Latest & greatest articles for sepsis

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Top results for sepsis

1. Effect of Selepressin vs Placebo on Ventilator- and Vasopressor-Free Days in Patients With Septic Shock: The SEPSIS-ACT Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Selepressin vs Placebo on Ventilator- and Vasopressor-Free Days in Patients With Septic Shock: The SEPSIS-ACT Randomized Clinical Trial. Norepinephrine, the first-line vasopressor for septic shock, is not always effective and has important catecholaminergic adverse effects. Selepressin, a selective vasopressin V1a receptor agonist, is a noncatecholaminergic vasopressor that may mitigate sepsis-induced vasodilatation, vascular leakage, and edema, with fewer adverse effects.To test

2019 JAMA

2. Screening Triage Tools and Management Algorithms for Adult Sepsis Patients: Clinical Utility and Guidelines

Screening Triage Tools and Management Algorithms for Adult Sepsis Patients: Clinical Utility and Guidelines Screening Triage Tools and Management Algorithms for Adult Sepsis Patients: Clinical Utility and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Screening Triage Tools and Management Algorithms for Adult Sepsis Patients: Clinical Utility and Guidelines Screening Triage Tools and Management Algorithms for Adult Sepsis Patients: Clinical Utility and Guidelines Last updated: August 13 (...) , 2019 Project Number: RA1058-000 Product Line: Research Type: Devices and Systems Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical utility of screening triage tools and/or management algorithms in adult patients in the emergency department with suspected sepsis? What is the clinical utility of screening triage tools and/or management algorithms in adult inpatients with suspected sepsis? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of screening triage tools

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

3. Detection and Diagnosis of Sepsis in Rural and Remote Areas: An Environmental Scan

Detection and Diagnosis of Sepsis in Rural and Remote Areas: An Environmental Scan Detection and Diagnosis of Sepsis in Rural and Remote Areas: An Environmental Scan | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Detection and Diagnosis of Sepsis in Rural and Remote Areas: An Environmental Scan Detection and Diagnosis of Sepsis in Rural and Remote Areas: An Environmental Scan Last updated: January 9, 2019 Project Number: ES0327-000 Product Line: Result type: Report CADTH undertook an Environmental (...) Scan to understand current practices for detecting and diagnosing sepsis in remote and rural health care settings across Canada. The key objectives of this Environmental Scan were: To describe the current guidance (i.e., policies, protocols, guidelines, algorithms) for detecting and diagnosing sepsis in rural and remote health care settings in Canada To describe current practice for detecting and managing sepsis in rural and remote health care settings in Canada and how this compares to recommended

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

4. Effect of Vitamin C Infusion on Organ Failure and Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury in Patients With Sepsis and Severe Acute Respiratory Failure: The CITRIS-ALI Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Vitamin C Infusion on Organ Failure and Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury in Patients With Sepsis and Severe Acute Respiratory Failure: The CITRIS-ALI Randomized Clinical Trial. Experimental data suggest that intravenous vitamin C may attenuate inflammation and vascular injury associated with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).To determine the effect of intravenous vitamin C infusion on organ failure scores and biological markers of inflammation (...) and vascular injury in patients with sepsis and ARDS.The CITRIS-ALI trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial conducted in 7 medical intensive care units in the United States, enrolling patients (N = 167) with sepsis and ARDS present for less than 24 hours. The study was conducted from September 2014 to November 2017, and final follow-up was January 2018.Patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous infusion of vitamin C (50 mg/kg in dextrose 5% in water, n = 84

2019 JAMA

5. Association of Use of the Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator With Reduction in Antibiotic Therapy and Safety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Association of Use of the Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator With Reduction in Antibiotic Therapy and Safety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis The neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS) calculator is a clinical risk stratification tool increasingly used to guide the use of empirical antibiotics for newborns. Evidence on the effectiveness and safety of the EOS calculator is essential to inform clinicians considering implementation.To assess the association between management of neonatal EOS

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Blood Culture Results Before and After Antimicrobial Administration in Patients With Severe Manifestations of Sepsis: A Diagnostic Study. (PubMed)

Blood Culture Results Before and After Antimicrobial Administration in Patients With Severe Manifestations of Sepsis: A Diagnostic Study. Administering antimicrobial agents before obtaining blood cultures could potentially decrease time to treatment and improve outcomes, but it is unclear how this strategy affects diagnostic sensitivity.To determine the sensitivity of blood cultures obtained shortly after initiation of antimicrobial therapy in patients with severe manifestations (...) of sepsis.Patient-level, single-group, diagnostic study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01867905).7 emergency departments in North America.Adults with severe manifestations of sepsis, including systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg or a serum lactate level of 4 mmol/L or more.Blood cultures were obtained before and within 120 minutes after initiation of antimicrobial treatment.Sensitivity of blood cultures obtained after initiation of antimicrobial therapy.Of 3164 participants screened, 325 were included

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

7. Association Between State-Mandated Protocolized Sepsis Care and In-hospital Mortality Among Adults With Sepsis. (PubMed)

Association Between State-Mandated Protocolized Sepsis Care and In-hospital Mortality Among Adults With Sepsis. Beginning in 2013, New York State implemented regulations mandating that hospitals implement evidence-based protocols for sepsis management, as well as report data on protocol adherence and clinical outcomes to the state government. The association between these mandates and sepsis outcomes is unknown.To evaluate the association between New York State sepsis regulations (...) and the outcomes of patients hospitalized with sepsis.Retrospective cohort study of adult patients hospitalized with sepsis in New York State and in 4 control states (Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, and New Jersey) using all-payer hospital discharge data (January 1, 2011-September 30, 2015) and a comparative interrupted time series analytic approach.Hospitalization for sepsis before (January 1, 2011-March 31, 2013) vs after (April 1, 2013-September 30, 2015) implementation of the 2013 New York State sepsis

2019 JAMA

8. Hypertonic Saline in Human Sepsis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Hypertonic Saline in Human Sepsis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials The role of hypertonic saline in sepsis remains unclear because clinical data are limited and the balance between beneficial and adverse effects is not well defined. In this systematic literature review, we searched PubMed and Embase to identify all randomized controlled trials up until January 31, 2018 in which hypertonic saline solutions of any concentration were used in patients of all ages with sepsis (...) effects on renal function (moderate-quality evidence). Some data suggested a beneficial effect of hypertonic saline solutions on some hemodynamic parameters and the immunomodulatory profile (very low-quality evidence). Mortality rates were not significantly different with hypertonic saline than with other fluids (odds ratio, 0.946; 95% CI, 0.688-1.301; P = .733; low-quality evidence). In conclusion, in our meta-analysis of studies in patients with sepsis, hypertonic saline reduced the volume of fluid

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. Diagnostic value of neutrophil CD64 combined with CRP for neonatal sepsis: A meta-analysis

Diagnostic value of neutrophil CD64 combined with CRP for neonatal sepsis: A meta-analysis Sepsis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns. CD64 combined with c-reactive protein (CRP) could improve the sensitivity and specificity of neonatal sepsis diagnosis, but the results were still controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the importance of CD64 combined with CRP in the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis.The researches published as of December 24 (...) ), 0.06 (95% CI: 0.02-0.18); diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), 118.0 (95% CI: 25.00-549.00), and the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.96 (95% CI: 0.94-0.97). It was found that heterogeneity was not caused by threshold effect (P = 0.16), but the results of sensitivity (I2 = 87.57%) and specificity (I2 = 89.07%) analyses indicated significant heterogeneity between studies.The combined application of CD64 and CRP improved the accuracy of neonatal sepsis diagnosis.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Assessing Fluid Resuscitation in Adults with Sepsis Who Are Not Mechanically Ventilated: a Systematic Review of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Studies

Assessing Fluid Resuscitation in Adults with Sepsis Who Are Not Mechanically Ventilated: a Systematic Review of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Studies Fluid resuscitation is a widely used intervention that is mandated in the management of sepsis. While its use can be life-saving, its overuse is associated with harm. Despite this, the best means of assessing a need for fluid resuscitation in an acute medical setting is unclear.To assess studies of diagnostic tests that identify the need for fluid (...) resuscitation in adults with sepsis, as defined by the presence of fluid responsiveness.Protocol registration was performed in advance (PROSPERO:CRD42017048651). Research database searches were performed alongside additional searches to identify grey literature. Diagnostic test accuracy studies that assessed any fluid assessment tool were identified independently by two authors, before data extraction and quality assessments were performed.Adults with sepsis, without intensive care organ support, who would

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2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Does the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) Improve Survival in Septic Adults?

Does the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) Improve Survival in Septic Adults? Does the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) Improve Survival in Septic Adults? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page Access provided by Volume 73, Issue 4, Pages 363–365 Does the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) Improve Survival in Septic Adults? x (...) all Collapse all Article Outline Take-Home Message No high- or moderate-level evidence shows that the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Early Management Bundle (SEP-1) hemodynamic interventions improve survival in sepsis. Methods Data Sources The authors searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and without language restrictions from inception to November 28, 2017. They also searched the references of analyzed studies and other review articles. Study Selection Investigators included randomized

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2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

12. Derivation, Validation, and Potential Treatment Implications of Novel Clinical Phenotypes for Sepsis. (PubMed)

Derivation, Validation, and Potential Treatment Implications of Novel Clinical Phenotypes for Sepsis. Sepsis is a heterogeneous syndrome. Identification of distinct clinical phenotypes may allow more precise therapy and improve care.To derive sepsis phenotypes from clinical data, determine their reproducibility and correlation with host-response biomarkers and clinical outcomes, and assess the potential causal relationship with results from randomized clinical trials (RCTs).Retrospective (...) analysis of data sets using statistical, machine learning, and simulation tools. Phenotypes were derived among 20 189 total patients (16 552 unique patients) who met Sepsis-3 criteria within 6 hours of hospital presentation at 12 Pennsylvania hospitals (2010-2012) using consensus k means clustering applied to 29 variables. Reproducibility and correlation with biological parameters and clinical outcomes were assessed in a second database (2013-2014; n = 43 086 total patients and n = 31 160 unique

2019 JAMA

13. Effect of a Recombinant Human Soluble Thrombomodulin on Mortality in Patients With Sepsis-Associated Coagulopathy: The SCARLET Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of a Recombinant Human Soluble Thrombomodulin on Mortality in Patients With Sepsis-Associated Coagulopathy: The SCARLET Randomized Clinical Trial. Previous research suggested that soluble human recombinant thrombomodulin may reduce mortality among patients with sepsis-associated coagulopathy.To determine the effect of human recombinant thrombomodulin vs placebo on 28-day all-cause mortality among patients with sepsis-associated coagulopathy.The SCARLET trial was a randomized, double (...) -blind, placebo-controlled, multinational, multicenter phase 3 study conducted in intensive care units at 159 sites in 26 countries. All adult patients admitted to one of the participating intensive care units between October 2012 and March 2018 with sepsis-associated coagulopathy and concomitant cardiovascular and/or respiratory failure, defined as an international normalized ratio greater than 1.40 without other known etiology and a platelet count in the range of 30 to 150 × 109/L or a greater than

2019 JAMA

14. Enteral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. (PubMed)

Enteral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. Neonatal sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) cause significant neonatal mortality and morbidity despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Enhancing host defense and modulating inflammation by using lactoferrin as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of sepsis, NEC, or both, may improve clinical outcomes.The primary objective was to assess safety and efficacy of oral lactoferrin as an adjunct (...) to antibiotics in the treatment of neonates with suspected or confirmed sepsis, NEC, or both.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2018, Issue 9), MEDLINE via PubMed, PREMEDLINE, (1966 to 20 September 2018) Embase (1980 to 20 September 2018), and CINAHL (1982 to 20 September 2018). We also searched clinical trial databases, conference proceedings, the reference lists of retried articles and clinical trials

2019 Cochrane

15. Computer-aided National Early Warning Score to predict the risk of sepsis following emergency medical admission to hospital: a model development and external validation study

Computer-aided National Early Warning Score to predict the risk of sepsis following emergency medical admission to hospital: a model development and external validation study Similar articles for PubMed (Select 30962196) - PubMed - NCBI Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. Search database Search term Search Result Filters Article types Text availability Publication dates x Custom date range Start Year Start Month Start Day to End Year End Month End Day Apply Clear Species

2019 EvidenceUpdates

16. The Restrictive IV Fluid Trial in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock (RIFTS): A Randomized Pilot Study

The Restrictive IV Fluid Trial in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock (RIFTS): A Randomized Pilot Study It is unclear if a low- or high-volume IV fluid resuscitation strategy is better for patients with severe sepsis and septic shock.Prospective randomized controlled trial.Two adult acute care hospitals within a single academic system.Patients with severe sepsis and septic shock admitted from the emergency department to the ICU from November 2016 to February 2018.Patients were randomly assigned (...) ; 95% CI, 0.41-2.53). There were no differences between groups in the rate of new organ failure, hospital or ICU length of stay, or serious adverse events.This pilot study demonstrates that a restrictive resuscitation strategy can successfully reduce the amount of IV fluid administered to patients with severe sepsis and septic shock compared with usual care. Although limited by the sample size, we observed no increase in mortality, organ failure, or adverse events. These findings further support

2019 EvidenceUpdates

17. Quality of Life and 1-Year Survival in Patients With Early Septic Shock: Long-Term Follow-Up of the Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation Trial

Quality of Life and 1-Year Survival in Patients With Early Septic Shock: Long-Term Follow-Up of the Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation Trial To examine long-term survival and quality of life of patients with early septic shock.Prospective, randomized, parallel-group trial.Fifty-one hospitals in Australia, New Zealand, Finland, Hong Kong, and the Republic of Ireland.One-thousand five-hundred ninety-one patients who presented to the emergency department with early septic shock (...) between October 2008 and April 2014, and were enrolled in the Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation trial.Early goal-directed therapy versus usual care.Long-term survival was measured up to 12 months postrandomization. Health-related quality of life was measured using the EuroQoL-5D-3L, Short Form 36 and Assessment of Quality of Life 4D at baseline, and at 6 and 12 months following randomization. Mortality data were available for 1,548 patients (97.3%) and 1,515 patients (95.2%) at 6 and 12

2019 EvidenceUpdates

18. Plasma interleukin-6 concentration for the diagnosis of sepsis in critically ill adults. (PubMed)

Plasma interleukin-6 concentration for the diagnosis of sepsis in critically ill adults. The definition of sepsis has evolved over time, along with the clinical and scientific knowledge behind it. For years, sepsis was defined as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the presence of a documented or suspected infection. At present, sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction resulting from a dysregulated host response to infection. Even though sepsis is one (...) of the leading causes of mortality in critically ill patients, and the World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes it as a healthcare priority, it still lacks an accurate diagnostic test. Determining the accuracy of interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations in plasma, which is proposed as a new biomarker for the diagnosis of sepsis, might be helpful to provide adequate and timely management of critically ill patients, and thus reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition.To determine

2019 Cochrane

19. Recombinant Human Soluble Thrombomodulin in Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Recombinant Human Soluble Thrombomodulin in Sepsis-Induced Coagulopathy: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  Clinical effectiveness of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) in sepsis or sepsis-induced coagulopathy remains a matter of dispute. Recently, the Sepsis Coagulopathy Asahi Recombinant LEThrombomodulin (SCARLET) trial, the latest multinational multi-centre phase III randomized controlled trial, was completed. This article assesses the benefits and harms of rhTM (...) therapy in sepsis-induced coagulopathy by updating our previous systematic review. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of rhTM therapy for sepsis-induced coagulopathy in randomized controlled trials. All-cause 28-day mortality as efficacy and serious bleeding complications as the adverse effect were measured as primary outcomes. We assessed the certainty of a body of evidence at the outcome level using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. We

2019 EvidenceUpdates

20. CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – EGDT in the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock

CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – EGDT in the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series - Early Goal Directed Therapy in the Treatment of Sepsis - CanadiEM CanadiEM MVP Infographic Series – Early Goal Directed Therapy in the Treatment of Sepsis In , by Vanessa Knight February 22, 2019 In this issue of the MVP Infographic Series, we feature: “Early-Goal Directed Therapy in the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock” by Rivers et al. This study demonstrated (...) the importance of early recognition of septic patients and the use of early-goal directed therapy (EGDT) to decrease associated morbidity and mortality. At the time this study was published, cases of sepsis were increasing steadily while the associated mortality was not improving with new developments and research 1 . The investigators hypothesized that mortality in septic shock was caused by poor oxygen delivery to organs and that normalization of this parameter would improve survival 2 . Their solution

2019 CandiEM