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Web-Based Stress Management for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Cancer (STREAM): A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Intervention Study Purpose Being diagnosed with cancer causes major psychological distress; however, a majority of patients lack psychological support during this critical period. Internet interventions help patients overcome many barriers to seeking face-to-face support and may thus close this gap. We assessed feasibility and efficacy of Web-based stress management (STREAM [Stress (...) ) in the intervention group as compared with the control. Changes in anxiety or depression were not significant in the intention-to-treat population (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: mean, -1.28; 95% CI, -3.02 to 0.45; P = .15). Quality of life increased in the control group with the delayed intervention. Conclusion The Web-based stress management program STREAM is feasible and effective in improving quality of life.
Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence No. 358-Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 40, Issue 4, Pages 503–511 No. 358-Intravaginal Laser for Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause and Stress Urinary Incontinence x Jens-Erik Walter , MD Montréal, QC x Annick Larochelle (...) , MD Montréal, QC No. 358, April 2018 DOI: To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Figures Figure Comparative pre- and post-laser vaginal biopsies. Abstract Objective This technical bulletin reviews the evidence relating to risks and benefits of using intravaginal laser technology in the management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause and stress urinary incontinence. Intended Users Gynaecologists, urogynaecologists, urologists
Virtual humans: transforming mHealth for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 29683131 2018 11 14 2306-9740 4 2018 mHealth Mhealth Virtual humans: transforming mHealth for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). 7 10.21037/mhealth.2018.03.03 Albright Glenn G Department of Psychology, Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA. McMillan Jeremiah T JT Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. eng Editorial 2018 03 30 China
Reducing the stigma on posttraumatic stress disorder in militaries through virtual reality 29683127 2018 11 14 2306-9740 4 2018 mHealth Mhealth Reducing the stigma on posttraumatic stress disorder in militaries through virtual reality. 5 10.21037/mhealth.2018.03.01 van Bennekom Martine J MJ Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. de Koning Pelle P PP Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam
Creative Arts Interventions for Stress Management and Prevention-A Systematic Review. Stress is one of the world's largest health problems, leading to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, a weak immune system, or even organ damage. In Germany, stress-induced work absenteeism costs about 20 billion Euros per year. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Central Federal Association of the public Health Insurance Funds in Germany ascribes particular importance to stress prevention and stress management (...) as well as health enhancing measures. Building on current integrative and embodied stress theories, Creative Arts Therapies (CATs) or arts interventions are an innovative way to prevent stress and improve stress management. CATs encompass art, music, dance/movement, and drama therapy as their four major modalities. In order to obtain an overview of CATs and arts interventions' efficacy in the context of stress reduction and management, we conducted a systematic review with a search in the following
Ameliorative effects of Spirulina platensis against lead-induced nephrotoxicity in newborn rats: Modulation of oxidative stress and histopathological changes Our experimental work was aimed at evaluating the safety and protective effects of dietary spirulina supplementation on the kidney of newborn rats, the offspring of lead contaminated lactating mothers. Female rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I (control) was given a normal diet, group II (positive control, S) received
A Brief Exposure-Based Treatment vs Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Noninferiority Clinical Trial Written exposure therapy (WET), a 5-session intervention, has been shown to efficaciously treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this treatment has not yet been directly compared with a first-line PTSD treatment such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT).To determine if WET is noninferior to CPT in patients with PTSD.In this randomized
Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Health Services Research & Development Evidence Brief: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) for Traumatic Brain Injury and/or Post (...) -traumatic Stress Disorder to the ESP Report RSS feed Investigators: Kim Peterson, MS; Donald Bourne, MPH; Johanna Anderson, MPH; Erin Boundy, MS; Mark Helfand, MD, MS, MPH Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center, Portland VA Health Care System, Portland, OR Washington (DC): Department of Veterans Affairs; February 2018. Download PDF: , Background The ESP Coordinating Center (ESP CC) is responding to a request from the Center for Compassionate Innovation (CCI) for an evidence brief
Elevated temperatures are associated with stress in rooftop-nesting Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) chicks Grasslands and riparian forests in southeastern South Dakota have been greatly reduced since historical times, primarily due to conversion to row-crop agriculture. Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) nesting habitat includes grasslands, open woodlands and urban rooftops, but nesting sites in southeastern South Dakota are confined to rooftops, as natural nesting habitat is limited (...) stress response for 24 rooftop-nesting nighthawk chicks from 17 nests during 2015 and 2016. High humidity prior to blood collection reduced both baseline and stress-induced plasma corticosterone (CORT). In contrast, high maximum temperatures during the day before sampling increased stress-induced CORT. The magnitude of the chick stress response was significantly negatively related to maximum wind speed for the week prior to CORT measurement. Other weather and micro-climate variables were
Psychological stress and breast cancer incidence: a systematic review. Breast cancer is the world's leading cause of cancer mortality in women. Stress is an imminent risk factor with a documented negative impact on neuro-endocrine and immune system. Numerous epidemiological studies have investigated the link between stress and cancer, reporting contradictory results from no association to a close causal link. The impact of the topic and the lack of conclusion compelled this systematic review.A (...) systematic review was carried out, including all literature studies from 1966 to 2016, investigating the relationship between stress and the occurrence of breast cancer. Of the 1813 articles identified in the PubMed/Medline database, 52 were eligible and included in the analysis.A number of 17 retrospective, 20 limited prospective and 15 prospective studies were analyzed. The number of patients exceeded 29,000, for a total number of more than 700.000 women recruited from hospital, screening cohorts
Transcriptome Profiling Reveals Interplay of Multifaceted Stress Response in Escherichia coli on Exposure to Glutathione and Ciprofloxacin We have previously reported that supplementation of exogenous glutathione (GSH) promotes ciprofloxacin resistance in Escherichia coli by neutralizing antibiotic-induced oxidative stress and by enhancing the efflux of antibiotic. In the present study, we used a whole-genome microarray as a tool to analyze the system-level transcriptomic changes of E. coli (...) on exposure to GSH and/or ciprofloxacin. The microarray data revealed that GSH supplementation affects redox function, transport, acid shock, and virulence genes of E. coli. The data further highlighted the interplay of multiple underlying stress response pathways (including those associated with the genes mentioned above and DNA damage repair genes) at the core of GSH, offsetting the effect of ciprofloxacin in E. coli. The results of a large-scale validation of the transcriptomic data using reverse
Post-traumatic stress disorder and resilience among adult burn patients in Pakistan: a cross-sectional study Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the major psychological disorders developed after burn injuries, though this subject of burn injuries and their destructive chronic psychological impact are not considered as thoughtfully in developing countries like Pakistan. Hence, the current study investigated the relationship between PTSD symptoms and resilience among burn patients
Lifeâ€™s not a cinch for a stressed finch, or is it? 29479434 2018 11 13 2051-1434 6 1 2018 Conservation physiology Conserv Physiol Life's not a cinch for a stressed finch, or is it? coy007 10.1093/conphys/coy007 Jain-Schlaepfer Sofia S College of Science and Engineering, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, 1 James Cook Dr, Douglas, QLD 4811, Australia. eng Journal Article 2018 02 09 England Conserv Physiol 101656116 2051-1434 2018 01 22 2018 2 27 6 0 2018 2
Trial of Prazosin for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Military Veterans. In randomized trials, prazosin, an α1-adrenoreceptor antagonist, has been effective in alleviating nightmares associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military veterans.We recruited veterans from 13 Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers who had chronic PTSD and reported frequent nightmares. Participants were randomly assigned to receive prazosin or placebo for 26 weeks; the drug or placebo
Abiotic Stresses Shift Belowground Populus-Associated Bacteria Toward a Core Stress Microbiome Adverse growth conditions can lead to decreased plant growth, productivity, and survival, resulting in poor yields or failure of crops and biofeedstocks. In some cases, the microbial community associated with plants has been shown to alleviate plant stress and increase plant growth under suboptimal growing conditions. A systematic understanding of how the microbial community changes under (...) a core set of bacterial genera that change in abundance in response to host stress. The results of this study indicate substantial structure in the plant microbiome community and identify potential drivers of the phytobiome response to stress. IMPORTANCE The identification of a common "stress microbiome" indicates tightly controlled relationships between the plant host and bacterial associates and a conserved structure in bacterial communities associated with poplar trees under different growth
CAEP FEI | Preparing for High Acuity Events – Stress Inoculation Training CAEP FEI | Preparing for High Acuity Events – Stress Inoculation Training - CanadiEM CAEP FEI | Preparing for High Acuity Events – Stress Inoculation Training In , by Chris Hicks January 12, 2018 Raj is a first year resident who overhears that a trauma patient is being brought into the resuscitation bay. He races over and sees several people moving urgently to set up the room. The paramedics bring the patient (...) into the room and quickly start telling him the history. Raj can feel the stress building within him and feels paralyzed and indecisive. After the shift, he wonders if there is a way for his training program to prepare him to deal with the acute high-stress experiences that he will encounter. The Emergency Department is often a high stress environment and it can be challenging to teach trainees to manage stress while providing effective patient care. This Feature Educational Innovation (FEI), titled
Influences of Pinpoint Plantar Long-Wavelength Infrared Light Irradiation (Stress-Free Therapy) on Chorioretinal Hemodynamics, Atherosclerosis Factors, and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor We previously reported that pinpoint plantar long-wavelength infrared light irradiation (stress-free therapy; SFT) is useful for alleviating insulin resistance and improving intracranial blood flow in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was undertaken to evaluate the influences of SFT (...) on chorioretinal hemodynamics (retinal artery and vein blood flows) as well as atherosclerosis-related factors (TG, LDL-C) and VEGF in patients with dyslipidemia.Four patients with dyslipidemia received 15-minute irradiation with a stress-free apparatus (far-infrared wavelength, 30 mW). Using laser speckle flowgraphy, associations of chorioretinal blood flow with peripheral atherosclerosis-inducing factors/VEGF levels before and after irradiation were analyzed.Chorioretinal blood flow increased, while TG/LDL-C
Programming of Cell Resistance to Genotoxic and Oxidative Stress Different organisms, cell types, and even similar cell lines can dramatically differ in resistance to genotoxic stress. This testifies to the wide opportunities for genetic and epigenetic regulation of stress resistance. These opportunities could be used to increase the effectiveness of cancer therapy, develop new varieties of plants and animals, and search for new pharmacological targets to enhance human radioresistance, which (...) can be used for manned deep space expeditions. Based on the comparison of transcriptomic studies in cancer cells, in this review, we propose that there is a high diversity of genetic mechanisms of development of genotoxic stress resistance. This review focused on possibilities and limitations of the regulation of the resistance of normal cells and whole organisms to genotoxic and oxidative stress by the overexpressing of stress-response genes. Moreover, the existing experimental data on the effect
Protective effects of hydrogen sulfide on chronic kidney disease by reducing oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis The current study aimed to examine the renoprotective effects of long-term treatment with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a prominent hydrogen sulfide donor, in 5/6 nephrectomy animal model. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into 3 groups including sham-operated group (Sham), 5/6-nephrectomized group (5/6 Nx), and NaHS-treated group (5/6Nx+NaHS). NaHS (30 micromol/l