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Latest & greatest articles for mindfulness
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on mindfulness or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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How does grazing relate to body mass index, self-compassion, mindfulness and mindful eating in a student population? Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however (...) , has not been explored. In a cross-sectional study, university students (n = 261) were recruited to explore the relationship of mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion with current weight and grazing. Results indicated that all constructs were negatively related to grazing, but only mindful eating related negatively to current weight. In addition, mindful eating mediated the relationship between grazing and current weight. Possible explanations and future directions are discussed further
Promoting safety mindfulness: Recommendations for the design and use of simulation-based training in radiation therapy There is a need to better prepare radiation therapy (RT) providers to safely operate within the health information technology (IT) sociotechnical system. Simulation-based training has been preemptively used to yield meaningful improvements during providers' interactions with health IT, including RT settings. Therefore, on the basis of the available literature and our experience (...) , we propose principles for the effective design and use of simulated scenarios and describe a conceptual framework for a debriefing approach to foster successful training that is focused on safety mindfulness during RT professionals' interactions with health IT.
Core IM: Mind the Gap on COPD Classifications Core IM: Mind the Gap on COPD Classifications – Clinical Correlations Search Core IM: Mind the Gap on COPD Classifications February 14, 2018 3 min read Podcast: | Subscribe: | Let’s go deeper into to why we think about diseases the way we do: Classifications for COPD through the Years! Written by Dr. Steve Liu and Dr. Carolyn Drake || Hosted by Dr. Steve Liu, Dr. Carolyn Drake & Dr. Janine Knudsen || Graphic Design by Mr. Ramon Thompson Time Stamps
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Residents: A Randomized Controlled Trial Burnout is highly prevalent in residents. No randomized controlled trials have been conducted measuring the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on burnout in residents.To determine the effectiveness of MBSR in reducing burnout in residents.A randomized controlled trial comparing MBSR with a waitlist control group.Residents from all medical, surgical and primary care disciplines were eligible (...) to participate. Participants were self-referred.The MBSR consisted of eight weekly 2.5-h sessions and one 6-h silent day.The primary outcome was the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Dutch version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey. Secondary outcomes included the depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment subscales of burnout, worry, work-home interference, mindfulness skills, self-compassion, positive mental health, empathy and medical errors. Assessment took place
The SCD-Well randomized controlled trial: Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention versus health education on mental health in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Subjectively experienced cognitive decline in older adults is an indicator of increased risk for dementia and is also associated with increased levels of anxiety symptoms. As anxiety is itself emerging as a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia, the primary question of the present study is whether an 8-week (...) mindfulness-based intervention can significantly reduce anxiety symptoms in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD). The secondary questions pertain to whether such changes extend to other domains of psychological, social, and biological functioning (including cognition, self-regulation, lifestyle, well-being and quality of life, sleep, and selected blood-based biomarkers) associated with mental health, older age, and risk for dementia.SCD-Well is a multicenter, observer-blinded, randomized
Protocol for Psychosocial Interventions Based on Integrative Body-Mind-Spirit (IBMS) Model for Children with Eczema and Their Parent Caregivers. Eczema is a pediatric skin disease that affects the psychosocial well-being of both children and their parent caregivers. This paper outlines a protocol for an experimental study that evaluates the effectiveness of a psychosocial empowerment program for children with eczema and their parent caregivers.A multi-center randomized controlled trial (...) is proposed, where parent-child dyads are randomized into two arms: an intervention group and wait-list control group. The intervention is delivered to participants in a parallel group format based on the Integrative Body-Mind-Spirit model which focuses on holistic well-being. Quality of life is measured before and after the intervention is provided, and five weeks after the intervention has been completed.The suggested model fills a research gap in existing interventions, and provides new knowledge
Internet Mindfulness Meditation Intervention (IMMI) Improves Depression Symptoms in Older Adults. Background: Older adults have fewer physiological reserves and are more likely to be affected by stress. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to be an effective treatment for depression, but little research has been conducted on older adults. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate depression symptom changes in older adults (55⁻80 years old) taking an Internet Mindfulness Meditation (...) Intervention (IMMI) compared to a waitlist control. The secondary aims were to collect data on pain, perceived stress, resilience, mindfulness, sleep quality, and spirituality. Methods: Fifty older adults were randomized to either the Internet Mindfulness Meditation Intervention, a six-week online intervention with daily home practice, or a waitlist control. Measures were collected at baseline, after the six-week intervention period, and again six weeks later after the waitlist participants completed IMMI
A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress.We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge (...) , UK. Students aged 18 years or older with no severe mental illness or crisis (self-assessed) were randomly assigned (1:1), via remote survey software using computer-generated random numbers, to receive either an 8 week mindfulness course adapted for university students (Mindfulness Skills for Students [MSS]) plus mental health support as usual, or mental health support as usual alone. Participants and the study management team were aware of group allocation, but allocation was concealed from
The Tools of the Mind curriculum for improving self-regulation in early childhood A Campbell Systematic Review 2017:10 Education Coordinating Group Alex Baron, Maria Evangelou, Lars-Erik Malmberg, G.J. Melendez-Torres The Tools of the Mind curriculum for improving self- regulation in early childhood: a systematic review Published: October 2017 Search executed: December 2016The Campbell Library comprises: • Systematic reviews (titles, protocols and reviews) • Policies and Guidelines Series (...) • Methods Series Go to the library to download these resources, at: www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/ Better evidence for a better world Colophon Title The Tools of the Mind curriculum for improving self-regulation in early childhood: a sytematic review Institution The Campbell Collaboration Authors Baron, Alex Evangelou, Maria Malmberg, Lars-Erik Melendez-Torres, G.J. DOI 10.4073/csr.2017.10 No. of pages 77 Last updated 12 October 2017 Citation Baron A, Evangelou M, Malmberg L.E., Melendez-Torres
Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).To determine 1-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to 33 UC.CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults A Campbell Systematic Review 2017:11 Social Welfare Coordinating Group Michael de Vibe, Arild Bjørndal, Sabina Fattah, Gunvor M Dyrdal, Even Halland, Emily E Tanner-Smith Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Published: November 2017 Search executed: November 2015The (...) Campbell Library comprises: • Systematic reviews (titles, protocols and reviews) • Policies and Guidelines Series • Methods Series Go to the library to download these resources, at: www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/ Better evidence for a better world Colophon Title Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Authors Michael de Vibe, Norwegian Public Health Institute, Oslo, Norway Arild
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for generalised anxiety disorder and health service utilisation among Chinese patients in primary care: a randomised, controlled trial. 27807315 2017 09 15 2018 12 02 1024-2708 22 Suppl 6 6 2016 Dec Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Hong Kong Med J Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for generalised anxiety disorder and health service utilisation among Chinese patients in primary care: a randomised, controlled trial. 35-36 Wong S Ys SY (...) , The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Lee T Mc TM Department of Psychology, The University of Hong Kong. eng Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial China Hong Kong Med J 9512509 1024-2708 IM Adult Aged Anxiety Disorders therapy Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Health Services statistics & numerical data Humans Middle Aged Mindfulness Primary Health Care 2016 11 4 6 0 2017 9 16 6 0 2016 11 4 6 0 ppublish 27807315
Mind-Body Therapy for Military Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review. About one-third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective (...) of this study was to fill that gap.A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. PubMed MeSH terms were used to capture articles reporting on the military population (veteran and veterans) with PTSD who received a portable mind-body intervention (e.g., mindfulness, mind-body therapy, and yoga). PubMed/MEDLINE and PsycINFO were searched. Studies were included if participants were a mixed group of war veterans, as long
The Efficacy of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Decreasing Anxiety and Depression among Breast Cancer Survivors "The Efficacy of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Decreasi" by Haley J. Christensen and Danielle E. Marck < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-12-2017 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies Rights . Abstract Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer diagnoses in women, where (...) 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime. Due to advancements in treatment, therapy, and early diagnosis, women are living longer with the disease. Interventions focus on managing symptoms through active cancer treatment; however, few interventions focus on treatment of symptoms at survivorship and beyond. Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is a validated interventional program that patients can use to help manage depression and anxiety associated with the disease
Randomized Controlled Trial of Brief Mindfulness Training and Hypnotic Suggestion for Acute Pain Relief in the Hospital Setting Medical management of acute pain among hospital inpatients may be enhanced by mind-body interventions.We hypothesized that a single, scripted session of mindfulness training focused on acceptance of pain or hypnotic suggestion focused on changing pain sensations through imagery would significantly reduce acute pain intensity and unpleasantness compared (...) to a psychoeducation pain coping control. We also hypothesized that mindfulness and suggestion would produce significant improvements in secondary outcomes including relaxation, pleasant body sensations, anxiety, and desire for opioids, compared to the control condition.This three-arm, parallel-group randomized controlled trial conducted at a university-based hospital examined the acute effects of 15-min psychosocial interventions (mindfulness, hypnotic suggestion, psychoeducation) on adult inpatients reporting
Brief Mindfulness Practices for Healthcare Providers - a Systematic Literature Review Mindfulness practice, where an individual maintains openness, patience, and acceptance while focusing attention on a situation in a nonjudgmental way, can improve symptoms of anxiety, burnout, and depression. The practice is relevant for health care providers; however, the time commitment is a barrier to practice. For this reason, brief mindfulness interventions (eg, ≤ 4 hours) are being introduced. We (...) systematically reviewed the literature from inception to January 2017 about the effects of brief mindfulness interventions on provider well-being and behavior. Studies that tested a brief mindfulness intervention with hospital providers and measured change in well-being (eg, stress) or behavior (eg, tasks of attention or reduction of clinical or diagnostic errors) were selected for narrative synthesis. Fourteen studies met inclusion criteria; 7 were randomized controlled trials. Nine of 14 studies reported