Latest & greatest articles for public health

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Top results for public health

141. Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on West Virginia (Full text)

Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on West Virginia The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) laid the groundwork for a substantial increase in the number of people who have access to health insurance through Medicaid expansion or health insurance marketplaces. During the first open-enrollment season, states used a variety of strategies to reach out to and enroll newly eligible people. Typically (...) , they used federal and state funding to develop navigator programs. Program design differed by location, and, although many stakeholders were involved in these efforts, state and local health departments (LHDs) were, and remain, a relatively untapped resource. This article is one in a series designed to highlight innovative models and best practices that leverage LHD involvement in ACA outreach and enrollment and to facilitate knowledge transfer to other geographic regions looking to leverage the full

2017 Rand health quarterly PubMed

142. Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on Tacoma–Pierce County, Washington (Full text)

Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on Tacoma–Pierce County, Washington The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) laid the groundwork for a substantial increase in the number of people who have access to health insurance through Medicaid expansion or health insurance marketplaces. During the first open-enrollment season, states used a variety of strategies to reach out to and enroll newly eligible people (...) . Typically, they used federal and state funding to develop navigator programs. Program design differed by location, and, although many stakeholders were involved in these efforts, state and local health departments (LHDs) were, and remain, a relatively untapped resource. This article is one in a series designed to highlight innovative models and best practices that leverage LHD involvement in ACA outreach and enrollment and to facilitate knowledge transfer to other geographic regions looking to leverage

2017 Rand health quarterly PubMed

143. Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on Boston and Massachusetts (Full text)

Assessing the Role of State and Local Public Health in Outreach and Enrollment for Expanded Coverage: A Case Study on Boston and Massachusetts The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) laid the groundwork for a substantial increase in the number of people who have access to health insurance through Medicaid expansion or health insurance marketplaces. During the first open-enrollment season, states used a variety of strategies to reach out to and enroll newly eligible people (...) . Typically, they used federal and state funding to develop navigator programs. Program design differed by location, and, although many stakeholders were involved in these efforts, state and local health departments (LHDs) were, and remain, a relatively untapped resource. This article is one in a series designed to highlight innovative models and best practices that leverage LHD involvement in ACA outreach and enrollment and to facilitate knowledge transfer to other geographic regions looking to leverage

2017 Rand health quarterly PubMed

144. Public-health impact of accelerated measles control in the WHO African Region 2000-03. (Full text)

Public-health impact of accelerated measles control in the WHO African Region 2000-03. In 2000, the WHO African Region adopted a plan to accelerate efforts to lower measles mortality with the goal of decreasing the number of measles deaths to near zero. By June, 2003, 19 African countries had completed measles supplemental immunisation activities (SIA) in children aged 9 months to 14 years as part of a comprehensive measles-control strategy. We assessed the public-health impact of these control

2017 Lancet PubMed

145. US Spending on Personal Health Care and Public Health, 1996-2013. (Full text)

US Spending on Personal Health Care and Public Health, 1996-2013. US health care spending has continued to increase, and now accounts for more than 17% of the US economy. Despite the size and growth of this spending, little is known about how spending on each condition varies by age and across time.To systematically and comprehensively estimate US spending on personal health care and public health, according to condition, age and sex group, and type of care.Government budgets, insurance claims (...) (2.8% [UI, 2.8%-2.8%] and nursing facility care (2.5% [UI, 2.5%-2.5%]).Modeled estimates of US spending on personal health care and public health showed substantial increases from 1996 through 2013; with spending on diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and low back and neck pain accounting for the highest amounts of spending by disease category. The rate of change in annual spending varied considerably among different conditions and types of care. This information may have implications for efforts

2016 JAMA PubMed

146. Who votes for public health? U.S. senator characteristics associated with voting in concordance with public health policy recommendations (1998–2013) (Full text)

Who votes for public health? U.S. senator characteristics associated with voting in concordance with public health policy recommendations (1998–2013) The voting behaviors of elected officials shape the public's health. Little is known, however, about the characteristics of elected officials who vote in concordance with public health policy recommendations. This article presents the results of study conducted with the aims of: 1) testing the hypothesis that US Democrat Senators vote (...) in concordance with American Public Health Association (APHA) policy recommendations more frequently than US Republican Senators, 2) identifying US Senator characteristics independently associated with voting in concordance with APHA, and 3) assessing trends in APHA voting concordance by political party.We created a legislative dataset of 1434 votes cast on 111 legislative proposals by 184 US Senators during the years 1998 through 2013. Mixed effects linear regression models were used to estimate

2016 SSM - population health PubMed

147. Public health implications of payday lending

Public health implications of payday lending BRIEFING PAPER 48 September 2016 www.gcph.co.uk • The 2008 economic recession triggered a demand for a greater understanding of the relationship between socioeconomic factors and health. The last decade has seen significant c hanges within the finan cial sector including the increasing market share of ‘fringe banking’, including ‘payday lending’ products. • Payday lending refers to short-term loans for small amounts of money with high interest rates (...) and fees. Payday lending is targeted toward lower income, high-risk borrowers. • Payday lending should be considered a contemporary public health concern. Key factors include the vulnerability of the populations involved and the urgency, scale and growth of the issue, coupled with the corrosive effect that personal debt an d financial vulnerability can have on mental and physical health. • The Financial Conduct Authority introduced appropriate regulatory reforms within the payday market in 2015

2016 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

148. HIV testing: increasing uptake among people who may have undiagnosed HIV (Joint NICE and Public Health England guideline)

HIV testing: increasing uptake among people who may have undiagnosed HIV (Joint NICE and Public Health England guideline) HIV testing: increasing uptak HIV testing: increasing uptake among e among people who ma people who may ha y hav ve undiagnosed HIV e undiagnosed HIV NICE guideline Published: 1 December 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng60 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our (...) . It describes how to plan and deliver services that are tailored to the local prevalence of HIV, promote awareness of HIV testing and increase opportunities to offer testing to people who may have undiagnosed HIV. NICE worked with Public Health England to develop this guidance. Who is it for? Local authority and NHS commissioners of HIV testing services Providers of HIV testing services Practitioners working in services that offer HIV testing The general public HIV testing: increasing uptake among people

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

149. Biological Risks to Public Health: Lessons from an International Conference to Inform the Development of National Risk Communication Strategies: Report of an international conference on risk communication strategies before, during, and after public health (Full text)

Biological Risks to Public Health: Lessons from an International Conference to Inform the Development of National Risk Communication Strategies: Report of an international conference on risk communication strategies before, during, and after public health Biological risk management in public health focuses on the impact of outbreaks on health, the economy, and other systems and on ensuring biosafety and biosecurity. To address this broad range of risks, the International Health Regulations (IHR (...) communication. The international conference on "Risk communication strategies before, during and after public health emergencies" provided a platform to present current strategies, facilitate learning from recent outbreaks of infectious diseases, and discuss recommendations to inform risk communication strategy development. The discussion concluded with 4 key areas for improvement in risk communication: consider communication as a multidimensional process in risk communication, broaden the biomedical

2016 Health security PubMed

150. Zoos and public health: A partnership on the One Health frontier (Full text)

Zoos and public health: A partnership on the One Health frontier Today, accredited zoos are not just places for entertainment, they are actively involved in research for conservation and health. During recent decades in which the challenges for biodiversity conservation and public health have escalated, zoos have made significant changes to address these difficulties. Zoos increasingly have four key areas of focus: education, recreation, conservation, and research. These key areas are important (...) in addressing an interrelated global conservation (i.e. habitat and wildlife loss) and public health crisis. Zoo and public health professionals working together within a One Health framework represent a powerful alliance to address current and future conservation and public health problems around the world. For researchers, practitioners, and students, the collaboration between zoos and public health institutions offers the opportunity to both teach and operationalize this transdisciplinary approach. Using

2016 One health PubMed

151. New approaches to divorce with children: A problem of public health (Full text)

New approaches to divorce with children: A problem of public health This broad review elaborates on the most up-to-date knowledge on biochemical and psychobiological aspects of parental loss and other childhood adversities during divorce involving minor children. So far, divorce involving minor children was unfortunately considered by authorities only as a purely juridical problem, and this approach has often allowed a completely different approach according to the Courts. Now, scientific (...) research, also making use of animal models, is demonstrating the biological basis of the problem and the indisputable consequences on the well-being and health of children. The innovative conclusion of this review is that this argument (because of its frequency and gravity) is primarily a question of public health and that it is necessary to further harmonize practices in this area.

2016 Health psychology open PubMed

152. Report of the Regional Workshop on Strengthening and Networking of Public Health Emergency Operations Centres, New Delhi, 29 September - 1 October 2015

Report of the Regional Workshop on Strengthening and Networking of Public Health Emergency Operations Centres, New Delhi, 29 September - 1 October 2015 Report of the Regional Workshop on Strengthening and Networking of Public Health Emergency Operations Centres, New Delhi, 29 September - 1 October 2015 JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links Report of the Regional (...) Workshop on Strengthening and Networking of Public Health Emergency Operations Centres, New Delhi, 29 September - 1 October 2015 View/ Open View Statistics Altmetrics Share Abstract The Regional Workshop on Strengthening and Networking of Public Health Emergency Operations Centre was organized in New Delhi, India from 29 September – 1 October 2015. Public health emergency operations centres (‎EOCs)‎ are physical or virtual centres responsible for the strategic management of public health emergencies

2016 WHO

153. Malware and Disease: Lessons from Cyber Intelligence for Public Health Surveillance (Full text)

Malware and Disease: Lessons from Cyber Intelligence for Public Health Surveillance Malicious software and infectious diseases are similar is several respects, as are the functional requirements for surveillance and intelligence to defend against these threats. Given these similarities, this article compares and contrasts the actors, relationships, and norms at work in cyber intelligence and disease surveillance. Historical analysis reveals that civilian cyber defense is more decentralized (...) , private, and voluntary than public health in the United States. Most of these differences are due to political choices rather than technical necessities. In particular, political resistance to government institutions has shaped cyber intelligence over the past 30 years, which is a troubling sign for attempts to improve disease surveillance through local, state, and federal health departments. Information sharing about malware is also limited, despite information technology being integral to cyberspace

2016 Health security PubMed

154. Comparison Quality of Health Services between Public and Private Providers: The Iranian People’s Perspective (Full text)

Comparison Quality of Health Services between Public and Private Providers: The Iranian People’s Perspective Health services quality has been the most important criteria of judging, and its improvement causes people's satisfaction of health systems. In a health system, public and private sectors provide services and typically have been effective in promoting health services quality of community. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of health services in both public and private (...) was 83%.741 people (74%) in their last visit to receive services were referred to the public sector. Between the perception of people participating in the study about medical equipment and supplies, welfare facilities, competence and experience of doctor, waiting time, rapid reception, and access to doctor in public and private sectors, significant differences were observed (p < 0.05). In the tangible realm in perception of health services, there was a significant difference in quality between

2016 Electronic physician PubMed

155. A Public Health Perspective on Mental and Medical Comorbidity (Full text)

A Public Health Perspective on Mental and Medical Comorbidity 27623464 2017 01 10 2018 12 02 1538-3598 316 10 2016 Sep 13 JAMA JAMA A Public Health Perspective on Mental and Medical Comorbidity. 1104-5 10.1001/jama.2016.10486 Walker Elizabeth Reisinger ER Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Druss Benjamin G BG Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta (...) , Georgia. eng K12 GM000680 GM NIGMS NIH HHS United States Journal Article Comment United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM JAMA Psychiatry. 2016 Feb;73(2):150-8 26719969 Comorbidity Humans Mental Disorders epidemiology Public Health 2016 9 14 6 0 2016 9 14 6 0 2017 1 11 6 0 ppublish 27623464 2552193 10.1001/jama.2016.10486 PMC5987544 NIHMS970413 Maturitas. 2011 May;69(1):22-6 21398059 J Psychopharmacol. 2010 Nov;24(4 Suppl):61-8 20923921 Am J Hypertens. 2015 Nov;28(11):1295-302 25911639 Lancet. 2012

2016 JAMA PubMed

156. The Microbiota, Immunoregulation, and Mental Health: Implications for Public Health (Full text)

The Microbiota, Immunoregulation, and Mental Health: Implications for Public Health The hygiene or "Old Friends" hypothesis proposes that the epidemic of inflammatory disease in modern urban societies stems at least in part from reduced exposure to microbes that normally prime mammalian immunoregulatory circuits and suppress inappropriate inflammation. Such diseases include but are not limited to allergies and asthma; we and others have proposed that the markedly reduced exposure to these Old (...) mechanisms, involving bacterially derived metabolites, bacterial antigens, and helminthic antigens, through which these inputs promote immunoregulation. Though findings are encouraging, significant human subjects' research is required to evaluate the potential impact of Old Friends, including environmental microbial inputs, on biological signatures and clinically meaningful mental health prevention and intervention outcomes.

2016 Current environmental health reports PubMed

157. Implications for public health research of models and theories of disability: a scoping study and evidence synthesis

Implications for public health research of models and theories of disability: a scoping study and evidence synthesis Implications for public health research of models and theories of disability: a scoping study and evidence synthesis Implications for public health research of models and theories of disability: a scoping study and evidence synthesis Berghs M, Atkin K, Graham H, Hatton C, Thomas C Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from (...) a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Berghs M, Atkin K, Graham H, Hatton C, Thomas C. Implications for public health research of models and theories of disability: a scoping study and evidence synthesis. Public Health Research 2016; 4(8) Authors' objectives (1) To examine the literature on theories and models of disability; (2) to assess whether or not, and how, intervention studies of effectiveness could incorporate more

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

158. Public health aspects of mental health among migrants and refugees: a review of the evidence on mental health care for refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the WHO European Region

Public health aspects of mental health among migrants and refugees: a review of the evidence on mental health care for refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the WHO European Region Public health aspects of mental health among migrants and refugees: a review of the evidence on mental health care for refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the WHO European Region HEALTH EVIDENCE NETWORK SYNTHESIS REPORT 47 Stefan Priebe | Domenico Giacco | Rawda El-NagibThis HEN (...) Health and Substance Abuse, WHO headquarters. The Health Evidence Network HEN is an information service for public health decision-makers in the WHO European Region, in action since 2003 and initiated and coordinated by the WHO Regional Office for Europe under the umbrella of the European Health Information Initiative (a multipartner network coordinating all health information activities in the European Region). HEN supports public health decision-makers to use the best available evidence

2016 WHO Health Evidence Network

159. Float Tanks: Considerations for Environmental Public Health

Float Tanks: Considerations for Environmental Public Health JULY 2016 1 Float Tanks: Considerations for Environmental Public Health Angela Eykelbosh a and Shelley Beaudet b Key Messages • Floatation refers to a meditative activity in which users float in a high-density Epsom salt solution in a dark, quiet environment. • Because float tanks are distinct from swimming pools and other recreational water, questions have been raised regarding the need for and efficacy of various disinfection methods (...) Although floating is meant to improve physical and mental health, public health practitioners have questioned whether improperly operated float tanks may pose a health risk. Due to the cost of replacing the salt, the tank solution is typically only changed a few times per year and disinfection practice varies. Also, although there is a long history of regulation and management for pools and hot tubs, float tanks are currently unregulated in most jurisdictions and guidance on management is limited

2016 National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health

160. Power to the people: To what extent has public involvement in applied health research achieved this? (Full text)

Power to the people: To what extent has public involvement in applied health research achieved this? Public involvement is required for applied health research funded in the UK. One of the largest funders, the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR), makes it clear that it values the knowledge of patients and the public. As a result, there are now many resources to make sure that the public voice is included in decision-making about research. However, there is concern that the public voice (...) in research decision-making. However, there is less evidence of a change in the power dynamic between the scientific research community and the public. The public involved in research are not always equal partners. The scientific research community still has the loudest voice and patients and the public do not always feel sufficiently empowered to challenge it.Public involvement in applied health research is a pre-requisite for funding from many funding bodies. In particular the National Institute

2016 Research involvement and engagement PubMed