delivery system to sensor augmented pump therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes at h Previous DREAM studies demonstrated the safety and efficacy of the CE marked MD-Logic closed-loop system (DreaMed GlucoSitter) in different settings for overnight glycaemic control. The present study aimed to evaluate the system for day (...) and night use for 60 hours during the weekend at home compared to sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy in participants with type 1 diabetes.This was a prospective, multicentre, crossover, controlled study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT01238406). All participants were connected in randomized order for one weekend to SAP therapy or the MD-Logic System. In the intervention arm only, the amount of carbohydrate was entered into the bolus calculator; the rest of insulin delivery was automated and wireless via

2019 EvidenceUpdates

46. Optimal Insulin Correction Factor in Post-High-Intensity Exercise Hyperglycemia in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The FIT Study

Optimal Insulin Correction Factor in Post-High-Intensity Exercise Hyperglycemia in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The FIT Study Postexercise hyperglycemia, following high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), is largely underrecognized by the clinical community and generally undertreated. The aim of this study was to compare four multipliers of an individual's insulin correction factor (ICF) to treat post-HIIT hyperglycemia.The FIT study had a randomized (...) , crossover design in physically active subjects with T1D (mean ± SD age 34.9 ± 10.1 years, BMI 25.5 ± 2.5 kg/m2, and HbA1c 7.2 ± 0.9%) using multiple daily injections. Following an 8-week optimization period, with 300 units/mL insulin glargine used as the basal insulin, subjects performed four weekly sessions of 25 min of HIIT. If hyperglycemia (>8.0 mmol/L) resulted, subjects received a bolus insulin correction 15 min post-HIIT, based on their own ICF, adjusted by one of four multipliers: 0, 50, 100

2019 EvidenceUpdates

47. Double-blind, randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy and safety of continuing or discontinuing the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin when initiating insulin glargine therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: The CompoSIT-I Study (Full text)

Double-blind, randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy and safety of continuing or discontinuing the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor sitagliptin when initiating insulin glargine therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: The CompoSIT-I Study To compare the effects of continuing versus discontinuing sitagliptin when initiating and intensively titrating insulin glargine.Eligible patients had inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes on metformin (≥1500 mg/d) in combination with a dipeptidyl (...) peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor and/or a sulphonylurea. Those on metformin + sitagliptin were directly randomized; all others were switched to metformin + sitagliptin (discontinuing other DPP-4 inhibitors and sulphonylureas) and stabilized during a run-in period. At randomization, patients were allocated to continuing sitagliptin or discontinuing sitagliptin, with both groups initiating insulin glargine and titrating to a target fasting glucose of 4.0 to 5.6 mmol/L.A total of 743 participants (mean

2019 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

48. A pilot randomized controlled trial of 6-week combined exercise program on fasting insulin and fitness levels in individuals with spinal cord injury. (PubMed)

A pilot randomized controlled trial of 6-week combined exercise program on fasting insulin and fitness levels in individuals with spinal cord injury. The aim of this randomized controlled trial study was to investigate the effect of combined exercise program on the fasting insulin and fitness levels of people with spinal cord injury (SCI).A total of 19 individuals with SCI participated in a combined exercise program consisting of aerobic and resistance exercises for 60 min per day, 3 days per (...) week for 6 weeks. Peak oxygen consumption, body mass index, percent body fat, waist circumference, shoulder abduction and adduction, shoulder flexion and extension, elbow flexion and extension, fasting insulin levels, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) levels were measured at baseline and after the intervention.The 6-week exercise program significantly decreased the average fasting insulin (baseline: 7.5 ± 4.7 µU/ml vs. post-intervention: 4.5 ± 2.2 µU/ml, p < 0.05

2019 European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

49. The efficacy and safety of pioglitazone vs insulin treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

The efficacy and safety of pioglitazone vs insulin treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

50. The effect of low glycemic index and glycemic load diets on hepatic fat mass, insulin resistance, and blood lipid panels in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review

The effect of low glycemic index and glycemic load diets on hepatic fat mass, insulin resistance, and blood lipid panels in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

51. Relationship between acne vulgaris and insulin resistance markers and effect of isotretinoin on insulin resistance markers in patients with acne vulgaris: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Relationship between acne vulgaris and insulin resistance markers and effect of isotretinoin on insulin resistance markers in patients with acne vulgaris: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears

2019 PROSPERO

52. Effect of Paleo diet on glucose and insulin homeostasis

Effect of Paleo diet on glucose and insulin homeostasis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2019 PROSPERO

53. Comparative efficacy and safety of metformin, glyburide and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis

Comparative efficacy and safety of metformin, glyburide and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

54. Dietary inflammatory index, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and biomarkers of insulin resistance among adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Dietary inflammatory index, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and biomarkers of insulin resistance among adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

55. Dietary antioxidant capacity (TAC), general and central obesity indices, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, biomarkers of insulin resistance and inflammation among adults

Dietary antioxidant capacity (TAC), general and central obesity indices, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, biomarkers of insulin resistance and inflammation among adults Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

56. Dietary acid load, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and biomarkers of insulin resistance among adults: findings from an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Dietary acid load, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar and biomarkers of insulin resistance among adults: findings from an updated systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

57. A systematic and meta-analysis of the chain of insulin, C-peptide and glucose levels with improvement in cognition in the elderly with physical activity

A systematic and meta-analysis of the chain of insulin, C-peptide and glucose levels with improvement in cognition in the elderly with physical activity Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

58. Efficacy of inulin supplementation on insulin metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Efficacy of inulin supplementation on insulin metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

59. HLA-DQB1 polymorphisms in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) children developing coeliac disease: a meta-analysis

HLA-DQB1 polymorphisms in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) children developing coeliac disease: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

60. Is evening carbohydrate intake associated with poor glucose tolerance and reduced insulin sensitivity when compared with day intake? A systematic review

Is evening carbohydrate intake associated with poor glucose tolerance and reduced insulin sensitivity when compared with day intake? A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO