Latest & greatest articles for obesity

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Top results for obesity

41. Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight

Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Discover Portal Discover Portal Resistance training may prevent obese older people becoming frail when losing weight Published on 29 August 2017 doi: Combining resistance training with aerobic exercise increased physical function in older, obese adults who were following a weight loss programme. Functional improvements (...) , such as the speed to stand from a chair or to climb stairs, were greater with combination training (21%) than with either type of exercise performed alone (14%). This randomised controlled trial assigned 160 obese adults in the USA (aged over 65, mostly educated white females) to the different types of exercise for six months. Those exercising lost about 9% body weight on their diets. Resistance training was most effective for preventing loss of muscle and bone mass. This highlights the importance of strength

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

42. Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight

Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Discover Portal Discover Portal Intensive lifestyle interventions can help obese young people lose weight Published on 19 September 2017 doi: Obese children and adolescents can lose up to seven pounds over six to 12 months when they engage in at least 52 hours of behaviour-based lifestyle interventions. Minimal benefit was seen with shorter contact (...) time, with less than 25 hours ineffective. The control group gained weight. Rising obesity in the young is a global concern, which may lead to high rates of obesity-related diseases in adulthood. This review identified trials covering various weight management strategies. Lifestyle-based-interventions with sufficient contact time – as recommended by UK guidelines – showed clear benefits with no evidence of harms. Investing in effective strategies to manage child obesity will ultimately save

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

43. A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective

A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective Discover Portal Discover Portal A school-based obesity prevention programme was ineffective Published on 10 April 2018 doi: A school-based healthy lifestyle programme delivered to 6-7-year-old children and their parents made no difference to children’s weight, diet or activity levels. Around 1 in 4 remained overweight or obese. The NIHR-funded year-long programme was delivered (...) in 54 primary schools in one region of England. Teachers were trained to provide an additional 30 minutes of physical activity a day and deliver cookery workshops with parents each term. It also included activities with a local football club, Aston Villa. Children in schools that took part were no less likely to be overweight or obese after 15 or 30 months, and their diet and exercise levels did not improve. Less than one in six schools managed to deliver the activity sessions as planned

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

44. Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity

Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Discover Portal Discover Portal Weight loss surgery is value for money in selected people with severe obesity Published on 23 August 2016 doi: Surgery is a cost-effective method of weight loss for severely and morbidly obese people. This study of general practice data compared health costs and outcomes for people with severe or morbid (...) obesity who underwent surgery and those who did not. Surgery was associated with a reduced chance of developing diabetes and an increased chance of remission in people with diabetes. It was more cost-effective – using NHS thresholds – for morbidly obese people who had diabetes, than for those without diabetes. Weight loss surgery either reduces the amount of food people can consume or the amount of energy they can absorb from food. A quarter of UK adults are obese, with 3.6% of women and 1.8% of men

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

45. A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off

A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off Total diet replacement for weight loss in obesity Discover Portal Discover Portal A total diet replacement programme helped obese people lose weight and keep weight off Published on 18 December 2018 doi: A programme of weekly behavioural support with total diet replacement led to over 7kg greater weight loss than usual care in primary care. This weight loss was maintained for a year after starting the 8-12 (...) . After eight weeks of this low calorie diet, conventional meals were gradually reintroduced. This trial provides evidence that the rapid weight loss from these replacement diets can be maintained for a reasonable time and so could be considered as a treatment option for anyone who is obese and needs support to lose weight. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? In 2016, 26% of adults in England were obese. Obesity can lead to several medical conditions, including heart disease

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

46. Obesity in children

Obesity in children Obesity in children - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Obesity in children Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: January 2019 Summary Behavioural and environmental factors are primarily responsible for the dramatic increase in obesity in the past two decades, although genes play an important role in regulation of body weight. Calculating body mass index (BMI) is the most widely (...) accepted method of screening for obesity in children. Abnormal BMI cut-offs in children are determined by age- and sex-specific percentiles. The dramatic increase in childhood obesity has led to a marked increase in the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus in children. Preventing excessive weight gain in children is of paramount importance in confronting the obesity epidemic, as obesity is difficult to treat at all ages, and obese children tend to become obese adults

2019 BMJ Best Practice

47. Does Prior Bariatric Surgery Improve Outcomes Following Total Joint Arthroplasty in the Morbidly Obese? A Meta-Analysis

Does Prior Bariatric Surgery Improve Outcomes Following Total Joint Arthroplasty in the Morbidly Obese? A Meta-Analysis There remains a controversy regarding the risks in subsequent total joint arthroplasty (TJA) with and without previous bariatric surgery (BS). We performed a meta-analysis based on the current evidence-based study to determine the influences of prior BS on the short-term and long-term outcomes following TJA.From the inception to July 2018, the EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science (...) morbid obesity group before TJA. Our meta-analysis revealed that BS prior to TJA was associated with reduced short-term medical complications, length of stay, and operative time. However, BS did not reduce the short-term risks for superficial wound infection or venous thromboembolism, and the long-term risks for dislocation, periprosthetic infection, periprosthetic fracture, and revision. Subgroup analysis identified a significant reduction in the risk of short-term periprosthetic infection in the BS

2019 EvidenceUpdates

48. Effects of a Community-Based Diabetes Prevention Program for Latino Youth with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Effects of a Community-Based Diabetes Prevention Program for Latino Youth with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial This study examined the short- and long-term effects of a community-based lifestyle intervention among Latino youth with obesity.Latino adolescents (14-16 years old) were randomized to a 3-month lifestyle intervention (n = 67) or comparison control (n = 69) and followed for 12 months. The intervention included weekly nutrition and health classes delivered to groups of families (...) population of Latino adolescents at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes.© 2018 The Obesity Society.

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

49. Ethical Considerations for the Care of Patients With Obesity

Ethical Considerations for the Care of Patients With Obesity Ethical Considerations for the Care of Patients With Obesity - ACOG Menu ▼ Ethical Considerations for the Care of Patients With Obesity Page Navigation ▼ Number 763 (Replaces Committee Opinion Number 600, June 2014) Committee on Ethics This Committee Opinion was developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Committee on Ethics in collaboration with committee members Sigal Klipstein, MD, and Ginny L. Ryan, MD (...) and Gynecologists has neither solicited nor accepted any commercial involvement in the development of the content of this published product. Ethical Considerations for the Care of Patients With Obesity ABSTRACT: Obesity is a medical condition that may be associated with bias among health care professionals, and this bias may result in disrespectful or inadequate care of patients with obesity. Obstetrician–gynecologists regularly care for patients with obesity and play an integral role in advocating for best

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

50. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between dietary acid load, central and general obesity indices and serum lipids in adults

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between dietary acid load, central and general obesity indices and serum lipids in adults Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

51. Time restricted feeding for treatment of overweight and obese individuals: a systematic review

Time restricted feeding for treatment of overweight and obese individuals: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

52. The effect of caloric restriction dietary interventions for weight loss on gut microbiota and physiological outcomes amongst individuals with obesity: a systematic review

The effect of caloric restriction dietary interventions for weight loss on gut microbiota and physiological outcomes amongst individuals with obesity: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

53. The dose-response effects of exercise on cardiovascular risk factors of overweight or obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

The dose-response effects of exercise on cardiovascular risk factors of overweight or obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

54. The association between overweight/obesity and depression in people with Multiple Sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature

The association between overweight/obesity and depression in people with Multiple Sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content

2019 PROSPERO

55. The effect of maternal obesity on offspring's cardiac function and structure: a systematic review

The effect of maternal obesity on offspring's cardiac function and structure: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

56. Worldwide prevalence of obesity among firefighters: a systematic review

Worldwide prevalence of obesity among firefighters: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation

2019 PROSPERO

57. Association between smoking shisha, obesity, and related comorbidities: a systematic review

Association between smoking shisha, obesity, and related comorbidities: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

58. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for obesity

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the safety and efficacy of acupuncture for obesity Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO

59. The effect of Chlorella Vulgaris on obesity related metabolic syndrome features: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

The effect of Chlorella Vulgaris on obesity related metabolic syndrome features: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record

2019 PROSPERO

60. Racial diversity of samples in neuroimaging studies of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and stroke

Racial diversity of samples in neuroimaging studies of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and stroke Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external

2019 PROSPERO