Latest & greatest articles for anaesthesia

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This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on anaesthesia and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.

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Anaesthesia

Clinical Anaesthesia is used to induce a temporary medical state of controlled unconsciousness, inducing a loss of sensation or awareness. There are three main types of Anaesthesia:

  • Local and Regional
  • General
  • Sedation

Anaesthesia is primarily used during surgical procedures to block pain. While unconscious, blood flow and heart rate is monitored.

Research and development in the use of Anaesthesia has helped anesthesiologists in the progression of patient safety before and after surgery and medical procedures. The developments and research of Anaesthesia through the years has massively influences medicine and surgery today.

Case studies and clinical trials help aid researchers in the development of aftercare during postoperative recovery. Research is a vital part in the field of Anaesthesia, it allows anesthesiologists to improve the delivery of patient safety while unconscious.

Learn more on the emerging technology in Anaesthesia and the advancements in Anaesthesia practise by searching Trip.

Top results for anaesthesia

221. Delirium and cognitive decline after surgery: a randomised controlled trial of anaesthetic management to improve postoperative mental health outcome. (Abstract)

Delirium and cognitive decline after surgery: a randomised controlled trial of anaesthetic management to improve postoperative mental health outcome. 25647822 2015 09 28 2016 10 20 1024-2708 20 Suppl 7 2014 Dec Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Hong Kong Med J Delirium and cognitive decline after surgery: a randomised controlled trial of anaesthetic management to improve postoperative mental health outcome. 28-9 Chan M T V MT Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (...) , The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Gin T T Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. eng Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't China Hong Kong Med J 9512509 1024-2708 0 Anesthetics IM Aged Anesthetics administration & dosage Cognition Disorders epidemiology etiology prevention & control Colon surgery Consciousness Monitors Delirium epidemiology etiology prevention & control Humans Postoperative

2015 Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Controlled trial quality: uncertain

222. Evaluation of the injection pain with the use of DentalVibe injection system during supraperiosteal anaesthesia in children: a randomised clinical trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of the injection pain with the use of DentalVibe injection system during supraperiosteal anaesthesia in children: a randomised clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to compare the use of a traditional syringe (TS) and the DentalVibe (DV) Injection Comfort System on the pain of needle insertion and injection of supraperiosteal (SP) anaesthesia into the mandibles and maxillas of children aged 6-12 years.The study was a randomised, controlled, crossover clinical trial (...) , comprising 60 children requiring an operative procedure with SP anaesthesia on both their mandibular and maxillary molars, bilaterally. One of the molars was treated with a TS, and the contralateral tooth was treated with the DV for both arches. On each visit, subjective and objective pain was evaluated using the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale and the Face, Leg, Activity, Cry, Consolability Scale. Patients were asked which technique they preferred. The data were analysed using Wilcoxon signed-rank

2015 International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children Controlled trial quality: uncertain

223. Multimodal Analgesia in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial on Additional Efficacy of Periarticular Anesthesia (Abstract)

randomly assigned to study or control group; all subjects received the same analgesic protocol; before wound closure, the study group received also a periarticular anesthesia (ropivacaine 1% 20 mL). The results show no statistical differences in any of the variable evaluated. Our data suggest that additive periarticular anesthetic protocol with ropivacaine 1% 20 mL is not superior to oral and intravenous analgesia alone in patients undergoing TKA, regarding post-operative pain control, operated limb (...) Multimodal Analgesia in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial on Additional Efficacy of Periarticular Anesthesia Pain management is a main determinant of functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We performed a randomized, controlled, double blind study to evaluate additive efficacy of periarticular anesthesia in patients undergoing TKA in reducing post-operative pain, operated limb edema and improving post-operative mobility. Patients were

2015 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: predicted high

224. Less Pain 1 Year After TEP Compared with Lichtenstein Using Local Anesthesia: Data from a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Less Pain 1 Year After TEP Compared with Lichtenstein Using Local Anesthesia: Data from a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial The aim was to compare long-term postoperative pain after inguinal hernia surgery using 2 techniques that have shown favorable long-term outcome in previous randomized studies: Lichtenstein using local anesthesia (LLA) and endoscopic total extra-peritoneal repair (TEP) under general anesthesia.Patients often experience pain after inguinal hernia surgery. These 2 methods (...) in their optimal state have not yet been sufficiently compared.A randomized controlled trial was conducted to detect any difference in long-term postoperative inguinal pain. Altogether 384 patients were randomized and operated using either TEP under general anesthesia (n = 193) or LLA (n = 191). One year postoperatively, patients were examined by an independent surgeon and requested to complete the Inguinal Pain Questionnaire (IPQ), a validated questionnaire for the assessment of postoperative inguinal

2015 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

225. Comparison Between Ultrasonography-Guided Popliteal Sciatic Nerve Block and Spinal Anesthesia for Hallux Valgus Repair (Abstract)

study. Unilateral spinal block was performed on patients in the spinal anesthesia group. Popliteal block group patients received popliteal sciatic nerve block with guidance by both nerve stimulator and ultrasonography. Durations of anesthetic and operative interventions and time until the initiation of surgery were recorded for both groups. Pain magnitude of the patients at the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 12th, and 24th hours following anesthetic interventions were assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS (...) ). Adverse effects such as postoperative urinary retention and postdural puncture headache were recorded. Also, patient satisfaction was recorded. Patients were interviewed by phone for anesthetic and operative complications at 72 hours postoperatively.Spinal anesthesia group patients exhibited hypotension, bradycardia, postdural puncture headache, and urinary retention rates of 6.6%, 3.3%, 10%, and 3.3%, respectively. Popliteal block group patients showed none of these adverse effects. Moreover, VAS

2015 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

226. Guidance on the provision of vascular anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of vascular anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

227. Guidance on the provision of services for anaesthetic care in the non-theatre environment 2015

Guidance on the provision of services for anaesthetic care in the non-theatre environment 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

228. Guidance on the provision of paediatric anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of paediatric anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

229. Guidance on the provision of ophthalmic anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of ophthalmic anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

230. Guidance on the provision of obstetric anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of obstetric anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

231. Guidance on the provision of cardiac and thoracic anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of cardiac and thoracic anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

232. Guidance on the provision of burns and plastics anaesthesia services 2015

Guidance on the provision of burns and plastics anaesthesia services 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

233. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for sedation 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for sedation 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

234. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for resuscitation 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for resuscitation 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

235. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for head and neck surgery 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for head and neck surgery 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

236. Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for day surgery 2015

Guidance on the provision of anaesthesia services for day surgery 2015 Document Store | The Royal College of Anaesthetists User menu Search Document Store This page displays listings of ALL publications added to the site. You can narrow down the list by entering keywords in the 'Search' field, and selecting 'Apply'. To filter the publications by section, tick the check-boxes of the desired sections, and select 'Apply'. You can set the ordering of the results by the publication title

2015 Royal College of Anaesthetists

237. Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for cataract surgery. (Abstract)

Sub-Tenon's anaesthesia versus topical anaesthesia for cataract surgery. Local anaesthesia for cataract surgery can be provided by sub-Tenon's or topical anaesthesia. Both techniques offer possible advantages. This review, which originally was published in 2007 and was updated in 2014, was undertaken to compare these two anaesthetic techniques.Our objectives were to compare the effectiveness of topical anaesthesia (with or without intracameral local anaesthetic) versus sub-Tenon's anaesthesia (...) for postoperative pain at 24 hours), although statistically significant, was probably too small to be of clinical relevance. The quality of the evidence was rated as high for intraoperative pain and moderate for pain at 24 hours. We did find differences in pain during administration of local anaesthetic (low level of evidence), and indications that surgeon satisfaction (low level of evidence) and participant satisfaction (moderate level of evidence) were less with topical anaesthesia. There was not enough

2015 Cochrane

238. Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists for the prevention of shivering following general anaesthesia. Shivering after general anaesthesia is common. It is unpleasant but can also have adverse physiological effects. Alpha-2 (α-2) adrenergic agonist receptors, which can lead to reduced sympathetic activity and central regulation of vasoconstrictor tone, are a group of drugs that have been used to try to prevent postoperative shivering.To assess the following: the effects of α-2 agonists on the prevention (...) of shivering and subsequent complications after general anaesthesia in people undergoing surgery; the effects of α-2 agonists on the risk of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia; and whether any adverse effects are associated with these interventions.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and EMBASE on 13 June 2014. Our search terms were relevant to the review question and limited to studies that assessed shivering or hypothermia. We also carried out searches

2015 Cochrane

239. Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. (Abstract)

Early versus late removal of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for general anaesthesia. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a safe and effective modality to maintain the airway for general anaesthesia during surgical procedures. The LMA is removed at the end of surgery and anaesthesia, when the patient maintains an adequate respiratory rate and depth. This removal of the LMA can be done either when the patient is deep under anaesthesia (early removal) or only after the patient has regained (...) consciousness (late removal). It is not clear which of these techniques is superior.The objective of this review was to compare the safety of LMA removal in the deep plane of anaesthesia (early removal) versus removal in the awake state (late removal) for participants undergoing general anaesthesia.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2014, Issue 8); MEDLINE (1966 to August 2014); EMBASE (1980 to August 2014); LILACS (1982 to August 2014); CINAHL (WebSPIRS; 1984 to August

2015 Cochrane

240. Evaluation of a continuous monitoring and feedback initiative to improve quality of anaesthetic care: a mixed-methods quasi-experimental study

Evaluation of a continuous monitoring and feedback initiative to improve quality of anaesthetic care: a mixed-methods quasi-experimental study Evaluation of a continuous monitoring and feedback initiative to improve quality of anaesthetic care: a mixed-methods quasi-experimental study Evaluation of a continuous monitoring and feedback initiative to improve quality of anaesthetic care: a mixed-methods quasi-experimental study Benn J, Arnold G, D'Lima D, Wei I, Moore J, Aleva F, Smith A, Bottle R (...) , Brett S Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Benn J, Arnold G, D'Lima D, Wei I, Moore J, Aleva F, Smith A, Bottle R, Brett S. Evaluation of a continuous monitoring and feedback initiative to improve quality of anaesthetic care: a mixed-methods quasi-experimental study. Health Services and Delivery Research 2015; 3(32) Authors

2015 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.