Latest & greatest articles for low back pain

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Top results for low back pain

1. Comparison of intravenous NSAIDs and trigger point injection for low back pain in ED: A prospective randomized study

Comparison of intravenous NSAIDs and trigger point injection for low back pain in ED: A prospective randomized study Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint originating from muscles Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is mainly associated with trigger points (TrP) in the muscle tissue. We compared the intravenously administered non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and trigger point injection (TPI) in the treatment of LBP patients admitted to the emergency department due to pain caused (...) by TrPs.After randomization, NSAID was administered intravenously in group 1 and TPIs were performed as specified by Travell and Simons in group 2. The TrPs were identified with the anamnesis and physical examination Demographic characteristics and vital signs of the patients were recorded. Pain scores were measured with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) at admission; and in minutes 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60.There were 32 patients in group 1 and 22 patients in group 2. The demographics, vital signs, and pain

2019 EvidenceUpdates

2. Using Public Cost Information During Low Back Pain Visits: A Qualitative Study. (PubMed)

Using Public Cost Information During Low Back Pain Visits: A Qualitative Study. Patients desire information about health care costs because they are increasingly responsible for these costs. Public Web sites that offer cost information could inform provider-patient discussions of costs at the point of care.To evaluate tools to facilitate the use of publicly available cost information during clinical visits for low back pain (LBP).Qualitative study using individual and group interviews (...) . In contrast, patients valued cost conversations and found the tools useful, and over one half reported intending to use CompareMaine.org during future care decisions.Generalizability was limited by the small number of practices and participants. Lower-than-anticipated participation precluded examination of the effect of the tool on the frequency of cost-of-care conversations.This multicomponent intervention to introduce publicly reported cost information into LBP clinical discussions had low provider

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2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

3. Randomized Trial of Sacroiliac Joint Arthrodesis Compared with Conservative Management for Chronic Low Back Pain Attributed to the Sacroiliac Joint

Randomized Trial of Sacroiliac Joint Arthrodesis Compared with Conservative Management for Chronic Low Back Pain Attributed to the Sacroiliac Joint Sacroiliac joint pain is increasingly recognized as a cause of low back pain. We compared the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive sacroiliac joint arthrodesis using triangular titanium implants and conservative management in patients with chronic sacroiliac joint pain.This study was a prospective, multicenter randomized controlled trial (...) of adults with chronic sacroiliac joint pain assigned to either conservative management or sacroiliac joint arthrodesis with triangular titanium implants. The study end points included self-rated low back pain (visual analog scale [VAS]), back dysfunction (Oswestry Disability Index [ODI]), and quality of life. Ninety percent of subjects in both groups completed the study.Between June 6, 2013, and May 15, 2015, 103 subjects were randomly assigned to conservative management (n = 51) or sacroiliac joint

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Are opioids effective in the treatment of chronic low back pain?

Are opioids effective in the treatment of chronic low back pain? Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain? – Clinical Correlations Search Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain? April 17, 2019 4 min read By Anna Hirsch Peer Reviewed The use of opioid medications for chronic low back pain, or for any chronic non-cancer pain complaint, is still a source of controversy in the medical community, with a large divide between the recommendations (...) for these figures comes from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, in which 14.5% of . 5 Previously, the best evidence to support the use of opioids for chronic low back pain–and the evidence on which the three organizations based their recommendations–came from a few dozen short-term randomized controlled trials comparing the use of opioids against placebo for the treatment of back pain. A meta-analysis published in 2016 in JAMA Internal Medicine analyzed the results from 13 of these trials

2019 Clinical Correlations

5. Treatment Effect Sizes of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy for Pain and Disability in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review

Treatment Effect Sizes of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy for Pain and Disability in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) is a treatment-based classification system founded on 3 core principles: classification into diagnostic syndromes, classification-based intervention, and appropriate application of force. Many randomized controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of MDT for low back pain; however, results have varied. The inconsistent (...) delivery of MDT across trials may explain the different findings.To compare treatment effect sizes for pain or disability between trials that delivered MDT consistent with the core principles of the approach and trials that met some or none of these principles.In this systematic review, databases were searched from inception to June 2018 for studies that delivered MDT compared to nonpharmacological, conservative control interventions in patients with low back pain and reported outcomes of pain

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. A multicenter randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of intradiscal methylene blue injection for chronic discogenic low back pain: the IMBI study

A multicenter randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of intradiscal methylene blue injection for chronic discogenic low back pain: the IMBI study A study published in PAIN in 2010 showed remarkable effects of intradiscal methylene blue (MB) injections compared with placebo on pain intensity in patients with chronic discogenic low back pain (CD-LBP). Both groups received lidocaine hydrochloride injections for pain associated with the procedure. We replicated the design of the previously (...) published study and performed a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to assess whether the extraordinary effects of MB on pain intensity could be confirmed. The primary outcomes were treatment success defined as at least 30% reduction in pain intensity and the Patients' Global Impression of Change 6 months after the intervention. We included 84 patients with CD-LBP of which 14 (35%) in the MB plus lidocaine group showed treatment success compared with 11 (26.8%) in the control

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Intra-articular Triamcinolone Versus Hyaluronate Injections for Low Back Pain With Symptoms Suggestive of Lumbar Zygapophyseal Joint Arthropathy: A Pragmatic, Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Intra-articular Triamcinolone Versus Hyaluronate Injections for Low Back Pain With Symptoms Suggestive of Lumbar Zygapophyseal Joint Arthropathy: A Pragmatic, Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. The aim of the study was to compare hyaluronate with triamcinolone injections in treating chronic low back pain suggestive of lumbar zygopophyseal joint arthropathy.This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to receive bilateral L3-S1 (...) = 52-99.5], P < 0.001). Medians and quartiles were used in statistical analysis when data did not pass normality.Patients with chronic low back pain suggestive of lumbar lumbar zygopophyseal joint arthropathy responded similarly to triamcinolone or hyaluronate injections. Synvisc-One group showed significant short- and long-term functional improvement and short-term pain improvement; KA group showed only significant short-term functional benefit and no significant short- or long-term pain

2019 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

8. Video-Game-Based Exercises for Older People With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlledtable Trial (GAMEBACK)

Video-Game-Based Exercises for Older People With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlledtable Trial (GAMEBACK) Video game technology increases adherence to home exercise and could support self-management for older people with chronic low back pain (LBP).The objective was to investigate the effects of home-based video game exercises on pain self-efficacy and care-seeking in older people with chronic LBP.The study was a randomized controlled trial.The setting was a community and waiting (...) list.Sixty participants, aged > 55 years with chronic LBP, were randomized (1:1) to Wii Fit U exercises or to continue their usual activities for 8 weeks.The intervention was home-based Wii Fit U flexibility, strengthening, and aerobic exercises for 60 minutes, 3 times per week, with fortnightly calls from a physical therapist.Measurements included pain self-efficacy and care-seeking (primary outcomes), and physical activity, pain, function, disability, fear of movement/reinjury, falls efficacy

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. Therapeutic Ultrasound for Pain Management in Chronic Low Back Pain and Chronic Neck Pain: A Systematic Review

Therapeutic Ultrasound for Pain Management in Chronic Low Back Pain and Chronic Neck Pain: A Systematic Review Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain are major causes of pain and disability that are experienced across all ages. The primary goals of treatment are to improve patient function and facilitate a return to the patient's desired level of daily activity. Therapeutic ultrasound is a noninvasive modality widely utilized in the management of musculoskeletal disorders, but there continues (...) be potentially helpful for short-term pain relief; however, it is undetermined which modality may be superior. In both pain syndromes, further trials are needed to define the true effect of low-intensity ultrasound therapy for axial back pain. No conclusive recommendations may be made for optimal settings or session duration.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Combination Drug Therapy for the Management of Low Back Pain and Sciatica: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Combination Drug Therapy for the Management of Low Back Pain and Sciatica: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Combining medicines may give greater pain relief and/or improved tolerability. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the effects of combination drug therapy in patients with low back pain and/or sciatica on pain, disability, and adverse events. Databases and trial registers were searched from inception to July 27, 2017, for randomized trials of (sub)acute or chronic back pain (...) = -27.60; 95% confidence interval = -31.70 to -23.50) terms; however, the quality of evidence was low. There was no statistically significant increased risk of serious adverse events. When the risk of adverse events was statistically significant, it favored monotherapy or placebo. There is no clear evidence to support any combination drug therapy for the management of low back pain and sciatica due to the limited number of studies and overall low quality of evidence. Perspective: Combining medicines

2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Evaluation of the Neuropathic Component of Chronic Low Back Pain

Evaluation of the Neuropathic Component of Chronic Low Back Pain Assessment of neuropathic pain in chronic low back syndromes is important. However, there is currently no gold standard for its diagnosis. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to assess the neuropathic component of pain in various chronic low back pain syndromes using a range of diagnostic tests.Included in this study were 63 patients with chronic axial low back pain (ALBP), 48 patients with chronic radicular (...) with sensory loss confirmed by QST was lowest in the ALBP subgroup (23.8%) compared with CDRS (47.8%), and LSS (68.0%) subgroups (P<0.001). A reduction in IENFD was disclosed in a proportion of up to 52.0% of affected roots in patients with CRS.Neuropathic pain is quite frequent in CRS, and QST reveals sensory loss as a frequent abnormality in patients with CRS. Using a cut-off value of 19, PDQ identified a neuropathic component in a relatively low proportion of patients with CRS. CRS may be associated

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Two nerve drugs are not suitable for treating long-term low back pain

Two nerve drugs are not suitable for treating long-term low back pain Two nerve drugs are not suitable for treating long-term low back pain Discover Portal Discover Portal Two nerve drugs are not suitable for treating long-term low back pain Published on 5 December 2017 doi: The drugs gabapentin and pregabalin (gabapentinoids) were found not to help lower back pain that had lasted more than three months. Gabapentin gave no benefit compared with placebo, while pregabalin was less effective than (...) other painkillers. Both were associated with several side effects, such as dizziness. Long-term low back pain without clear cause is very common. It causes considerable loss of productivity and places a high demand on the healthcare service. It is difficult to treat, and people often get limited relief from simple painkillers, causing practitioners to consider alternative options. This review gathered eight trials looking at gabapentinoids for adults with long-term lower back pain. The evidence

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

13. A commonly used treatment does not improve chronic low back pain

A commonly used treatment does not improve chronic low back pain A commonly used treatment does not improve chronic low back pain Discover Portal Discover Portal A commonly used treatment does not improve chronic low back pain Published on 7 November 2017 doi: This trial found that destroying nerves that take pain signals to the brain using heat (radiofrequency denervation) did not improve pain, function or a sense of “recovery”. The treatment was used alongside exercise and was a variation (...) of the technique commonly used in the UK. In this large study, it was compared to exercise alone. Low back pain is usually short-lived, but some people develop long-term back pain which can negatively impact their lives. NICE recommends exercise, pain relief and self-management to cope with pain. If these treatments are not effective and pain is severe, then more intensive options, such as radiofrequency denervation can be considered. These findings suggest that this technique of radiofrequency denervation

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

14. Discogenic low back pain

Discogenic low back pain Discogenic low back pain - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Discogenic low back pain Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Magnetic resonance imaging is the imaging study of choice for degenerative disc disease due to its unique detail on the representation of the disc status. Other tests may include plain radiographs, computed tomography scanning (...) , or provocative discography. Non-surgical treatments include lifestyle measures, followed by the judicious use of medications, physiotherapy, and therapeutic needling procedures. Surgical treatment includes decompression of neural structures and, in selected patients, a fusion of the motion segment. Definition A complex, multi-factorial, clinical condition characterised by low back pain with or without the concurrence of radicular lower limb symptoms in the presence of radiologically-confirmed degenerative

2019 BMJ Best Practice

15. Effects of kinesiotape on pain and disability in individuals with chronic low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Effects of kinesiotape on pain and disability in individuals with chronic low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials To explore the effects of kinesiotape on pain and disability in individuals with chronic low back pain.PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for English language publications from inception to 13 February 2018.This study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42018089831). Our key search terms were (...) ((kinesio taping) OR (kinesiotaping) OR (kinesiotape)) AND (low back pain). Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of kinesiotape published in English language were included in this review. The reference lists of retrieved studies and relevant reviews were also searched. Quality of the included trials was assessed according to 2015 updated Cochrane Back and Neck Review Group 13-Item criteria.A total of 10 articles were included in this meta-analysis. A total of 627 participants were

2019 EvidenceUpdates

16. Do Regenerative Medicine Therapies Provide Long-Term Relief in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis

Do Regenerative Medicine Therapies Provide Long-Term Relief in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis Several cell-based therapies have been proposed in recent years the management of low back pain, including the injection of medicinal signaling cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP). However, there is only emerging clinical evidence to support their use at this time.To assess the effectiveness of MSCs or PRP injections in the treatment of low (...) through V) evidence. Similarly, evidence for lumbar facet joint injections and sacroiliac joint injections without metaanalysis demonstrated Level 4 evidence (on a scale of Level I through V).Lack of high quality RCTs.The findings of this systematic review and single-arm metaanalysis shows that MSCs and PRP may be effective in managing discogenic low back pain, radicular pain, facet joint pain, and sacroiliac joint pain, with variable levels of evidence in favor of these techniques.Chronic low back

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. The effect of lumbosacral orthosis on the thickness of deep trunk muscles using ultrasound imaging: A randomized controlled trial in patients with chronic low back pain. (PubMed)

The effect of lumbosacral orthosis on the thickness of deep trunk muscles using ultrasound imaging: A randomized controlled trial in patients with chronic low back pain. This study was conducted to evaluate the changes occurring in the thickness of deep trunk muscles, measured using ultrasound imaging, after four weeks of lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) use in conjunction with routine physical therapy.This parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 44 patients with nonspecific (...) chronic low back pain (CLBP), randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Both groups received eight sessions of physical therapy twice per week for four weeks. The experimental group wore non-extensible LSO in addition to undergoing routine physical therapy. The thickness of the transversus abdominis (TrA), obliquus internus (IO) and lumbar multifidus (LM) was measured by ultrasound before and after the four-week intervention.The deep trunk muscles differed in thickness in various test

2019 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

18. Low back pain: Providing reassurance, encouraging activity and reducing reliance on imaging

Low back pain: Providing reassurance, encouraging activity and reducing reliance on imaging Low back pain | NPS MedicineWise 20 Years Of Helping Australians Make Better Decisions About Medicines, Medical Tests And Other Health Technologies. Log in Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google Signing you in Use another account OR Login Form Email Password Log in to NPS MedicineWise Forgot password Forgot password Email Send reset instructions Set new password Reset Password Password Set password Account (...) for articles that match your past search terms. We’ll send you email alerts for articles that match these search terms: History Clear all to view your search history. Menu Breadcrumbs Low back pain Low back pain Providing reassurance, encouraging activity and reducing reliance on imaging Share Share to: Larger text Smaller text Low back pain podcast Low back pain is a complex and challenging condition. It affects people of all ages and is the leading cause of disability in the world. Unfortunately, many

2019 National Prescribing Service Limited (Australia)

19. Effectiveness of Kinesio Taping in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis

Effectiveness of Kinesio Taping in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis Systematic review.To investigate the effects of Kinesio Taping (KT) in patients with nonspecific low back pain.KT is widely used in patients with low back pain.We conducted searches on PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, SciELO, and LILACS up to February 26, 2018. We included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in adults with chronic nonspecific low back pain that compared KT (...) was no better than any other intervention for most the outcomes assessed in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. We found no evidence to support the use of KT in clinical practice for patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain.1.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

20. Acupuncture of low back pain: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Acupuncture of low back pain: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites (...) true for data from animal studies, which generally include various species, strains and treatment regimes, for which different true effects are likely to exist. The random-effects model takes into account both the within-study (sampling error) and between-study (differences in the true effect size) variance. Should the excessive between-study variance be very low or zero, the random-effects model will yield the same results as the fixed-effect model. For further details, see the and to pre-clinical

2019 PROSPERO