Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

41. Umbrella review of national-level interventions in public mental health addressing the social determinants of mental health

Umbrella review of national-level interventions in public mental health addressing the social determinants of mental health Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis

2019 PROSPERO

42. Training initiatives that enhance health influencers' and general publics' knowledge, attitudes, and/or practices regarding the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease

Training initiatives that enhance health influencers' and general publics' knowledge, attitudes, and/or practices regarding the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) ); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data

2019 PROSPERO

43. Public health interventions for prevention and treatment of chronic undernutrition in children under 2 years of age

Public health interventions for prevention and treatment of chronic undernutrition in children under 2 years of age Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through a descriptive summary. ">Planned approach If a meta-analysis

2019 PROSPERO

44. How have the 10 recommendations contained in the 2012 Institute of Medicine Report, For the Public's Health: Investing in a Healthier Future, impacted public health financing and service delivery across the nation in 2019?

How have the 10 recommendations contained in the 2012 Institute of Medicine Report, For the Public's Health: Investing in a Healthier Future, impacted public health financing and service delivery across the nation in 2019? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate (...) ; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup

2019 PROSPERO

45. Which public health interventions are effective in reducing morbidity, mortality and health inequalities from infectious diseases amongst children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): protocol for an umbrella review

Which public health interventions are effective in reducing morbidity, mortality and health inequalities from infectious diseases amongst children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): protocol for an umbrella review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate (...) ; continuous; mmol/L (may be recalculated from mg/dL); Renal histological damage as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup

2019 PROSPERO

46. Opportunities and challenges in public and community engagement: the connected for cognitive health in later life (CHILL) project (PubMed)

Opportunities and challenges in public and community engagement: the connected for cognitive health in later life (CHILL) project Two goals of public health research are to understand what causes disease and ill health, and what can be done to prevent it. To develop appropriate and effective actions, we need to know what resources are available to communities, and what are the beliefs and values that influence behaviour. This means that research needs to be carried out close to the people (...) of the challenges in attempting to involve people in shaping research and intervention development, before offering some conclusions and suggested next steps for researchers.Background Identifying risk of disease and ill health, and developing prevention strategies, are key objectives in public health research. However, poor understanding of the impact of local context, including cultural and ethnic differences, challenges our ability to develop actions that are acceptable and meaningful to local communities

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2018 Research involvement and engagement

47. Knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries: a critical interpretive synthesis (PubMed)

Knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries: a critical interpretive synthesis Effective knowledge translation allows the optimisation of access to and utilisation of research knowledge in order to inform and enhance public health policy and practice. In low- and middle- income countries, there are substantial complexities that affect the way in which research can be utilised for public health action. This review attempts to draw out concepts in the literature (...) that contribute to defining some of the complexities and contextual factors that influence knowledge translation for public health in low- and middle- income countries.A Critical Interpretive Synthesis was undertaken, a method of analysis which allows a critical review of a wide range of heterogeneous evidence, through incorporating systematic review methods with qualitative enquiry techniques. A search for peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2016 on the topic of knowledge translation for public

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2018 Global health research and policy

48. Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review (PubMed)

Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review Expert-consensus guidelines have been developed for how members of the public should assist a person with a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.This review aimed to examine the range of guidelines that have been developed and how these have been implemented in practice.A narrative review was carried out based on a systematic search for literature on the development or implementation (...) of the guidelines.The Delphi method has been used to develop a wide range of guidelines for English-speaking countries, Asian countries and a number of other cultural groups. The primary implementation has been through informing the content of training courses.Further work is needed on guidelines for low- and middle-income countries.A.F.J. is an unpaid member of the Board of Mental Health First Aid International (trading as Mental Health First Aid Australia), which is a not-for-profit organisation.

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2018 BJPsych open

49. Building the case for embedding global health security into universal health coverage: a proposal for a unified health system that includes public health. (PubMed)

Building the case for embedding global health security into universal health coverage: a proposal for a unified health system that includes public health. In the wake of the recent west African Ebola epidemic, there is global consensus on the need for strong health systems; however, agreement is less apparent on effective mechanisms for establishing and maintaining these systems, particularly in resource-constrained settings and in the presence of multiple and sustained stresses (eg, conflict (...) , famine, climate change, and globalisation). The construction of the International Health Regulations (2005) guidelines and the WHO health systems framework, has resulted in the separation of public health functions and health-care services, which are interdependent in actuality and must be integrated to ensure a continuous, unbroken national health system. By analysing efforts to strengthen health systems towards attaining universal health coverage and investments to improve global health security

2018 Lancet

50. Credibility of subgroup analyses by socioeconomic status in public health intervention evaluations: An underappreciated problem? (PubMed)

Credibility of subgroup analyses by socioeconomic status in public health intervention evaluations: An underappreciated problem? There is increasing interest amongst researchers and policy makers in identifying the effect of public health interventions on health inequalities by socioeconomic status (SES). This issue is typically addressed in evaluation studies through subgroup analyses, where researchers test whether the effect of an intervention differs according to the socioeconomic status (...) of participants. The credibility of such analyses is therefore crucial when making judgements about how an intervention is likely to affect health inequalities, although this issue appears to be rarely considered within public health. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the credibility of subgroup analyses in published evaluations of public health interventions. An established set of 10 credibility criteria for subgroup analyses was applied to a purposively sampled set of 21 evaluation studies

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2018 SSM - population health

51. Collaborative governance of public health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from research in public administration (PubMed)

Collaborative governance of public health in low- and middle-income countries: lessons from research in public administration Multisectoral governance, one of many terms used to describe collaborative, cross-boundary approaches to solving complex public problems, is being applied broadly in several policy arenas, most notably in environmental and natural resource management, but increasingly in public health in multiple settings and scales around the globe. This paper explores how to transfer (...) knowledge about collaborative governance to challenging public health settings found in low-income and moderate-income countries (LMICs). This paper presents a general background on collaborative governance, summarises some relevant empirical findings on the performance of collaborative governance and lays out some of the challenges and considerations for thinking about improving collaborative public health governance in LMICs.

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2018 BMJ global health

52. Public attitudes towards mobile health in Singapore: a cross-sectional study (PubMed)

Public attitudes towards mobile health in Singapore: a cross-sectional study Smartphone-mediated mobile health (mHealth) may assist patients with medication adherence, and disease monitoring. This study aimed to describe awareness and usage of, and attitudes towards, mHealth among the public in Singapore who own a smartphone. It also aimed to identify factors that influenced the above in the study population.An online cross-sectional survey was administered via convenience sampling in November (...) could help improve their health, but only 13.1% were willing to pay for it. Being employed (OR 3.71) was associated with higher mHealth usage, adjusted for baseline smartphone usage. Participants living in non-subsidized housing were more keen to try (OR 3.18), and willing to pay (OR 3.36) for mHealth.Participants generally held positive attitudes towards mHealth, although usage was low. Lack of willingness to pay, and socioeconomic factors, are potential barriers to the widespread adoption

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2018 mHealth

53. Evaluation of a digital health resource providing physiotherapy information for postnatal women in a tertiary public hospital in Australia (PubMed)

Evaluation of a digital health resource providing physiotherapy information for postnatal women in a tertiary public hospital in Australia Pregnancy and childbirth have a profound and lasting effect on the female body. Reduced length of postnatal hospital stay has impacted the ability of physiotherapy staff to provide early intervention and education on postnatal recovery and rehabilitation. A novel method of providing physiotherapy education to postnatal women was implemented in an attempt (...) to meet consumer needs in the changing hospital environment. A digital health resource was developed and evaluated to determine consumer satisfaction and access.Postnatal women admitted to the postnatal ward were invited to participate in a survey of the digital health resource during a 17-day recruitment period. A participant information sheet was provided to the patient and a signed consent form collected from those willing to participate. Online surveys were emailed to women at approximately 2

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2018 mHealth

54. Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya (PubMed)

Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya Integration of HIV/AIDS with reproductive health (RH) services can increase the uptake and efficiency of services, but gaps in knowledge remain about the practice of integration, particularly how provision can be expanded and performance enhanced. We assessed the extent and nature of service integration in public sector facilities in four districts in Kenya.Between (...) , particularly within antenatal, FP and HIV counselling services, but a need for sustained systems and health worker support over time.NCT01694862.

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2018 BMJ global health

55. Building the case for housing policy: Understanding public beliefs about housing affordability as a key social determinant of health (PubMed)

Building the case for housing policy: Understanding public beliefs about housing affordability as a key social determinant of health The current housing crisis in the U.S. requires the consideration and promotion of policies that improve the circumstances of severe housing cost burdens. Building public awareness of the health impacts associated with housing affordability may be a key prerequisite for policy change.Quantitative and qualitative data from a national survey were used to investigate (...) public understandings about housing affordability as a key driver of health. Quantitative and qualitative findings were integrated to test whether any relationships existed between respondents' considerations and concerns about housing affordability and their perceptions about housing affordability as a social determinant of health.These data support four key findings. First, understandings of the relationship between affordable housing and health are partisan and income-based driven

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2018 SSM - population health

56. Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review

Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health: A Rapid Review Identifying Community Assessment Practices for Public Health A Rapid Review Julie Richardson, Analyst, Research and Policy Nancy Ramuscak, Program Manager Sondra Davis, Analyst, Research and Policy Teresa Ho, Advisor July 2018 i Table of Contents Key Messages 1 Executive Summary 2 1 Issue 4 2 Context 4 3 Literature Review Question 5 4 Literature Search 5 5 Relevance Assessment 6 6 Results of the Search 7 7 Critical (...) collection methods may include surveys, interviews, focus groups, community forums and observation. 2 Executive Summary Issue and Context End-to-End Public Health Practice (E2EPHP) is a strategic priority at Region of Peel- Public Health (ROP-PH) to ensure that public health decisions support population-level health outcomes. Community assessment is included in the E2EPHP model as one way to define a public health problem. Currently, ROP-PH lacks a consistent and rigorous approach to conduct community

2018 Peel Health Library

57. The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study (PubMed)

The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: an epidemic modelling study As countries embark on public health-oriented drug law reform, health impact evaluations are needed. In 2012, Mexico mandated the narcomenudeo reform, which depenalised the possession of small amounts of drugs and instituted drug treatment instead of incarceration. We investigated the past and future effect of this drug law reform on HIV incidence

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2018 The Lancet. Public health

58. Participatory Modeling of Climate Change Impacts on Public Health in Long Beach, California: Discussion from a Workshop Hosted by the RAND Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition (PubMed)

Participatory Modeling of Climate Change Impacts on Public Health in Long Beach, California: Discussion from a Workshop Hosted by the RAND Frederick S. Pardee Center for Longer Range Global Policy and the Future Human Condition Participatory modeling aims to incorporate stakeholders into the process of developing models for the purpose of eliciting information, appropriately reflecting stakeholder interests and concerns, and improving stakeholder understanding, and acceptance of the analysis (...) . Participatory modeling, using causal loop diagramming (CLD), was used to explore the impact of climate change on public health in Long Beach, California. CLD, commonly used in participatory modeling, provided useful information to serve as the basis for a quantitative system dynamics model to protect the citizens of Long Beach, and potentially other cities or regions affected by climate change. Diverse stakeholders constructed CLDs depicting the impacts of climate change on public health in Long Beach

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2018 Rand health quarterly

59. Improving Disaster Resilience Among Older Adults: Insights from Public Health Departments and Aging-in-Place Efforts (PubMed)

Improving Disaster Resilience Among Older Adults: Insights from Public Health Departments and Aging-in-Place Efforts This study uses interview data collected from public health departments and aging-in-place efforts-specifically, from coordinators of age-friendly communities and village executive directors-to explore how current aging-in-place efforts can be harnessed to strengthen the disaster resilience of older adults and which existing programs or new collaborations among public health (...) departments and these organizations show promise for improving disaster resilience for older populations. Interviews with stakeholders revealed that most age-friendly communities and senior villages did not place a high priority on promoting disaster preparedness. While most public health departments conducted or took the lead on disaster preparedness and resilience activities, they were not necessarily tailored to older adults. Aligning and extending public health departments' current preparedness

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2018 Rand health quarterly

60. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings

Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings SCIENTIFIC ADVICE www.ecdc.europa.eu Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settingsECDC AND EMCDDA SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings Prevention and control of communicable diseases in prison settings ii This guidance (...) Monarca for his input on research limitations in prison settings. The authors would also like to thank Margherita Errico (Italy) and Eamonn O’Moore (United Kingdom) for their contributions to the case studies presented in this guidance. Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Public health guidance on active case finding of communicable diseases in prison settings. Stockholm and Lisbon: ECDC and EMCDDA; 2018

2018 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance