Latest & greatest articles for ultrasound

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Top results for ultrasound

61. Effect of local anesthetic volume (20 mL vs 30 mL ropivacaine) on electromyography of the diaphragm and pulmonary function after ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

Effect of local anesthetic volume (20 mL vs 30 mL ropivacaine) on electromyography of the diaphragm and pulmonary function after ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block: a randomized controlled trial Diaphragmatic paralysis following supraclavicular brachial plexus block (SCBPB) is ascribed to phrenic nerve palsy. This study investigated the effect of 2 volumes of 0.375% ropivacaine on efficacy of block as a surgical anesthetic and as an analgesic and examined diaphragm compound (...) muscle action potentials (CMAPs) and pulmonary function before and after SCBPB.Eighty patients scheduled for removal of hardware for internal fixation after healing of an upper limb fracture distal to the shoulder were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided SCBPC for surgical anesthesia with 20 mL (Group A) or 30 mL (Group B) 0.375% ropivacaine. The latency and amplitude of diaphragm CMAPs and forced vital capacity (FVC), FVC% predicted, and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) were measured

2019 EvidenceUpdates

62. A multicenter, randomized comparison between 2, 5, and 8 mg of perineural dexamethasone for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block (Abstract)

A multicenter, randomized comparison between 2, 5, and 8 mg of perineural dexamethasone for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block This multicenter, randomized trial compared 2, 5, and 8 mg of perineural dexamethasone for ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block. Our research hypothesis was that all three doses of dexamethasone would result in equivalent durations of motor block (equivalence margin=3.0 hours).Three hundred and sixty patients undergoing upper limb surgery (...) with ultrasound-guided infraclavicular block were randomly allocated to receive 2, 5, or 8 mg of preservative-free perineural dexamethasone. The local anesthetic agent (35 mL of lidocaine 1%-bupivacaine 0.25% with epinephrine 5 µg/mL) was identical in all subjects. Patients and operators were blinded to the dose of dexamethasone. During the performance of the block, the performance time, number of needle passes, procedural pain, and complications (vascular puncture, paresthesia) were recorded. Subsequently

2019 EvidenceUpdates

63. Translabial ultrasound for diagnosing and assessing complications following vaginal mesh insertion

Translabial ultrasound for diagnosing and assessing complications following vaginal mesh insertion Page 1 of 4 TER007 December 2018 Topic Exploration Report Topic explorations are designed to provide a high-level briefing on new topics submitted for consideration by Health Technology Wales. The main objectives of this report are to: 1. Inform discussions on new topics received by HTW. 2. Determine the quantity and type of evidence available on a topic. 3. Assess the topic against HTW selection (...) criteria. Topic: Translabial ultrasound scanning Topic exploration report number: TER007 Referrer: Jonathan Williams, Welsh Government Topic exploration undertaken by: Health Technology Wales Aim of Search Health Technology Wales searched for evidence on the effectiveness of translabial ultrasound scanning for diagnosing and assessing complications following vaginal mesh insertion, or any UK-based guidelines of commissioning documents on the use of translabial ultrasound for this indication. Summary

2019 Health Technology Wales

65. AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Arterial Ultrasound.

AIM Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines for Arterial Ultrasound. Clinical Appropriateness Guidelines: Arterial Ultrasound Appropriate Use Criteria Effective Date: January 27, 2019 Proprietary Date of Origin: 08/27/2015 Last revised: 05/01/2018 Last reviewed: 05/01/2018 Copyright © 2019. AIM Specialty Health. All Rights Reserved 8600 W Bryn Mawr Avenue South Tower - Suite 800 Chicago, IL 60631 P . 773.864.4600 www.aimspecialtyhealth.comTable of Contents | Copyright © 2019. AIM Specialty Health (...) . All Rights Reserved. 2 Table of Contents Description and Application of the Guidelines 3 Arterial Ultrasound 4 Duplex Ultrasound Imaging of the Extracranial Arteries 4 Duplex Ultrasound Imaging of the Aorta, Inferior Vena Cava and Iliac Vessels 7 Duplex Ultrasound Imaging of the Arteries of the Upper Extremities 11 Duplex Ultrasound Imaging of the Arteries of the Lower Extremities 14 Physiologic Testing for Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) of the Upper and Lower Extremities 17Description

2019 AIM Specialty Health

66. A clinical trial comparing ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block to transversus abdominis plane block for analgesia following open inguinal hernia repair Full Text available with Trip Pro

A clinical trial comparing ultrasound-guided ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block to transversus abdominis plane block for analgesia following open inguinal hernia repair To compare the efficacy of ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric (IINB) nerve block to transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in controlling incisional pain after open inguinal hernia repair.This was a prospective randomized clinical trial of 90 patients who received either IINB (N=45) or TAP block (N=45) using 0.2% bupivacaine 15 (...) mL under ultrasound (US) guidance based on a random assignment in the postanesthesia care unit after having an open repair of inguinal hernia. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) scores were recorded immediately following, 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours after completion of the block. NRS scores at rest and during movement were recorded 24, 36, and 48 hours after surgery. Analgesic satisfaction level was also evaluated by a Likert-based patient questionnaire.NRS scores were lower in the IINB group compared

2019 EvidenceUpdates

67. Joint SOGC/CAR Policy Statement on Non-medical Use of Fetal Ultrasound

Joint SOGC/CAR Policy Statement on Non-medical Use of Fetal Ultrasound No. 304-Joint SOGC/CAR Policy Statement on Non-medical Use of Fetal Ultrasound - Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Volume 41, Issue 2, Pages e1–e3 No. 304-Joint SOGC/CAR Policy Statement on Non-medical Use of Fetal Ultrasound x Shia Salem , MD Toronto, ON x Kenneth Lim , MD Vancouver, BC x Michiel C Van den Hof , MD Halifax, NS No. 304

2019 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

68. Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children

Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children Diagnosis of pneumonia in children may be confirmed by ultrasound Discover Portal Discover Portal Ultrasound shows potential for confirming the diagnosis of pneumonia in children Published on 24 July 2018 doi: Ultrasound scans of the lungs can be more accurate than chest X-rays for diagnosing pneumonia in children in some circumstances. A review of the published evidence found that lung ultrasound was more (...) sensitive (missed fewer cases) and about as specific (gave about the same number of false alarms) as chest X-ray, when used to confirm suspected community-acquired pneumonia in children. While pneumonia is a clinical diagnosis, X-ray is often used for confirmation. Ultrasound also spares the child from the radiation associated with X-ray imaging. Many emergency departments already use ultrasound, so it might be practical to train paediatric staff to use it as a first-line test. However, the study found

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

69. Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery

Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Discover Portal Discover Portal Ultrasound therapy doesn’t speed healing of leg fracture after surgery Published on 7 February 2017 doi: Low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), sometimes used to encourage bone fractures to heal after surgery, makes no difference to how soon people can get back to their normal activities or to the speed at which bones (...) ? A broken tibia is the most common long bone fracture. These fractures can take six months or longer to heal and are particularly vulnerable to non-union, when the broken pieces of bone fail to grow back together. LIPUS is commonly used in North America after fracture surgery with the intention of speeding up healing and preventing non-union and is available in the UK. LIPUS involves applying ultrasound waves to skin over the fracture using a wand or probe and gel, similar to those used for pregnancy

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

70. Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis

Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Discover Portal Discover Portal Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis Published on 14 February 2017 doi: Ultrasound may aid giant cell arteritis diagnosis in people referred from the community. It is less invasive than biopsy and might provide quicker results than a biopsy, but its role and place in the diagnostic pathway remain unclear. Giant cell arteritis is a disease (...) of medium to large sized arteries and can lead to a range of eye, brain and other complications. Sudden or gradual blindness is a real risk and anyone with suspected giant cell arteritis is referred to hospital for a biopsy and started on high dose steroids. This NIHR-funded study found that ultrasound correctly picks up more cases than biopsies, but also falsely identifies some people who do not have the condition. Biopsies falsely diagnose giant cell arteritis in fewer people without the condition

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

71. MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities

MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities Discover Portal Discover Portal MRI scans help confirm ultrasound diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities Published on 4 April 2017 doi: If fetal brain abnormality is suspected on a pregnancy ultrasound, following this with in-utero MRI (iuMRI) improves diagnostic accuracy. This sequence could allow more informed discussions and decision-making around (...) whether to continue with or terminate a pregnancy. The NIHR funded study included 565 women of 18 weeks’ pregnancy or more who received ultrasound followed by iuMRI. Diagnoses were confirmed either by postnatal imaging of the baby or at post-mortem examination. Overall iuMRI gave the correct diagnosis for 93% of scans compared to only 68% of ultrasounds. The accuracy of ultrasound declined above 24 weeks of pregnancy, whereas iuMRI performed well at all times. Clinicians reported that iuMRI scan

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

72. Short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and ultrasound therapies on muscle architecture and functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized study (Abstract)

Short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and ultrasound therapies on muscle architecture and functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized study To determine the effects of ultrasound therapy and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) application on the muscle architecture and functional capacity in patients with knee osteoarthritis.A randomized study.A total of 60 patients with knee osteoarthritis.Participants were randomized into one of the following two (...) intervention groups, five days a week, for three weeks: the combination of NMES application, hot pack, and exercise therapy was applied to the NMES group. The combination of therapeutic ultrasound, hot pack and exercise therapy was applied to the ultrasound therapy group.Subjects were evaluated for pain and functional capacity with the use of the visual analog pain scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), and 15 meter walking test. The muscle architecture (muscle

2019 EvidenceUpdates

73. Intravascular Ultrasound Versus Angiography-Guided Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation: The ULTIMATE Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intravascular Ultrasound Versus Angiography-Guided Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation: The ULTIMATE Trial Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is associated with fewer major adverse cardiovascular events compared with angiography guidance for patients with individual lesion subset. However, the beneficial effect on major adverse cardiovascular event outcome of IVUS guidance over angiography guidance in all-comers who undergo DES implantation still remains (...) of clinically driven target-lesion revascularization or definite stent thrombosis (HR: 0.407; 95% CI: 0.188 to 0.880; p = 0.018) based on lesion-level analysis by IVUS guidance was not achieved when the patient-level analysis was performed.The present study demonstrates that IVUS-guided DES implantation significantly improved clinical outcome in all-comers, particularly for patients who had an IVUS-defined optimal procedure, compared with angiography guidance. (Intravascular Ultrasound Guided Drug Eluting

2019 EvidenceUpdates

74. Meta-analysis of the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair Full Text available with Trip Pro

Meta-analysis of the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for detection of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).We searched electronic bibliographic databases for original articles comparing concurrent CEUS and computed tomography angiography for detection of endoleak after

2019 EvidenceUpdates

75. Pulsed Ultrasounds Reduce Pain and Disability, Increasing Rib Fracture Healing, in a Randomized Controlled Trial (Abstract)

Pulsed Ultrasounds Reduce Pain and Disability, Increasing Rib Fracture Healing, in a Randomized Controlled Trial Rib fractures are an important health issue worldwide, with significant, pain, morbidity, and disability for which only symptomatic treatment exists.Based on our previous experimental model, the objective of the current study was to assess for the first time whether pulsed ultrasound (PUS) application could have beneficial effects on humans.Prospective, double-blinded, randomized

2019 EvidenceUpdates

76. Utility of Doppler ultrasound after liver transplantation in children: systematic review and meta-analysis

Utility of Doppler ultrasound after liver transplantation in children: systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation

2019 PROSPERO

77. The therapeutic effects of continuous and/or pulsed ultrasound in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

The therapeutic effects of continuous and/or pulsed ultrasound in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2019 PROSPERO

78. Point-of-care ultrasound for the diagnosis of intussusception: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Point-of-care ultrasound for the diagnosis of intussusception: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2019 PROSPERO

79. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) versus mediastinoscopy for mediastinal lymph node staging of lung cancer: a systematic review of economic evaluation studies

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) versus mediastinoscopy for mediastinal lymph node staging of lung cancer: a systematic review of economic evaluation studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

80. Efficacy and safety of pre-procedural lumbar neuraxial ultrasound - a systematic review of the evidence and meta-analysis

Efficacy and safety of pre-procedural lumbar neuraxial ultrasound - a systematic review of the evidence and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2019 PROSPERO