Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

821. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients. Resolving discordant meta-analyses. (PubMed)

Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients. Resolving discordant meta-analyses. To resolve discrepancies in previous systematic overviews and provide estimates of the effect of stress ulcer prophylaxis on gastrointestinal bleeding, pneumonia, and mortality in critically ill patients.Computerized search of published and unpublished research, bibliographies, pharmaceutical and personal files, and conference abstract reports.Independent review of 269 articles identified 63 relevant

1996 JAMA

822. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: resolving discordant meta-analyses

Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: resolving discordant meta-analyses Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: resolving discordant meta-analyses Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: resolving discordant meta-analyses Cook D J, Reeve B K, Guyatt G H, Heyland D K, Griffith L E, Buckingham L, Tryba M Authors' objectives To provide estimates of the effect of stress ulcer prophylaxis on gastrointestinal bleeding, pneumonia, and mortality in critically (...) , Tryba M. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients: resolving discordant meta-analyses. JAMA 1996; 275(4): 308-314 PubMedID Other publications of related interest 1. Fleiss JL. The statistical basis of meta-analysis. Stat Methods Med Res 1993;2:121-45. 2. Cook DJ, Reeve BK, Scholes LC. Histamine-2 receptor antagonists and antacids in the critically ill population: stress ulceration versus nosocomial pneumonia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1994;15:437-42. This additional published

1996 DARE.

823. Pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy with myofeedback for women with stress urinary incontinence: a meta-analysis

Pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy with myofeedback for women with stress urinary incontinence: a meta-analysis Pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy with myofeedback for women with stress urinary incontinence: a meta-analysis Pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy with myofeedback for women with stress urinary incontinence: a meta-analysis de Kruif Y P, van Wegen E E Authors' objectives To assess the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy with or without myofeedback in women (...) with stress urinary incontinence. Searching MEDLINE and Excerpta Medica were searched. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-experimental studies and uncontrolled studies were included. Specific interventions included in the review Pelvic floor muscle exercise therapy (ranging from 5 contractions every 2 hours to 200 contractions per day, and duration of the contractions ranged from one to 30 seconds, the length of the exercise

1996 DARE.

824. The cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic versus abdominal Burch procedures in women with urinary stress incontinence

The cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic versus abdominal Burch procedures in women with urinary stress incontinence The cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic versus abdominal Burch procedures in women with urinary stress incontinence The cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic versus abdominal Burch procedures in women with urinary stress incontinence Kung R C, Lie K, Lee P, Drutz H P Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED (...) . Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using laparoscopic versus abdominal Burch procedures to cure women with urinary stress incontinence (USI). Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Women with urinary stress incontinence (USI). Setting Hospital. The economic study was carried

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

825. Pharmacoeconomic analysis of stress ulcer prophylaxis for critically ill patients

Pharmacoeconomic analysis of stress ulcer prophylaxis for critically ill patients Pharmacoeconomic analysis of stress ulcer prophylaxis for critically ill patients Pharmacoeconomic analysis of stress ulcer prophylaxis for critically ill patients Schumock G T, Lam N P, Winkler S R, Kong S X Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions (...) followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Commonly used stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill and/or intensive care unit (ICU) patients, using: (1) antacid ('Mylanta II') 30 ml orally (PO) or nasogastrically (NG) every 4 hours for 7 days, (2) sucralfate ('Carafate') 1 g PO/NG 4 times daily for 7 days, (3) ranitidine ('Zantac')50 mg intravenously (IV) every 8 hours for 7 days, (4) cimetidine ('Tagamet') 300mg IV every 6

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

826. Diagnosis of ligament rupture of the ankle joint: physical examination, arthrography, stress radiography and sonography compared in 160 patients after inversion trauma

Diagnosis of ligament rupture of the ankle joint: physical examination, arthrography, stress radiography and sonography compared in 160 patients after inversion trauma Diagnosis of ligament rupture of the ankle joint: physical examination, arthrography, stress radiography and sonography compared in 160 patients after inversion trauma Diagnosis of ligament rupture of the ankle joint: physical examination, arthrography, stress radiography and sonography compared in 160 patients after inversion (...) , sonography and stress radiography. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients attending an Emergency Department within 2 days of acute inversion injury of the ankle. Only patients without previous ankle injury or without fractures were included in the study. Setting Hospital. The economic study was carried out in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Dates to which data relate The effectiveness and resource use data were collected between March 1988

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

827. Prophylaxis for stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a cost effectiveness analysis

Prophylaxis for stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a cost effectiveness analysis Prophylaxis for stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a cost effectiveness analysis Prophylaxis for stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a cost effectiveness analysis Ben-Menachem T, McCarthy B D, Fogel R, Schiffman R M, Patel R V, Zarowitz B J, Nerenz D R, Bresalier R S Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each (...) abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using prophylaxis for stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage with either sucralfate or cimetidine versus placebo. Type of intervention Treatment; Secondary prevention. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients admitted to ICUs. Setting Hospital. The economic study

1996 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

828. Systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of surgery for stress incontinence in women

Systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of surgery for stress incontinence in women Systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of surgery for stress incontinence in women Systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of surgery for stress incontinence in women Downs S, Black N Authors' objectives To compare outcomes (effectiveness and complications) following different surgical procedures to treat stress incontinence in women. Searching MEDLINE (...) selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-randomised trials and prospective cohort studies. Retrospective cohort studies and case-control studies were included if they provided additional information. Specific interventions included in the review Surgical procedures for stress incontinence: colposuspension, anterior colporrhaphy or repair, needle suspension and slings. Participants included in the review Women with stress incontinence were

1996 DARE.

829. Vitamin C and common cold incidence: a review of studies with subjects under heavy physical stress

Vitamin C and common cold incidence: a review of studies with subjects under heavy physical stress Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

1996 DARE.

830. Histamine-2-receptor antagonists and antacids in the critically ill population: stress ulceration versus nosocomial pneumonia

Histamine-2-receptor antagonists and antacids in the critically ill population: stress ulceration versus nosocomial pneumonia Histamine-2-receptor antagonists and antacids in the critically ill population: stress ulceration versus nosocomial pneumonia Histamine-2-receptor antagonists and antacids in the critically ill population: stress ulceration versus nosocomial pneumonia Cook D J, Reeve B K, Scholes L C Authors' objectives To evaluate whether stress ulcer prophylaxis with histamine-2 (...) material, and by contacting authors of primary studies, the National Institutes of Health and Medical Research Council of Canada, and relevant pharmaceutical companies. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised or quasi-randomised (by identification number or date) clinical trials, plus overviews that had evaluated stress ulcer prophylaxis drugs. The included studies had to compare one or more prophylactic drugs with each other or with an untreated control group

1994 DARE.

831. Effect of stress management on blood pressure in mild primary hypertension. (Full text)

Effect of stress management on blood pressure in mild primary hypertension. To establish whether stress management had a larger effect than a control treatment on resting blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure, and left ventricular mass.A 12 week baseline period of habituation to measurement of blood pressure was followed by randomisation to either stress management or mild exercise for six months and follow up six months later.General practice, district general hospital, and medical (...) school.Of the 184 patients aged under 60 with mild primary hypertension who entered the baseline habituation period, 88 were excluded because they failed to meet the entry criteria or they withdrew from the study. The remaining 46 men and 50 women underwent treatment.10 clinical sessions and daily practice at home of either stress management based on relaxation or non-aerobic stretching exercises. Mildly stressful 15 minute interviews before and after treatment.Diastolic and systolic blood pressure

1993 BMJ PubMed

832. Efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder. An empirical review. (PubMed)

Efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder. An empirical review. OBJECTIVE--The purpose of this article is to review the empirical evidence for the efficacy of a range of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Reviewed studies focused on rape victims, combat veterans, the tragically bereaved, torture victims, accident victims, of physical assault, and child abuse victims. DATA SOURCES--Peer-reviewed journals (Psych-Info, MEDLINE), book chapters (PILOTS database (...) ), active investigators, abstracts from the 1990 and 1991 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. STUDY SELECTION--We identified 255 English-language reports of treatment for PTSD. We restricted our focus to randomized, clinical trials that included a systematic assessment of PTSD using DSM-III or DSM-III-R criteria (N = 11). DATA EXTRACTION--Studies were assessed according to methodological strength: random assignment to the treatment of interest, and either an alternative treatment

1992 JAMA

833. Local bone mineral response to brief exercise that stresses the skeleton. (Full text)

Local bone mineral response to brief exercise that stresses the skeleton. To compare grip strength and bone mineral content in the forearm in women and to test the effects on bone mineral content of short periods of exercise that stresses the skeleton.Assessment of both wrists in 69 volunteers and of the non-fractured wrist in 30 patients followed by an exercise regimen entailing squeezing a tennis ball as hard as possible for 30 seconds each day for six weeks.Old people's homes and outpatient (...) , and that there were significant differences in both between the dominant and non-dominant arms of the volunteers. After six weeks of exercise there was a mean increase in grip strength of 14.5% (95% confidence interval 9.9 to 19.2%) and in bone mineral content of 3.4% (1.4 to 5.3%) in the stressed forearms of the 77 women who attended for examination. After six months without exercise the improvements in the 33 women who attended for follow up had reversed. Women who had had a fractured forearm (n = 13), however

1989 BMJ PubMed

834. Randomised trial of fentanyl anaesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: effects on the stress response. (PubMed)

Randomised trial of fentanyl anaesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: effects on the stress response. In a randomised controlled trial, preterm babies undergoing ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus were given nitrous oxide and d-tubocurarine, with (n = 8) or without (n = 8) the addition of fentanyl (10 micrograms/kg intravenously) to the anaesthetic regimen. Major hormonal responses to surgery, as indicated by changes in plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, glucagon, aldosterone (...) . The findings indicate that preterm babies mount a substantial stress response to surgery under anaesthesia with nitrous oxide and curare and that prevention of this response by fentanyl anaesthesia may be associated with an improved postoperative outcome.

1987 Lancet

835. Randomised trial of fentanyl anaesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: effects on the stress response. (PubMed)

Randomised trial of fentanyl anaesthesia in preterm babies undergoing surgery: effects on the stress response. In a randomised controlled trial, preterm babies undergoing ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus were given nitrous oxide and d-tubocurarine, with (n = 8) or without (n = 8) the addition of fentanyl (10 micrograms/kg intravenously) to the anaesthetic regimen. Major hormonal responses to surgery, as indicated by changes in plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, glucagon, aldosterone (...) . The findings indicate that preterm babies mount a substantial stress response to surgery under anaesthesia with nitrous oxide and curare and that prevention of this response by fentanyl anaesthesia may be associated with an improved postoperative outcome.

1987 Lancet

836. Reduction of stress/catecholamine-induced cardiac necrosis by beta 1-selective blockade. (PubMed)

Reduction of stress/catecholamine-induced cardiac necrosis by beta 1-selective blockade. 114 haemodynamically stable patients with acute head injury were randomised, double-blind, to either placebo or atenolol given intravenously (10 mg every 6 h) for 3 days then orally (100 mg daily) for a further 4 days. Both groups were equally stressed as shown by raised arterial noradrenaline levels. In patients receiving placebo, but not in those receiving atenolol, there was a significant (p less than

1987 Lancet

837. Effects of stress management training and dietary changes in treating ischemic heart disease. (PubMed)

Effects of stress management training and dietary changes in treating ischemic heart disease. To evaluate the short-term effects of an intervention that consists of stress management training and dietary changes in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), we compared the cardiovascular status of 23 patients who received this intervention with a randomized control group of 23 patient who did not. After 24 days, patients in the experimental group demonstrated a 44% mean increase in duration

1983 JAMA