Latest & greatest articles for type 2 diabetes

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Top results for type 2 diabetes

1. Advances in β-cell replacement therapy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. (PubMed)

Advances in β-cell replacement therapy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. The main goal of treatment for type 1 diabetes is to control glycaemia with insulin therapy to reduce disease complications. For some patients, technological approaches to insulin delivery are inadequate, and allogeneic islet transplantation is a safe alternative for those patients who have had severe hypoglycaemia complicated by impaired hypoglycaemia awareness or glycaemic lability, or who already receive (...) immunosuppressive drugs for a kidney transplant. Since 2000, intrahepatic islet transplantation has proven efficacious in alleviating the burden of labile diabetes and preventing complications related to diabetes, whether or not a previous kidney transplant is present. Age, body-mass index, renal status, and cardiopulmonary status affect the choice between pancreas or islet transplantation. Access to transplantation is limited by the number of deceased donors and the necessity of immunosuppression. Future

2019 Lancet

2. Changing the landscape for type 1 diabetes: the first step to prevention. (PubMed)

Changing the landscape for type 1 diabetes: the first step to prevention. Over several decades, studies have described the progression of autoimmune diabetes, from the first appearance of autoantibodies until, and after, the diagnosis of clinical disease with hyperglycaemia and insulin dependence. Despite the improved management of type 1 diabetes with exogenous insulin, most patients do not meet clinical glycaemic goals, and diabetes remains an important medical problem that affects children (...) and adults. Clinical and preclinical studies have suggested strategies to prevent the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in people at risk, but the outcomes of previous clinical trials have not met their primary endpoints of disease prevention or delay. The results from the TN-10 teplizumab prevention trial show that the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes can be delayed by treatment with a FcR non-binding monoclonal antibody to CD3 in people at high risk for disease. This Series paper discusses how this clinical

2019 Lancet

3. Advances in technology for management of type 1 diabetes. (PubMed)

Advances in technology for management of type 1 diabetes. Technological advances have had a major effect on the management of type 1 diabetes. In addition to blood glucose meters, devices used by people with type 1 diabetes include insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors, and, most recently, systems that combine both a pump and a monitor for algorithm-driven automation of insulin delivery. In the next 5 years, as many advances are expected in technology for the management of diabetes (...) as there have been in the past 5 years, with improvements in continuous glucose monitoring and more available choices of systems that automate insulin delivery. Expansion of the use of technology will be needed beyond endocrinology practices to primary-care settings and broader populations of patients. Tools to support decision making will also need to be developed to help patients and health-care providers to use the output of these devices to optimise diabetes management.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All

2019 Lancet

4. Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes: a rapid review

REPORTING ON LIFE EXPECTANCY 15 3.2.1. Literature search 15 3.2.2. The Scottish registry-based cohort study by Livingstone et al. 15 3.2.3. The Swedish registry-based cohort study by Petrie et al 16 2 Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes KCE Report 314 3.2.4. The Australian registry-based cohort study by Huo et al.. 16 3.2.5. Consistency of the evidence in the Scottish, Swedish and Australian cohort studies 17 3.2.6. The Taiwanese longitudinal cohort study based (...) 6 Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals with type 1 diabetes KCE Report 314 PAD Peripheral Artery Disease PICO(D) Patient, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome, (Design) PY, PYE Patient Years (of Exposure or follow-up): PY or PYE can be used interchangeably RF Risk Factor(s) RR Relative Risk SMR Standardized Mortality Ratio SR Systematic Review T1D Type 1 Diabetes T2D Type 2 Diabetes y Year YLL Years of Life Lost KCE Report 314 Excess mortality and life expectancy of individuals

2019 Belgian Health Care Knowledge Centre

5. Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness

of Clinical Effectiveness Last updated: September 20, 2019 Project Number: RC1184-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy? Key Message Four systematic reviews and five randomized controlled trials on the clinical effectiveness of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors for treatment of adult patients (...) with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease were identified.The risks for all-cause death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke were less with SGLT2 inhibitor compared with placebo, however, the between group differences were not always statistically significant. The risk for heart failure was statistically significantly less with SGLT2 inhibitors compared with placebo.The risks for renal death, and end stage kidney disease was less with SGLT2 inhibitor compared with placebo

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

6. Reimbursement Status of Newer Drugs for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Reimbursement Status of Newer Drugs for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Reimbursement Status of Newer Drugs for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Reimbursement Status of Newer Drugs for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Reimbursement Status of Newer Drugs for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Last updated: February 27, 2019 Project Number: ES0337-000 Product Line: Result type: Report This project aims to retrieve and summarize the formulary status of drugs (...) pertaining to three classes used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes; i.e., dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists. Information will be retrieved from the website of all publicly funded provincial, territorial, and federal drug plans in Canada. Related Content Follow us: © 2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health Get our newsletter:

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

7. Insulin degludec + liraglutide (Xultophy) - Diabetes mellitus, Type 2

Insulin degludec + liraglutide (Xultophy) - Diabetes mellitus, Type 2 insulin degludec + liraglutide | CADTH.ca Find the information you need insulin degludec + liraglutide insulin degludec + liraglutide Last Updated: October 3, 2019 Result type: Reports Project Number: SR0599-000 Product Line: Generic Name: insulin degludec + liraglutide Brand Name: Xultophy Manufacturer: Novo Nordisk Canada Inc. Indications: Diabetes mellitus, Type 2 Manufacturer Requested Reimbursement Criteria 1 (...) : To be reimbursed as an adjunct to lifestyle modifications to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus when oral glucose-lowering medications combined with basal insulin, or basal insulin alone do not provide adequate glycemic control. Submission Type: New Combination Project Status: Active Biosimilar: No Fee Schedule: Schedule A The requested reimbursement criteria are provided by the applicant and do not necessarily reflect the views of CADTH. Reimbursement criteria from CADTH

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Common Drug Review

8. Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 (...) Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Long-Acting Insulin Analogues versus Human NPH Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes and Unresponsive to Non-insulin Therapies: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Last updated: May 3, 2019 Project Number: RB1331-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of long

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

9. Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update

Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes: Second-Line Therapy Review Update Published on: February 7, 2018 Project Number: TR0012-000 Product Line: Therapeutic Review Result type: Report For an update on the status of CADTH’s Therapeutic Review of Third-Line Drugs for Type 2 Diabetes (...) , please . CADTH undertook a project to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness of new drugs for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. These new drugs were in three classes: dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues, and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors. As part of this project, recommendations from the CADTH Canadian Drug Expert Committee (CDEC) were developed. This project is an update to two large projects on pharmacotherapy

2019 CADTH - Therapeutic Review

10. To What Target Hemoglobin A1c Level Would You Treat This Patient With Type 2 Diabetes?: Grand Rounds Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. (PubMed)

To What Target Hemoglobin A1c Level Would You Treat This Patient With Type 2 Diabetes?: Grand Rounds Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. In the United States, 9.4% of all adults-and 25% of those older than 65 years-have diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and end-stage renal disease and contributes to both microvascular and macrovascular complications. The management of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a common and important activity in primary care (...) proposed a level between 7% and 8% for most patients. The ACP also advised deintensification of therapy for patients who have an HbA1c level lower than 6.5% and avoidance of HbA1c-targeted treatment for patients with a life expectancy of less than 10 years. This guidance contrasts with a recommendation from the American Diabetes Association to aim for HbA1c levels less than 7% for many nonpregnant adults and to consider a target of 6.5% if it can be achieved safely. Here, 2 experts, a diabetologist

2019 Annals of Internal Medicine

11. Switching to iGlarLixi Versus Continuing Daily or Weekly GLP-1 RA in Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled by GLP-1 RA and Oral Antihyperglycemic Therapy: The LixiLan-G Randomized Clinical Trial

Switching to iGlarLixi Versus Continuing Daily or Weekly GLP-1 RA in Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled by GLP-1 RA and Oral Antihyperglycemic Therapy: The LixiLan-G Randomized Clinical Trial Fixed-ratio combinations of basal insulin plus glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) allow concomitant administration of two proven complementary injectable therapies for type 2 diabetes. This study investigated switching to a titratable fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine plus (...) lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving daily or weekly GLP-1 RA therapy.LixiLan-G, a randomized, open-label, 26-week trial, comparing switching to iGlarLixi versus continuing prior GLP-1 RA in patients with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c 7-9% (53-75 mmol/mol) taking maximum tolerated doses of a GLP-1 RA daily (60% on liraglutide once daily or exenatide twice daily) or weekly (40% on dulaglutide, exenatide extended release, or albiglutide) with metformin with or without pioglitazone

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Cardiovascular, mortality, and kidney outcomes with GLP-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcome trials

Cardiovascular, mortality, and kidney outcomes with GLP-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcome trials Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists differ in their structure and duration of action and have been studied in trials of varying sizes and with different patient populations, with inconsistent effects on cardiovascular outcomes reported. We aimed to synthesise the available evidence by doing a systematic (...) in urinary albumin excretion. There was no increase in risk of severe hypoglycaemia, pancreatitis, or pancreatic cancer.Treatment with GLP-1 receptor agonists has beneficial effects on cardiovascular, mortality, and kidney outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes.None.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Anti-interleukin-1 treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and type 2 diabetes (TRACK): A multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial

Anti-interleukin-1 treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and type 2 diabetes (TRACK): A multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial The inflammatory contribution to type 2 diabetes (T2D) has suggested new therapeutic targets using biologic drugs designed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). On this basis, we aimed at investigating whether interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibition with anakinra, a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, could improve both glycaemic and inflammatory

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Prevention of type 2 diabetes in prediabetic patients by using functional olive oil enriched in oleanolic acid: The PREDIABOLE study, a randomized controlled trial

Prevention of type 2 diabetes in prediabetic patients by using functional olive oil enriched in oleanolic acid: The PREDIABOLE study, a randomized controlled trial To assess whether the regular intake of an oleanolic acid (OA)-enriched olive oil is effective in the prevention of diabetes.In the PREDIABOLE study, prediabetic individuals (impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance) of both sexes (176 patients, aged 30-80 years) were randomized to receive 55 mL/day of OA-enriched (...) olive oil (equivalent dose 30 mg OA/day) [intervention group (IG)] or the same oil not enriched [control group (CG)]. The main outcome was the incidence of new-onset type 2 diabetes in both groups.Forty-eight new diabetes cases occurred, 31 in the CG and 17 in the IG. The multivariate-adjusted hazard ratio was 0.45 (95% CI, 0.24-0.83) for the IG compared with the CG. Intervention-related adverse effects were not reported.The intake of OA-enriched olive oil reduces the risk of developing diabetes

2019 EvidenceUpdates

15. Use of SGLT-2 inhibitors in the treatment of diabetes

Use of SGLT-2 inhibitors in the treatment of diabetes Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) position statement on the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in type 1 diabetes (updated 2019) | Dashora | British Journal of Diabetes Font Size User Username Password Remember me Click for EXTOD PEAK 2019 Conference 18th October 2019, Glasgow ABCD Autumn Meeting 2019 28 / 29 November 2019, London All issues 2014-present Browse Search All issues from 2014 Refine 2001-2013 (...) at OR View listing of all 2001-2013 issues . Click on the issue you want to view it at About The Authors Umesh Dashora East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust Dipesh C Patel Robert Gregory Peter Winocour Ketan Dhatariya Dinesh Nagi Hosted By Part of the > > Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) position statement on the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors in type 1 diabetes (updated 2019) Umesh Dashora, Dipesh C Patel, Robert Gregory, Peter Winocour, Ketan Dhatariya, Dinesh Nagi

2019 Association of British Clinical Diabetologists

16. Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes

Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes | CADTH.ca CADTH Document Viewer Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes Table of Contents Search this document Cardiovascular Outcome Trials for Type 2 Diabetes June 2019 Summary Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are classes of medications used in diabetes mellitus (DM (...) ) to improve glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Evidence from cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOT) is available for a number of medications; CVOTs are still in progress or have yet to be published for some others. The trials examined the addition of the medication in question to standard of care compared with placebo in patients with T2DM and established cardiovascular disease (CVD) or patients who are at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events.The outcome measured

2019 CADTH - Issues in Emerging Health Technologies

17. Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Non-Insulin Therapies versus Prandial (...) Insulin for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines Last updated: April 24, 2019 Project Number: RB1329-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of non-insulin therapies versus prandial insulin for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes who are receiving basal insulin? What is the comparative cost-effectiveness of non-insulin therapies versus

2019 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

18. Remission of type 2 diabetes: a position statement

Remission of type 2 diabetes: a position statement Remission of type 2 diabetes: a position statement from the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) and the Primary Care Diabetes Society (PCDS) | Nagi | British Journal of Diabetes Font Size User Username Password Remember me Click for EXTOD PEAK 2019 Conference 18th October 2019, Glasgow ABCD Autumn Meeting 2019 28 / 29 November 2019, London All issues 2014-present Browse Search All issues from 2014 Refine 2001-2013 at OR View (...) listing of all 2001-2013 issues . Click on the issue you want to view it at About The Authors Dinesh Nagi Clare Hambling Roy Taylor Hosted By Part of the > > Remission of type 2 diabetes: a position statement from the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) and the Primary Care Diabetes Society (PCDS) Dinesh Nagi, Clare Hambling, Roy Taylor Abstract This joint Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) and the Primary Care Diabetes Society (PCDS) position statement reviews

2019 Association of British Clinical Diabetologists

19. Effect of Linagliptin vs Glimepiride on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The CAROLINA Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Linagliptin vs Glimepiride on Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The CAROLINA Randomized Clinical Trial. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In placebo-controlled cardiovascular safety trials, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin demonstrated noninferiority, but it has not been tested against an active comparator.This trial assessed cardiovascular outcomes of linagliptin vs glimepiride (sulfonylurea (...) ) in patients with relatively early type 2 diabetes and risk factors for or established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, noninferiority trial, with participant screening from November 2010 to December 2012, conducted at 607 hospital and primary care sites in 43 countries involving 6042 participants. Adults with type 2 diabetes, glycated hemoglobin of 6.5% to 8.5%, and elevated cardiovascular risk were eligible for inclusion. Elevated cardiovascular risk

2019 JAMA

20. Glycaemic durability of an early combination therapy with vildagliptin and metformin versus sequential metformin monotherapy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (VERIFY): a 5-year, multicentre, randomised, double-blind trial. (PubMed)

Glycaemic durability of an early combination therapy with vildagliptin and metformin versus sequential metformin monotherapy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (VERIFY): a 5-year, multicentre, randomised, double-blind trial. Early treatment intensification leading to sustained good glycaemic control is essential to delay diabetic complications. Although initial combination therapy has been suggested to offer more opportunities than a traditional stepwise approach, its validity remains (...) to be determined.Vildagliptin Efficacy in combination with metfoRmIn For earlY treatment of type 2 diabetes (VERIFY) was a randomised, double-blind, parallel-group study of newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes conducted in 254 centres across 34 countries. The study consisted of a 2-week screening visit, a 3-week metformin-alone run-in period, and a 5-year treatment period, which was further split into study periods 1, 2, and 3. Patients aged 18-70 years were included if they had type 2 diabetes diagnosed within 2

2019 Lancet