Latest & greatest articles for urinary tract infection

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Top results for urinary tract infection

161. Automated microscopy, dipsticks and the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (PubMed)

Automated microscopy, dipsticks and the diagnosis of urinary tract infection Automated microscopy is increasingly used to screen urine samples for suspected urinary tract infection (UTI). A 98.8% negative predictive value has been reported in adult studies. The aim of our study was to validate this method in a paediatric population.Urine samples were collected from children with known or suspected nephrourological disease attending nephrology and urology clinics over a 6-week period. Samples

2010 EvidenceUpdates

162. Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies (PubMed)

Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies To determine by meta-analysis whether serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker of acute renal parenchymal involvement (RPI) in children with culture-proven urinary tract infection (UTI), as diagnosed by acute-phase DMSA (Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid) renal scintigraphy.We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register

2010 EvidenceUpdates

163. Effectiveness of five different approaches in management of urinary tract infection: randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Effectiveness of five different approaches in management of urinary tract infection: randomised controlled trial. To assess the impact of different management strategies in urinary tract infections.Randomised controlled trial.Primary care.309 non-pregnant women aged 18-70 presenting with suspected urinary tract infection.Patients were randomised to five management approaches: empirical antibiotics; empirical delayed (by 48 hours) antibiotics; or targeted antibiotics based on a symptom score

2010 BMJ PubMed

164. Women's views about management and cause of urinary tract infection: qualitative interview study. (Full text)

Women's views about management and cause of urinary tract infection: qualitative interview study. To explore the views of women with urinary tract infection on the acceptability of different strategies for managing the infection, including delayed use of antibiotics, and the cause of infection.Qualitative interview study with semistructured one to one interviews within a randomised controlled trial of different management strategies. Analysis drew on some of the principles of constant (...) comparison to generate key themes grounded in reported experiences and understandings.Seven general practices across four counties in southern England.21 women presenting to general practices who were taking part in the larger trial.Women preferred not to take antibiotics and were open to alternative management approaches. With a strategy of "antibiotic delay" some women felt a lack of validation or that they were not listened to by their general practitioner. Women attributed urinary tract infection

2010 BMJ PubMed

165. Cost effectiveness of management strategies for urinary tract infections: results from randomised controlled trial. (Full text)

Cost effectiveness of management strategies for urinary tract infections: results from randomised controlled trial. To assess the cost effectiveness of different management strategies for urinary tract infections.Cost effectiveness analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial with a one month follow-up.Primary care.309 non-pregnant adult women aged 18-70 presenting with suspected urinary tract infection.Patients were randomised to five basic management approaches: empirical antibiotics

2010 BMJ PubMed

166. Cranberry is not effective for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in individuals with spinal cord injury (Full text)

Cranberry is not effective for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in individuals with spinal cord injury Cranberry is not effective for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in individuals with spinal cord injury Cranberry is not effective for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in individuals with spinal cord injury Opperman EA CRD summary The review found that limited evidence suggested that cranberry (in juice or supplement form) did (...) not seem to be effective in preventing or treating urinary tract infections in people with spinal cord injury. The author's cautious conclusion reflected the evidence presented, but its reliability is uncertain due to weaknesses in the review process. Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of cranberry for the prevention or treatment of urinary tract infections in people with spinal cord injury. Searching The MEDLINE database was searched; search terms were reported. Reference lists

2010 DARE. PubMed

167. The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis

The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis The effectiveness of the ultrasound bladder scanner in reducing urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis Palese A, Buchini S, Deroma L, Barbone F CRD summary This review concluded that ultrasound bladder scanning to assess residue volume in adult postoperative patients reduced (...) unnecessary catheterisations and the associated risk of urinary tract infection. The small number of included studies and weaknesses in the review methods and analysis mean that this conclusion should be viewed cautiously. Authors' objectives To determine the effectiveness of ultrasound bladder scanning in reducing the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in patients where bladder volume assessment is required. Searching MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched (January 1986 to February

2010 DARE.

168. Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis Dai B, Liu Y, Jia J, Mei C CRD summary This review assessed efficacy and safety of long-term prophylactic (...) antibiotics on recurrent urinary tract infection in children. The authors concluded that there was no evidence that prophylactic antibiotics were associated with a reduction in recurrent urinary tract infection. This conclusions was consistent with the evidence presented and is likely to be reliable. Authors' objectives To evaluate the efficacy and safety of long-term prophylactic antibiotics for recurrent urinary tract infection in children. Searching PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were

2010 DARE.

169. Hydrophilic catheters versus noncoated catheters for reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections: a randomized controlled trial (PubMed)

Hydrophilic catheters versus noncoated catheters for reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections: a randomized controlled trial Cardenas DD, Hoffman JM. Hydrophilic catheters versus noncoated catheters for reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections: a randomized controlled trial.To test the hypotheses that hydrophilic catheters reduce the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in persons with spinal cord injury on self-intermittent catheterization (IC

2010 EvidenceUpdates

170. Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients

Systematic review and meta-analysis: reminder systems to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections and urinary catheter use in hospitalized patients Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2010 DARE.

171. Cost effectiveness of management strategies for urinary tract infections: results from randomised controlled trial

Cost effectiveness of management strategies for urinary tract infections: results from randomised controlled trial Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2010 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

172. Predicting acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs

Predicting acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2010 DARE.

173. Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis

Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2010 DARE.

174. Implications of 99mTc-DMSA Scintigraphy Performed During Urinary Tract Infection in Neonates (PubMed)

Implications of 99mTc-DMSA Scintigraphy Performed During Urinary Tract Infection in Neonates To evaluate prospectively whether normal scintigraphic results during urinary tract infections (UTIs) in neonates were predictive of the absence of dilating vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) (grade > or =III) and permanent renal damage (PRD).Term neonates with a first symptomatic, community-acquired UTI participated in the study. Urinary tract ultrasonography and technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid

2009 EvidenceUpdates

175. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection and the medicare rule changes. (Full text)

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection and the medicare rule changes. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection, a common and potentially preventable complication of hospitalization, is 1 of the hospital-acquired complications chosen by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) for which hospitals no longer receive additional payment. To help readers understand the potential consequences of the recent CMS rule changes, the authors examine the preventability of catheter (...) -associated infection, review the CMS rule changes regarding catheter-associated urinary tract infection, offer an assessment of the possible consequences of these changes, and provide guidance for hospital-based administrators and clinicians. Although the CMS rule changes related to catheter-associated urinary tract infection are controversial, they may do more good than harm, because hospitals are likely to redouble their efforts to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection, which may minimize

2009 Annals of Internal Medicine PubMed

176. Antibiotic prophylaxis at urinary catheter removal prevents urinary tract infections: a prospective randomized trial. (PubMed)

Antibiotic prophylaxis at urinary catheter removal prevents urinary tract infections: a prospective randomized trial. To assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis at urinary catheter removal reduces the rate of urinary tract infections.Urinary tract infections are among the most common nosocomial infections. Antibiotic prophylaxis at urinary catheter removal is used as a measure to prevent them, albeit without supporting evidence.A prospective randomized study enrolled 239 patients undergoing (...) elective abdominal surgery, who were randomized either for receiving 3 doses of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole at urinary catheter removal, or not. Urinary tract infections were diagnosed according to Center of Disease Control definitions. Urinary cultures were obtained before and 3 days after catheter removal. Subjective symptoms were assessed by an independent study-blind urologist.Patients who received antibiotic prophylaxis showed significantly fewer urinary tract infections (5/103, 4.9%) than those

2009 EvidenceUpdates

177. Dipsticks and diagnostic algorithms in urinary tract infection: development and validation, randomised trial, economic analysis, observational cohort, and qualitative study

Dipsticks and diagnostic algorithms in urinary tract infection: development and validation, randomised trial, economic analysis, observational cohort, and qualitative study Dipsticks and diagnostic algorithms in urinary tract infection: development and validation, randomised trial, economic analysis, observational cohort, and qualitative study Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page (...) Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata .Issue }} Toolkit 1)"> 0)"> 1)"> {{metadata.Title}} {{metadata.Headline}} Study found that, to achieve good symptom control and reduce antibiotic use in urinary tract infection, clinicians should probably either offer a 48-hour delayed antibiotic prescription to be used at the patient's

2009 NIHR HTA programme

178. Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. (Full text)

Antibiotic prophylaxis and recurrent urinary tract infection in children. Antibiotics are widely administered to children with the intention of preventing urinary tract infection, but adequately powered, placebo-controlled trials regarding efficacy are lacking. This study from four Australian centers examined whether low-dose, continuous oral antibiotic therapy prevents urinary tract infection in predisposed children.We randomly assigned children under the age of 18 years who had had one (...) or more microbiologically proven urinary tract infections to receive either daily trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole suspension (as 2 mg of trimethoprim plus 10 mg of sulfamethoxazole per kilogram of body weight) or placebo for 12 months. The primary outcome was microbiologically confirmed symptomatic urinary tract infection. Intention-to-treat analyses were performed with the use of time-to-event data.From December 1998 to March 2007, a total of 576 children (of 780 planned) underwent randomization

2009 NEJM PubMed

179. Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies

Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies Mantadakis E, Plessa E (...) , Vouloumanou EK, Karageorgopoulos DE, Chatzimichael A, Falagas ME CRD summary The review found that in children with culture-proven urinary tract infection serum procalcitonin greater than 0.5ng/mL predicted renal parenchymal involvement (defined by Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy) reasonably well. Limitations in review methodology together with apparent clinical heterogeneity and a wide range of reported sensitivity and specificity values mean that the authors' conclusions should

2009 DARE.

180. A dipstick clinical prediction rule modestly improved diagnostic precision in women with suspected urinary tract infection

A dipstick clinical prediction rule modestly improved diagnostic precision in women with suspected urinary tract infection A dipstick clinical prediction rule modestly improved diagnostic precision in women with suspected urinary tract infection | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using (...) your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here A dipstick clinical prediction rule modestly improved diagnostic precision in women with suspected urinary tract infection Article Text Clinical

2009 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)