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Latest & greatest articles for aids
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[Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Cologne
[Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte
Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation To describe a case of disseminated cryptococcal meningitis with multifocal choroiditis and provide optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings correlated with described histopathology in a patient with advanced acquiredimmunodeficiencysyndrome (AIDS).The patient was a 54-year-old man with AIDS who presented with dyspnea and headache followed by acute vision loss. OCT demonstrated a lesion with a small area of fluid (...) of cryptococcal choroiditis and provides a review of the updated treatment recommendations for disseminated infection in a patient with advanced AIDS. Although currently fundoscopy has proven most useful in directing the diagnostic algorithm in choroiditis in the setting of advanced immunosuppression, OCT may provide insight into the spread of Cryptococcus within the eye.
Social Worker-Aided Palliative Care Intervention in High-risk Patients With Heart Failure (SWAP-HF): A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. Palliative care considerations are typically introduced late in the disease trajectory of patients with advanced heart failure (HF), and access to specialty-level palliative care may be limited.To determine if early initiation of goals of care conversations by a palliative care-trained social worker would improve prognostic understanding, elicit advanced care
Effect of a Multimedia Patient Decision Aid to Supplement the Informed Consent Process of a Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter Procedure: Pre-Post Quasi-Experimental Study. Informed consent is a complex process to help patients engage in care processes and reach the best treatment decisions. There are many limitations to the conventional consent process that is based on oral discussion of information related to treatment procedures by the health care provider. A conclusive body (...) of research supports the effectiveness of multimedia patient decision aids (PtDAs) in the consent process in terms of patient satisfaction, increased knowledge about the procedure, reduced anxiety level, and higher engagement in the decision making. Little information is available about the effectiveness of multimedia PtDAs in the consent process of invasive therapeutic procedures such as the peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC).The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness
in the first few weeks following infection and can be mild or severe. This phase is known as ‘primary HIV infection' (PHI) or 'HIV seroconversion illness'. Viral load is high in this stage and the person is very infectious [ ]. Once these symptoms resolve, an asymptomatic stage of infection begins. The duration of this varies widely between people with some progressing to AIDS (AcquiredImmuneDeficiencySyndrome) within 1–2 years ('rapid progressors') and others maintaining effective immune function more (...) ImmuneDeficiencySyndrome) within 1–2 years, while others may remain immunocompetent more than 10 years later. AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection when the number of CD4 cells is very low (less than 200 cells/uL). When the immune system is impaired to this extent certain opportunistic infections and malignancies can develop, such as pneumocystis pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma respectively. Opportunities for detecting HIV infection in primary care include: Screening asymptomatic people
Figure 124.4 for a graphic representation of the natural history of untreated HIV.  Define AIDS CDC definition: “a CD4+ cell count below 200 cells/μL or the presence of an AIDS-defining condition.” At this level, immune dysfunction is severe and, without ART, survival is short. Those with a CD4+ cell count below 50 cells/μL have advanced AIDS and are at much higher risk for death and development of opportunistic infections. Some infections are so common in patients with AIDS that primary (...) CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS - CanadiEM CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS In , , by Adam Thomas December 4, 2017 This episode of CRACKCast covers Rosen’s Chapter 124 (9th Ed.), HIV/AIDS. Next time you look after an HIV/AIDS patient on shift, this episode will have you covered! Shownotes – Rosen’s In Perspective Box 124.2: Dermatologic and Mucocutaneous Manifestations of WHO Stage 4 HIV Disease Chronic herpes simplex virus ulcers Extrapulmonary tuberculosis
Problematizing official narratives of HIV and AIDS education in Scotland and Zimbabwe When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquiredimmunedeficiencysyndrome (AIDS) are framed within an intersectional approach, they have the potential to transform understandings of social justice within the curriculum and education policy and practice in general. Yet, this transformative potential is often hampered by official narratives that fail to position HIV and AIDS as an integral component (...) of overlapping systems of oppression, domination and discrimination. This article explores how official HIV and AIDS narratives tend to promote systemic injustice and inequality within education policy and practice in both Scotland and Zimbabwe, despite their good intents. We frame our argument within a transformative education discourse which seeks to create participatory and emancipatory HIV-related messages at school, tertiary and community levels. Using a narrative enquiry design, a Foucauldian
On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery (...) of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives. The objective of the study was to explore how female caregivers of institutionalised children affected by HIV and AIDS experience stress. A qualitative research project with a case study design was conducted. The purposively selected participants from a previously identified care facility were seven females in the age ranges of 35-59
Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions Cardiovascular diseases are one of the top causes of deaths worldwide. In developing nations and rural areas, difficulties with diagnosis and treatment are made worse due to the deficiency of healthcare facilities. A viable solution to this issue is telemedicine, which involves delivering health care and sharing medical knowledge at a distance. Additionally, mHealth, the utilization of mobile devices for medical (...) care, has also proven to be a feasible choice. The integration of telemedicine, mHealth and computer-aided diagnosis systems with the fields of machine and deep learning has enabled the creation of effective services that are adaptable to a multitude of scenarios. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of heart disease diagnosis and management, especially within the context of rural healthcare, as well as discuss the benefits, issues and solutions of implementing deep learning
Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda HIV/AIDS has led to increased mortality and morbidity, negatively impacting adult labour especially in HIV/AIDS burdened Sub-Saharan Africa. There has been some exploration of the effects of HIV/AIDS on paid child labour, but little empirical work on children's non-paid child work. This paper provides quantitative evidence of how child and household-level factors affect children's involvement in both (...) domestic and family farm work for households with a person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) compared to non-PLWHA households using the 2010/2011 Centre for Health Economics Uganda HIV questionnaire Survey.Descriptive analysis and multivariate logistic modelling is used to explore child and household-level factors that affect children's work participation.This research reveals greater demands on the labour of children in PLWHA households in terms of family farm work especially for boys. Results highlight
Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation Spontaneous perforation of extrahepatic biliary system is a rare and potentially fatal cause of acute abdomen. Clinical presentation is as biliary peritonitis. This condition is rarely suspected as a cause of peritonitis preoperatively and correct diagnosis is made during surgery. If suspected, diagnosis can be made by various imaging (...) , Singh SK, Saha S. Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2017;7(2):185-187.
Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS One of the most important public health issues is men's sexual and reproductive health. Men are the most important counterparts in the prevention of sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. A low level of men's referral to utilize healthcare services and the stigmatization of reporting sexually transmitted diseases in society due to cultural issues calls for the designation (...) educational empowerment," "appropriate sociocultural background with advocacy," "organizing sexual needs based on sexual ethics, religious doctrine and women's empowerment," and "meeting men's preventive, caring and welfare needs."Because men's reproductive health is intertwined with public health, data collected regarding men's healthcare needs with the consideration of social and cultural factors can be used for designing strategies for reducing the incidence/prevalence rates of STDs and HIV/AIDS.
Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution The prevention of HIV and AIDS, especially amongst young people, is very important, as they are the future leaders. South Africa carries a high burden of the HIV and AIDS disease, and efforts at the prevention of the disease need to be intensified. University students are also at risk, and prevention efforts need to be intensified to ensure (...) will not make them vulnerable to the HIV and AIDS infection.
Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us