Latest & greatest articles for low back pain

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Top results for low back pain

181. Back schools for acute and subacute non-specific low-back pain. (Full text)

Back schools for acute and subacute non-specific low-back pain. Since the introduction of the Swedish back school in 1969, back schools have frequently been used for treating people with low-back pain (LBP). However, the content of back schools has changed and appears to vary widely today. In this review we defined back school as a therapeutic programme given to groups of people, which includes both education and exercise. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 1999 (...) a placebo (or sham or attention control) or another treatment (physical therapies, myofascial therapy, joint manipulations, advice) on pain, disability, work status and adverse events at short-term, intermediate-term and long-term follow-up. There is very low quality evidence that shows a statistically significant difference between back schools and a placebo (or sham or attention control) for return to work at short-term follow-up in favour of back school. Very low quality evidence suggests that back

2016 Cochrane PubMed

182. The Effectiveness of Mechanical Traction Among Subgroups of Patients With Low Back Pain and Leg Pain: A Randomized Trial (PubMed)

The Effectiveness of Mechanical Traction Among Subgroups of Patients With Low Back Pain and Leg Pain: A Randomized Trial Randomized clinical trial. Background The recommended initial management strategy for patients with low back pain and signs of nerve root compression is conservative treatment, but there is little evidence to guide the most appropriate management strategy. Preliminary research suggests that a treatment protocol of mechanical traction and extension-oriented exercises may (...) be effective, particularly in a specific subgroup of patients.To examine the effectiveness of mechanical traction in patients with lumbar nerve root compression and within a predefined subgroup.One hundred twenty patients with low back pain with nerve root compression were recruited from physical therapy clinics. Using predefined subgrouping criteria, patients were stratified at baseline and randomized to receive an extension-oriented treatment approach with or without the addition of mechanical traction

2016 EvidenceUpdates

183. ReActiv8© implantable device for treating chronic low back pain

ReActiv8© implantable device for treating chronic low back pain ReActiv8® implantable device for treating chronic low back pain ReActiv8® implantable device for treating chronic low back pain NIHR HSRIC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSRIC. ReActiv8® implantable device for treating chronic low back pain. Birmingham: NIHR Horizon Scanning (...) Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Humans; Low Back Pain; Pain Measurement; Prostheses and Implants Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence NIHR Horizon Scanning Research&Intelligence Centre, University of Birmingham, Institute of Applied Health Research, Public Health building, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT Tel: 0121 414 9077 Email: nihrhsc@contacts.bham.ac.uk AccessionNumber 32016000482 Date

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

184. Noninvasive treatments for low back pain

Noninvasive treatments for low back pain Noninvasive treatments for low back pain Noninvasive treatments for low back pain Chou R, Deyo R, Friedly J, Skelly A, Hashimoto R, Weimer M, Fu R, Dana T, Kraegel P, Griffin J, Grusing S, Brodt E Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Chou R, Deyo R, Friedly J, Skelly A, Hashimoto R (...) , Weimer M, Fu R, Dana T, Kraegel P, Griffin J, Grusing S, Brodt E. Noninvasive treatments for low back pain. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 169. 2016 Authors' objectives Low back pain is common, and many pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies are available. This review examines the evidence on the comparative benefits and harms of noninvasive treatments for low back pain. Authors' conclusions A number of pharmacological

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

185. Frequency of sacroiliitis among patients with low back pain (Full text)

Frequency of sacroiliitis among patients with low back pain Sacroiliitis is one of the important symptoms in patients attending infectious diseases and rheumatology clinics. Some patients with sacroiliitis are asymptomatic, and some have unspecific symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of sacroiliitis causes among patients attending Shahid Sadoughi's infectious disease and rheumatology clinics.In this study, we evaluated patients attending Shahid Sadoughi rheumatology

2016 Electronic physician PubMed

186. Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care on Back Pain and Functional Limitations in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial. (Full text)

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care on Back Pain and Functional Limitations in Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has not been rigorously evaluated for young and middle-aged adults with chronic low back pain.To evaluate the effectiveness for chronic low back pain of MBSR vs cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or usual care.Randomized, interviewer-blind, clinical trial (...) in an integrated health care system in Washington State of 342 adults aged 20 to 70 years with chronic low back pain enrolled between September 2012 and April 2014 and randomly assigned to receive MBSR (n = 116), CBT (n = 113), or usual care (n = 113).CBT (training to change pain-related thoughts and behaviors) and MBSR (training in mindfulness meditation and yoga) were delivered in 8 weekly 2-hour groups. Usual care included whatever care participants received.Coprimary outcomes were the percentages

2016 JAMA PubMed

187. Sacroiliac joint fusion for low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Sacroiliac joint fusion for low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Although pain is generally regarded as originating in the lumbar spine, it has been estimated that in 15-30 % of patients, LBP originates from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ).To determine whether sacroiliac joint fusion (SIJF) for LBP is effective in reducing pain when the SIJ is known to be the pain generator.Systematic review and meta-analysis.A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was performed (...) of observational studies describing outcome of SIJF in patients with LBP. Outcome measures were VAS pain, ODI, SF-36 PCS/MCS and Majeed score. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Medline and Google scholar. The methodological quality of selected studies was assessed using the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute case series quality assessment tool. Meta-analysis was used to combine the studies for each outcome and forest plots were prepared. Outcomes were expressed as mean

2016 European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

188. Noninvasive Treatments for Low Back Pain

Noninvasive Treatments for Low Back Pain Noninvasive Treatments for Low Back Pain: Current State of the Evidence Focus of This Summary This review examines the evidence on the comparative benefits and harms of noninvasive treatments for acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain from 156 studies that were published before April 2015. Excluded from the review were studies conducted among patients with low back pain related to cancer, infection, inflammatory arthropathy, high-velocity trauma (...) , or fracture or low back pain associated with severe or progressive neurological deficits. The full report, listing all studies, is available at www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/low-back-pain. This summary is provided to assist in informed clinical decisionmaking. However, reviews of evidence should not be construed to represent clinical recommendations or guidelines. Conclusions Several interventions for low back pain are associated with small-to-moderate, primarily short-term effects on pain versus

2016 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

189. Radiological Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions Directed to Lumbar Spine Pathology - Low Back Pain Companion Document

Radiological Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions Directed to Lumbar Spine Pathology - Low Back Pain Companion Document application/octet-stream

2016 Institute of Health Economics

190. Core stability versus conventional exercise for treating non-specific low back pain.

Core stability versus conventional exercise for treating non-specific low back pain. BestBets: Core stability versus conventional exercise for treating non-specific low back pain. Core stability versus conventional exercise for treating non-specific low back pain. Report By: John Davin and Michael Callaghan. - 1st Team Rehabilitation Physiotherapist. Head of Therapies Institution: Manchester United Football Club Date Submitted: 9th December 2015 Date Completed: 17th February 2016 Last Modified (...) : 17th February 2016 Status: Green (complete) Three Part Question In [patients presenting with low back pain] is [a core stability programme more effective than conventional exercise based therapy] at [decreasing pain, increasing mobility and returning to play]. Clinical Scenario A 24 year old male presents with chronic low back pain. Investigations have ruled out any serious disc, joint or bony pathology. Current opinion advocates core stability as the ‘go to’ treatment for this non-specific pain

2016 BestBETS

191. Intra-articular facet joint injections for low back pain: a systematic review. (Full text)

Intra-articular facet joint injections for low back pain: a systematic review. Evidence supporting the use of therapeutic intra-articular facet joint injections for patients with suspected facet joint pain is sparse. A systematic review including a narrative synthesis was carried out to determine if intra-articular facet joint injections with active drug are more effective in reducing back pain and back pain-related disability than a sham procedure or a placebo/inactive injection. Secondly (...) , to determine if intra-articular facet joint injections with active drug or placebo/inactive injection are more effective in reducing back pain and back pain-related disability than conservative treatment.Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, Index to Chiropractic Literature and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception through April 2015. Data were screened and single extraction with independent verification and risk of bias assessment was performed.A total of 391 records

2016 European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society PubMed

192. The effect of yoga on depression and pain in adult patients with chronic low back pain: a systematic review protocol. (PubMed)

The effect of yoga on depression and pain in adult patients with chronic low back pain: a systematic review protocol. 26878920 2018 10 03 2019 03 18 2202-4433 14 1 2016 Jan JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep The effect of yoga on depression and pain in adult patients with chronic low back pain: a systematic review protocol. 56-66 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-2409 Brinzo Julie A JA 1 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Texas (...) , USA2 Texas Woman's University, Texas, USA3 Texas Christian University Center for Evidence Based Practice and Research: a Collaborating Center of the Joanna Briggs Institute, Texas, USA. Crenshaw Jeannette T JT Thomas Laura L Sapp Alysha A eng Journal Article Australia JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 101648258 2202-4433 IM Adult Depression complications therapy Humans Low Back Pain complications Pain Measurement Systematic Reviews as Topic Treatment Outcome Yoga 2016 2 17 6 0 2016 2 18 6 0

2016 JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

193. How effective are opioids for chronic low back pain?

How effective are opioids for chronic low back pain? How effective are opioids for chronic low back pain? Toggle navigation Shared more. Cited more. Safe forever. Toggle navigation View Item JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Search MOspace This Collection Browse Statistics How effective are opioids for chronic low back pain? View/ Open Date 2015-09 Format Metadata Abstract Q: How effective are opioids for chronic low back pain? Evidence (...) -based answer: Short-term (<4 months) treatment with opioids provides modest relief of chronic low back pain, but only minimal improvement in function compared with placebo (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, systematic review of lower-quality randomized controlled trials [RCTs]). Tramadol isn’t superior to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain relief (SOR: A, consistent results from RCTs). In addition, oxycodone with titrated morphine isn’t better than naproxen for relieving pain

2016 Clinical Inquiries

194. Motor control exercise for acute non-specific low back pain. (Full text)

Motor control exercise for acute non-specific low back pain. Motor control exercise (MCE) is used by healthcare professionals worldwide as a common treatment for low back pain (LBP). However, the effectiveness of this intervention for acute LBP remains unclear.To evaluate the effectiveness of MCE for patients with acute non-specific LBP.We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), four other databases and two trial registers from their inception (...) indicates that MCE showed no benefit over spinal manipulative therapy, other forms of exercise or medical treatment in decreasing pain and disability among patients with acute and subacute low back pain. Whether MCE can prevent recurrences of LBP remains uncertain.

2016 Cochrane PubMed

195. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for chronic low back pain. (Full text)

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for chronic low back pain. Chronic back pain is an important health problem. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat people with low back pain, especially people with acute back pain. Short term NSAID use is also recommended for pain relief in people with chronic back pain. Two types of NSAIDs are available and used to treat back pain: non-selective NSAIDs and selective COX-2 NSAIDs. In 2008, a Cochrane review identified (...) a small but significant effect from NSAIDs compared to placebo in people with chronic back pain. This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2008 and focuses on people with chronic low back pain.To determine if NSAIDs are more efficacious than various comparison treatments for non-specific chronic low back pain and if so, which type of NSAID is most efficacious.We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and two clinical trials registry databases up to 24 June 2015 for randomized controlled

2016 Cochrane PubMed

196. Effects of intracutaneous injections of sterile water in patients with acute low back pain: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial. (Full text)

Effects of intracutaneous injections of sterile water in patients with acute low back pain: a randomized, controlled, clinical trial. Intracutaneous sterile water injection (ISWI) is used for relief of low back pain during labor, acute attacks of urolithiasis, chronic neck and shoulder pain following whiplash injuries, and chronic myofascial pain syndrome. We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of ISWI for relief of acute low back pain (aLBP (...) ). A total of 68 patients (41 females and 27 males) between 18 and 55 years old experiencing aLBP with moderate to severe pain (scores ≥5 on an 11-point visual analogue scale [VAS]) were recruited and randomly assigned to receive either ISWIs (n=34) or intracutaneous isotonic saline injections (placebo treatment; n=34). The primary outcome was improvement in pain intensity using the VAS at 10, 45, and 90 min and 1 day after treatment. The secondary outcome was functional improvement, which was assessed

2016 Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas médicas e biológicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofísica ... [et al.] PubMed

197. Percutaneous coblation of the intervertebral disc for low back pain and sciatica

Percutaneous coblation of the intervertebral disc for low back pain and sciatica P Percutaneous coblation of the interv ercutaneous coblation of the intervertebr ertebral disc al disc for low back pain and sciatica for low back pain and sciatica Interventional procedures guidance Published: 27 January 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg543 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When (...) . Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 71 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Current evidence on percutaneous coblation of the intervertebral disc for low back pain and sciatica raises no major safety concerns. The evidence on efficacy is adequate and includes large numbers of patients with appropriate follow-up periods. Therefore, this procedure may be used provided that normal arrangements are in place for clinical governance

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures

198. Percutaneous electrothermal treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus for low back pain and sciatica

Percutaneous electrothermal treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus for low back pain and sciatica P Percutaneous electrothermal treatment of the ercutaneous electrothermal treatment of the interv intervertebr ertebral disc annulus for low back pain and al disc annulus for low back pain and sciatica sciatica Interventional procedures guidance Published: 27 January 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg544 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived (...) . This guidance replaces IPG319. © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 81 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Current evidence on percutaneous electrothermal treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus for low back pain and sciatica raises no major safety concerns. The evidence on efficacy is inconsistent and of poor quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with special arrangements

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures

199. Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency treatment of the intervertebral disc nucleus for low back pain

Percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency treatment of the intervertebral disc nucleus for low back pain P Percutaneous intr ercutaneous intradiscal r adiscal radiofrequency adiofrequency treatment of the interv treatment of the intervertebr ertebral disc nucleus for al disc nucleus for low back pain low back pain Interventional procedures guidance Published: 27 January 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg545 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived (...) . This guidance replaces IPG83. © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 71 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Current evidence on percutaneous intradiscal radiofrequency treatment of the intervertebral disc nucleus for low back pain raises no major safety concerns. The evidence on its efficacy is limited in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with special arrangements

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures

200. Systematic review with meta analysis: Appropriate design, methodological quality assessment, and clinically relevant outcomes are essential to determine the therapeutic role of epidural injections for low back pain and radiculopathy

Systematic review with meta analysis: Appropriate design, methodological quality assessment, and clinically relevant outcomes are essential to determine the therapeutic role of epidural injections for low back pain and radiculopathy Appropriate design, methodological quality assessment, and clinically relevant outcomes are essential to determine the therapeutic role of epidural injections for low back pain and radiculopathy | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service (...) name or password? You are here Appropriate design, methodological quality assessment, and clinically relevant outcomes are essential to determine the therapeutic role of epidural injections for low back pain and radiculopathy Article Text Therapeutics/Prevention Systematic review with meta analysis Appropriate design, methodological quality assessment, and clinically relevant outcomes are essential to determine the therapeutic role of epidural injections for low back pain and radiculopathy Mark V

2016 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)