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Latest & greatest articles for osteoarthritis
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on osteoarthritis or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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Exercise Therapy Interventions in Patients With Hip Osteoarthritis: Comparison of the Effects of DVD and Website-Based Interventions Prevalence of developmental hip dysplasia is high in Japan. Exercise therapy has been proven effective to treat certain aspects of hip osteoarthritis. Moreover, therapy provided via digital video discs (DVDs) and websites allows patients to exercise in the comfort of their own homes. However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of visual instructions (...) in patients with hip disorders.This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy administered via DVD and that administered via a website.We developed a six-step progressive exercise therapy program for patients with hip osteoarthritis, which included three kinds each of open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain exercises. Once the program was developed, exercise DVDs were produced. In addition to the six-step exercise program, our website was enabled to count the number of exercises
Acupuncture for hip osteoarthritis. Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of pain and functional limitation. Few hip OA treatments have been evaluated for safety and effectiveness. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical therapy which aims to treat disease by inserting very thin needles at specific points on the body.To assess the benefits and harms of acupuncture in patients with hip OA.We searched Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase all through March 2018.We included randomized (...) to sham acupuncture in people with hip osteoarthritis. Due to the small sample size in the studies, the confidence intervals include both the possibility of moderate benefits and the possibility of no effect of acupuncture. One unblinded trial found that acupuncture as an addition to routine primary physician care was associated with benefits on pain and function. However, these reported benefits are likely due at least partially to RCT participants' greater expectations of benefit from acupuncture
EULAR recommendations for the health professional's approach to pain management in inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis Pain is the predominant symptom for people with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and osteoarthritis (OA) mandating the development of evidence-based recommendations for the health professional's approach to pain management. A multidisciplinary task force including professionals and patient representatives conducted a systematic literature review of systematic reviews
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis To examine the efficacy and safety of duloxetine in Japanese patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis.Patients were randomized to receive duloxetine 60 mg/day or placebo for 14 weeks in a double-blind manner (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02248480). The primary efficacy endpoint was mean change in Brief Pain Inventory pain severity (BPI-Severity (...) -Lawrence grade (safety) in either group.Duloxetine reduced pain and improved function in patients with knee osteoarthritis, without causing X-ray abnormalities or altered knee joint mobility. Reduced pain was associated with improved HRQoL. Adverse events were consistent with duloxetine's known safety profile.
Risk of myocardial infarction with use of selected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in patients with spondyloarthritis and osteoarthritis Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) due to underlying inflammation and possibly due to medications such as certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We sought to describe MI risk among patients with SpA who were prescribed NSAIDs, and to compare the pattern of risk in SpA (...) with that in osteoarthritis (OA).Nested case-control studies were performed using The Health Improvement Network (THIN). Underlying cohorts included adults with incident SpA or OA who had >1 NSAID prescription and no history of MI. Within each cohort, we matched each MI case to four controls without MI. NSAID use was categorised as: (a) current (prescription date 0-180 days prior to index date), (b) recent (181-365 days) or (c) remote (>365 days). We performed conditional logistic regression to compare the odds
Fluoroscopic Guided Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves for Pain Alleviation in Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial Nowadays, pain and disability due to chronic knee arthritis is a very common problem in middle aged people. A lot of modalities for management are available, including conservative analgesics and up to surgical interventions. Radiofrequency ablation of genicular nerves is assumed to be an effective less invasive and safe pain alleviation (...) modality.To evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves for alleviation of chronic pain and improvement of function in patients with knee osteoarthritis.A single-blind randomized controlled trial.Pain management unit, and Rheumatology and Rehabilitation clinics of Assiut University hospitals, Assiut, Egypt.This study involved 60 patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis. Radiofrequency neurotomy of the genicular nerves was done for 30 patients (Group
Effectiveness of aquatic exercises compared to patient-education on health status in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial To compare the effectiveness of aquatic exercises with patient-education in individuals with knee osteoarthritis.Randomized controlled trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis.Aquatic Physiotherapy Centre and Primary Health Care Unit.A total of 60 patients, aged 68.3 (SD = 4.8) with clinical symptoms and radiographic grading (...) (Kellgren-Lawrence 1-4) of knee osteoarthritis were included.An eight-week treatment protocol of aquatic exercise ( n = 31) (16 individual sessions, twice a week) and an educational program (group sessions, once a week) ( n = 29).Before, after eight-week intervention, and a three-month follow-up with results for the following outcome measures: pain, function, quality of life, functional mobility, and depression.At the end of treatment, the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis
Exercise interventions and patient beliefs for people with hip, knee or hip and knee osteoarthritis: a mixed methods review. Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown.To (...) %, (9 studies, 1058 participants), equivalent to reducing (improving) pain by 1.25 points from 6.5 to 5.3 on a 0 to 20 scale and moderate quality evidence that exercise improved physical function by an absolute percent of 5.6% (95% CI -7.6% to 2.0%; standardised mean difference (SMD) -0.27, 95% CI -0.37 to -0.17, equivalent to reducing (improving) WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) function on a 0 to 100 scale from 49.9 to 44.3) (13 studies, 1599 participants
[Comparison of the Results of Lundborg's and Sirotakova's Resection-Suspension Arthroplasty for the Treatment of Trapeziometacarpal Joint Osteoarthritis]. The aim of this prospective randomised study was to compare Sirotakova's and Lundborg's methods of resection-suspension arthroplasty using the abductor pollicis longus tendon in the surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint.Between 2009 and 2012, 38 patients (29 female, 9 male) with symptomatic trapeziometacarpal (...) osteoarthritis (34% stage II, 58% stage III and 8% stage IV according to the Eaton-Littler classification) were randomly allocated to one of the surgical methods (mean age 62.7 years, range 43-85). Preoperatively, the following data were collected: pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale, VAS; at rest: Lundborg 4.4±1.7; Sirotakova 4.6±2.1), strength (key pinch force Lundborg 8.1 kPa±6.6; Sirotakova 10.4 kPa±10.8), range of motion in the trapeziometacarpal joint (Lundborg 61.64±26.4; Sirotakova 46.67±25.6
Diclofenac or etoricoxib, but not paracetamol, is effective for treating osteoarthritis Diclofenac or etoricoxib, but not paracetamol, is effective for treating osteoarthritis Discover Portal Discover Portal Diclofenac or etoricoxib, but not paracetamol, is effective for treating osteoarthritis Published on 26 May 2016 doi: This review aimed to identify the most effective drugs for pain relief in hip or knee osteoarthritis. High dose diclofenac or etoricoxib were the most effective non (...) missed trials and a duplicate publication. This has not changed the overall message. Share your views on the research. Why was this study needed? Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK and the leading cause of pain in older adults. The severity of pain and functional disability can vary from person to person, from mild symptoms that come and go to more continuous and severe problems. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat symptoms
The role of meniscal repair for prevention of early onset of osteoarthritis The meniscus plays an important role in the integrity of the knee joint. Therefore, meniscus tissue preserving techniques for the therapy of meniscus injuries seem to be reasonable. One of the important questions is whether meniscal repair can prevent the knee joint from early onset of osteoarthritis.According to the review of the current literature, the principles of a successful meniscal repair are explained (...) and the functional outcome and its impact on the prevention of osteoarthritis are analyzed in this article.Current data show a positive impact of a successful meniscus repair on the functional outcome in long-term. By this a protective effect on the development of osteoarthritis via the repair of meniscus lesions to restore the meniscus integrity can be confirmed. However, higher rates of re-operations in context to meniscus suturing have to be considered.Due to the improved functional outcomes as well
Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis ? A Randomized Clinical Trial Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis – A Randomized Clinical Trial – Clinical Correlations Search Gamechanger? The Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients with Knee (...) Osteoarthritis – A Randomized Clinical Trial April 6, 2018 6 min read By Rebecca Lazarus, MD Peer Reviewed Why does this matter? Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in the United States and is the most common type of arthritis. The pathogenesis involves the progressive destruction of articular cartilage in a joint, which is accompanied by new bone formation and synovial proliferation. On a cellular level, this process is believed to involve mononuclear cells and pro-inflammatory mediators
Differences in Safety of Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs in Patients With Osteoarthritis and Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial To determine the relative risks of cardiovascular (CV), gastrointestinal (GI), and renal adverse events during long-term treatment with celecoxib, compared with ibuprofen and naproxen, in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).A total of 24,081 patients with OA or RA who had a moderate or high risk
Intramuscular glucocorticoid injection versus placebo injection in hip osteoarthritis: a 12-week blinded randomised controlled trial Guidelines recommend intra-articular glucocorticoid injection in patients with painful hip osteoarthritis. However, intra-articular hip injection is an invasive procedure. The efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid treatment for pain reduction in hip osteoarthritis is unknown. This randomised, double-blind, trial assessed effectiveness in hip pain reduction (...) of an intramuscular glucocorticoid injection compared with a placebo injection in patients with hip osteoarthritis.Patients with painful hip osteoarthritis were randomised to either 40 mg triamcinolone acetate or placebo with an intramuscular injection into the gluteus muscle. The primary outcomes were severity of hip pain at rest, during walking (0-10) and WOMAC pain at 2-week postinjection. We used linear mixed models for repeated measurements at 2, 4, 6 and 12 weeks for the intention-to-treat data analysis.Of
Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial. Limited evidence is available regarding long-term outcomes of opioids compared with nonopioid medications for chronic pain.To compare opioid vs nonopioid medications over 12 months on pain-related function, pain intensity, and adverse effects.Pragmatic, 12-month, randomized trial with masked outcome assessment. Patients (...) were recruited from Veterans Affairs primary care clinics from June 2013 through December 2015; follow-up was completed December 2016. Eligible patients had moderate to severe chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain despite analgesic use. Of 265 patients enrolled, 25 withdrew prior to randomization and 240 were randomized.Both interventions (opioid and nonopioid medication therapy) followed a treat-to-target strategy aiming for improved pain and function. Each intervention had its own
The effectiveness of physical therapies for patients with base of thumb osteoarthritis: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis (known as base of thumb OA) is a common condition causing pain and disability worldwide.The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of multimodal and unimodal physical therapies for base of thumb osteoarthritis (OA) compared with usual care, placebo or sham interventions.Systematic review and meta-analysis.We searched
Ultrasound-Guided Genicular Nerve Block for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial of Local Anesthetic Alone or in Combination with Corticosteroid Recently, several studies suggested that radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the genicular nerves is a safe and effective therapeutic procedure for intractable pain associated with chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Diagnostic genicular nerve block (GNB) with local anesthetic has been generally conducted before making decisions (...) as adjuvants during a GNB for chronic knee OA.The study protocol was approved by our institutional review board (2012-0210), and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. The trial was registered with the Clinical Research Information Service (KCT 0001139).Chronic pain, knee osteoarthritis, genicular nerve block, ultrasound, corticosteroid, local anesthetic, visual analog scale, Oxford Knee Score.
Intra-articular ozone or hyaluronic acid injection: Which one is superior in patients with knee osteoarthritis? A 6-month randomized clinical trial Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease, imposing a great burden through pain and decreased function. There are many therapeutic modalities including non-pharmacologic choices and oral, topical, and intra-articular medications. New studies have shown promising results for ozone application in knee OA. Our aim was to compare the effects of ozone
Growth Factors Levels Determine Efficacy of Platelets Rich Plasma Injection in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Double Blind Noninferiority Trial Compared With Viscosupplementation To assess the noninferiority of a single platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection compared with hyaluronic acid (HA), to alleviate pain and enhance functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis, and identify biological characteristics of PRP that may affect their efficacy.Fifty-four patients with symptomatic knee (...) osteoarthritis received a single injection of either PRP (26 patients) or HA (28 patients). They were assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months. The primary endpoint was the change in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score at 3 months, and secondary endpoints were responders' rate (improvement of at least 5 points or 40% of WOMAC total score at 3 months) of pain evaluation and patient's subjective satisfaction. Cell counts and the contents of vascular endothelial growth
Knee Osteoarthritis After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Versus Hamstring Tendon Autograft: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials The primary purpose of this study was to systematically review high-quality studies in the literature to compare the postoperative radiographic incidence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) versus hamstring tendon (HT) autograft (...) ," "hamstring," "randomized," and "osteoarthritis." Patients were assessed based on radiographic evaluation (Kellgren-Lawrence, Ahlbäck, Fairbank, and the Objective International Knee Documentation Committee scales), patient-reported outcome scores (Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and visual analog scale scores), graft failure, and active knee flexion and extension deficit.Eight studies (6 Level I, 2 Level II) were identified that met inclusion criteria, including a total of 237 and 268