Latest & greatest articles for insulin

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Top results for insulin

101. Medicines for Treatment Intensification in Type 2 Diabetes and Type of Insulin in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Low-Resource Settings: Synopsis of the World Health Organization Guidelines on Second- and Third-Line Medicines and Type of Insulin for the Con (PubMed)

Medicines for Treatment Intensification in Type 2 Diabetes and Type of Insulin in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Low-Resource Settings: Synopsis of the World Health Organization Guidelines on Second- and Third-Line Medicines and Type of Insulin for the Con The World Health Organization developed these guidelines to provide guidance on selection of medicines for treatment intensification in type 2 diabetes and on use of insulin (human or analogue) in type 1 and 2 diabetes. The target audience (...) 2007 to 1 March 2017. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) system was used to assess the quality of the evidence and the strength of the recommendations. The guideline was peer-reviewed by 6 external reviewers.Give a sulfonylurea to patients with type 2 diabetes who do not achieve glycemic control with metformin alone or who have contraindications to metformin (strong recommendation, moderate-quality evidence).Introduce human insulin treatment to patients

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2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

102. More Similarities Than Differences Testing Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus Insulin Degludec 100 Units/mL in Insulin-Naive Type 2 Diabetes: The Randomized Head-to-Head BRIGHT Trial

More Similarities Than Differences Testing Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus Insulin Degludec 100 Units/mL in Insulin-Naive Type 2 Diabetes: The Randomized Head-to-Head BRIGHT Trial To compare insulin glargine 300 units/mL (Gla-300) versus insulin degludec 100 units/mL (IDeg-100) in this first head-to-head randomized controlled trial.BRIGHT (NCT02738151) was a multicenter, open-label, active-controlled, two-arm, parallel-group, 24-week, noninferiority study in insulin-naive patients (...) mean difference -0.05% (95% CI -0.15 to 0.05) (-0.6 mmol/mol [-1.7 to 0.6])-demonstrating noninferiority of Gla-300 versus IDeg-100 (P < 0.0001). Hypoglycemia incidence and event rates over 24 weeks were comparable with both insulins, whereas during the active titration period (0-12 weeks) the incidence and rate of anytime (24-h) confirmed hypoglycemia (≤70 and <54 mg/dL) were lower with Gla-300. Both insulins were properly titrated and exhibited no specific safety concerns.Gla-300 and IDeg-100

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

103. A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti

A randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of biphasic insulin aspart 30 plus metformin with biphasic insulin aspart 30 monotherapy for type 2 diabetes patients inadequately controlled with oral anti To confirm non-inferiority of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) plus metformin to BIAsp 30 in lowering glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Chinese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes using oral antidiabetic drugs.In this 16

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

104. Efficacy of iGlarLixi, a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide, in patients with type 2 diabetes stratified as at high or low risk according to HEDIS measurements

Efficacy of iGlarLixi, a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide, in patients with type 2 diabetes stratified as at high or low risk according to HEDIS measurements The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measurements assess glycaemic goal attainment in patients with type 2 diabetes, incorporating factors including age and health status. Healthier patients are assigned a glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) goal of <7% (low-risk [LR]) and individuals aged >65 (...) years or with comorbidities are assigned a goal of <8% (high-risk [HR]). This post-hoc analysis assessed the safety and efficacy of iGlarLixi, a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine 100 U/mL (iGlar) and lixisenatide, in 1898 patients from the phase 3 LixiLan-L and LixiLan-O clinical trials, retrospectively classified as LR (n = 1181) or HR (n = 717). iGlarLixi was more effective in reducing HbA1c than comparators in both LR and HR patients across the LixiLan-L trial (change from baseline, 1.1

2018 EvidenceUpdates

105. Effect of self-acupressure on fasting blood sugar (FBS) and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients: a randomized clinical trial (PubMed)

Effect of self-acupressure on fasting blood sugar (FBS) and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients: a randomized clinical trial Uncontrolled symptoms of diabetes can lead to irreparable damage to vital organs. Despite the global trend towards the use of complementary alternative therapies, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of self-acupressure in diabetes patients.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-acupressure on FBS and insulin level in type 2 diabetes (...) . Subjects in the control group received no intervention. The FBS and insulin levels were measured before and after the intervention for both groups. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 by the Chi-square test, independent-samples t-test, and paired-samples t-test. A level of 0.05 was considered significant for examining the hypotheses.There were no significant differences between the acupressure and control group regarding age, sex and level of education. The insulin level significantly increased

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2018 Electronic physician

106. Investigating the role of P38, JNK and ERK in LPS induced hippocampal insulin resistance and spatial memory impairment: effects of insulin treatment (PubMed)

Investigating the role of P38, JNK and ERK in LPS induced hippocampal insulin resistance and spatial memory impairment: effects of insulin treatment Despite the consensus that neuro-inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) are two hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD), the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of IR remain uncharacterized. MAPKs are signaling molecules that are implicated in the pathology of AD and have a role in IR development. Given that inflammatory mediators (...) are shown to interfere with insulin signaling pathway in different cell types, the present work aimed to investigate whether neuro-inflammation induced memory loss is associated with hippocampal IR and whether insulin treatment protects against this IR. Subsequently, possible roles of MAPKs in this situation were investigated. Male Wistar rats were cannulated, and LPS (15 µg, day 0), insulin (3 mU) or saline (vehicle) were administered intra-cerebroventricularly (ICV) (days 1-6). Spatial memory

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2018 EXCLI journal

107. Insulin Resistance Probability Scores for Apparently Healthy Individuals (PubMed)

Insulin Resistance Probability Scores for Apparently Healthy Individuals Insulin resistance (IR) can progress to type 2 diabetes. Therefore, timely identification of IR could facilitate disease prevention efforts. However, direct measurement of IR is not feasible in a clinical setting.Develop a clinically practical probability score to assess IR in apparently healthy individuals based on levels of insulin, C-peptide, and other risk factors.Cross-sectional study.Apparently healthy individuals (...) who volunteered to participate in studies of IR.IR, defined as the top tertile of steady-state plasma glucose during an insulin-suppression test.In a study of 535 participants, insulin, C-peptide, creatinine, body mass index (BMI), and triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) were independently associated with IR (all P < 0.05) in a model that included age, sex, ethnicity, BMI, blood pressure, insulin, C-peptide, fasting glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

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2018 Journal of the Endocrine Society

108. Efficacy and safety of trelagliptin in combination with insulin therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: Results from a randomized, Phase IV study

Efficacy and safety of trelagliptin in combination with insulin therapy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: Results from a randomized, Phase IV study We aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of once-weekly trelagliptin 100 mg as an add-on therapy to insulin in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with inadequate glycaemic control. Patients with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 7.5% to 10.0% who were receiving 8 to 40 units of insulin per day were randomized to receive, with insulin (...) % in the A/A group and 47.6% in the P/A group. No patient experienced severe hypoglycaemia during trelagliptin treatment. Once-weekly trelagliptin 100 mg therapy with insulin demonstrated a significant reduction in HbA1c. Long-term treatment was well-tolerated, with no clinically significant hypoglycaemia, suggesting that trelagliptin with insulin is a meaningful treatment option in this patient population.© 2018 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2018 EvidenceUpdates

109. A randomized comparison of three prandial insulin dosing algorithms for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes

A randomized comparison of three prandial insulin dosing algorithms for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes To compare systematically the impact of two novel insulin-dosing algorithms (the Pankowska Equation and the Food Insulin Index) with carbohydrate counting on postprandial glucose excursions following a high fat and a high protein meal.A randomized, crossover trial at two Paediatric Diabetes centres was conducted. On each day, participants consumed a high protein or high fat meal (...) with similar carbohydrate amounts. Insulin was delivered according to carbohydrate counting, the Pankowska Equation or the Food Insulin Index. Subjects fasted for 5 h following the test meal and physical activity was standardized. Postprandial glycaemia was measured for 300 min using continuous glucose monitoring.33 children participated in the study. When compared to carbohydrate counting, the Pankowska Equation resulted in lower glycaemic excursion for 90-240 min after the high protein meal (p < 0.05

2018 EvidenceUpdates

110. Insulin

Insulin Top results for insulin - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4) Loading (...) history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for insulin The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

111. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections in children and young people at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes: the SCIPI RCT

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections in children and young people at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes: the SCIPI RCT Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections in children and young people at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes: the SCIPI RCT Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose (...) a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Treating children and young people with a new diagnosis of type 1 diabetes with continuous subcutaneous insulin, compared with multiple daily injections, had no impact on HbA1c 12 months later. {{author}} {{($index , , , , , , , , , & . Joanne Blair 1, * , Andrew McKay 2 , Colin Ridyard 3 , Keith Thornborough

2018 NIHR HTA programme

112. Comparative Benefits and Harms of Basal Insulin Analogues for Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Comparative Benefits and Harms of Basal Insulin Analogues for Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis. Basal insulin analogues aim for protracted glycemic control with minimal adverse effects.To assess the comparative efficacy and safety of basal insulin analogues for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Several databases from inception to April 2018 without language restrictions, ClinicalTrials.gov to April 2018, references of reviews, and meeting abstract (...) books.Randomized trials lasting at least 12 weeks that compared efficacy (change in hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] level from baseline [primary outcome]; percentage of patients with HbA1c level <7% at end of study and change in body weight [secondary outcomes]) and safety (hypoglycemia) of basal insulin analogues.Two authors independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias for each outcome. All authors evaluated overall confidence in the evidence.Thirty-nine trials (26 195 patients) assessed 10 basal insulin

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

113. Sotagliflozin in Combination With Optimized Insulin Therapy in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The North American inTandem1 Study

Sotagliflozin in Combination With Optimized Insulin Therapy in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The North American inTandem1 Study Evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dual sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) and SGLT2 inhibitor sotagliflozin in combination with optimized insulin in type 1 diabetes (T1D).The inTandem1 trial, a double-blind, 52-week phase 3 trial, randomized North American adults with T1D to placebo (n = 268), sotagliflozin 200 mg (n = 263), or sotagliflozin 400 mg (n = 262 (...) ) after 6 weeks of insulin optimization. The primary end point was HbA1c change from baseline at 24 weeks. HbA1c, weight, and safety were also assessed through 52 weeks.From a mean baseline of 7.57%, placebo-adjusted HbA1c reductions were 0.36% and 0.41% with sotagliflozin 200 and 400 mg, respectively, at 24 weeks and 0.25% and 0.31% at 52 weeks (all P < 0.001). Among patients with a baseline HbA1c ≥7.0%, an HbA1c <7% was achieved by 15.7%, 27.2%, and 40.3% of patients receiving placebo, sotagliflozin

2018 EvidenceUpdates

114. HbA1c and Hypoglycemia Reductions at 24 and 52 Weeks With Sotagliflozin in Combination With Insulin in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The European inTandem2 Study

HbA1c and Hypoglycemia Reductions at 24 and 52 Weeks With Sotagliflozin in Combination With Insulin in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: The European inTandem2 Study The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dual sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 and 2 inhibitor sotagliflozin compared with placebo when combined with optimized insulin in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D).In a double-blind, 52-week, international phase 3 trial, adults with T1D were randomized to placebo (...) (n = 258) or once-daily oral sotagliflozin 200 mg (n = 261) or 400 mg (n = 263) after 6 weeks of insulin optimization. The primary outcome was change in HbA1c from baseline to 24 weeks. The first secondary end point was a composite of the proportion of patients with HbA1c <7.0%, no episode of severe hypoglycemia, and no episode of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at week 24. Fasting glucose, weight, insulin dose, and safety end points were assessed through 52 weeks.At 24 weeks, placebo-adjusted

2018 EvidenceUpdates

115. Continuous glucose monitoring results in lower HbA1c in Malaysian women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial

Continuous glucose monitoring results in lower HbA1c in Malaysian women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial To determine if therapeutic, retrospective continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) improves HbA1c with less hypoglycaemia in women with insulin-treated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).This prospective, randomized controlled, open-label trial evaluated 50 women with insulin-treated GDM randomized to either retrospective CGM (6-day sensor) at 28, 32 (...) characteristics (age, pre-pregnancy BMI, HbA1c , total insulin dose) were similar between groups. There was a lower increase in HbA1c from 28 to 37 weeks' gestation in the CGM group [∆HbA1c : CGM + 1 mmol/mol (0.09%), control + 3mmol/mol (0.30%); P = 0.024]. Mean HbA1c remained unchanged throughout the trial in the CGM group, but increased significantly in controls as pregnancy advanced. Mean HbA1c in the CGM group was lower at 37 weeks compared with controls [33 ± 4 mmol/mol (5.2 ± 0.4%) vs. 38 ± 7 mmol/mol

2018 EvidenceUpdates

116. Hyperglycemia in Extremely Preterm Infants-Insulin Treatment, Mortality and Nutrient Intakes

Hyperglycemia in Extremely Preterm Infants-Insulin Treatment, Mortality and Nutrient Intakes To explore the prevalence of hyperglycemia and the associations between nutritional intakes, hyperglycemia, insulin treatment, and mortality in extremely preterm infants.Prospectively collected data from the Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study (EXPRESS) was used in this study and included 580 infants born <27 gestational weeks during 2004-2007. Available glucose measurements (n = 9850) as well (...) as insulin treatment and nutritional data were obtained retrospectively from hospital records for the first 28 postnatal days as well as 28- and 70-day mortality data.Daily prevalence of hyperglycemia >180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) of up to 30% was observed during the first 2 postnatal weeks, followed by a slow decrease in its occurrence thereafter. Generalized additive model analysis showed that increasing parenteral carbohydrate supply with 1 g/kg/day was associated with a 1.6% increase in glucose

2018 EvidenceUpdates

117. Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 1 diabetes: A randomized, open-label clinical trial

Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 1 diabetes: A randomized, open-label clinical trial To compare the efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine (Mk-Gla; 100 U/mL) with originator insulin glargine, Lantus (Sa-Gla), in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).This phase 3, randomized, active-controlled, open-label, 52-week study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02059161) enrolled 508 people with T1DM (HbA1c ≤11.0%; 97 mmol/mol (...) ) taking basal and prandial insulin. Participants were randomized 1:1 to once-daily Mk-Gla (n = 245) or Sa-Gla (n = 263). Dose titration of basal insulin was by a pre-breakfast plasma glucose dosing algorithm. The primary efficacy objective was assessment of the non-inferiority of HbA1c change from baseline (margin of 0.40% [4.4 mmol/mol]) for Mk-Gla compared with Sa-Gla over 24 weeks. The primary safety objective was assessment of anti-insulin antibody development over 24 weeks.The least squares (LS

2018 EvidenceUpdates

118. A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus 100 Units/mL in Older People With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the SENIOR Study

A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Versus 100 Units/mL in Older People With Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the SENIOR Study SENIOR compared the efficacy and safety of insulin glargine 300 units/mL (Gla-300) with glargine 100 units/mL (Gla-100) in older people (≥65 years old) with type 2 diabetes.SENIOR was an open-label, two-arm, parallel-group, multicenter phase 3b trial designed to enroll ∼20% of participants aged ≥75 years

2018 EvidenceUpdates

119. Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, open-label clinical trial

Efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine compared with originator insulin glargine (Lantus) in type 2 diabetes: a randomized, open-label clinical trial To compare the efficacy and safety of MK-1293 insulin glargine (Mk-Gla) and Lantus (Sa-Gla) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).This Phase 3, randomized, active-controlled, open-label, 24-week clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02059187) enrolled 531 participants with T2DM (HbA1c ≤11.0%) either eligible (...) for or currently taking basal insulin (≥10 U/day). Participants were randomized 1:1 to once-daily Mk-Gla (n = 263) or Sa-Gla (n = 263). Titration of insulin was guided by a fasting plasma glucose (FPG)-based dosing algorithm. The primary efficacy objective was to demonstrate the non-inferiority of change from baseline in HbA1c (margin of 0.40% [4.4 mmol/mol]) with Mk-Gla versus Sa-Gla after 24 weeks. The primary safety objective was anti-insulin antibody development after 24 weeks.For Mk-Gla and Sa-Gla

2018 EvidenceUpdates

120. More patients reach glycaemic control with a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) than with basal insulin at 12 weeks of treatment: A post hoc time-to-control analysis of LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L

More patients reach glycaemic control with a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine and lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) than with basal insulin at 12 weeks of treatment: A post hoc time-to-control analysis of LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L The present post hoc analysis of two 30-week clinical trials compared efficacy and hypoglycaemia outcomes at early study visits with iGlarLixi (insulin glargine U100 [iGlar] and lixisenatide) vs iGlar alone in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) uncontrolled on oral (...) antidiabetic drugs (OADs; LixiLan-O trial) or basal insulin (LixiLan-L trial). Time to control, defined as days to achieve glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) <53 mmol/mol (<7%) or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≤7.2 mmol/L, was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. In the LixiLan-O and LixiLan-L trials, 60% and 46% of patients, respectively, reached HbA1c <53 mmol/mol (<7%) with iGlarLixi at 12 weeks, vs 45% and 24%, respectively, with iGlar. In the LixiLan-O trial, the median time to target HbA1c

2018 EvidenceUpdates