Latest & greatest articles for side effects

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Top results for side effects

1. Long-term neurocognitive and other side effects of radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy, for glioma. (PubMed)

Long-term neurocognitive and other side effects of radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy, for glioma. Gliomas are brain tumours arising from glial cells with an annual incidence of 4 to 11 people per 100,000. In this review we focus on gliomas with low aggressive potential in the short term, i.e. low-grade gliomas. Most people with low-grade gliomas are treated with surgery and may receive radiotherapy thereafter. However, there is concern about the possible long-term effects (...) of radiotherapy, especially on neurocognitive functioning.To evaluate the long-term neurocognitive and other side effects of radiotherapy (with or without chemotherapy) compared with no radiotherapy, or different types of radiotherapy, among people with glioma (where 'long-term' is defined as at least two years after diagnosis); and to write a brief economic commentary.We searched the following databases on 16 February 2018 and updated the search on 14 November 2018: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled

2019 Cochrane

2. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: new restrictions and precautions for use due to very rare reports of disabling and potentially long-lasting or irreversible side effects

Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: new restrictions and precautions for use due to very rare reports of disabling and potentially long-lasting or irreversible side effects Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: new restrictions and precautions for use due to very rare reports of disabling and potentially long-lasting or irreversible side effects - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies to make the site simpler. or Search Fluoroquinolone antibiotics: new restrictions and precautions for use due to very rare reports (...) of disabling and potentially long-lasting or irreversible side effects Disabling, long-lasting or potentially irreversible adverse reactions affecting musculoskeletal and nervous systems have been reported very rarely with fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Fluoroquinolone treatment should be discontinued at the first signs of a serious adverse reaction, including tendon pain or inflammation. Published 21 March 2019 From: Therapeutic area: , , , , , , , , , , , , , Contents Advice for healthcare professionals

2019 MHRA Drug Safety Update

3. Side Effects and Health Benefits of Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A Systematic Review

Side Effects and Health Benefits of Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A Systematic Review Counseling about potential side effects and health benefits of contraceptive methods could facilitate continued method use and method satisfaction, yet no evidence-based compilation of side effects and benefits exists to aid such counseling. Among contraceptive methods in the United States, depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injectables have the highest discontinuation rates, and most (...) discontinuation is attributable to side effects. This review examines the side effects and health benefits of DMPA to inform counseling.We searched PubMed, POPLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Campbell Collaboration Library of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov.We included English-language studies published from 1985 to 2016 that enrolled healthy, nonbreastfeeding females aged 13-49 years at risk of unintended

2019 EvidenceUpdates

4. Inducing labour mechanically can be as effective as the recommended drugs and may have fewer side effects

Inducing labour mechanically can be as effective as the recommended drugs and may have fewer side effects Inducing labour mechanically can be as effective as the recommended drugs and may have fewer side effects Discover Portal Discover Portal Inducing labour mechanically can be as effective as the recommended drugs and may have fewer side effects Published on 8 November 2016 doi: Double-balloon catheters seem to be as effective as vaginal prostaglandin drugs for inducing labour, while also (...) avoiding overstimulation of the womb. The catheter is a device inserted through the cervix, where inflated balloons put pressure on the cervix helping it to “ripen” and start contractions. Prostaglandin drugs are the current recommended induction method, but uterine (womb) overstimulation, where contractions become too frequent or long, is a recognised side effect. This trial found that with either method half of women went on to a vaginal delivery within 24 hours and avoided the need for a caesarean

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

5. Fewer side-effects and similar benefits from shorter chemotherapy after bowel cancer surgery

Fewer side-effects and similar benefits from shorter chemotherapy after bowel cancer surgery Fewer side-effects and similar benefits from shorter chemotherapy after bowel cancer surgery Discover Portal Discover Portal Fewer side-effects and similar benefits from shorter chemotherapy after bowel cancer surgery Published on 12 June 2018 doi: A three-month course of chemotherapy after surgery for bowel cancer seems no less effective than the standard six-month course, and half as many people (...) suffered from nerve damage as a side-effect. Three-quarters of people survived to three years without disease progression on either treatment. This international trial, part funded by the NIHR, included over 6,000 people with high-risk stage II or III bowel cancer that had spread through the bowel wall or to nearby lymph nodes. Standard treatment after surgery is usually six months of an oxaliplatin-containing regimen. This study evaluated a shorter course. Oxaliplatin is known to damage nerves

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Side Effect Rates of Opioids in Equianalgesic Doses Via Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

Side Effect Rates of Opioids in Equianalgesic Doses Via Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis Side effects of opioids used for the treatment of acute pain frequently limit their analgesic quality. Many studies have compared opioid side effects in patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), but it remains unclear whether there are specific side effect profiles that can be exploited when choosing an opioid for a patient. In this review, we wanted (...) to determine the risk ratios (RRs) for the most common side effects when using different opioids for intravenous PCA in equianalgesic doses and rank the substances accordingly.A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), and Web of Science identified 63 randomized controlled trials comparing opioids under equianalgesic conditions. Inclusion criteria were comparable pain stimulus between groups, equal coanalgesic treatment, and comparable resulting pain scores. Quality of studies

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Automated symptom and treatment side effect monitoring for improved quality of life among adults with diabetic peripheral neuropathy in primary care: a pragmatic, cluster, randomized, controlled trial

Automated symptom and treatment side effect monitoring for improved quality of life among adults with diabetic peripheral neuropathy in primary care: a pragmatic, cluster, randomized, controlled trial To evaluate the effectiveness of automated symptom and side effect monitoring on quality of life among individuals with symptomatic diabetic peripheral neuropathy.We conducted a pragmatic, cluster randomized controlled trial (July 2014 to July 2016) within a large healthcare system. We randomized (...) 1834 primary care physicians and prospectively recruited from their lists 1270 individuals with neuropathy who were newly prescribed medications for their symptoms. Intervention participants received automated telephone-based symptom and side effect monitoring with physician feedback over 6 months. The control group received usual care plus three non-interactive diabetes educational calls. Our primary outcomes were quality of life (EQ-5D) and select symptoms (e.g. pain) measured 4-8 weeks after

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. The effect of exercise-based interventions on health-related quality of life, physical and functional capacity, and side effects in older patients with colorectal cancer receiving medical antineoplastic treatments

The effect of exercise-based interventions on health-related quality of life, physical and functional capacity, and side effects in older patients with colorectal cancer receiving medical antineoplastic treatments Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD (...) bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion

2019 PROSPERO

9. The safety and side effect profile of metformin use in HIV-infected persons on anti-retroviral therapy

The safety and side effect profile of metformin use in HIV-infected persons on anti-retroviral therapy Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening

2019 PROSPERO

10. Probiotic use increases side effects in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a meta-analysis

Probiotic use increases side effects in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening

2019 PROSPERO

11. Side effect profile and comparative tolerability of 21 antidepressants in the acute treatment of major depression: protocol for a network meta-analysis

Side effect profile and comparative tolerability of 21 antidepressants in the acute treatment of major depression: protocol for a network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria

2019 PROSPERO

12. Effects and side effects of different degrees of postoperative thyroid hormone suppression therapy in differentiated thyroid cancer patients.

Effects and side effects of different degrees of postoperative thyroid hormone suppression therapy in differentiated thyroid cancer patients. Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria

2019 PROSPERO

13. Management of side-effects among women with breast cancer using adjuvant hormonal therapy: a systematic review of reviews

Management of side-effects among women with breast cancer using adjuvant hormonal therapy: a systematic review of reviews Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any (...) associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example

2019 PROSPERO

14. Adverse side effects of carbetocin for the third stage of labour to prevent postpartum haemorrhage

Adverse side effects of carbetocin for the third stage of labour to prevent postpartum haemorrhage Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening

2019 PROSPERO

15. Efficacy and side effects of risperidone use in autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Efficacy and side effects of risperidone use in autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening

2019 PROSPERO

16. The skeletal and dental side effect of oral appliance treatment in patients with sleep disordered breathing

The skeletal and dental side effect of oral appliance treatment in patients with sleep disordered breathing Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening

2019 PROSPERO

17. Adverse side effects of prophylactic misoprostol for preventing postpartum hemorrhage

Adverse side effects of prophylactic misoprostol for preventing postpartum hemorrhage Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites (...) . Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect measures Timing and effect measures Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Context and rationale Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Inclusion criteria: Exclusion criteria: Example: Screening will be performed

2019 PROSPERO

18. Consequences of long-term oral corticosteroid therapy and its side-effects in severe asthma in adults: a focused review of the impact data in the literature

Consequences of long-term oral corticosteroid therapy and its side-effects in severe asthma in adults: a focused review of the impact data in the literature This review provides an overview of the role of long-term treatment of severe asthma with oral corticosteroids (OCS) and its associated side-effects in adults. It is based on a systematic literature search conducted in MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant studies. After a short overview of severe asthma and its (...) treatment we present studies showing a dose-response relationship in asthmatic patients treated with OCS and then consider by organ systems the undesired effects demonstrated in clinical and epidemiological studies in patients with OCS-dependent asthma. It was found that the risk of developing various OCS-related complications, including infections, diabetes and osteoporosis as well as psychiatric disorders, was higher for patients with long-term exposure to OCS compared with control groups. In addition

2018 EvidenceUpdates

19. Adverse side effects of dexamethasone in surgical patients. (PubMed)

Adverse side effects of dexamethasone in surgical patients. In the perioperative period, dexamethasone is widely and effectively used for prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), for pain management, and to facilitate early discharge after ambulatory surgery.Long-term treatment with steroids has many side effects, such as adrenal insufficiency, increased infection risk, hyperglycaemia, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and development of diabetes mellitus. However, whether (...) a single steroid load during surgery has negative effects during the postoperative period has not yet been studied.To assess the effects of a steroid load of dexamethasone on postoperative systemic or wound infection, delayed wound healing, and blood glucose change in adult surgical patients (with planned subgroup analysis of patients with and without diabetes).We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), in the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science

2018 Cochrane

20. Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer. (PubMed)

Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer. Moxibustion, a common treatment in traditional Chinese medicine, involves burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris on or above the skin at acupuncture points. Its intended effect is to enhance body function, and it could reduce the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy and improve quality of life (QoL) in people with cancer.To assess the effects of moxibustion for alleviating (...) side effects associated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both in people with cancer.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via Ovid, Embase via Ovid and AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database) from their inception to February 2018. We also searched databases in China including the Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese Medical Current Contents (CMCC), TCMonline, Chinese Dissertation Database (CDDB), China

2018 Cochrane