Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

181. The anticipatory stress response to sport competition; a systematic review with meta-analysis of cortisol reactivity. (PubMed)

The anticipatory stress response to sport competition; a systematic review with meta-analysis of cortisol reactivity. Athletes anticipating sport competition regularly experience distinct emotional and physiological responses as a result of the expected psychosocial and physical stress. Specifically, cortisol, an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation, prepares the athlete for the psychological and physiological demands of competition. The objective of this meta-analysis (...) research article published in English language.Data from 25 studies provided 27 effect sizes. A significant anticipatory cortisol response of g=0.85, p<0.001 was identified. Males had a stronger trend for greater cortisol reactivity (g=1.07) than females (g=0.56, p=0.07). Females and athletes competing at international level did not demonstrate a significant anticipatory stress response. There were no significant differences between level of competition, type of sport or time of competition. Meta

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2017 BMJ open sport & exercise medicine

182. A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial (PubMed)

A mindfulness-based intervention to increase resilience to stress in university students (the Mindful Student Study): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress.We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge (...) that provision of mindfulness training could be an effective component of a wider student mental health strategy. Further comparative effectiveness research with inclusion of controls for non-specific effects is needed to define a range of additional, effective interventions to increase resilience to stress in university students.University of Cambridge and National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care East of England.Copyright © 2018 The Author(s

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2017 The Lancet. Public health

183. Being stressed outside the park—conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia (PubMed)

Being stressed outside the park—conservation of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia The conservation of the African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) is of prime importance for many African countries. Interactions between elephants and humans are known to induce stress and thereby have the potential to affect elephants' fitness. In Namibia, anthropogenic disturbances are increasing due to increasing human population size and development, particularly near protected areas (...) , such as national parks. In this study, we investigated elephant stress levels in relation to their land use, specifically their protection status, comparing elephants within Etosha National Park in Namibia with elephants residing outside the park. We noninvasively collected dung samples of 91 elephants and determined the concentration of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites (fGCM), an indicator of physiological stress. Elephants outside the park (N = 35) had significantly higher concentrations of fGCM than those

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2017 Conservation physiology

184. Urinary Markers of Oxidative Stress Are Associated With Albuminuria But Not GFR Decline (PubMed)

Urinary Markers of Oxidative Stress Are Associated With Albuminuria But Not GFR Decline Markers of oxidative stress increase with age and are prevalent with chronic kidney disease. However, the role of oxidative stress markers as predictors for kidney function decline in the general population is unclear.We investigated whether a baseline urinary excretion of oxidative DNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-oxodG]) and oxidative RNA damage (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine [8-oxoGuo (...) at follow-up improved from 0.67 to 0.71 (P = 0.002).Oxidative stress measured as urinary 8-oxoGuo excretion was independently associated with incident low-grade albuminuria, but neither 8-oxoGuo nor 8-oxodG predicted an accelerated age-related GFR decline in a cohort representative of the middle-aged general population during almost 6 years of follow-up.

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2017 Kidney international reports

185. ‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka (PubMed)

‘We lost because of his drunkenness’: the social processes linking alcohol use to self-harm in the context of daily life stress in marriages and intimate relationships in rural Sri Lanka Harmful alcohol use has been found to cause detriment to the consumers and those around them. Research carried out in Sri Lanka has described the socioeconomic consequences to families owing to alcohol consumption. However, the social processes around alcohol use and how it could result in behaviour

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2017 BMJ global health

186. A cross‐sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda (PubMed)

A cross‐sectional study of stress and its sources among health professional students at Makerere University, Uganda To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection.The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students (...) were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study. Stress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire 12 and stressors assessed using a questionnaire developed from literature. After obtaining ethics approval, data were collected from consenting students. Data collected were analysed using SPSS statistical program.The prevalence of stress was found to be 57.4% and stressors of academic and psychosocial origin were most frequently reported. The top

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2017 Nursing open

187. Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress (PubMed)

Neuroprotective role of retinal SIRT3 against acute photo-stress SIRT3 is a key regulator of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species as well as mitochondrial function. The retina is one of the highest energy-demanding tissues, in which the regulation of reactive oxygen species is critical to prevent retinal neurodegeneration. Although previous reports have demonstrated that SIRT3 is highly expressed in the retina and important in neuroprotection, function of SIRT3 in regulating reactive oxygen (...) species in the retina is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of retinal SIRT3 in a light-induced retinal degeneration model using SIRT3 knockout mice. We demonstrate that SIRT3 deficiency causes acute reactive oxygen species accumulation and endoplasmic reticulum stress in the retina after the light exposure, which leads to increased photoreceptor death, retinal thinning, and decreased retinal function. Using a photoreceptor-derived cell line, we revealed that reactive oxygen

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2017 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

188. Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration (PubMed)

Cytochrome b5 protects photoreceptors from light stress-induced lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration Lipid peroxides are generated by oxidative stress in cells, and contribute to ageing and neurodegenerative disease. The eye is at special risk for lipid peroxidation because photoreceptors possess amplified sensory membranes rich in peroxidation-susceptible polyunsaturated fatty acids. Light-induced lipid peroxidation in the retina contributes to retinal degeneration, and lipid (...) peroxidation has been implicated in the progression of age-associated ocular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we show that exposing Drosophila melanogaster to strong blue light induces oxidative stress including lipid peroxidation that results in retinal degeneration. Surprisingly, very young flies are resilient to this acute light stress, suggesting they possess endogenous neuroprotective mechanisms. While lipophilic antioxidants partially suppressed blue light-induced

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2017 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

189. Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain

Cost-effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care Among Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain Economic evaluation alongside a randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus usual care alone (UC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP).To determine 1-year cost-effectiveness of CBT and MBSR compared to 33 UC.CLBP is expensive in terms of healthcare costs and lost productivity. Mind-body

2017 EvidenceUpdates

190. Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study

Enteral nutrition as stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled exploratory study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

191. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults

Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults A Campbell Systematic Review 2017:11 Social Welfare Coordinating Group Michael de Vibe, Arild Bjørndal, Sabina Fattah, Gunvor M Dyrdal, Even Halland, Emily E Tanner-Smith Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Published: November 2017 Search executed: November 2015The (...) Campbell Library comprises: • Systematic reviews (titles, protocols and reviews) • Policies and Guidelines Series • Methods Series Go to the library to download these resources, at: www.campbellcollaboration.org/library/ Better evidence for a better world Colophon Title Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Authors Michael de Vibe, Norwegian Public Health Institute, Oslo, Norway Arild

2017 Campbell Collaboration

192. The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. (PubMed)

The Effect of Binaural Beat Technology on the Cardiovascular Stress Response in Military Service Members With Postdeployment Stress. To assess the efficacy of embedded theta brainwave frequency in music using binaural beat technology (BBT) compared to music alone on the cardiovascular stress response in military service members with postdeployment stress.A double-blinded, randomized, pre- and postintervention trial.Seventy-four military services members with complaint of postdeployment stress (...) were randomized to either music with BBT or music alone. Each group listened to their respective intervention for a minimum of 30 min at bedtime for three consecutive nights a week for a total of 4 weeks. A 20-min pre- and postintervention heart rate variability (HRV) stress test and daily perceived stress via diaries assessed intervention efficacy.There was a statistical difference (p = .01) in low-frequency HRV between the music with BBT group compared to the music only group. The average low

2017 Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing

193. An Integrative Review of Biological Variants and Chronic Stress in Emerging Adults With Chronic Conditions.

An Integrative Review of Biological Variants and Chronic Stress in Emerging Adults With Chronic Conditions. The purpose of this integrative review was to evaluate and synthesize studies that incorporated biological measures and examined their associations with chronic stress and anxiety in adolescents and emerging adults with chronic health conditions.An integrative literature review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement to identify (...) in characteristics, theoretical frameworks, phenotypes of interest, and study measures. Few studies evaluated genomic variants; those that did often examined small samples and a limited number of biological factors.Studies of chronic stress and anxiety in adolescents and emerging adults with chronic health conditions are currently limited in scope and impact. A more comprehensive approach will facilitate translation into practice to improve short- and long-term health outcomes.Precision and genomic healthcare

2017 Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing

194. Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study (PubMed)

Cognitive ability and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder after military deployment: an observational cohort study Studies of the association between pre-deployment cognitive ability and post-deployment post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have shown mixed results.To study the influence of pre-deployment cognitive ability on PTSD symptoms 6-8 months post-deployment in a large population while controlling for pre-deployment education and deployment-related variables.Study linking prospective

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2017 BJPsych open

195. Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide (PubMed)

Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide A recent study suggested that orally dosed ferric citrate hydrate (FC) corrects renal anemia in patients on hemodialysis (HD), suggesting biological differences in effects of iron supplementation using different routes of administration. To address this issue, the present study compared oral FC with i.v. saccharated ferric oxide (FO) in stable HD patients.Participants comprised 6 patients (...) , no changes were found in FC, whereas significant increases were seen in FO (appearance of non-transferrin-binding iron [NTBI]), despite the lower serum iron levels in FO. Compared with C, increases were seen in serum myeloperoxidase (oxidative marker) with accompanying significant decreases in thioredoxin (antioxidant) in FO, whereas no changes were found in FC.Oral FC differs from i.v. FO in areas such as less NTBI generation and less induction of oxidative stress. The result indicates potential

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2017 Kidney international reports

196. On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa (PubMed)

On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery (...) of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives. The objective of the study was to explore how female caregivers of institutionalised children affected by HIV and AIDS experience stress. A qualitative research project with a case study design was conducted. The purposively selected participants from a previously identified care facility were seven females in the age ranges of 35-59

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2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

197. Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy (PubMed)

Kidney Diseases in Agricultural Communities: A Case Against Heat-Stress Nephropathy The beginning of the 21st century has seen the emergence of a new chronic tubulo-interstitial kidney disease of uncertain cause among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka. Despite many similarities in demography, presentation, clinical features, and renal histopathology in affected individuals in these regions, a toxic etiology has been considered mainly in Sri Lanka, whereas the predominant (...) hypothesis in Central America has been that recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stress leads to chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is termed the heat stress/dehydration hypothesis. This review attempts to demonstrate that there is sparse evidence for the occurrence of significant AKI among manual workers who are at high risk, and that there is little substantial evidence that an elevation of serum creatinine < 0.3 mg/dl in previously healthy people will lead to CKD even with recurrent

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2017 Kidney international reports

198. Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure (PubMed)

Formative evaluation on cultural tailoring breathing awareness meditation smartphone apps to reduce stress and blood pressure Chronic stress is an independent risk factor for essential hypertension (EH), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and is sometimes confronted by mal-adaptive coping behaviors (e.g., stress eating, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.). Pre-essential hypertension (preEH) is the leading predictor of future EH status. Breathing awareness meditation (BAM) can result in clinically (...) groups each of African American and White adults, [n=34, mean age =43.1 years, (SD 13.8 years), 44.1% African American] were conducted to understand stress, EH knowledge, app usage along with feedback from a hands-on demonstration of TT. Grounded theory using NVivo 10 was used to develop themes and combined with the questionnaires in the analysis.No racial differences were found in the analysis including app use scenarios, preferences, knowledge, technology use or the attitudes and acceptance toward

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2017 mHealth

199. Job‐related stress in psychiatric assistant nurses (PubMed)

Job‐related stress in psychiatric assistant nurses We aimed to clarify how stress among psychiatric assistant nurses (PANs) differed from Registered Nurses (PRNs).Cross-sectional survey study was conducted with PRNs and PANs working in six psychiatric hospitals in Japan.The Psychiatric Nurse Job Stressor Scale (PNJSS) and the job stressor and stress reaction subscales of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire measured stress in 68 PANs and 140 PRNs. The results were statistically (...) analysed.Psychiatric assistant nurses had significantly higher scores than PRNs on the job stressor subscales in psychiatric nursing ability, interpersonal relations and in the stress reaction subscales of irritability and somatic symptoms. "Psychiatric nursing ability," "Communication" and "Use of techniques" were associated with almost all stress reactions in PANs than in PRNs.

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2017 Nursing open

200. Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley (PubMed)

Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in the Kashmir Valley Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir

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2017 BMJ global health