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Latest & greatest articles for nifedipine
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Oral antihypertensive regimens (nifedipine retard, labetalol, and methyldopa) for management of severe hypertension in pregnancy: an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Hypertension is the most common medical disorder in pregnancy, complicating one in ten pregnancies. Treatment of severely increased blood pressure is widely recommended to reduce the risk for maternal complications. Regimens for the acute treatment of severe hypertension typically include intravenous medications. Although (...) effective, these drugs require venous access and careful fetal monitoring and might not be feasible in busy or low-resource environments. We therefore aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of three oral drugs, labetalol, nifedipine retard, and methyldopa for the management of severe hypertension in pregnancy.In this multicentre, parallel-group, open-label, randomised controlled trial, we compared these oral antihypertensives in two public hospitals in Nagpur, India. Pregnant women were eligible
Nifedipine alone or combined with sildenafil citrate for management of threatened preterm labour: a randomised trial To study the tocolytic action of nifedipine combined with sildenafil citrate (SC) and if the combination is superior to nifedipine alone in inhibiting threatened preterm labour (PTL).Prospective randomised study.An Egyptian university hospital.Women with threatened PTL who received either nifedipine with SC or nifedipine alone.Patients were randomly allocated to receive either (1 (...) ) nifedipine 20 mg orally (stat dose), followed by 10 mg orally every 6-8 hours at the same time as vaginal administration of SC (25 mg at 8-hourly intervals) or (2) nifedipine alone. Medications were continued for 48-72 hours.The percentage of women who remained undelivered during hospitalisation.From January 2015 to November 2016, 239 women were randomised. The baseline characteristics of participants were similar. Nifedipine combined with SC was associated with more women remaining undelivered (81.8
The pharmacokinetics of the antihypertensive drugs methyldopa, nifedipine and labetalol in pregnant women: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any
Cardiogenic Shock after Nifedipine Administration in a Pregnant Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature We present a case of a 21-year-old Caucasian woman at 27 weeks of pregnancy who was admitted to the obstetric department for pre-term labor. She received 10 mg of nifedipine 4 times in 1 h, according to the internal protocol. Shortly after, she brutally deteriorated with pulmonary edema and hypoxemia requiring transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU) for mechanical ventilation (...) . She finally improved and was successfully extubated after undergoing a percutaneous valvuloplasty of the mitral valve. This case illustrates a severe cardiogenic shock after administration of nifedipine for premature labor in a context of unknown rheumatic mitral stenosis. Nifedipine induces a reflex tachycardia that reduces the diastolic period and thereby precipitates pulmonary edema in case of mitral stenosis. This case emphasizes the fact that this drug may be severely harmful and should never
Nifedipine Top results for nifedipine - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Find evidence fast ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4 (...) ) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for nifedipine The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you
Hydralazine vs nifedipine for acute hypertensive emergency in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial There is a paucity of good quality evidence regarding the best therapeutic option for acute control of blood pressure during acute hypertensive emergency of pregnancy.We sought to compare the efficacy of intravenously administered hydralazine and oral nifedipine for acute blood pressure control in acute hypertensive emergency of pregnancy.In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial (...) , pregnant women (≥24 weeks period of gestation) with sustained increase in systolic blood pressure of ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure of ≥110 mm Hg were randomized to receive intravenous hydralazine injection in doses of 5, 10, 10, and 10 mg and a placebo tablet or oral nifedipine (10 mg tablet up to 4 doses) and intravenous saline injection every 20 minutes until the target blood pressure of 150 mm Hg systolic and ≤100 mm Hg diastolic was achieved. Crossover treatment was administered
Nifedipine vs Placebo for Treatment of Chronic Chilblains: A Randomized Controlled Trial Nifedipine is commonly prescribed for the treatment of chilblains (pernio, perniosis) on the basis of observational studies and a single small, older clinical trial. We aimed to confirm the proposed superiority of oral nifedipine 60 mg per day over placebo for treatment of chronic chilblains in primary care.We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover trial, closely following (...) the design of the older trial. A total of 32 patients with chronic chilblains were randomly assigned to nifedipine (30 mg controlled release twice a day) or placebo. The primary outcome was patient-reported complaints; the secondary outcome was patient-reported disability. Both were assessed from daily ratings on 100-mm visual analogue scales recorded in a diary. We took ambient temperatures into account and checked for a carry-over effect, and monitored for adverse effects.After 6 weeks of treatment
Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults: a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis of a calcium channel blocker (nifedipine) and an alpha-blocker (tam Use of drug therapy in the management of symptomatic ureteric stones in hospitalised adults: a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis of a calcium channel blocker (nifedipine) and an alpha
Effect of maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine in threatened preterm labor on perinatal outcomes: a randomized controlled trial. In threatened preterm labor, maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine, after an initial course of tocolysis and corticosteroids for 48 hours, may improve perinatal outcome.To determine whether maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine will reduce adverse perinatal outcomes due to premature birth.APOSTEL-II (Assessment of Perinatal Outcome with Sustained Tocolysis in Early (...) to maintenance tocolysis with nifedipine orally (80 mg/d; n = 201) or placebo (n = 205) for 12 days. Assigned treatment was masked from investigators, participants, clinicians, and research nurses.Primary outcome was a composite of adverse perinatal outcomes (perinatal death, chronic lung disease, neonatal sepsis, intraventricular hemorrhage >grade 2, periventricular leukomalacia >grade 1, or necrotizing enterocolitis). Analyses were completed on an intention-to-treat basis.Mean (SD) gestational age
Oral nifedipine versus intravenous labetalol for acute blood pressure control in hypertensive emergencies of pregnancy: a randomised trial To compare oral nifedipine with intravenous labetalol in their rapidity to control hypertensive emergencies of pregnancy.A double-blind randomised trial.A university hospital in Malaysia.Pregnant women with severe gestational hypertension≥160/110 mmHg who required immediate treatment.Patients were randomised to receive nifedipine (10 mg tablet, orally, up (...) range, IQR 22.5-67.5 minutes) versus 45 minutes (IQR 30-60 minutes) for nifedipine and labetalol, respectively (P=0.59). Repeated measures analysis of variance indicated that in the first hour both systolic (F=87.6, P<0.001) and diastolic (F=55.8, P<0.001) blood pressure significantly decreased, but there was no difference between the nifedipine and labetalol groups for both systolic (F=0.12, P=0.74) and diastolic (F=0.92, P=0.34) blood pressure trends over time. Crossover treatment was required
Nifedipine in the management of preterm labor: a systematic review and metaanalysis Nifedipine in the management of preterm labor: a systematic review and metaanalysis Nifedipine in the management of preterm labor: a systematic review and metaanalysis Conde-Agudelo A, Romero R, Kusanovic JP CRD summary The review concluded that nifedipine appeared to be a more effective tocolytic agent than beta 2 -adrenergic-receptor agonists and better tolerated compared with beta 2 -adrenergic-receptor (...) agonists and magnesium sulfate in women with preterm labour. The review was generally well conducted, but the authors’ conclusions regarding magnesium sulphate may be too strong given the small number of trials included in the analyses. Authors' objectives To determine the efficacy and safety of nifedipine as a tocolytic agent in women with preterm labour. Searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL, five registers of ongoing
Effectiveness of nifedipine tocolysis to facilitate external cephalic version: a systematic review The success rates of external cephalic version (ECV) are improved with the use of betamimetic tocolytics, but these drugs are associated with maternal side effects.To critically evaluate the effectiveness and advantages, if any, of nifedipine as a tocolytic for ECV.We searched PubMed, OVID [Medline, all evidence-based medicine (EBM) reviews], Embase, the Cochrane clinical trials register (...) and references therein.Randomised trials comparing nifedipine with placebo or another tocolytic agent among women with a singleton, term breech or transverse presentation.Two reviewers evaluated search results and extracted data from eligible studies using a standard data extraction form. Primary outcomes were success rates of ECV and cephalic presentation at delivery. Pooled relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for comparable studies, and where similar outcomes were assessed.Three
Nifedipine in the management of preterm labor: a systematic review and metaanalysis To determine the efficacy and safety of nifedipine as a tocolytic agent in women with preterm labor.A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials.Twenty-six trials (2179 women) were included. Nifedipine was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of delivery within 7 days of initiation of treatment and before 34 weeks' gestation, respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing (...) enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal jaundice, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit when compared with β₂-adrenergic-receptor agonists. There was no difference between nifedipine and magnesium sulfate in tocolytic efficacy. Nifedipine was associated with significantly fewer maternal adverse events than β₂-adrenergic-receptor agonists and magnesium sulfate. Maintenance nifedipine tocolysis was ineffective in prolonging gestation or improving neonatal outcomes when compared
Nifedipine as a uterine relaxant for external cephalic version: a randomized controlled trial To estimate the effectiveness of nifedipine as a uterine relaxant during external cephalic version to correct breech presentation.In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, women with a singleton fetus in breech presentation and a gestational age of 36 weeks or more were eligible for enrollment. Participating women received two doses of either nifedipine 10 mg or placebo, 30 and 15 (...) no significant difference in external cephalic version success rates between treatment (42%) and control group (37%) (relative risk 1.1, 95%; 95% confidence interval 0.85-1.5). The cesarean delivery rate was 51% in the treatment group and 46% in the control group (relative risk 1.1, 95% confidence interval 0.88-1.4).Nifedipine did not significantly improve the success of external cephalic version. Future use of nifedipine to improve the outcome of external cephalic version should be limited to large clinical
Cost-effectiveness analysis of hypertension treatment: controlled release nifedipine and candesartan low-dose combination therapy in patients with essential hypertension. The Nifedipine and Candesartan Combination (NICE-Combi) study Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.
Effect of long-acting nifedipine on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity in patients with stable angina requiring treatment (ACTION trial): randomised controlled trial. Calcium antagonists are widely prescribed for angina pectoris but their effect on clinical outcome is controversial. We aimed to investigate the effect of the calcium antagonist nifedipine on long-term outcome in patients with stable angina pectoris.We randomly assigned 3825 patients with treated stable symptomatic coronary (...) disease to double-blind addition of nifedipine GITS (gastrointestinal therapeutic system) 60 mg once daily and 3840 to placebo. The primary endpoint was the combination of death, acute myocardial infarction, refractory angina, new overt heart failure, debilitating stroke, and peripheral revascularisation. Mean follow-up was 4.9 years (SD 1.1). Analysis was by intention to treat.310 patients allocated nifedipine died (1.64 per 100 patient-years) compared with 291 people allocated placebo (1.53 per 100
Diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine or verapamil for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia. Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a potentially disfiguring movement disorder of the orofacial region often caused by use of neuroleptic drugs. A wide range of strategies have been used to help manage TD and, for those who are unable to have their antipsychotic medication stopped or substantially changed, the calcium-channel blocking group of drugs (diltiazem, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil) has been
Morbidity and mortality in patients randomised to double-blind treatment with a long-acting calcium-channel blocker or diuretic in the International Nifedipine GITS study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT). The efficacy of antihypertensive drugs newer than diuretics and beta-blockers has not been established. We compared the effects of the calcium-channel blocker nifedipine once daily with the diuretic combination co-amilozide on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity (...) in high-risk patients with hypertension.We did a prospective, randomised, double-blind trial in Europe and Israel in 6321 patients aged 55-80 years with hypertension (blood pressure > or = 150/95 mm Hg, or > or = 160 mm Hg systolic). Patients had at least one additional cardiovascular risk factor. We randomly assigned patients nifedipine 30 mg in a long-acting gastrointestinal-transport-system (GITS) formulation (n=3157), or co-amilozide (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg [corrected] plus amiloride 2.5 mg; n
Safety of nifedipine in angina pectoris: a meta-analysis Safety of nifedipine in angina pectoris: a meta-analysis Safety of nifedipine in angina pectoris: a meta-analysis Stason W B, Schmid C H, Niedzwiecki D, Whiting G W, Caubet J F, Cory D, Luo D, Ross S D, Chalmers T C Authors' objectives To compare cardiovascular event rates in patients with stable angina receiving nifedipine as monotherapy or combination therapy and in active drug controls. Searching MEDLARS (1966 to August 1995 (...) ) was searched using the exploded MESH term "myocardial ischemia" and "nifedipine" as a textword. Studies published in English, French, Italian, German and Spanish languages were included. CD-ROM Current Contents and bibliographies of retrieved articles were also searched. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that enrolled a minimum of 10 patients. Specific interventions included in the review Any nifedipine formulation, either