Latest & greatest articles for aids

The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on aids or other clinical topics then use Trip today.

This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on aids and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

What is Trip?

Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.

As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.

For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com

Top results for aids

181. “What matters most to you?” How decision aids help patients make better choices

“What matters most to you?” How decision aids help patients make better choices "What matters most to you?" How decision aids help patients make better choices - Evidently Cochrane Search and hit Go By February 6, 2014 // You might never have heard of a decision aid, but there’s good evidence from a newly updated Cochrane review that they can help people facing decisions about treatment or screening feel better informed about the options and clearer about what matters most to them. This blog (...) looks at what the review found and how decision aids could help to avoid situations like that described by Joanna, who talked to me about her experiences of making a decision about colostomy surgery. ‘The poor doctor and the rich patient. ‘You are very ill!’ Credit: Wellcome Images. Doctor doesn’t know best after all Until quite recently, when a person became a patient, they generally handed themselves over to the doctor, who was seen to ‘know best’, and went along with whatever investigations

2014 Evidently Cochrane

182. “What matters most to you?” How decision aids help patients make better choices

“What matters most to you?” How decision aids help patients make better choices “What matters most to you?” How decision aids help patients make better choices | Evidently Cochrane sharing the latest Cochrane Reviews Search Main menu Post navigation by You might never have heard of a decision aid, but there’s good evidence from a newly updated Cochrane review that they can help people facing decisions about treatment or screening feel better informed about the options and clearer about what (...) matters most to them. This blog looks at what the review found and how decision aids could help to avoid situations like that described by Joanna, who talked to me about her experiences of making a decision about colostomy surgery. ‘The poor doctor and the rich patient. ‘You are very ill!’ Credit: Wellcome Images. Doctor doesn’t know best after all Until quite recently, when a person became a patient, they generally handed themselves over to the doctor, who was seen to ‘know best’, and went along

2014 Evidently Cochrane

183. Amplification with hearing aids for patients with tinnitus and co-existing hearing loss. (Abstract)

Amplification with hearing aids for patients with tinnitus and co-existing hearing loss. Tinnitus is described as the perception of sound or noise in the absence of real acoustic stimulation. In the current absence of a cure for tinnitus, clinical management typically focuses on reducing the effects of co-morbid symptoms such as distress or hearing loss. Hearing loss is commonly co-morbid with tinnitus and so logic implies that amplification of external sounds by hearing aids will reduce (...) perception of the tinnitus sound and the distress associated with it.To assess the effects of hearing aids specifically in terms of tinnitus benefit in patients with tinnitus and co-existing hearing loss.We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the search

2014 Cochrane

184. Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS)

Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS) Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS). Colorec bowel aid with Hai's Perianal (...) Support (HPS) . Putrajaya: Malaysian Health Technology Assessment (MaHTAS). 2014 Authors' objectives To review evidence on the safety, efficacy/effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Colorec Bowel Aid with Hai's Perianal Support (HPS) for the prevention and treatment of patients with constipation, haemorrhoid and anal fissure. Authors' conclusions There were three retrievable articles (one randomised controlled trial, one non-randomised controlled trial and one pre and post intervention study

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

185. First Aid Management of a Seizure

First Aid Management of a Seizure AUSTRALIAN RESUSCITATION COUNCIL GUIDELINE 9.2.4 FIRST AID MANAGEMENT OF A SEIZURE INTRODUCTION A seizure is a sign of abnormal brain activity, which can be caused by many problems. Up to 10% of the population is likely to experience a seizure at some time in their life. 2 A seizure may occur when the normal pattern of electrical activity of the brain is disrupted. This can cause changes in sensation, awareness and behaviour, or sometimes convulsions, muscle

2014 Australian Resuscitation Council

186. The use, prevalence and potential benefits of a diary as a therapeutic intervention/tool to aid recovery following critical illness in intensive care: a literature review (Abstract)

The use, prevalence and potential benefits of a diary as a therapeutic intervention/tool to aid recovery following critical illness in intensive care: a literature review To critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence related to the use, prevalence, purpose and potential therapeutic benefits of intensive care unit diaries following survivors' discharge from hospital and identify areas for future exploration.Intensive care unit survivorship is increasing

2014 EvidenceUpdates

187. [Summary of the exploration of the scientific literature on the effects of prostate cancer screening decision aids for the expert panel of the Collège des médecins du Québec]

[Summary of the exploration of the scientific literature on the effects of prostate cancer screening decision aids for the expert panel of the Collège des médecins du Québec] Résumé de l'exploration de la littérature scientifique sur les effets des outils d'aide à la décision pour les patients portant sur le dépistage du cancer de la prostate pour le comité d'experts du Collège des médecins du Québec [Summary of the exploration of the scientific literature on the effects of prostate cancer (...) screening decision aids for the expert panel of the Collège des médecins du Québec] Résumé de l'exploration de la littérature scientifique sur les effets des outils d'aide à la décision pour les patients portant sur le dépistage du cancer de la prostate pour le comité d'experts du Collège des médecins du Québec [Summary of the exploration of the scientific literature on the effects of prostate cancer screening decision aids for the expert panel of the Collège des médecins du Québec] Beaulieu M-D

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

188. Randomised clinical trial: Varenicline may reduce negative effect while aiding smoking cessation

Randomised clinical trial: Varenicline may reduce negative effect while aiding smoking cessation Varenicline may reduce negative effect while aiding smoking cessation | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time. To learn more about how we use cookies, please see our . Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional (...) accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Varenicline may reduce negative effect while aiding smoking cessation Article Text Therapeutics Randomised clinical trial Varenicline may reduce negative effect while aiding smoking cessation J Taylor Hays Statistics from

2014 Evidence-Based Medicine

189. Kangaroo? feeding tube with IRIS technology for aid in nasogastric tube placement

Kangaroo? feeding tube with IRIS technology for aid in nasogastric tube placement Kangaroo™ feeding tube with IRIS technology for aid in nasogastric tube placement Kangaroo™ feeding tube with IRIS technology for aid in nasogastric tube placement NIHR HSC Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation NIHR HSC. Kangaroo™ feeding tube (...) with IRIS technology for aid in nasogastric tube placement. Birmingham: NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre (NIHR HSC). Horizon Scanning Review. 2014 Final publication URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Enteral Nutrition; Humans; Intubation, Gastrointestinal Language Published English Country of organisation England English summary An English language summary is available. Address for correspondence NIHR Horizon Scanning Centre, School of Health&Population Sciences, University

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

190. Computer-aided detection (CAD) with full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast cancer screening

Computer-aided detection (CAD) with full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast cancer screening Computer-aided detection (CAD) with full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast cancer screening Computer-aided detection (CAD) with full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast cancer screening Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Computer (...) -aided detection (CAD) with full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast cancer screening. Lansdale: HAYES, Inc.. Directory Publication. 2014 Authors' objectives Computer-aided detection (CAD) for breast cancer screening involves the use of computer-based algorithms to identify potentially malignant abnormalities in radiographic images, which may help to reduce mortality. The goals of using CAD are to minimize false-positives that lead to unnecessary diagnostic testing and to minimize false

2014 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

191. Non-suicidal self-injury first aid guidelines

Non-suicidal self-injury first aid guidelines NON-SUICIDAL SELF-INJURY FIRST AID GUIDELINES This document includes advice on assisting a person who is injuring themselves, but is not suicidal. It also includes advice on when you should seek professional medical help for a person who has severely injured themselves and is at risk of more serious harm or accidental death, regardless of intent. Remember that accidental death can occur. What is non-suicidal self-injury? The term non-suicidal self (...) occurring. However, some people will go to great lengths to conceal their injuries, and it might be hard to pick up on some of these signs. Take all self-injuring behaviour seriously, regardless of severity of the injuries or the intent. Mental Health First Aid Australia www.mhfa.com.au 1. REVISED 2014NON-SUICIDAL SELF-INJURY FIRST AID GUIDELINES (Revised 2014) How common is non-suicidal self-injury? An Australian national survey in 2008 1 found that 2.6% of people aged 10 or over had engaged in non

2014 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

192. The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model Full Text available with Trip Pro

The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model Wilson EC, Emery JD, Kinmonth AL, Prevost AT, Morris HC (...) FM. The cost-effectiveness of a novel SIAscopic diagnostic aid for the management of pigmented skin lesions in primary care: a decision-analytic model. Value in Health 2013; 16(2): 356-366 PubMedID DOI Other publications of related interest Walter FM, Morris HC, Humphrys E, et al. Management of suspicious pigmented lesions in primary care: randomised controlled trial of adding a SIAscopic diagnostic aid to best practice. BMJ 2012; 345: e4110. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH

2013 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

193. Sleep clinical record: an aid to rapid and accurate diagnosis of paediatric sleep disordered breathing Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sleep clinical record: an aid to rapid and accurate diagnosis of paediatric sleep disordered breathing Overnight polysomnography (PSG) is an expensive procedure which can only be used in a minority of cases, although it remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). The objective of this study was to develop a simple, PSG-validated tool to screen SDB, thus reducing the use of PSG. For every participant we performed PSG and a sleep clinical record was completed (...) . The sleep clinical record consists of three items: physical examination, subjective symptoms and clinical history. The clinical history analyses behavioural and cognitive problems. All three items were used to create a sleep clinical score (SCS). We studied 279 children, mean ± SD age 6.1 ± 3.1 years, 63.8% male; 27.2% with primary snoring and 72.8% with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome. The SCS was higher in the OSA syndrome group compared to the primary snoring group (8.1 ± 9.6 versus 0.4 ± 0.3

2013 EvidenceUpdates

194. Global Health: Response to the AIDS Pandemic - A Global Health Model. (Abstract)

Global Health: Response to the AIDS Pandemic - A Global Health Model.

2013 NEJM

195. Decision Making in Prostate Cancer Screening Using Decision Aids vs Usual Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Decision Making in Prostate Cancer Screening Using Decision Aids vs Usual Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial The conflicting recommendations for prostate cancer (PCa) screening and the mixed messages communicated to the public about screening effectiveness make it critical to assist men in making informed decisions.To assess the effectiveness of 2 decision aids in helping men make informed PCa screening decisions.A racially diverse group of male outpatients aged 45 to 70 years from 3 sites were (...) interviewed by telephone at baseline, 1 month, and 13 months, from 2007 through 2011. We conducted intention-to-treat univariate analyses and multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for baseline outcome measures.Random assignment to print-based decision aid (n = 628), web-based interactive decision aid (n = 625), or usual care (UC) (n = 626).Prostate cancer knowledge, decisional conflict, decisional satisfaction, and whether participants underwent PCa screening.Of 4794 eligible

2013 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

196. The Oswestry Risk Index: an aid in the treatment of metastatic disease of the spine (Abstract)

The Oswestry Risk Index: an aid in the treatment of metastatic disease of the spine The revised Tokuhashi, Tomita and modified Bauer scores are commonly used to make difficult decisions in the management of patients presenting with spinal metastases. A prospective cohort study of 199 consecutive patients presenting with spinal metastases, treated with either surgery and/or radiotherapy, was used to compare the three systems. Cox regression, Nagelkerke's R(2) and Harrell's concordance were used

2013 EvidenceUpdates

197. Patient decision aids for cancer treatment: are there any alternatives?

Patient decision aids for cancer treatment: are there any alternatives? Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2013 DARE.

198. Effect of HIV infection on pregnancy-related mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: secondary analyses of pooled community-based data from the network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of HIV infection on pregnancy-related mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: secondary analyses of pooled community-based data from the network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA). Model-based estimates of the global proportions of maternal deaths that are in HIV-infected women range from 7% to 21%, and the effects of HIV on the risk of maternal death is highly uncertain. We used longitudinal data from the Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS

2013 Lancet

199. The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS. (Abstract)

The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS. The use of cannabis (marijuana) or of its psychoactive ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as a medicine has been highly contested in many settings.There have been claims that smoked or ingested cannabis, either in its natural form or artificial form (pharmaceutically manufactured drug such as dronabinol), improves the appetites of people with AIDS, results in weight gain and lifts mood, thus (...) improving the quality of life.The objectives of this review were to assess whether cannabis (in its natural or artificially produced form), either smoked or ingested, decreases the morbidity or mortality of patients infected with HIV.The search strategy was conducted to July 2012 and was based on that of the Cochrane HIV/AIDS Review Group. We searched the following databases: CENTRAL/CCTR, MEDLINE and EMBASE. In addition, searching was performed where necessary of journals, reference lists of articles

2013 Cochrane

200. Short-term outcomes of screening mammography using computer-aided detection: a population-based study of medicare enrollees. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Short-term outcomes of screening mammography using computer-aided detection: a population-based study of medicare enrollees. Computer-aided detection (CAD) has rapidly diffused into screening mammography practice despite limited and conflicting data on its clinical effect.To determine associations between CAD use during screening mammography and the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive breast cancer, invasive cancer stage, and diagnostic testing.Retrospective cohort

2013 Annals of Internal Medicine