Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

41. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01]

[Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1 [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Institut für Qualität und (...) Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Entscheidungshilfe zu biomarker-tests bei brustkrebs: addendum zum auftrag D14-01; auftrag P17-03; version 1.1. [Decision aid for biomarker tests in breast cancer - addendum to commission D14-01] Cologne

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

42. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening]

[Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02 [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen Record Status This is a bibliographic (...) record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen. Einladungsschreiben und entscheidungshilfen zum zervixkarzinom-screening: abschlussbericht; auftrag P15-02. [Invitation and decision aid for cervical cancer screening] Cologne: Institut fuer Qualitaet und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG). IQWiG-Berichte

2018 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

43. Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cryptococcal choroiditis in advanced AIDS with clinicopathologic correlation To describe a case of disseminated cryptococcal meningitis with multifocal choroiditis and provide optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings correlated with described histopathology in a patient with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).The patient was a 54-year-old man with AIDS who presented with dyspnea and headache followed by acute vision loss. OCT demonstrated a lesion with a small area of fluid (...) of cryptococcal choroiditis and provides a review of the updated treatment recommendations for disseminated infection in a patient with advanced AIDS. Although currently fundoscopy has proven most useful in directing the diagnostic algorithm in choroiditis in the setting of advanced immunosuppression, OCT may provide insight into the spread of Cryptococcus within the eye.

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

44. Social Worker-Aided Palliative Care Intervention in High-risk Patients With Heart Failure (SWAP-HF): A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Social Worker-Aided Palliative Care Intervention in High-risk Patients With Heart Failure (SWAP-HF): A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. Palliative care considerations are typically introduced late in the disease trajectory of patients with advanced heart failure (HF), and access to specialty-level palliative care may be limited.To determine if early initiation of goals of care conversations by a palliative care-trained social worker would improve prognostic understanding, elicit advanced care

2018 JAMA cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

45. Effect of a Multimedia Patient Decision Aid to Supplement the Informed Consent Process of a Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter Procedure: Pre-Post Quasi-Experimental Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a Multimedia Patient Decision Aid to Supplement the Informed Consent Process of a Peripherally Inserted Central Venous Catheter Procedure: Pre-Post Quasi-Experimental Study. Informed consent is a complex process to help patients engage in care processes and reach the best treatment decisions. There are many limitations to the conventional consent process that is based on oral discussion of information related to treatment procedures by the health care provider. A conclusive body (...) of research supports the effectiveness of multimedia patient decision aids (PtDAs) in the consent process in terms of patient satisfaction, increased knowledge about the procedure, reduced anxiety level, and higher engagement in the decision making. Little information is available about the effectiveness of multimedia PtDAs in the consent process of invasive therapeutic procedures such as the peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC).The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness

2018 JMIR medical informatics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

46. Tools to aid the clinical identification of end of life

Tools to aid the clinical identification of end of life An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for the Agency for Clinical Innovation March 2017. Tools to aid clinical identification of end of life An Evidence Check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for the Agency for Clinical Innovation. March 2017. This report was prepared by: Health Policy Analysis March 2017 © Sax Institute 2017 This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part for study (...) training purposes subject to the inclusions of an acknowledgement of the source. It may not be reproduced for commercial usage or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those indicated above requires written permission from the copyright owners. Enquiries regarding this report may be directed to the: Manager Knowledge Exchange Program Sax Institute www.saxinstitute.org.au knowledge.exchange@saxinstitute.org.au Phone: +61 2 91889500 Suggested Citation: Health Policy Analysis. Tools to aid clinical

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

47. HIV infection and AIDS

in the first few weeks following infection and can be mild or severe. This phase is known as ‘primary HIV infection' (PHI) or 'HIV seroconversion illness'. Viral load is high in this stage and the person is very infectious [ ]. Once these symptoms resolve, an asymptomatic stage of infection begins. The duration of this varies widely between people with some progressing to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) within 1–2 years ('rapid progressors') and others maintaining effective immune function more (...) Immune Deficiency Syndrome) within 1–2 years, while others may remain immunocompetent more than 10 years later. AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection when the number of CD4 cells is very low (less than 200 cells/uL). When the immune system is impaired to this extent certain opportunistic infections and malignancies can develop, such as pneumocystis pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma respectively. Opportunities for detecting HIV infection in primary care include: Screening asymptomatic people

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

48. Aided Language Stimulation Leading to Functional Communication Gains in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication

- facial syndrome. Expert Opinion - A review of two studies. Both studies were single subject, multiple baselines across participant research designs. N/AMPERKS N/A See Figure 1 and 2. Children in both studies made significant gains in their use of aided AAC symbols. Using aided AAC also may result in some children using fewer gestures that do little to build expressive language skills, instead, children begin to use their energies to access their AAC devices, which can provide them with the means (...) Aided Language Stimulation Leading to Functional Communication Gains in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication Best Evidence Statement (BESt 211) Copyright © 2018 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved Page 1 of 15 October 1, 2018 Aided Language Stimulation Leading to Functional Communication Gains in Children Using Augmentative and Alternative Communication INTRODUCTION / BACKGROUND Limited consistent research exists on forms of intervention

2018 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

49. CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS

Figure 124.4 for a graphic representation of the natural history of untreated HIV. [1] Define AIDS CDC definition: “a CD4+ cell count below 200 cells/μL or the presence of an AIDS-defining condition.” At this level, immune dysfunction is severe and, without ART, survival is short. Those with a CD4+ cell count below 50 cells/μL have advanced AIDS and are at much higher risk for death and development of opportunistic infections. Some infections are so common in patients with AIDS that primary (...) CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS - CanadiEM CRACKCast Episode 132 – HIV/AIDS In , , by Adam Thomas December 4, 2017 This episode of CRACKCast covers Rosen’s Chapter 124 (9th Ed.), HIV/AIDS. Next time you look after an HIV/AIDS patient on shift, this episode will have you covered! Shownotes – Rosen’s In Perspective Box 124.2: Dermatologic and Mucocutaneous Manifestations of WHO Stage 4 HIV Disease Chronic herpes simplex virus ulcers Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

2017 CandiEM

50. Call For Uniform National Data Collection On Medical Aid-In-Dying

Call For Uniform National Data Collection On Medical Aid-In-Dying I not a bot. Resume. Are you not a robot? Click on the button to continue: I not a bot. Resume.

2017 MedicalVideos

51. Legal History of Medical Aid in Dying (video)

Legal History of Medical Aid in Dying (video) I not a bot. Resume. Are you not a robot? Click on the button to continue: I not a bot. Resume.

2017 MedicalVideos

52. Medical Aid in Dying (MAiD)— Lessons Learned in Oregon and Colorado

Medical Aid in Dying (MAiD)— Lessons Learned in Oregon and Colorado I not a bot. Resume. Are you not a robot? Click on the button to continue: I not a bot. Resume.

2017 MedicalVideos

53. Problematizing official narratives of HIV and AIDS education in Scotland and Zimbabwe Full Text available with Trip Pro

Problematizing official narratives of HIV and AIDS education in Scotland and Zimbabwe When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are framed within an intersectional approach, they have the potential to transform understandings of social justice within the curriculum and education policy and practice in general. Yet, this transformative potential is often hampered by official narratives that fail to position HIV and AIDS as an integral component (...) of overlapping systems of oppression, domination and discrimination. This article explores how official HIV and AIDS narratives tend to promote systemic injustice and inequality within education policy and practice in both Scotland and Zimbabwe, despite their good intents. We frame our argument within a transformative education discourse which seeks to create participatory and emancipatory HIV-related messages at school, tertiary and community levels. Using a narrative enquiry design, a Foucauldian

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

54. On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the periphery of HIV and AIDS: Reflections on stress as experienced by caregivers in a child residential care facility in South Africa Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery (...) of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives. The objective of the study was to explore how female caregivers of institutionalised children affected by HIV and AIDS experience stress. A qualitative research project with a case study design was conducted. The purposively selected participants from a previously identified care facility were seven females in the age ranges of 35-59

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

55. Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions Full Text available with Trip Pro

Deep learning for cardiac computer-aided diagnosis: benefits, issues & solutions Cardiovascular diseases are one of the top causes of deaths worldwide. In developing nations and rural areas, difficulties with diagnosis and treatment are made worse due to the deficiency of healthcare facilities. A viable solution to this issue is telemedicine, which involves delivering health care and sharing medical knowledge at a distance. Additionally, mHealth, the utilization of mobile devices for medical (...) care, has also proven to be a feasible choice. The integration of telemedicine, mHealth and computer-aided diagnosis systems with the fields of machine and deep learning has enabled the creation of effective services that are adaptable to a multitude of scenarios. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of heart disease diagnosis and management, especially within the context of rural healthcare, as well as discuss the benefits, issues and solutions of implementing deep learning

2017 mHealth

56. Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda Full Text available with Trip Pro

Invisible work: Child work in households with a person living with HIV/AIDS in Central Uganda HIV/AIDS has led to increased mortality and morbidity, negatively impacting adult labour especially in HIV/AIDS burdened Sub-Saharan Africa. There has been some exploration of the effects of HIV/AIDS on paid child labour, but little empirical work on children's non-paid child work. This paper provides quantitative evidence of how child and household-level factors affect children's involvement in both (...) domestic and family farm work for households with a person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) compared to non-PLWHA households using the 2010/2011 Centre for Health Economics Uganda HIV questionnaire Survey.Descriptive analysis and multivariate logistic modelling is used to explore child and household-level factors that affect children's work participation.This research reveals greater demands on the labour of children in PLWHA households in terms of family farm work especially for boys. Results highlight

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

57. Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation Spontaneous perforation of extrahepatic biliary system is a rare and potentially fatal cause of acute abdomen. Clinical presentation is as biliary peritonitis. This condition is rarely suspected as a cause of peritonitis preoperatively and correct diagnosis is made during surgery. If suspected, diagnosis can be made by various imaging (...) , Singh SK, Saha S. Ascitic Fluid/Serum Bilirubin Ratio as an aid in Preoperative Diagnosis of Choleperitoneum in a Neglected Case of Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2017;7(2):185-187.

2017 Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology

58. Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exploration of reproductive healthcare needs among adult men regarding sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS One of the most important public health issues is men's sexual and reproductive health. Men are the most important counterparts in the prevention of sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. A low level of men's referral to utilize healthcare services and the stigmatization of reporting sexually transmitted diseases in society due to cultural issues calls for the designation (...) educational empowerment," "appropriate sociocultural background with advocacy," "organizing sexual needs based on sexual ethics, religious doctrine and women's empowerment," and "meeting men's preventive, caring and welfare needs."Because men's reproductive health is intertwined with public health, data collected regarding men's healthcare needs with the consideration of social and cultural factors can be used for designing strategies for reducing the incidence/prevalence rates of STDs and HIV/AIDS.

2017 Electronic physician

59. Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution Full Text available with Trip Pro

Life skills as a behaviour change strategy in the prevention of HIV and AIDS: Perceptions of students in an open and distance learning institution The prevention of HIV and AIDS, especially amongst young people, is very important, as they are the future leaders. South Africa carries a high burden of the HIV and AIDS disease, and efforts at the prevention of the disease need to be intensified. University students are also at risk, and prevention efforts need to be intensified to ensure (...) will not make them vulnerable to the HIV and AIDS infection.

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

60. Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contemporary HIV/AIDS research: Insights from knowledge management theory Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us

2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance