Latest & greatest articles for knee osteoarthritis

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Top results for knee osteoarthritis

81. Structured Education and Neuromuscular Exercise Program for Hip and/or Knee Osteoarthritis

Structured Education and Neuromuscular Exercise Program for Hip and/or Knee Osteoarthritis Public Comment: Held July 19 to August 9, 2018. Structured Education and Neuromuscular Exercise Program for Hip and/or Knee Osteoarthritis: Health Quality Ontario Recommendation FINAL RECOMMENDATION • Health Quality Ontario, under the guidance of the Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee, recommends publicly funding a structured education and neuromuscular exercise program for the management (...) of people with osteoarthritis of the hip and/or knee RATIONALE FOR THE RECOMMENDATION The Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee has reviewed the findings of the health technology assessment 1 and concluded that a structured education and neuromuscular exercise program provides clinical benefit in the management of hip and/or knee osteoarthritis and is consistent with patient values and preferences. The Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee supported data collection and outcome monitoring

2018 Health Quality Ontario

82. Smoothness of the knee joint movement during the stance phase in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (Full text)

Smoothness of the knee joint movement during the stance phase in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis Patients with knee osteoarthritis can significantly affect the function of the knee joint in terms of joint range and mobility and have a stereotypical pattern of knee stiffness during gait, caused by an increased resistance in the muscles and soft tissues during the stance phase of knee joint movement. Smoothness in movement, such as during walking and running, is assumed to be attained (...) by adulthood; however, disruptions in gait pattern due to injury or performance enhancement can alter the smoothness of the movement, and this is often quantified in terms of "jerk". A higher jerk value is linked with a decrease in smoothness. However few have reported to evaluate the smoothness of the knee joint movement during walking in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of the present study was to quantify the smoothness of the knee joint movement during walking in people with knee

2018 Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation and technology PubMed

83. Effectiveness and feasibility of acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Effectiveness and feasibility of acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis: a pilot randomized controlled trial To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture for pain relief and function improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis and to determine the feasibility of an eight-week acupuncture intervention.Pilot randomized controlled trial.Three teaching hospitals in China.Patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren grade II or III).Patients were randomly assigned to an eight-week (three sessions (...) intervention of knee osteoarthritis was feasible and safe. No difference was observed between groups due to small sample size. Larger (sample size ⩾ 296) randomized controlled trials of this intervention appear justified.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

84. Is four-week underwater treadmill exercise regimen compared to home exercise efficacious for pain relief and functional improvement in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis? A randomized controlled trial

Is four-week underwater treadmill exercise regimen compared to home exercise efficacious for pain relief and functional improvement in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis? A randomized controlled trial To investigate the efficacy of a four-week underwater treadmill exercise regimen compared to a home exercise regimen relative to pain relief and functional improvement in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis.Single-blind randomized controlled trial.Outpatient.Eighty primary knee (...) improvement and higher patient satisfaction than those in control group (13 (39.4%) vs. 4 (10.8%); P = 0.014 and 23 (69.7%) vs. 16 (43.2%); P = 0.021, respectively).Exercise using an underwater treadmill was found to be as efficacious as home exercise for relieving pain and improving function in obese people with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

85. Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis

Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis racgp.org.au Healthy Profession. Healthy Australia. Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis Second editionGuideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis. Second edition Disclaimer The information set out in this publication is current at the date of first publication and is intended for use as a guide of a general nature only and may or may not be relevant to particular patients or circumstances. Nor (...) Practitioners. Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis. 2nd edn. East Melbourne, Vic: RACGP , 2018. The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Ltd 100 Wellington Parade East Melbourne, Victoria 3002 Tel 03 8699 0414 Fax 03 8699 0400 www.racgp.org.au ABN: 34 000 223 807 ISBN: 978-0-86906-500-6 First edition (Guidelines for the non-surgical management of hip and knee osteoarthritis) published 2009 Second edition published July 2018 © The Royal Australian College of General

2018 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

86. Knee osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis Top results for knee osteoarthritis - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for knee osteoarthritis The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

87. Knee osteoarthritis in professional football is related to severe knee injury and knee surgery (Full text)

Knee osteoarthritis in professional football is related to severe knee injury and knee surgery As a consequence of severe knee injuries, knee osteoarthritis (OA) seems prevalent in retired professional footballers. However, some epidemiological data remain missing, for instance whether knee OA is also prevalent in current professional footballers, whether knee OA is associated with knee injuries and surgeries, and whether knee OA leads to a lower level of functioning. Therefore, three research (...) questions were answered: (i) what is the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) among current and retired professional footballers? (ii) is severe knee injury or knee surgery associated with knee OA among current and retired professional footballers? (iii) what are the consequences of knee OA on physical knee function among current and retired professional footballers?An observational study based on a cross-sectional design by means of questionnaires was conducted. Participants were current and retired

2018 Injury epidemiology PubMed

88. MMP-3 in the peripheral serum as a biomarker of knee osteoarthritis, 40 years after open total knee meniscectomy (Full text)

MMP-3 in the peripheral serum as a biomarker of knee osteoarthritis, 40 years after open total knee meniscectomy To explore potential biomarkers in a meniscectomy-induced knee osteoarthritis model, at forty years after meniscectomy.We carried out a forty-year study of 53 patients who, as adolescents, underwent open total meniscectomy and assessed two potential synovial and serum biomarkers, namely glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3). Of the 30 patients available (...) for review, 8 had contralateral knee operations and were excluded. Of the remaining 22 patients, 17 had successful operated knee synovial fluid aspirations and 8 also had successful contralateral control knee aspirations. GAG and MMP3 levels in the synovial fluid and peripheral serum was measured using Alcian blue precipitation and ELISA quantification, respectively. Patients also had their knee radiographs assessed and their radiographic osteoarthritis classified as per the Kellgren-Lawrence and Ahlbӓck

2018 Journal of experimental orthopaedics PubMed

89. The effect of 12-week garlic supplementation on symptom relief in overweight or obese women with knee osteoarthritis (Full text)

The effect of 12-week garlic supplementation on symptom relief in overweight or obese women with knee osteoarthritis Chronic joint pain and stiffness, and functional disability, are the major debilitating features of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of 12-week supplementation with a garlic supplement on knee osteoarthritis outcomes in overweight or obese women.Seventy-six postmenopausal overweight or obese women (25≤BMI≤40 kg/m2 ) with medically diagnosed knee (...) OA participated in this randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design trial. After randomisation into 2 groups, patients received a daily dose of either 1000 mg odourless garlic tablet, or placebo, for 12 weeks. The total Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), as well as pain, stiffness and physical function subscales, were evaluated pre- and poststudy. Anthropometric parameters and body composition (using bioelectrical impedance analysis) were also

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

90. Effects of a Single Intra-Articular Injection of a Microsphere Formulation of Triamcinolone Acetonide on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: A Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multinational Study (Full text)

Effects of a Single Intra-Articular Injection of a Microsphere Formulation of Triamcinolone Acetonide on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: A Double-Blinded, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multinational Study Intra-articular corticosteroids relieve osteoarthritis pain, but rapid systemic absorption limits efficacy. FX006, a novel, microsphere-based, extended-release triamcinolone acetonide (TA) formulation, prolongs TA joint residence and reduces systemic exposure compared with standard TA crystalline (...) suspension (TAcs). We assessed symptomatic benefits and safety of FX006 compared with saline-solution placebo and TAcs.In this Phase-3, multicenter, double-blinded, 24-week study, adults ≥40 years of age with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2 or 3) and average-daily-pain (ADP)-intensity scores of ≥5 and ≤9 (0 to 10 numeric rating scale) were centrally randomized (1:1:1) to a single intra-articular injection of FX006 (32 mg), saline-solution placebo, or TAcs (40 mg). The primary end point

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

91. Systematic clinical evidence review of NASHA (Durolane hyaluronic acid) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (Full text)

Systematic clinical evidence review of NASHA (Durolane hyaluronic acid) for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis Pain and limitations in joint mobility associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are clinically challenging to manage, and advanced progression of disease can often lead to total knee arthroplasty. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA), also referred to as viscosupplementation, is a non-surgical treatment approach for OA, the effectiveness of which may depend on the HA (...) composition, and the length of time over which it resides in the joint. One of the available options for such therapies includes NASHA (Durolane HA), a non-animal, biofermentation-derived product, which is manufactured using a process that stabilizes the HA molecules to slow down their rate of degradation and produce a unique formulation with a terminal half-life of ~1 month. The objectives of the current review were to assess, in patients with OA of the knee, the efficacy and safety of intra-articular

2018 Open access rheumatology : research and reviews PubMed

92. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis (Full text)

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis To examine the efficacy and safety of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis.Patients were randomized to receive duloxetine 60 mg/day or placebo for 14 weeks in a double-blind manner (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02248480). The primary efficacy endpoint was mean change in Brief Pain Inventory pain severity (BPI-Severity (...) -Lawrence grade (safety) in either group.Duloxetine reduced pain and improved function in patients with knee osteoarthritis, without causing X-ray abnormalities or altered knee joint mobility. Reduced pain was associated with improved HRQoL. Adverse events were consistent with duloxetine's known safety profile.

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

93. Fluoroscopic Guided Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves for Pain Alleviation in Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

Fluoroscopic Guided Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves for Pain Alleviation in Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Nowadays, pain and disability due to chronic knee arthritis is a very common problem in middle aged people. A lot of modalities for management are available, including conservative analgesics and up to surgical interventions. Radiofrequency ablation of genicular nerves is assumed to be an effective less invasive and safe pain alleviation (...) modality.To evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves for alleviation of chronic pain and improvement of function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.A single-blind randomized controlled trial.Pain management unit, and Rheumatology and Rehabilitation clinics of Assiut University hospitals, Assiut, Egypt.This study involved 60 patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis. Radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves was done for 30 patients (Group

2018 EvidenceUpdates

94. Effectiveness of aquatic exercises compared to patient-education on health status in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial (Full text)

Effectiveness of aquatic exercises compared to patient-education on health status in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercises with patient-education in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.Randomized controlled trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis.Aquatic Physiotherapy Centre and Primary Health Care Unit.A total of 60 patients, aged 68.3 (SD = 4.8) with clinical symptoms and radiographic grading (...) (Kellgren-Lawrence 1-4) of knee osteoarthritis were included.An eight-week treatment protocol of aquatic exercise ( n = 31) (16 individual sessions, twice a week) and an educational program (group sessions, once a week) ( n = 29).Before, after eight-week intervention, and a three-month follow-up with results for the following outcome measures: pain, function, quality of life, functional mobility, and depression.At the end of treatment, the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

95. Exercise interventions and patient beliefs for people with hip, knee or hip and knee osteoarthritis: a mixed methods review. (PubMed)

Exercise interventions and patient beliefs for people with hip, knee or hip and knee osteoarthritis: a mixed methods review. Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown.To (...) of land- or water-based exercise programmes compared with a control group consisting of no treatment or non-exercise intervention (such as medication, patient education) that measured either pain or function and at least one psychosocial outcome (self-efficacy, depression, anxiety, quality of life). Participants had to be aged 45 years or older, with a clinical diagnosis of OA (as defined by the study) or self-reported chronic hip or knee (or both) pain (defined as more than six months' duration

2018 Cochrane

96. Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis ? A Randomized Clinical Trial

Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis ? A Randomized Clinical Trial Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis – A Randomized Clinical Trial – Clinical Correlations Search Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee (...) of every 3 months. An article published in Journal of the American Medical Association in 2017, “The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial,” explored this topic. How was the study designed? McAlindon et al performed a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of intra-articular administration of triamcinolone vs saline every 3 months over a 2-year period. Study participants were

2018 Clinical Correlations

97. Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial. (Full text)

Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial. Limited evidence is available regarding long-term outcomes of opioids compared with nonopioid medications for chronic pain.To compare opioid vs nonopioid medications over 12 months on pain-related function, pain intensity, and adverse effects.Pragmatic, 12-month, randomized trial with masked outcome assessment. Patients (...) were recruited from Veterans Affairs primary care clinics from June 2013 through December 2015; follow-up was completed December 2016. Eligible patients had moderate to severe chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain despite analgesic use. Of 265 patients enrolled, 25 withdrew prior to randomization and 240 were randomized.Both interventions (opioid and nonopioid medication therapy) followed a treat-to-target strategy aiming for improved pain and function. Each intervention had its own

2018 JAMA PubMed

98. Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Block for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Anesthetic Alone or in Combination with Corticosteroid

Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Block for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Anesthetic Alone or in Combination with Corticosteroid Recently, several studies suggested that radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the genicular nerves is a safe and effective therapeutic procedure for intractable pain associated with chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Diagnostic genicular nerve block (GNB) with local anesthetic has been generally conducted before making decisions (...) as adjuvants during a GNB for chronic knee OA.The study protocol was approved by our institutional review board (2012-0210), and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. The trial was registered with the Clinical Research Information Service (KCT 0001139).Chronic pain, knee osteoarthritis, genicular nerve block, ultrasound, corticosteroid, local anesthetic, visual analog scale, Oxford Knee Score.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

99. Intra-articular ozone or hyaluronic acid injection: Which one is superior in patients with knee osteoarthritis? A 6-month randomized clinical trial (Full text)

Intra-articular ozone or hyaluronic acid injection: Which one is superior in patients with knee osteoarthritis? A 6-month randomized clinical trial Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease, imposing a great burden through pain and decreased function. There are many therapeutic modalities including non-pharmacologic choices and oral, topical, and intra-articular medications. New studies have shown promising results for ozone application in knee OA. Our aim was to compare the effects of ozone (...) therapy versus hyaluronic acid (HA) intra-articular injection in knee OA patients.In this randomized clinical trial, a total of 174 patients with more than 3 months of chronic pain or swelling in the knee joints along with consistent imaging findings were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups of HA and ozone, which were planned to undergo 3 weekly injections of HA (Hyalgan®) and 10 mL of a 30 μg/mL ozone solution, respectively. Patients were evaluated at baseline and 6 months after the last

2018 EvidenceUpdates PubMed

100. Growth Factors Levels Determine Efficacy of Platelets Rich Plasma Injection in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Double Blind Noninferiority Trial Compared With Viscosupplementation

Growth Factors Levels Determine Efficacy of Platelets Rich Plasma Injection in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Double Blind Noninferiority Trial Compared With Viscosupplementation To assess the noninferiority of a single platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection compared with hyaluronic acid (HA), to alleviate pain and enhance functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis, and identify biological characteristics of PRP that may affect their efficacy.Fifty-four patients with symptomatic knee (...) percentage of responders was observed in the PRP group (72.7%) than in the HA group (45.8%) without significance (P = .064). The quantity of injected PDGF-AB and TGF-β1 correlated with the change in WOMAC scores at 3 months and was lower in responders than in nonresponders (P = .009 and P = .003, respectively).Current results indicated that a single injection of very pure PRP offers a significant clinical improvement in the management of knee osteoarthritis, equivalent to a single HA injection

2018 EvidenceUpdates