Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury

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Top results for traumatic brain injury

61. Mannitol cannot reduce the mortality on acute severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients: a meta-analyses and systematic review.

Mannitol cannot reduce the mortality on acute severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients: a meta-analyses and systematic review. We aimed to systematically review the efficacy of mannitol (MTL) on patients with acute severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Databases such as PubMed (US National Library of Medicine), CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2014, Issue 3), ISI (Web of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded), Chinese Biomedicine Database (CBM), and China Knowledge Resource Integrated (...) with diffuse brain injuries than mannitol did.As a conclusion, the mannitol therapy cannot reduce the mortality risk of acute severe traumatic brain injury. Current evidence does not support the mannitol as an effective treatment of acute severe traumatic brain injury. The well-designed randomized controlled trials are in urgent need to demonstrate the adoption of mannitol to acute severe traumatic brain injury.

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2017 Burns & trauma

62. Meta-Analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Traumatic Brain Injury in Adult and Pediatric Patients

Meta-Analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia for Traumatic Brain Injury in Adult and Pediatric Patients PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

63. Cognitive rehabilitation for adults with traumatic brain injury to improve occupational outcomes. (PubMed)

Cognitive rehabilitation for adults with traumatic brain injury to improve occupational outcomes. Cognitive impairment in people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) could affect multiple facets of their daily functioning. Cognitive rehabilitation brings about clinically significant improvement in certain cognitive skills. However, it is uncertain if these improved cognitive skills lead to betterments in other key aspects of daily living. We evaluated whether cognitive rehabilitation for people (...) with TBI improves return to work, independence in daily activities, community integration and quality of life.To evaluate the effects of cognitive rehabilitation on return to work, independence in daily activities, community integration (occupational outcomes) and quality of life in people with traumatic brain injury, and to determine which cognitive rehabilitation strategy better achieves these outcomes.We searched CENTRAL (the Cochrane Library; 2017, Issue 3), MEDLINE (OvidSP), Embase (OvidSP

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2017 Cochrane

64. Intensive care for pediatric traumatic brain injury

Intensive care for pediatric traumatic brain injury PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

65. Functional Status Scale in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study

Functional Status Scale in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study PEDSCCM.org Criteria abstracted from series in Review Posted: founded 1995 Questions or comments?

2017 PedsCCM Evidence-Based Journal Club

66. The use of oculomotor, vestibular, and reaction time tests to assess mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) over time (PubMed)

The use of oculomotor, vestibular, and reaction time tests to assess mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) over time The objective of this work is to examine the outcomes of a set of objective measures for evaluating individuals with minor traumatic brain injury (mTBI) over the sub-acute time period. These methods involve tests of oculomotor, vestibular, and reaction time functions. This work expands upon published work examining these test results at the time of presentation.This study (...) is a prospective age- and sex-matched controlled study.The subject group was composed of 106 individuals with mTBI and 300 age- and sex-matched controls without a history of mTBI. All individuals agreeing to participate in the study underwent a battery of oculomotor, vestibular, and reaction time tests (OVRT). Those subjects with mTBI underwent these tests at presentation (within 6 days of injury) and 1 and 2weeks post injury. These outcomes were compared to each other over time as well as to results from

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2017 Laryngoscope investigative otolaryngology

67. Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury

Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury | Innovation Observatory toggle menu Menu Search View All Filter by Speciality Filter by Year Filter by Category This search function provides links to outputs produced by NIHR Innovation Observatory. These are briefing notes or reports on new or repurposed technologies. This search will not return all technologies currently in development as these outputs are produced (...) as required for our stakeholders. > > > Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury Portable neuromodulation stimulator for traumatic brain injury March 2017 The Portable Neuromodulation Stimulator or PoNS™, developed by Helius Medical Technologies, is a non-invasive device that is designed to deliver neurostimulation through the tongue to treat balance disorders caused by mild to moderate Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). The device is intended to be used as part of targeted functional

2017 NIHR Innovation Observatory

68. Acupuncture Increases the Excitability of the Cortico-Spinal System in Patients with Chronic Disorders of Consciousness Following Traumatic Brain Injury. (PubMed)

Acupuncture Increases the Excitability of the Cortico-Spinal System in Patients with Chronic Disorders of Consciousness Following Traumatic Brain Injury. To evaluate the immediate effect of acupuncture on cortico spinal tract (CST) activity in patients with chronic disorders of consciousness (DOC) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) by measuring motor-evoked potential (MEP) using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS).Changes in several variables in the acupuncture session were compared (...) with those in the control session without acupuncture in the same patients.Chubu Medical Center for Prolonged Traumatic Brain Dysfunction, Gifu, Japan.Fourteen patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 39 ± 17 years; 12 men) with chronic DOC (5 in a vegetative state and 9 in a minimally conscious state) following severe TBI.Acupuncture treatment was performed at GV 26, Ex-HN 3, bilateral LI 4, and ST 36 for 10 minutes.Main outcome measure was MEP amplitude. MEP amplitude, measured by using TMS

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2017 Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)

69. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNICATION AND SWALLOWING DISORDERS FOLLOWING PAEDIATRIC TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY GUIDELINE© Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and the National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Research Excellence on Psychosocial Rehabilitation in Traumatic Brain Injury 2017 Publisher: Murdoch Childrens Research (...) Institute Publication date: February 2017 ISBN Print: 978-0-9876209-0-3 ISBN Online: 978-0-9876209-1-0 Suggested citation: Morgan A, Mei C, Anderson V, Waugh M-C, Cahill L, & the TBI Guideline Expert Working Committee. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Communication and Swallowing Disorders following Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury. Melbourne: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute; 2017. Expert working committee: Jeanette Baker Katie Banerjee Mandy Beatson Candice Brady Kate Brommeyer

2017 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

70. The effect of tranexamic acid in traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

The effect of tranexamic acid in traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) secondary to TBI is associated with a high risk of coagulopathy which leads to increasing risk of hemorrhage growth and higher mortality rate. Therefore, antifibrinolytic agents such as tranexamic acid (TA) might reduce traumatic ICH. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent of ICH growth (...) after TA administration in TBI patients.This single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on patients with traumatic ICH (with less than 30 ml) referring to the emergency department of Vali-Asr Hospital, Arak, Iran in 2014. Patients, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were divided into intervention and control groups (40 patients each). All patients received a conservative treatment for ICH, as well as either intravenous TA or placebo. The extent of ICH growth as the primary

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2017 Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi

71. [Clinical practice guidelines for the rehabilitation of adults having sustained a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: development process and recommendations]

[Clinical practice guidelines for the rehabilitation of adults having sustained a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: development process and recommendations] Guide de pratique clinique pour la réadaptation des adultes ayant subi un traumatisme craniocérébral modéré-grave [Clinical practice guidelines for the rehabilitation of adults having sustained a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: development process and recommendations] Guide de pratique clinique pour la réadaptation des (...) adultes ayant subi un traumatisme craniocérébral modéré-grave [Clinical practice guidelines for the rehabilitation of adults having sustained a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: development process and recommendations] Truchon C Citation Truchon C. Guide de pratique clinique pour la réadaptation des adultes ayant subi un traumatisme craniocérébral modéré-grave. [Clinical practice guidelines for the rehabilitation of adults having sustained a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury

2017 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

72. Understanding Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the Military Health System (PubMed)

Understanding Treatment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the Military Health System Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered a signature injury of modern warfare, though TBIs can also result from training accidents, falls, sports, and motor vehicle accidents. Among service members diagnosed with a TBI, the majority of cases are mild TBIs (mTBIs), also known as concussions. Many of these service members receive care through the Military Health System, but the amount, type, and quality of care

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2017 Rand health quarterly

73. Early Enteral Combined with Parenteral Nutrition Treatment for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Effects on Immune Function, Nutritional Status and Outcomes(△). (PubMed)

Early Enteral Combined with Parenteral Nutrition Treatment for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Effects on Immune Function, Nutritional Status and Outcomes(△). Objective To compare the conjoint effect of enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) with single EN or PN on immune function, nutritional status, complications and clinical outcomes of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). Methods A prospective randomized control trial was carried out from January 2009 to May 2012 (...) <0.05, P<0.01), and the death rate (χ2=7.50, 16.37; P<0.05, P<0.01) than those of EN or PN group. Conclusion Early EN+PN treatment could promote the recovery of the immune function, enhance nutritional status, decrease complications and improve the clinical outcomes in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

2017 Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsueh k'o hsueh tsa chih

76. Randomised controlled trial: Decompressive craniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury reduces mortality but increases survival with severe disability

Randomised controlled trial: Decompressive craniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury reduces mortality but increases survival with severe disability Decompressive craniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury reduces mortality but increases survival with severe disability | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies (...) , please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Decompressive craniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury reduces mortality but increases survival with severe

2017 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

77. Beta Blockers After Traumatic Brain Injury

Beta Blockers After Traumatic Brain Injury Beta-blockers and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Revie... : Annals of Surgery You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Login No user account? Lippincott Journals Subscribers , use your username or email along with your password to log in. Remember me on this computer Register for a free account Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. All (...) and Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Revie... If you're not a subscriber, you can: You can read the full text of this article if you: Institutional members Email to a Colleague Colleague's E-mail is Invalid Your Name: (optional) Your Email: Colleague's Email: Separate multiple e-mails with a (;). Message: Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Annals of Surgery. Send a copy to your email Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Some error has occurred while processing your

2017 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

78. A Probabilistic Matching Approach to Link De-identified Data from a Trauma Registry and a Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Center (PubMed)

A Probabilistic Matching Approach to Link De-identified Data from a Trauma Registry and a Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Center There is no civilian traumatic brain injury database that captures patients in all settings of the care continuum. The linkage of such databases would yield valuable insight into possible care interventions. Thus, the objective of this article is to describe the creation of an algorithm used to link the Traumatic Brain Injury Model System (TBIMS) to trauma data (...) . It had a sensitivity of 88% and a positive predictive value of 99%. The validation subset consisted of 120 patients and had a sensitivity of 83% and a positive predictive value of 99%.The probabilistic linkage algorithm can accurately link TBIMS data across systems of trauma care. Future studies can use this database to answer meaningful research questions regarding the long-term impact of the acute trauma complex on health care utilization and recovery across the care continuum in traumatic brain

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2017 American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation

79. Progesterone for acute traumatic brain injury. (PubMed)

Progesterone for acute traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability, and the identification of effective, inexpensive and widely practicable treatments for brain injury is of great public health importance worldwide. Progesterone is a naturally produced hormone that has well-defined pharmacokinetics, is widely available, inexpensive, and has steroidal, neuroactive and neurosteroidal actions in the central nervous system. It is, therefore (...) , a potential candidate for treating TBI patients. However, uncertainty exists regarding the efficacy of this treatment. This is an update of our previous review of the same title, published in 2012.To assess the effects of progesterone on neurologic outcome, mortality and disability in patients with acute TBI. To assess the safety of progesterone in patients with acute TBI.We updated our searches of the following databases: the Cochrane Injuries Group's Specialised Register (30 September 2016

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2016 Cochrane

80. Study protocol - A systematic review and meta-analysis of hypothermia in experimental traumatic brain injury: Why have promising animal studies not been replicated in pragmatic clinical trials? (PubMed)

Study protocol - A systematic review and meta-analysis of hypothermia in experimental traumatic brain injury: Why have promising animal studies not been replicated in pragmatic clinical trials? Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and permanent disability. Systemic hypothermia, a treatment used in TBI for many decades, has recently been found to be associated with neutral or unfavourable clinical outcomes despite apparently promising preclinical research. Systematic review

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2016 Evidence-based preclinical medicine