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Latest & greatest articles for aspirin
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Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) more commonly known as aspirin is a painkiller that has a wide range of uses. It is frequently used to treat fever, mild pain, tooth aches, headaches and muscle aches. Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and can be used in the management of conditions such as heart attack, arthritis, blood clots and stroke. Aspirin, has been used for thousands of years, initially extracted from the leaves of willow trees.
Aspirin works in much the same way as other NSAIDs but has additional properties, such as antiplatelet activity which can make it additionally useful. More recently aspirin has been linked with cancer prevention. But the potential benefits of aspirin need to be weighed against the potential side effects, which includes gastrointestinal bleeding and Reye’s syndrome. It should be noted that aspirin should not be used in people who are allergic to drugs such as ibuprofen or a more generalized intolerance to NSAIDs. It should also be used cautiously in asthmatics and/or those with bronchospasm associated with NSAID use.
Research evidence, clinical trials and guidelines on Aspirin
The effects of combined sertraline and aspirin therapy on depression severity among patients with major depressive disorder: A randomized clinical trial Different studies have been conducted to find the best adjuvant therapies for depression management. There are controversies over the effects of aspirin as an adjuvant therapy for depression.To determine the effects of combined sertraline and aspirin therapy on depression severity among patients with major depressive disorder.This randomized (...) clinical trial was conducted at Kargarnejad Psychiatric Hospital in Kashan, Isfahan, Iran, from September 1, 2016 to November 1, 2016. The study participants included 100 patients with major depressive disorder who were assigned to aspirin and placebo groups by the use of computer-generated random numbers. Patients in these groups respectively received sertraline-aspirin and sertraline-placebo for eight consecutive weeks. Patients were prescribed 80 milligrams of aspirin twice a day. Also, sertraline
Low dose aspirin as adjuvant treatment for venous leg ulceration: pragmatic, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial (Aspirin4VLU). Objective To determine the effect of low dose aspirin on ulcer healing in patients with venous leg ulcers.Design Pragmatic, community based, parallel group, double blind, randomised controlled trial.Setting Five community nursing centres in New Zealand.Participants 251 adults with venous leg ulcers who could safely be treated with aspirin or placebo: 125 (...) were randomised to aspirin and 126 to placebo.Interventions 150 mg oral aspirin daily or matching placebo for up to 24 weeks treatment, with compression therapy as standard background treatment.Main outcome measures The primary outcome was time to complete healing of the reference ulcer (largest ulcer if more than one ulcer was present). Secondary outcomes included proportion of participants healed, change in ulcer area, change in health related quality of life, and adverse events. Analysis
) and five non-randomized primary clinical studies provided low- to moderate-quality evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness of acetylsalicylicacid (ASA) compared to low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or factor Xa inhibitors (FXaIs) for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement surgery. In general, findings were inconsistent; although the majority of the evidence suggested that ASA had similar clinical effectiveness and safety compared to LMWH (...) AcetylsalicylicAcid versus Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines AcetylsalicylicAcid versus Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need AcetylsalicylicAcid versus Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Acetylsalicylic
Aspirin in Patients With Previous Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery. Uncertainty remains about the effects of aspirin in patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) having noncardiac surgery.To evaluate benefits and harms of perioperative aspirin in patients with prior PCI.Nonprespecified subgroup analysis of a multicenter factorial trial. Computerized Internet randomization was done between 2010 and 2013. Patients, clinicians, data collectors (...) , and outcome adjudicators were blinded to treatment assignment. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01082874).135 centers in 23 countries.Adults aged 45 years or older who had or were at risk for atherosclerotic disease and were having noncardiac surgery. Exclusions were placement of a bare-metal stent within 6 weeks, placement of a drug-eluting stent within 1 year, or receipt of nonstudy aspirin within 72 hours before surgery.Aspirin therapy (overall trial, n = 4998; subgroup, n = 234) or placebo (overall trial, n
Rivaroxaban with or without aspirin in patients with stable coronary artery disease: an international, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and is a consequence of acute thrombotic events involving activation of platelets and coagulation proteins. Factor Xa inhibitors and aspirin each reduce thrombotic events but have not yet been tested in combination or against each other in patients with stable (...) , previous multi-vessel percutaneous coronary intervention, or previous multi-vessel coronary artery bypass graft surgery. After a 30-day run in period, patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive rivaroxaban (2·5 mg orally twice a day) plus aspirin (100 mg once a day), rivaroxaban alone (5 mg orally twice a day), or aspirin alone (100 mg orally once a day). Randomisation was computer generated. Each treatment group was double dummy, and the patients, investigators, and central study staff were
2017LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Mesalamine (5-ASA) for the prevention of recurrent diverticulitis. Diverticular disease is a common condition that increases in prevalence with age. Recent theories on the pathogenesis of diverticular inflammation have implicated chronic inflammation similar to that seen in ulcerative colitis. Mesalamine, or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), is a mainstay of therapy for individuals with ulcerative colitis. Accordingly, 5-ASA has been studied for prevention of recurrent diverticulitis.To evaluate (...) the efficacy of mesalamine (5-ASA) for prevention of recurrent diverticulitis.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2017, Issue 8), in the Cochrane Library; Ovid MEDLINE (from 1950 to 9 September 2017); Ovid Embase (from 1974 to 9 September 2017); and two clinical trials registries for ongoing trials - Clinicaltrials.gov and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform database (9 September 2017).We also searched proceedings from
Risk for Major Bleeding in Patients Receiving Ticagrelor Compared With Aspirin After Transient Ischemic Attack or Acute Ischemic Stroke in the SOCRATES Study (Acute Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Treated With Aspirin or Ticagrelor and Patient Outcome Patients with minor acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack are at high risk for subsequent stroke, and more potent antiplatelet therapy in the acute setting is needed. However, the potential benefit of more intense antiplatelet (...) therapy must be assessed in relation to the risk for major bleeding. The SOCRATES trial (Acute Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Treated With Aspirin or Ticagrelor and Patient Outcomes) was the first trial with ticagrelor in patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack in which the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor were compared with those of aspirin. The main safety objective was assessment of PLATO (Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes)-defined major bleeds on treatment
Rivaroxaban with or without Aspirin in Stable Cardiovascular Disease. We evaluated whether rivaroxaban alone or in combination with aspirin would be more effective than aspirin alone for secondary cardiovascular prevention.In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 27,395 participants with stable atherosclerotic vascular disease to receive rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily), rivaroxaban (5 mg twice daily), or aspirin (100 mg once daily). The primary outcome (...) was a composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, or myocardial infarction. The study was stopped for superiority of the rivaroxaban-plus-aspirin group after a mean follow-up of 23 months.The primary outcome occurred in fewer patients in the rivaroxaban-plus-aspirin group than in the aspirin-alone group (379 patients [4.1%] vs. 496 patients [5.4%]; hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66 to 0.86; P<0.001; z=-4.126), but major bleeding events occurred in more patients in the rivaroxaban-plus
Aspirin Prevention of Colorectal Cancer: Focus on NF-ÎºB Signalling and the Nucleolus Overwhelming evidence indicates that aspirin and related non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have anti-tumour activity and the potential to prevent cancer, particularly colorectal cancer. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect remain hypothetical. Dysregulation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) transcription factor is a common event in many cancer types which contributes to tumour
Aspirin versus Placebo in Pregnancies at High Risk for Preterm Preeclampsia. Preterm preeclampsia is an important cause of maternal and perinatal death and complications. It is uncertain whether the intake of low-dose aspirin during pregnancy reduces the risk of preterm preeclampsia.In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 1776 women with singleton pregnancies who were at high risk for preterm preeclampsia to receive aspirin, at a dose of 150 mg per day (...) , or placebo from 11 to 14 weeks of gestation until 36 weeks of gestation. The primary outcome was delivery with preeclampsia before 37 weeks of gestation. The analysis was performed according to the intention-to-treat principle.A total of 152 women withdrew consent during the trial, and 4 were lost to follow up, which left 798 participants in the aspirin group and 822 in the placebo group. Preterm preeclampsia occurred in 13 participants (1.6%) in the aspirin group, as compared with 35 (4.3
Rivaroxaban or Aspirin for Extended Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism. Although many patients with venous thromboembolism require extended treatment, it is uncertain whether it is better to use full- or lower-intensity anticoagulation therapy or aspirin.In this randomized, double-blind, phase 3 study, we assigned 3396 patients with venous thromboembolism to receive either once-daily rivaroxaban (at doses of 20 mg or 10 mg) or 100 mg of aspirin. All the study patients had completed 6 to 12 (...) of rivaroxaban and in 13 of 1127 patients (1.2%) receiving 10 mg of rivaroxaban, as compared with 50 of 1131 patients (4.4%) receiving aspirin (hazard ratio for 20 mg of rivaroxaban vs. aspirin, 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20 to 0.59; hazard ratio for 10 mg of rivaroxaban vs. aspirin, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.14 to 0.47; P<0.001 for both comparisons). Rates of major bleeding were 0.5% in the group receiving 20 mg of rivaroxaban, 0.4% in the group receiving 10 mg of rivaroxaban, and 0.3% in the aspirin group
Clinically significant bleeding with low-dose rivaroxaban versus aspirin, in addition to P2Y12 inhibition, in acute coronary syndromes (GEMINI-ACS-1): a double-blind, multicentre, randomised trial. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor, is the standard antithrombotic treatment following acute coronary syndromes. The factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban reduced mortality and ischaemic events when added to DAPT, but caused increased bleeding. The safety of a dual pathway (...) antithrombotic therapy approach combining low-dose rivaroxaban (in place of aspirin) with a P2Y12 inhibitor has not been assesssed in acute coronary syndromes. We aimed to assess rivaroxaban 2·5 mg twice daily versus aspirin 100 mg daily, in addition to clopidogrel or ticagrelor (chosen at investigator discretion before randomisation), for patients with acute coronary syndromes started within 10 days after presentation and continued for 6-12 months.In this double-blind, multicentre, randomised trial (GEMINI
2017LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Number: RC0875-000 - RD0037-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the comparative clinical benefit and harm of different doses of acetylsalicylicacid as part of dual antiplatelet therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention? Key Message A limited quantity of evidence was identified on aspirin doses as part of dual antiplatelet therapy however one large, well-conducted randomized controlled trial included (...) aspirin as part of dual antiplatelet therapy did not increase incidence of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or stent thrombosis however higher-dose aspirin increased the frequency of bleeding complications without any clear benefit. Tags angioplasty, aspirin, stents, cardiovascular, PCI, acetylsalicylicacid, Plavix, prasugrel, Effient, ticagrelor, Brilinta, Brilique, angioplasties, Stent, Stenting Files Rapid Response Summary with Critical Appraisal Published : March 14, 2017
with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding. Aspirin has been used in the management of postpartum perineal pain and its effectiveness and safety should be assessed.To determine the efficacy of a single dose of aspirin (acetylsalicylicacid), including at different doses, in the relief of acute postpartum perineal pain.We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (30 August 2016), ClinicalTrials.gov, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (31 May (...) Aspirin (single dose) for perineal pain in the early postpartum period. Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere
Meta-analysis of aspirin-heparin therapy for un-explained recurrent miscarriage. Objective This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aspirin-heparin treatment for un-explained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Methods Literatures reporting the studies on the aspirin-heparin treatment of un-explained recurrent miscarriage with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were collected from the major publication databases. The live birth rate was used as primary indicator (...) publications of RCTs were included in this study. There were a total of 907 pregnant women with diagnosis of URSA, 367 of them were pooled in the study group with aspirin-heparin therapy and 540 women in the control group with placebo, aspirin or progesterone therapy. Meta-analysis showed that the live birth rate in the study group was significantly different from that in the control group [RR = 1.18, 95% CI (1.00-1.39), P=0.04]. Considering the clinical heterogeneity among the six studies, subgroup
disturbances, electrolyte abnormalities, and CNS effects. The most common source of salicylate poisoning is aspirin itself (acetylsalicylicacid), which is rapidly hydrolysed to salicylate in the GI tract and bloodstream. Acute toxicity may occur after ingestion of a single dose of aspirin or the equivalent of >150 mg/kg or >6.5 g. Chyka PA, Erdman AR, Christianson G, et al. Salicylate poisoning: an evidence-based consensus guideline for out-of-hospital management. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2007;45:95-131 (...) of unknown toxin ingestion or exposure, particularly in the presence of an unexplained acid-base disturbance. Early consultation with the local poison control centre and/or toxicologist is recommended. Clinical presentation is more important than salicylate levels in directing therapeutic decisions. Alkalinisation of serum and urine is considered first-line treatment for patients with moderate or severe clinical signs and symptoms. Key to successful alkalinisation is aggressive management of hypokalaemia